List of Major League Baseball annual strikeout leaders

Last updated
Walter Johnson holds the record with 12 different seasons that he was a strikeout leader, including 8 consecutive from 1912 through 1919. Johnson was one of the five charter members of the Baseball Hall of Fame. Walter Johnson 1924.jpg
Walter Johnson holds the record with 12 different seasons that he was a strikeout leader, including 8 consecutive from 1912 through 1919. Johnson was one of the five charter members of the Baseball Hall of Fame.

In baseball, the strikeout is a statistic used to evaluate pitchers. A pitcher earns a strikeout when he puts out the batter he is facing by throwing a ball through the strike zone, "defined as that area over homeplate (sic) the upper limit of which is a horizontal line at the midpoint between the top of the shoulders and the top of the uniform pants, and the lower level is a line at the hollow beneath the kneecap", [2] which is not put in play. Strikeouts are awarded in four situations: if the batter is put out on a third strike caught by the catcher (to "strike out swinging" or "strike out looking"); if the pitcher throws a third strike which is not caught with fewer than two outs; if the batter becomes a baserunner on an uncaught third strike; or if the batter bunts the ball into foul territory with two strikes. [3]

Baseball Sport

Baseball is a bat-and-ball game played between two opposing teams who take turns batting and fielding. The game proceeds when a player on the fielding team, called the pitcher, throws a ball which a player on the batting team tries to hit with a bat. The objectives of the offensive team are to hit the ball into the field of play, and to run the bases—having its runners advance counter-clockwise around four bases to score what are called "runs". The objective of the defensive team is to prevent batters from becoming runners, and to prevent runners' advance around the bases. A run is scored when a runner legally advances around the bases in order and touches home plate. The team that scores the most runs by the end of the game is the winner.

Strikeout in baseball, a batter called out due to three strikes

In baseball or softball, a strikeout occurs when a batter racks up three strikes during a time at bat. It usually means the batter is out. A strikeout is a statistic recorded for both pitchers and batters, and is denoted by K. A strikeout looking is denoted by a .

Baseball statistics play an important role in evaluating the progress of a player or team.

Contents

Major League Baseball recognizes the player or players in each league [a] with the most strikeouts each season. Jim Devlin led the National League in its inaugural season of 1876; he threw 122 strikeouts for the Louisville Grays. [4] The American League's first winner was Hall of Fame pitcher Cy Young, who captured the American League Triple Crown in 1901 by striking out 158 batters, along with leading the league in wins and earned run average. [5] Walter Johnson led the American League in strikeouts 12 times during his Hall of Fame career, most among all players. [6] He is followed by Nolan Ryan, who captured 11 titles between both leagues (9 American League and 2 National League). [7] Randy Johnson won nine strikeout titles, including five with his home state Arizona Diamondbacks. [8] Three players have won seven strikeout championships: Dazzy Vance, who leads the National League; [9] Bob Feller; [10] and Lefty Grove. [11] Grover Cleveland Alexander and Rube Waddell led their league six times, [12] [13] and five-time winners include Steve Carlton, [14] Roger Clemens, [15] Sam McDowell, [16] Christy Mathewson, [17] Amos Rusie, [18] and Tom Seaver. [19]

Major League Baseball Professional baseball league

Major League Baseball (MLB) is a professional baseball organization, the oldest of the four major professional sports leagues in the United States and Canada. A total of 30 teams play in the National League (NL) and American League (AL), with 15 teams in each league. The NL and AL were formed as separate legal entities in 1876 and 1901 respectively. After cooperating but remaining legally separate entities beginning in 1903, the leagues merged into a single organization led by the Commissioner of Baseball in 2000. The organization also oversees Minor League Baseball, which comprises 256 teams affiliated with the Major League clubs. With the World Baseball Softball Confederation, MLB manages the international World Baseball Classic tournament.

Jim Devlin American baseball player

James Alexander Devlin was an American Major League Baseball player who played mainly as a first baseman early in his career, then as a pitcher in the latter part. He played for three teams during his five-year career; the Philadelphia White Stockings and the Chicago White Stockings of the National Association, and the Louisville Grays of the National League. However, after admitting to throwing games and costing the Grays the pennant in the 1877 Louisville Grays scandal, he and three of his teammates were banished permanently from Major League Baseball.

National League Baseball league, part of Major League Baseball

The National League of Professional Baseball Clubs, known simply as the National League (NL), is the older of two leagues constituting Major League Baseball (MLB) in the United States and Canada, and the world's oldest current professional team sports league. Founded on February 2, 1876, to replace the National Association of Professional Base Ball Players (NAPBBP) of 1871–1875, the NL is sometimes called the Senior Circuit, in contrast to MLB's other league, the American League, which was founded 25 years later.

There are several players with a claim to the single-season strikeout record. Among recognized major leagues, Matt Kilroy accumulated the highest single-season total, with 513 strikeouts for the Baltimore Orioles of the American Association in 1886. [20] However, his name does not appear on Major League Baseball's single-season leaders list, [21] since the American Association was independent of the constituent leagues that currently make up Major League Baseball. [22] Several other players with high totals, including 1886 American Association runner-up Toad Ramsey (499) [23] and 1884 Union Association leader Hugh Daily (483), do not appear either. [24] In the National League, Charles "Old Hoss" Radbourn struck out 441 batters for the Providence Grays; [25] however, the Providence franchise folded after the 1885 season and has no successor. [26] Therefore, Major League Baseball recognizes his runner-up from that season, Charlie Buffinton, as the record-holder with 417 strikeouts. [21] In the American League, Ryan leads with 383 strikeouts in 1973. [7] The largest margin of victory for a champion is 156 strikeouts, achieved in 1883 when Tim Keefe of the American Association's New York Metropolitans posted 359 against Bobby Mathews' 203. [27] The National League's largest margin was achieved in 1999, when Randy Johnson struck out 143 more batters than Kevin Brown. [28] Ryan's 1973 margin of 125 strikeouts over Bert Blyleven is the best American League victory. [29] Although ties for the championship are rare, they have occurred; Claude Passeau and Bucky Walters each struck out 137 National League batters in 1939, [30] and Tex Hughson and Bobo Newsom tied in the American League with 113 strikeouts each in 1942. [31] Their total is the lowest number of strikeouts accumulated to lead a league in Major League Baseball history.

Matt Kilroy Major League Baseball player

Matthew Aloysius "Matches" Kilroy was an American left-handed pitcher in Major League Baseball. In 1886, he had 513 strikeouts, which remains the MLB single-season record.

The American Association (AA) was a professional baseball league that existed for 10 seasons from 1882 to 1891. Together with the NL, founded in 1876, the AA participated in an early version of the World Series seven times versus the champion of the NL in an interleague championship playoff tournament. At the end of its run, several AA franchises joined the NL. After 1891, the NL existed alone, with each season's champions being awarded the prized Temple Cup (1894-1897).

Toad Ramsey Major League Baseball player

Thomas H. "Toad" Ramsey was an American Major League Baseball player who pitched in the Majors from 1885 to 1890. Ramsey spent his entire career in the American Association, split between two different teams. He played for the Louisville Colonels, and later, the St. Louis Browns. He is sometimes credited as the inventor of the knuckleball pitch, and was one of the top pitchers in the Association for more than two years, with statistics that put him in the top five in multiple pitching categories.

Key

YearLinks to the corresponding "year in baseball" or "Major League Baseball season" article
LeaderPlayer with the highest number of strikeouts in the league
KNumber of strikeouts [b]
Runner-upPlayer with the second-best strikeout total in the league
LeagueDenoted only for players outside of the modern major leagues
Dagger-14-plain.pngMember of the National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum

National League

Tommy Bond won the triple crown in 1877, leading the National League in wins, strikeouts, and earned run average. Tommy bond baseball.jpg
Tommy Bond won the triple crown in 1877, leading the National League in wins, strikeouts, and earned run average.
Grover Cleveland Alexander led the National League in strikeouts six times in nine seasons. GC Alexander retouched.jpg
Grover Cleveland Alexander led the National League in strikeouts six times in nine seasons.
Amos Rusie led the National League in strikeouts a total of five times with two different teams. AmosRusiecrop.jpg
Amos Rusie led the National League in strikeouts a total of five times with two different teams.
From 1903 to 1908, Christy Mathewson led the National League in strikeouts in five of six years. Christy Mathewson2.jpg
From 1903 to 1908, Christy Mathewson led the National League in strikeouts in five of six years.
Hall of Famer Sandy Koufax led the National League in strikeouts four times before retiring at the age of 30. Sandy Koufax.jpg
Hall of Famer Sandy Koufax led the National League in strikeouts four times before retiring at the age of 30.
Aaron Harang defeated Jake Peavy for the strikeout title in 2006 by one strikeout. Aaron Harang signing autograph.JPG
Aaron Harang defeated Jake Peavy for the strikeout title in 2006 by one strikeout.
Jake Peavy's 240 strikeouts in 2007 led all National League pitchers; his 2007 season marks the most recent pitching triple crown. Jake Peavy 03.jpg
Jake Peavy's 240 strikeouts in 2007 led all National League pitchers; his 2007 season marks the most recent pitching triple crown.
Tim Lincecum led the National League in strikeouts in 2008, 2009 and 2010. Tim Lincecum 2009.jpg
Tim Lincecum led the National League in strikeouts in 2008, 2009 and 2010.
YearLeaderKTeamRunner-upKRef
1876 Jim Devlin 122 Louisville Grays George Bradley 103 [33]
1877 Tommy Bond 170 Boston Red Caps Jim Devlin 141 [34]
1878 Tommy Bond 182 Boston Red Caps Will White 169 [35]
1879 John Montgomery Ward Dagger-14-plain.png239 Providence Grays Will White 232 [36]
1880 Larry Corcoran 268 Chicago White Stockings Jim McCormick 260 [37]
1881 George Derby Dagger-14-plain.png212 Detroit Wolverines Jim McCormick 178 [38]
1882 Charles Radbourn Dagger-14-plain.png201 Cleveland Spiders Jim McCormick 200 [39]
1883 Jim Whitney 345 Boston Beaneaters Charles Radbourn Dagger-14-plain.png315 [40]
1884 Charles Radbourn Dagger-14-plain.png441 Providence Grays Charlie Buffinton 417 [41]
1885 John Clarkson Dagger-14-plain.png308 New York Giants Mickey Welch Dagger-14-plain.png258 [42]
1886 Lady Baldwin 323 Detroit Wolverines John Clarkson Dagger-14-plain.png313 [43]
1887 John Clarkson Dagger-14-plain.png237 Chicago White Stockings Tim Keefe Dagger-14-plain.png189 [44]
1888 Tim Keefe Dagger-14-plain.png335 New York Giants John Clarkson Dagger-14-plain.png223 [45]
1889 John Clarkson Dagger-14-plain.png284 Boston Beaneaters Tim Keefe Dagger-14-plain.png225 [46]
1890 Amos Rusie Dagger-14-plain.png341 New York Giants Bill Hutchinson 289 [47]
1891 Amos Rusie Dagger-14-plain.png337 New York Giants Bill Hutchinson 261 [48]
1892 Bill Hutchinson 314 Chicago White Stockings
Amos Rusie Dagger-14-plain.png304 [49]
1893 Amos Rusie Dagger-14-plain.png208 New York Giants Brickyard Kennedy 107 [50]
1894 Amos Rusie Dagger-14-plain.png195 New York Giants Ted Breitenstein 140 [51]
1895 Amos Rusie Dagger-14-plain.png201 Cleveland Spiders Kid Nichols Dagger-14-plain.png148 [52]
1896 Cy Young Dagger-14-plain.png140 Cleveland Spiders Pink Hawley 137 [53]
1897 Doc McJames
Cy Seymour
156 Washington Senators
New York Giants
Joe Corbett 149 [54]
1898 Cy Seymour 239 New York Giants Doc McJames 178 [55]
1899 Noodles Hahn 145 Cincinnati Reds Cy Seymour 142 [56]
1900 Noodles Hahn 132 Cincinnati Reds Rube Waddell Dagger-14-plain.png130 [57]
1901 Noodles Hahn 239 Cincinnati Reds Bill Donovan 226 [58]
1902 Vic Willis Dagger-14-plain.png225 Boston Beaneaters Doc White 185 [59]
1903 Christy Mathewson Dagger-14-plain.png267 New York Giants Joe McGinnity Dagger-14-plain.png171 [60]
1904 Christy Mathewson Dagger-14-plain.png212 New York Giants Vic Willis Dagger-14-plain.png196 [61]
1905 Christy Mathewson Dagger-14-plain.png206 New York Giants Red Ames 198 [62]
1906 Fred Beebe 171 Chicago Cubs
St. Louis Cardinals
Francis "Big Jeff" Pfeffer 158 [63]
1907 Christy Mathewson Dagger-14-plain.png178 New York Giants Bob Ewing 147 [64]
1908 Christy Mathewson Dagger-14-plain.png259 New York Giants Nap Rucker 199 [65]
1909 Orval Overall 205 Chicago Cubs Nap Rucker 201 [66]
1910 Earl Moore 185 Philadelphia Phillies Christy Mathewson Dagger-14-plain.png184 [67]
1911 Rube Marquard Dagger-14-plain.png237 New York Giants Grover Cleveland Alexander Dagger-14-plain.png227 [68]
1912 Grover Cleveland Alexander Dagger-14-plain.png195 Philadelphia Phillies Claude Hendrix 176 [69]
1913 Tom Seaton 168 Philadelphia Phillies Jeff Tesreau 167 [70]
1914 Grover Cleveland Alexander Dagger-14-plain.png214 Philadelphia Phillies Jeff Tesreau 189 [71]
1915 Grover Cleveland Alexander Dagger-14-plain.png241 Philadelphia Phillies Jeff Tesreau 176 [72]
1916 Grover Cleveland Alexander Dagger-14-plain.png167 Philadelphia Phillies Larry Cheney 166 [73]
1917 Grover Cleveland Alexander Dagger-14-plain.png200 Philadelphia Phillies Hippo Vaughn 195 [74]
1918 Hippo Vaughn 148 Chicago Cubs Wilbur Cooper 117 [75]
1919 Hippo Vaughn 141 Chicago Cubs Hod Eller 137 [76]
1920 Grover Cleveland Alexander Dagger-14-plain.png173 Chicago Cubs Burleigh Grimes Dagger-14-plain.png
Hippo Vaughn
131 [77]
1921 Burleigh Grimes 136 Brooklyn Robins Wilbur Cooper 134 [78]
1922 Dazzy Vance Dagger-14-plain.png134 Brooklyn Robins Wilbur Cooper 129 [79]
1923 Dazzy Vance Dagger-14-plain.png197 Brooklyn Robins Dolf Luque 151 [80]
1924 Dazzy Vance Dagger-14-plain.png262 Brooklyn Robins Burleigh Grimes Dagger-14-plain.png135 [81]
1925 Dazzy Vance Dagger-14-plain.png221 Brooklyn Robins Dolf Luque 140 [82]
1926 Dazzy Vance Dagger-14-plain.png140 Brooklyn Robins Charlie Root 127 [83]
1927 Dazzy Vance Dagger-14-plain.png184 Brooklyn Robins Charlie Root 145 [84]
1928 Dazzy Vance Dagger-14-plain.png200 Brooklyn Robins Pat Malone 155 [85]
1929 Pat Malone 166 Chicago Cubs Watty Clark 140 [86]
1930 Bill Hallahan 177 St. Louis Cardinals Dazzy Vance Dagger-14-plain.png173 [87]
1931 Bill Hallahan 159 St. Louis Cardinals Carl Hubbell Dagger-14-plain.png155 [88]
1932 Dizzy Dean Dagger-14-plain.png191 St. Louis Cardinals Carl Hubbell Dagger-14-plain.png137 [89]
1933 Dizzy Dean Dagger-14-plain.png199 St. Louis Cardinals Carl Hubbell Dagger-14-plain.png156 [90]
1934 Dizzy Dean Dagger-14-plain.png195 St. Louis Cardinals Van Mungo 184 [91]
1935 Dizzy Dean Dagger-14-plain.png190 St. Louis Cardinals Carl Hubbell Dagger-14-plain.png150 [92]
1936 Van Mungo 238 Brooklyn Dodgers Dizzy Dean Dagger-14-plain.png195 [93]
1937 Carl Hubbell Dagger-14-plain.png159 New York Giants Lee Grissom 149 [94]
1938 Clay Bryant 135 Chicago Cubs Paul Derringer 132 [95]
1939 Claude Passeau [c]
Bucky Walters [c]
137 Cincinnati Reds
Philadelphia Phillies
Chicago Cubs
Mort Cooper 130 [30]
1940 Kirby Higbe 137 Philadelphia Phillies Claude Passeau
Whit Wyatt
124 [96]
1941 Johnny Vander Meer 202 Cincinnati Reds Whit Wyatt 176 [97]
1942 Johnny Vander Meer 186 Cincinnati Reds Mort Cooper 152 [98]
1943 Johnny Vander Meer 174 Cincinnati Reds Mort Cooper 141 [99]
1944 Bill Voiselle 161 New York Giants Max Lanier 141 [100]
1945 Preacher Roe 148 Pittsburgh Pirates Hal Gregg 139 [101]
1946 Johnny Schmitz 135 Chicago Cubs Kirby Higbe 134 [102]
1947 Ewell Blackwell 193 Cincinnati Reds Ralph Branca 148 [103]
1948 Harry Brecheen 149 St. Louis Cardinals Rex Barney 138 [104]
1949 Warren Spahn Dagger-14-plain.png151 Boston Braves Don Newcombe 149 [105]
1950 Warren Spahn Dagger-14-plain.png191 Boston Braves Ewell Blackwell 188 [106]
1951 Don Newcombe
Warren Spahn Dagger-14-plain.png
164 Brooklyn Dodgers
Boston Braves
Sal Maglie 146 [107]
1952 Warren Spahn Dagger-14-plain.png183 Boston Braves Bob Rush 157 [108]
1953 Robin Roberts Dagger-14-plain.png198 Philadelphia Phillies Carl Erskine 187 [109]
1954 Robin Roberts Dagger-14-plain.png185 Philadelphia Phillies Harvey Haddix 184 [110]
1955 Sam Jones 198 Chicago Cubs Robin Roberts Dagger-14-plain.png160 [111]
1956 Sam Jones 176 Chicago Cubs Harvey Haddix 170 [112]
1957 Jack Sanford 188 Philadelphia Phillies Moe Drabowsky
Dick Drott
170 [113]
1958 Sam Jones 225 Chicago Cubs Warren Spahn Dagger-14-plain.png150 [114]
1959 Don Drysdale Dagger-14-plain.png242 Los Angeles Dodgers Sam Jones 209 [115]
1960 Don Drysdale Dagger-14-plain.png246 Los Angeles Dodgers Sandy Koufax Dagger-14-plain.png197 [116]
1961 Sandy Koufax Dagger-14-plain.png269 Los Angeles Dodgers Stan Williams 205 [117]
1962 Don Drysdale Dagger-14-plain.png232 Los Angeles Dodgers Sandy Koufax Dagger-14-plain.png219 [118]
1963 Sandy Koufax Dagger-14-plain.png306 Los Angeles Dodgers Jim Maloney 265 [119]
1964 Bob Veale 250 Pittsburgh Pirates Bob Gibson Dagger-14-plain.png245 [120]
1965 Sandy Koufax Dagger-14-plain.png382 Los Angeles Dodgers Bob Veale 276 [121]
1966 Sandy Koufax Dagger-14-plain.png317 Los Angeles Dodgers Jim Bunning Dagger-14-plain.png252 [122]
1967 Jim Bunning Dagger-14-plain.png253 Philadelphia Phillies Ferguson Jenkins Dagger-14-plain.png236 [123]
1968 Bob Gibson Dagger-14-plain.png268 St. Louis Cardinals Ferguson Jenkins Dagger-14-plain.png260 [124]
1969 Ferguson Jenkins Dagger-14-plain.png273 Chicago Cubs Bob Gibson Dagger-14-plain.png269 [125]
1970 Tom Seaver Dagger-14-plain.png283 New York Mets Bob Gibson Dagger-14-plain.png
Ferguson Jenkins Dagger-14-plain.png
274 [126]
1971 Tom Seaver Dagger-14-plain.png289 New York Mets Ferguson Jenkins Dagger-14-plain.png263 [127]
1972 Steve Carlton Dagger-14-plain.png310 Philadelphia Phillies Tom Seaver Dagger-14-plain.png249 [128]
1973 Tom Seaver Dagger-14-plain.png251 New York Mets Steve Carlton Dagger-14-plain.png223 [129]
1974 Steve Carlton Dagger-14-plain.png240 Philadelphia Phillies Andy Messersmith 221 [130]
1975 Tom Seaver Dagger-14-plain.png243 New York Mets John Montefusco 215 [131]
1976 Tom Seaver Dagger-14-plain.png235 New York Mets J. R. Richard 214 [132]
1977 Phil Niekro Dagger-14-plain.png262 Atlanta Braves J. R. Richard 214 [133]
1978 J. R. Richard 303 Houston Astros Phil Niekro Dagger-14-plain.png248 [134]
1979 J. R. Richard 313 Houston Astros Steve Carlton Dagger-14-plain.png213 [135]
1980 Steve Carlton Dagger-14-plain.png286 Philadelphia Phillies Nolan Ryan Dagger-14-plain.png200 [136]
1981 Fernando Valenzuela 180 Los Angeles Dodgers Steve Carlton Dagger-14-plain.png179 [137]
1982 Steve Carlton Dagger-14-plain.png286 Philadelphia Phillies Mario Soto 274 [138]
1983 Steve Carlton Dagger-14-plain.png275 Philadelphia Phillies Mario Soto 242 [139]
1984 Dwight Gooden 276 New York Mets Fernando Valenzuela 240 [140]
1985 Dwight Gooden 268 New York Mets Mario Soto 214 [141]
1986 Mike Scott 306 Houston Astros Fernando Valenzuela 242 [142]
1987 Nolan Ryan Dagger-14-plain.png270 Houston Astros Mike Scott 233 [143]
1988 Nolan Ryan Dagger-14-plain.png228 Houston Astros David Cone 213 [144]
1989 José DeLeón 201 St. Louis Cardinals Tim Belcher 200 [145]
1990 David Cone 233 New York Mets Dwight Gooden
Ramón Martínez
223 [146]
1991 David Cone 241 New York Mets Greg Maddux 198 [147]
1992 John Smoltz 215 Atlanta Braves David Cone 214 [148]
1993 José Rijo 227 Cincinnati Reds John Smoltz 208 [149]
1994 Andy Benes 189 San Diego Padres José Rijo 171 [150]
1995 Hideo Nomo 236 Los Angeles Dodgers John Smoltz 193 [151]
1996 John Smoltz 276 Atlanta Braves Hideo Nomo 234 [152]
1997 Curt Schilling 319 Philadelphia Phillies Pedro Martínez 305 [153]
1998 Curt Schilling 300 Philadelphia Phillies Kevin Brown 257 [154]
1999 Randy Johnson 364 Arizona Diamondbacks Kevin Brown 221 [28]
2000 Randy Johnson 347 Arizona Diamondbacks Chan Ho Park 217 [155]
2001 Randy Johnson 372 Arizona Diamondbacks Curt Schilling 293 [156]
2002 Randy Johnson 334 Arizona Diamondbacks Curt Schilling 316 [157]
2003 Kerry Wood 266 Chicago Cubs Mark Prior 245 [158]
2004 Randy Johnson 290 Arizona Diamondbacks Ben Sheets 264 [159]
2005 Jake Peavy 216 San Diego Padres Chris Carpenter 213 [160]
2006 Aaron Harang 216 Cincinnati Reds Jake Peavy 215 [161]
2007 Jake Peavy 240 San Diego Padres Aaron Harang 218 [162]
2008 Tim Lincecum 265 San Francisco Giants Dan Haren
Johan Santana
Edinson Vólquez
206 [163]
2009 Tim Lincecum 261 San Francisco Giants Javier Vázquez 238 [164]
2010 Tim Lincecum 231 San Francisco Giants Roy Halladay 219 [165]
2011 Clayton Kershaw 248 Los Angeles Dodgers Cliff Lee 238 [166]
2012 R.A. Dickey 230 New York Mets Clayton Kershaw 229 [167]
2013 Clayton Kershaw 232 Los Angeles Dodgers Cliff Lee 222 [168]
2014 Johnny Cueto
Stephen Strasburg
242 Cincinnati Reds
Washington Nationals
Clayton Kershaw 239 [169]
2015 Clayton Kershaw 301 Los Angeles Dodgers Max Scherzer 276 [170]
2016 Max Scherzer 284 Washington Nationals José Fernández 253 [171]
2017 Max Scherzer 268 Washington Nationals Jacob deGrom 239 [172]
2018 Max Scherzer 300 Washington Nationals Jacob deGrom 269 [173]

American League

Rube Waddell led the American League in strikeouts for six consecutive seasons (1902-1907). Waddell.jpg
Rube Waddell led the American League in strikeouts for six consecutive seasons (19021907).
In 1908 and 1911, Ed Walsh was the American League strikeout champion. Ed Walsh portrait 1911.jpg
In 1908 and 1911, Ed Walsh was the American League strikeout champion.
In 1959 and 1960, Jim Bunning led the American League in strikeouts; he finished in second place four times. Jim Bunning as ballplayer.jpg
In 1959 and 1960, Jim Bunning led the American League in strikeouts; he finished in second place four times.
Nolan Ryan has 5,714 career strikeouts, the most in Major League history. His 11 seasons as a strikeout leader - second only to the 12 of Walter Johnson - includes nine seasons, between 1972 and 1990, as the American League strikeout leader. Nolan Ryan in Atlanta close-up.jpg
Nolan Ryan has 5,714 career strikeouts, the most in Major League history. His 11 seasons as a strikeout leader second only to the 12 of Walter Johnson includes nine seasons, between 1972 and 1990, as the American League strikeout leader.
Three-time strikeout champion Johan Santana won the American League's last pitching triple crown in 2006. Johan Santana 20060602.jpg
Three-time strikeout champion Johan Santana won the American League's last pitching triple crown in 2006.
Scott Kazmir's 239 strikeouts led the American League in 2007. SKazmirRays.jpg
Scott Kazmir's 239 strikeouts led the American League in 2007.
A. J. Burnett won the American League strikeout title in 2008. A-j-burnett-may-22-2008.JPG
A. J. Burnett won the American League strikeout title in 2008.
Justin Verlander also led the American League in wins and innings pitched in 2009. Verlander warms up.jpg
Justin Verlander also led the American League in wins and innings pitched in 2009.
YearLeaderKTeamRunner-upKRef
1901 Cy Young Dagger-14-plain.png158 Boston Americans Roy Patterson 127 [177]
1902 Rube Waddell Dagger-14-plain.png210 Philadelphia Athletics Cy Young Dagger-14-plain.png160 [178]
1903 Rube Waddell Dagger-14-plain.png302 Philadelphia Athletics Bill Donovan 187 [179]
1904 Rube Waddell Dagger-14-plain.png349 Philadelphia Athletics Jack Chesbro Dagger-14-plain.png239 [180]
1905 Rube Waddell Dagger-14-plain.png287 Philadelphia Athletics Eddie Plank Dagger-14-plain.png
Cy Young Dagger-14-plain.png
210 [181]
1906 Rube Waddell Dagger-14-plain.png196 Philadelphia Athletics Cy Falkenberg 178 [182]
1907 Rube Waddell Dagger-14-plain.png232 Philadelphia Athletics Ed Walsh Dagger-14-plain.png206 [183]
1908 Ed Walsh Dagger-14-plain.png269 Chicago White Sox Rube Waddell Dagger-14-plain.png232 [184]
1909 Frank Smith 177 Chicago White Sox Walter Johnson Dagger-14-plain.png164 [185]
1910 Walter Johnson Dagger-14-plain.png313 Washington Senators Ed Walsh Dagger-14-plain.png258 [186]
1911 Ed Walsh Dagger-14-plain.png255 Chicago White Sox Joe Wood 231 [187]
1912 Walter Johnson Dagger-14-plain.png303 Washington Senators Joe Wood 258 [188]
1913 Walter Johnson Dagger-14-plain.png243 Washington Senators Cy Falkenberg
Vean Gregg
166 [189]
1914 Walter Johnson Dagger-14-plain.png225 Washington Senators Willie Mitchell 179 [190]
1915 Walter Johnson Dagger-14-plain.png203 Washington Senators Red Faber Dagger-14-plain.png182 [191]
1916 Walter Johnson Dagger-14-plain.png228 Washington Senators Elmer Myers 182 [192]
1917 Walter Johnson Dagger-14-plain.png188 Washington Senators Eddie Cicotte 150 [193]
1918 Walter Johnson Dagger-14-plain.png162 Washington Senators Jim Shaw 129 [194]
1919 Walter Johnson Dagger-14-plain.png147 Washington Senators Jim Shaw 128 [195]
1920 Stan Coveleski Dagger-14-plain.png133 Cleveland Indians Lefty Williams 128 [196]
1921 Walter Johnson Dagger-14-plain.png143 Washington Senators Urban Shocker 132 [197]
1922 Urban Shocker 149 St. Louis Browns Red Faber Dagger-14-plain.png148 [198]
1923 Walter Johnson Dagger-14-plain.png130 Washington Senators Joe Bush
Bob Shawkey
125 [199]
1924 Walter Johnson Dagger-14-plain.png158 Washington Senators Howard Ehmke 119 [200]
1925 Lefty Grove Dagger-14-plain.png116 Philadelphia Athletics Walter Johnson Dagger-14-plain.png108 [201]
1926 Lefty Grove Dagger-14-plain.png194 Philadelphia Athletics George Uhle 159 [202]
1927 Lefty Grove Dagger-14-plain.png174 Philadelphia Athletics Rube Walberg 136 [203]
1928 Lefty Grove Dagger-14-plain.png183 Philadelphia Athletics George Pipgras 139 [204]
1929 Lefty Grove Dagger-14-plain.png170 Philadelphia Athletics George Earnshaw 149 [205]
1930 Lefty Grove Dagger-14-plain.png209 Philadelphia Athletics George Earnshaw 193 [206]
1931 Lefty Grove Dagger-14-plain.png175 Philadelphia Athletics George Earnshaw 152 [207]
1932 Red Ruffing Dagger-14-plain.png190 New York Yankees Lefty Grove Dagger-14-plain.png188 [208]
1933 Lefty Gomez Dagger-14-plain.png163 New York Yankees Bump Hadley 149 [209]
1934 Lefty Gomez Dagger-14-plain.png158 New York Yankees Tommy Bridges 151 [210]
1935 Tommy Bridges 163 Detroit Tigers Schoolboy Rowe 140 [211]
1936 Tommy Bridges 175 Detroit Tigers Johnny Allen 165 [212]
1937 Lefty Gomez Dagger-14-plain.png194 New York Yankees Bobo Newsom 166 [213]
1938 Bob Feller Dagger-14-plain.png240 Cleveland Indians Bobo Newsom 226 [214]
1939 Bob Feller Dagger-14-plain.png246 Cleveland Indians Bobo Newsom 192 [215]
1940 Bob Feller Dagger-14-plain.png261 Cleveland Indians Bobo Newsom 164 [216]
1941 Bob Feller Dagger-14-plain.png260 Cleveland Indians Bobo Newsom 175 [217]
1942 Tex Hughson
Bobo Newsom
113 Boston Red Sox
Washington Senators
Al Benton
Phil Marchildon
110 [31]
1943 Allie Reynolds 151 Cleveland Indians Hal Newhouser Dagger-14-plain.png144 [218]
1944 Hal Newhouser Dagger-14-plain.png187 Detroit Tigers Dizzy Trout 144 [219]
1945 Hal Newhouser Dagger-14-plain.png212 Detroit Tigers Nels Potter 129 [220]
1946 Bob Feller Dagger-14-plain.png348 Cleveland Indians Hal Newhouser Dagger-14-plain.png275 [221]
1947 Bob Feller Dagger-14-plain.png196 Cleveland Indians Hal Newhouser Dagger-14-plain.png176 [222]
1948 Bob Feller Dagger-14-plain.png164 Cleveland Indians Bob Lemon Dagger-14-plain.png147 [223]
1949 Virgil Trucks 153 Detroit Tigers Hal Newhouser Dagger-14-plain.png144 [224]
1950 Bob Lemon Dagger-14-plain.png170 Cleveland Indians Allie Reynolds 160 [225]
1951 Vic Raschi 164 New York Yankees Early Wynn Dagger-14-plain.png133 [226]
1952 Allie Reynolds 160 New York Yankees Early Wynn Dagger-14-plain.png153 [227]
1953 Billy Pierce 186 Chicago White Sox Virgil Trucks 149 [228]
1954 Bob Turley 185 Baltimore Orioles Early Wynn Dagger-14-plain.png155 [229]
1955 Herb Score 245 Cleveland Indians Bob Turley 210 [230]
1956 Herb Score 263 Cleveland Indians Billy Pierce 192 [231]
1957 Early Wynn Dagger-14-plain.png184 Cleveland Indians Jim Bunning Dagger-14-plain.png182 [232]
1958 Early Wynn Dagger-14-plain.png179 Chicago White Sox Jim Bunning Dagger-14-plain.png177 [233]
1959 Jim Bunning Dagger-14-plain.png201 Detroit Tigers Camilo Pascual 185 [234]
1960 Jim Bunning Dagger-14-plain.png201 Detroit Tigers Pedro Ramos 160 [235]
1961 Camilo Pascual 221 Minnesota Twins Whitey Ford Dagger-14-plain.png209 [236]
1962 Camilo Pascual 206 Minnesota Twins Jim Bunning Dagger-14-plain.png184 [237]
1963 Camilo Pascual 202 Minnesota Twins Jim Bunning Dagger-14-plain.png196 [238]
1964 Al Downing 217 New York Yankees Camilo Pascual 213 [239]
1965 Sam McDowell 325 Cleveland Indians Mickey Lolich 226 [240]
1966 Sam McDowell 225 Cleveland Indians Jim Kaat 205 [241]
1967 Jim Lonborg 246 Boston Red Sox Sam McDowell 236 [242]
1968 Sam McDowell 283 Cleveland Indians Denny McLain 280 [243]
1969 Sam McDowell 279 Cleveland Indians Mickey Lolich 271 [244]
1970 Sam McDowell 304 Cleveland Indians Mickey Lolich 230 [245]
1971 Mickey Lolich 308 Detroit Tigers Vida Blue 301 [246]
1972 Nolan Ryan Dagger-14-plain.png329 California Angels Mickey Lolich 250 [247]
1973 Nolan Ryan Dagger-14-plain.png383 California Angels Bert Blyleven Dagger-14-plain.png258 [29]
1974 Nolan Ryan Dagger-14-plain.png367 California Angels Bert Blyleven Dagger-14-plain.png249 [248]
1975 Frank Tanana 269 California Angels Bert Blyleven Dagger-14-plain.png
Gaylord Perry Dagger-14-plain.png
233 [249]
1976 Nolan Ryan Dagger-14-plain.png327 California Angels Frank Tanana 261 [250]
1977 Nolan Ryan Dagger-14-plain.png341 California Angels Dennis Leonard 244 [251]
1978 Nolan Ryan Dagger-14-plain.png260 California Angels Ron Guidry 248 [252]
1979 Nolan Ryan Dagger-14-plain.png223 California Angels Ron Guidry 201 [253]
1980 Len Barker 187 Cleveland Indians Mike Norris 180 [254]
1981 Len Barker 127 Cleveland Indians Britt Burns 108 [255]
1982 Floyd Bannister 209 Seattle Mariners Len Barker 187 [256]
1983 Jack Morris Dagger-14-plain.png232 Detroit Tigers Floyd Bannister 193 [257]
1984 Mark Langston 204 Seattle Mariners Dave Stieb 198 [258]
1985 Bert Blyleven Dagger-14-plain.png206 Cleveland Indians
Minnesota Twins
Floyd Bannister 198 [259]
1986 Mark Langston 245 Seattle Mariners Roger Clemens 238 [260]
1987 Mark Langston 262 Seattle Mariners Roger Clemens 256 [261]
1988 Roger Clemens 291 Boston Red Sox Mark Langston 235 [262]
1989 Nolan Ryan Dagger-14-plain.png301 Texas Rangers Roger Clemens 230 [263]
1990 Nolan Ryan Dagger-14-plain.png232 Texas Rangers Bobby Witt 221 [264]
1991 Roger Clemens 241 Boston Red Sox Randy Johnson 228 [265]
1992 Randy Johnson 241 Seattle Mariners Mélido Pérez 218 [266]
1993 Randy Johnson 308 Seattle Mariners Mark Langston 196 [267]
1994 Randy Johnson 204 Seattle Mariners Roger Clemens 168 [268]
1995 Randy Johnson 294 Seattle Mariners Todd Stottlemyre 205 [269]
1996 Roger Clemens 257 Boston Red Sox Chuck Finley 215 [270]
1997 Roger Clemens 292 Toronto Blue Jays Randy Johnson 291 [271]
1998 Roger Clemens 271 Toronto Blue Jays Pedro Martínez 251 [272]
1999 Pedro Martínez 313 Boston Red Sox Chuck Finley 200 [273]
2000 Pedro Martínez 284 Boston Red Sox Bartolo Colón 212 [274]
2001 Hideo Nomo 220 Boston Red Sox Mike Mussina 214 [275]
2002 Pedro Martínez 239 Boston Red Sox Roger Clemens 192 [276]
2003 Esteban Loaiza 207 Chicago White Sox Pedro Martínez 206 [277]
2004 Johan Santana 265 Minnesota Twins Pedro Martínez 227 [278]
2005 Johan Santana 238 Minnesota Twins Randy Johnson 211 [279]
2006 Johan Santana 245 Minnesota Twins Jeremy Bonderman 202 [175]
2007 Scott Kazmir 239 Tampa Bay Devil Rays Johan Santana 235 [280]
2008 A. J. Burnett 231 Toronto Blue Jays Ervin Santana 214 [281]
2009 Justin Verlander 269 Detroit Tigers Zack Greinke 242 [282]
2010 Jered Weaver 233 Los Angeles Angels of Anaheim Félix Hernández 232 [283]
2011 Justin Verlander 250 Detroit Tigers CC Sabathia 230 [284]
2012 Justin Verlander 239 Detroit Tigers Max Scherzer 231 [285]
2013 Yu Darvish 277 Texas Rangers Max Scherzer 240 [286]
2014 David Price 271 Tampa Bay Rays
Detroit Tigers
Corey Kluber 269 [287]
2015 Chris Sale 274 Chicago White Sox Chris Archer 252 [288]
2016 Justin Verlander 254 Detroit Tigers Chris Archer
Chris Sale
233 [289]
2017 Chris Sale 308 Boston Red Sox Corey Kluber 265 [290]
2018 Justin Verlander 290 Houston Astros Gerrit Cole 276 [291]

Other major leagues

Matt Kilroy's 513 strikeouts in 1886 is the most in a single season by a pitcher among modern recognized major leagues. KilroyMatt01.jpg
Matt Kilroy's 513 strikeouts in 1886 is the most in a single season by a pitcher among modern recognized major leagues.
YearLeaderKTeamLeagueRunner-upKRef
1882 Tony Mullane 170 Louisville Eclipse American Association Harry Salisbury 135 [292]
1883 Tim Keefe Dagger-14-plain.png359 New York Metropolitans American Association Bobby Mathews 203 [27]
1884 Guy Hecker 385 Louisville Eclipse American Association Hardie Henderson 346 [293]
1884 Hugh Daily 483 Chicago Browns
Washington Nationals
Union Association Bill Sweeney 374 [294]
1885 Ed Morris 298 Pittsburgh Alleghenys American Association Bobby Mathews 286 [295]
1886 Matt Kilroy 513 Baltimore Orioles American Association Toad Ramsey 499 [296]
1887 Toad Ramsey 355 Louisville Eclipse American Association Matt Kilroy 217 [297]
1888 Ed Seward 272 Philadelphia Athletics American Association Silver King 258 [298]
1889 Mark Baldwin 368 Columbus Solons American Association Matt Kilroy 217 [299]
1890 Sadie McMahon 291 Philadelphia Athletics
Baltimore Orioles
American Association Jack Stivetts 289 [300]
1890 Mark Baldwin 206 Chicago Pirates Players' League Silver King 185 [301]
1891 Jack Stivetts 259 St. Louis Browns American Association Phil Knell 228 [302]
1914 Cy Falkenberg 236 Indianapolis Hoosiers Federal League Earl Moseley 205 [303]
1915 Dave Davenport 229 St. Louis Terriers Federal League Al Schulz 160 [304]

Footnotes

American League Baseball league, part of Major League Baseball

The American League of Professional Baseball Clubs, or simply the American League (AL), is one of two leagues that make up Major League Baseball (MLB) in the United States and Canada. It developed from the Western League, a minor league based in the Great Lakes states, which eventually aspired to major league status. It is sometimes called the Junior Circuit because it claimed Major League status for the 1901 season, 25 years after the formation of the National League.

Federal League American professional baseball league

The Federal League of Base Ball Clubs, known simply as the Federal League, was an American professional baseball league that played its first season in 1913 and operated as a "third major league", in competition with the established National and American Leagues, from 1914 to 1915.

The Players' National League of Professional Base Ball Clubs, popularly known as the Players' League, was a short-lived but star-studded professional American baseball league of the 19th century. It emerged from the Brotherhood of Professional Base-Ball Players, the sport's first players' union.

Related Research Articles

Base on balls in baseball, reaching base on four balls

A base on balls (BB), also known as a walk, occurs in baseball when a batter receives four pitches that the umpire calls balls, and is in turn awarded first base without the possibility of being called out. The base on balls is defined in Section 2.00 of baseball's Official Rules, and further detail is given in 6.08(a). It is, however, considered a faux pas for a professional player to actually walk to first base; the batter-runner and any advancing runners normally jog on such a play.

Nolan Ryan American baseball player

Lynn Nolan Ryan Jr., nicknamed The Ryan Express, is an American former Major League Baseball (MLB) pitcher and a previous chief executive officer (CEO) of the Texas Rangers. He is currently an executive adviser to the owner of the Houston Astros.

Sandy Koufax American baseball player

Sanford Koufax is a former American Major League Baseball (MLB) left-handed pitcher. He pitched 12 seasons for the Brooklyn/Los Angeles Dodgers, from 1955 to 1966. Koufax, at age 36 in 1972, became the youngest player ever elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame. He has been hailed as one of the greatest pitchers in baseball history.

Triple Crown (baseball)

In baseball, a player earns the Triple Crown when he leads a league in three specific statistical categories in the same season. The term "Triple Crown" generally refers to the batting achievement of leading a league in batting average, home runs, and runs batted in (RBI) over the same season. The term "Pitching Triple Crown" refers to the pitching achievement of leading a league in wins, strikeouts, and earned run average (ERA).

Kerry Wood American baseball pitcher

Kerry Lee Wood is an American former baseball pitcher who played 14 seasons in Major League Baseball (MLB) for the Chicago Cubs, Cleveland Indians, and New York Yankees. Wood first came to prominence as a 20-year-old rookie when he recorded 20 strikeouts in a one-hit shutout against the Houston Astros, which some have argued may be the greatest single-game pitching performance in MLB history. The game also made Wood the co-holder of the MLB record for strikeouts in a single game (20), and earned Wood the nickname Kid K. He was later named the 1998 National League Rookie of the Year. Wood would go on to record over 200 strikeouts in four out of his first five seasons, with a high of 266 in 2003, and holds several MLB strikeout records.

Randy Johnson US baseball player

Randall David Johnson, nicknamed "The Big Unit", is an American former professional baseball pitcher who played 22 seasons in Major League Baseball (MLB), from 1988 to 2009, for six teams. He played primarily for the Seattle Mariners and Arizona Diamondbacks. His 303 career victories rank as the fifth-most by a left-hander in MLB history, while his 4,875 strikeouts place him second all-time behind Nolan Ryan and are the most by a left-hander. He holds five of the seven highest single-season strikeout totals by a left-hander in modern history. Johnson won the Cy Young Award five times, second only to Roger Clemens' seven, and he is one of only two pitchers to win the award in four consecutive seasons (1999–2002). In 1999, he joined Pedro Martínez and Gaylord Perry in the rare feat of winning the award in both the American and National Leagues. He is also one of five pitchers to pitch no-hitters in both leagues. On May 18, 2004, at the age of forty, Johnson became the oldest pitcher in major league history to throw a perfect game, and is one of seven pitchers who have thrown both a perfect game and a no-hitter in their careers. He is also one of eighteen pitchers in history to record a win against all 30 MLB franchises.

David Cone American baseball player

David Brian Cone is an American former Major League Baseball (MLB) pitcher, and current color commentator for the New York Yankees on the YES Network and WPIX. A third round draft pick of the Kansas City Royals in 1981 MLB Draft, he made his MLB debut in 1986 and continued playing until 2003, pitching for five different teams. Cone batted left-handed and threw right-handed.

John Clarkson American baseball player

John Gibson Clarkson was a Major League Baseball right-handed pitcher. He played from 1882 to 1894. Born in Cambridge, Massachusetts, Clarkson played for the Worcester Ruby Legs (1882), Chicago White Stockings (1884–1887), Boston Beaneaters (1888–1892), and Cleveland Spiders (1892–1894).

Dazzy Vance American baseball player

Charles Arthur "Dazzy" Vance was an American professional baseball player. He played as a pitcher for five different franchises in Major League Baseball (MLB) in a career that spanned twenty years. Known for his impressive fastball, Vance was the only pitcher to lead the National League in strikeouts seven consecutive seasons. He was inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1955.

Ron Guidry American baseball player and coach

Ronald Ames Guidry, nicknamed "Louisiana Lightning" and "Gator", is a former Major League Baseball (MLB) left-handed pitcher who played his entire 14-year career for the New York Yankees of the American League (AL). Guidry was also the pitching coach of the Yankees from 2006 to 2007.

In baseball statistics, strikeouts per nine innings pitched is the mean of strikeouts by a pitcher per nine innings pitched. It is determined by multiplying the number of strikeouts by nine, and dividing by the number of innings pitched. To qualify, a pitcher must have pitched 1,000 innings, which generally limits the list to starters. A separate list is maintained for relievers with 300 innings pitched or 200 appearances.

Bobby Mathews Major League Baseball player, umpire

Robert T. Mathews was an American right-handed professional baseball pitcher who played in the National Association of Professional Base Ball Players, the National League of Major League Baseball and the American Association for twenty years beginning in the late 1860s. He is credited as being one of the inventors of the spitball pitch, which was rediscovered or reintroduced to the major leagues after he died. He is also credited with the first legal pitch which broke away from the batter. He is listed at 5 feet 5 inches tall and 140 pounds, which is small for a pro athlete even in his time, when the average height of an American male in the mid-19th century was 5 feet 7 & 1/4 inches tall.

Tim Lincecum American baseball player

Timothy Leroy Lincecum is an American professional baseball pitcher who is a free agent. He previously played in Major League Baseball (MLB) for the San Francisco Giants from 2007 to 2015 and for the Los Angeles Angels in 2016. Lincecum helped the Giants win three World Series championships in a five-year span. Lincecum was the team's ace starter in 2010 and as a relief pitcher in 2012 and 2014, winning the Babe Ruth Award in 2010 as the most valuable player of the MLB postseason.

Yovani Gallardo Mexican baseball player

Yovani Gallardo is a Mexican professional baseball pitcher who is a free agent. He was selected by the Milwaukee Brewers in the second round of the 2004 Major League Baseball draft out of Trimble Technical High School in Fort Worth, Texas. He has played in Major League Baseball (MLB) for the Baltimore Orioles, Texas Rangers, Seattle Mariners, and Cincinnati Reds.

Max Scherzer American baseball player

Maxwell M. Scherzer is an American professional baseball pitcher for the Washington Nationals of Major League Baseball (MLB). Nicknamed “Mad Max”, he made his MLB debut as a member of the Arizona Diamondbacks in 2008, and later played for the Detroit Tigers. He has been an important figure in the both the Tigers' and Nationals' playoff presence, including Detroit's four consecutive American League Central titles from 2011−2014 and two of Washington's National League East titles. A power pitcher with a low three-quarter-arm delivery, Scherzer has achieved numerous strikeout records, while becoming the tenth pitcher in history to be awarded at least three Cy Young Awards, the sixth to record two no-hitters in one season, the fifth to produce more than one immaculate inning, and the fourth to strike out at least 200 batters in a season seven years in a row.

Craig Kimbrel American baseball player

Craig Michael Kimbrel is an American professional baseball pitcher who is a free agent. He has played in Major League Baseball (MLB) for the Atlanta Braves, San Diego Padres, and Boston Red Sox. He is a seven-time All-Star, and was the youngest pitcher in MLB history to record 300 saves. He is known for his triple-digit fastball, as well as his unique pre-pitch stare. Listed at 6 feet 0 inches (1.83 m) and 210 pounds (95 kg), he both throws and bats right-handed.

Vince Velasquez baseball player

Vincent John Velasquez is an American professional baseball pitcher for the Philadelphia Phillies of Major League Baseball (MLB). He was drafted by the Houston Astros in the second round of the 2010 Major League Baseball draft. Velasquez made his MLB debut with the Astros in 2015, and was traded to the Phillies before the 2016 season.

Jerad Eickhoff American baseball player

Jerad Joseph Eickhoff is an American professional baseball pitcher for the Philadelphia Phillies of Major League Baseball (MLB). He was drafted by the Texas Rangers in the 15th round of the 2011 Major League Baseball draft. He made his major league debut in 2015.

References

General
Inline citations
  1. "The Fans Speak Out". Baseball Digest. Lakeside. 55 (10): 7. October 1996. ISSN   0005-609X.[ permanent dead link ]
  2. "Umpires: Rules of Interest". MLB.com. Retrieved February 22, 2009.
  3. "Official Rules (10.15: Strikeouts)" (PDF). Major League Baseball. pp. 113&ndash, 114. Retrieved May 11, 2010.
  4. "Jim Devlin Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved May 12, 2010.
  5. "Cy Young Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved May 12, 2010.
  6. "Walter Johnson Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved May 12, 2010.
  7. 1 2 "Nolan Ryan Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved May 12, 2010.
  8. "Randy Johnson Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved May 12, 2010.
  9. "Dazzy Vance Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved May 12, 2010.
  10. "Bob Feller Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved May 12, 2010.
  11. "Lefty Grove Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved May 12, 2010.
  12. "Grover Cleveland Alexander Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved May 12, 2010.
  13. "Rube Waddell Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved May 12, 2010.
  14. "Steve Carlton Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved May 12, 2010.
  15. "Roger Clemens Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved May 12, 2010.
  16. "Sam McDowell Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved May 12, 2010.
  17. "Christy Mathewson Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved May 12, 2010.
  18. "Amos Rusie Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved May 12, 2010.
  19. "Tom Seaver Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved May 12, 2010.
  20. "Matt Kilroy Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved May 12, 2010.
  21. 1 2 "Historical Leaders: Pitching Leaders, Career Single Season". Major League Baseball. Retrieved May 12, 2010.
  22. Nemec, David; Rucker, Mark (2004). The Beer and Whisky League: The Illustrated History of the American AssociationBaseball's Renegade Major League. Globe Pequot. p. 1. ISBN   1-59228-188-5 . Retrieved May 12, 2010.[ permanent dead link ]
  23. "Toad Ramsey Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved May 12, 2010.
  24. "Hugh Daily Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved May 12, 2010.
  25. "Old Hoss Radbourn Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved May 12, 2010.
  26. Kahn, Roger (2001). The Head Game: Baseball Seen From the Pitcher's Mound. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. p. 71. ISBN   0-15-601304-5 . Retrieved May 12, 2010.[ permanent dead link ]
  27. 1 2 "1883 American Association Pitching Leaders". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved May 7, 2010.
  28. 1 2 "1999 National League Pitching Leaders". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved May 7, 2010.
  29. 1 2 "1973 American League Pitching Leaders". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved May 7, 2010.
  30. 1 2 "1939 National League Pitching Leaders". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved May 7, 2010.
  31. 1 2 "1942 American League Pitching Leaders". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved May 7, 2010.
  32. "Padres trade ace Jake Peavy to White Sox for four pitchers". San Diego News Network. Archived from the original on January 10, 2010. Retrieved May 15, 2010.
  33. "1876 National League Pitching Leaders". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved May 7, 2010.
  34. "1877 National League Pitching Leaders". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved May 7, 2010.
  35. "1878 National League Pitching Leaders". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved May 7, 2010.
  36. "1879 National League Pitching Leaders". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved May 7, 2010.
  37. "1880 National League Pitching Leaders". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved May 7, 2010.
  38. "1881 National League Pitching Leaders". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved May 7, 2010.
  39. "1882 National League Pitching Leaders". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved May 7, 2010.
  40. "1883 National League Pitching Leaders". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved May 7, 2010.
  41. "1884 National League Pitching Leaders". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved May 7, 2010.
  42. "1885 National League Pitching Leaders". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved May 7, 2010.
  43. "1886 National League Pitching Leaders". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved May 7, 2010.
  44. "1887 National League Pitching Leaders". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved May 7, 2010.
  45. "1888 National League Pitching Leaders". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved May 7, 2010.
  46. "1889 National League Pitching Leaders". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved May 7, 2010.
  47. "1890 National League Pitching Leaders". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved May 7, 2010.
  48. "1891 National League Pitching Leaders". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved May 7, 2010.
  49. "1892 National League Pitching Leaders". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved May 7, 2010.
  50. "1893 National League Pitching Leaders". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved May 7, 2010.
  51. "1894 National League Pitching Leaders". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved May 7, 2010.
  52. "1895 National League Pitching Leaders". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved May 7, 2010.
  53. "1896 National League Pitching Leaders". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved May 7, 2010.
  54. "1897 National League Pitching Leaders". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved May 7, 2010.