Indian pop

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Euphoria (an Indian band) perform at the Red Bull SoundClash Concert in Dubai in November 2014 Euphoria perform at the Red Bull SoundClash Concert in Dubai in November 2014.jpg
Euphoria (an Indian band) perform at the Red Bull SoundClash Concert in Dubai in November 2014

Indian pop music, also known as Indi-pop, [1] refers to pop music produced in India that is independent from filmi soundtracks for Indian cinema, such as the music of Bollywood, which tends to be more popular. Indian pop is closely linked to Bollywood, Kollywood, Tollywood and the Asian Underground scene of the United Kingdom. The variety of South Asian music from different countries are generally known as Desi music.



Pop music originated in the South Asian region with the playback singer Ahmed Rushdi's song ‘ Ko Ko Korina ’ in 1966 [2] [3] [4] and has since then been adopted in India, Bangladesh, and lately Sri Lanka, and Nepal as a pioneering influence in their respective pop cultures. Following Rushdi's success, Christian bands specialising in jazz started performing at various night clubs and hotel lobbies in various Southeast Asian cities. They would usually sing either famous American jazz hits or cover Rushdi's songs. [5]

Pop music began gaining popularity across the Indian subcontinent in the early 1980s, with Pakistani singers Nazia Hassan and Zohaib, forming a sibling duo whose records, produced by the Indian Biddu, sold as many as 60 million copies. [6] Biddu himself previously had success in the Western world, where he was one of the first successful disco producers in the early 1970s, with hits such as the hugely popular "Kung Fu Fighting" (1974). [7] [8] [9]

The term Indipop was first used by the British-Indian fusion band Monsoon in their 1981 EP release on Steve Coe's Indipop Records. [10] [11] Charanjit Singh's Synthesizing: Ten Ragas to a Disco Beat (1982) anticipated the sound of acid house music, years before the genre arose in the Chicago house scene of the late 1980s, using the Roland TR-808 drum machine, TB-303 bass synthesizer, and Jupiter-8 synthesizer. [12] [13]

In the late 2000s, Indi-pop music faced increasing competition from filmi music. Major pop singer stopped releasing albums and started singing for movies. Recently, Indian pop has taken an interesting turn with the "remixing" of songs from past Indian movie songs, new beats being added to them.


Best-selling albums

11984 Young Tarang Nazia Hassan and Zoheb Hassan 40,000,000 [14] [15]
21995 Bolo Ta Ra Ra.. Daler Mehndi 20,000,000 [16] [17]
31995 Billo De Ghar Abrar-ul-Haq 16,000,000 [18] [19]
41981 Disco Deewane Nazia Hassan and Zoheb Hassan 14,000,000 [20]
51998 Mundian To Bach Ke Panjabi MC 10,000,000 [21]
2002 Assan Jana Mall-o Mall Abrar-ul-Haq 10,000,000 [18]
71999 Bay Ja Cycle Tay Abrar-ul-Haq 6,500,000 [18]
81997 Majajani Abrar-ul-Haq 6,000,000 [18]
Only One Nusrat Fateh Ali Khan and Mahmood Khan6,000,000 [22]
101992Thanda Thanda Pani Baba Sehgal 5,000,000 [23]
1995 Made in India Alisha Chinai 5,000,000 [24]
121997Tum To Thehre Pardesi Altaf Raja 4,000,000 [25]
131993Tootak Tootak Toothian Malkit Singh 2,500,000 [26]
141996 Sunoh Lucky Ali 2,000,000 [27]
1997 Vande Mataram A. R. Rahman (featuring Nusrat Fateh Ali Khan)2,000,000 [28]
1998 Sifar Lucky Ali 2,000,000 [27]
2004 Me Against Myself Jay Sean 2,000,000 [29]
182004 Nachan Main Audhay Naal Abrar-ul-Haq 1,800,000 [18]
191999 Deewana Sonu Nigam 1,200,000 [30]
Oye Hoye Harbhajan Mann 1,200,000 [31]

Music video streams

YearArtist(s)SongLanguage YouTube streams (millions)Ref
2021 Armaan Malik, Eric Nam with KSHMR Echo English 15 [32]
2020 AP Dhillon, Gurinder Gill, Shinda KahlonBrown Munde Punjabi 229 [33]
S. Thaman, Armaan Malik Butta Bomma Telugu 650 [34]
2019 Yuvan Shankar Raja, Dhanush Rowdy Baby Tamil 1141 [35]
2017 Guru Randhawa Lahore Punjabi 750 [36]
Zack Knight and Jasmin Walia Bom Diggy Punjabi 720 [37] [38] [39]
Guru Randhawa High Rated Gabru Punjabi 1000 [40]
2014 Rahat Fateh Ali Khan Zaroori Tha Hindi 650 [41]
2015 Yo Yo Honey Singh Dheere Dheere Hindi 450 [36]
2011 Dhanush and Anirudh Ravichander Why This Kolaveri Di Tamil 227 [42] [43]

Related Research Articles

Alisha Chinai Indian singer

Alisha Chinai is an Indian pop singer known for her Indi-pop albums as well as playback singing in Hindi cinema. She began her singing career with the album Jadoo in 1985, and by the 1990s she had become known as the 'Queen of Indipop'. Her best known songs were with producers Anu Malik and Biddu during the 1990s. Her best known song is Made in India.

Nazia and Zoheb were a Pakistani pop duo from Karachi, Sindh formed in 1980. The group consisted of two siblings, Nazia Hassan and Zoheb Hassan, who were a singing sensation and pop icons in South Asia, Pakistan, Southeast Asia, and South America. They are regarded as pioneers of the Pakistani pop scenes, and were one of the most successful Asian pop duos of all time, selling more than 65 million albums worldwide.

Biddu Appaiah is a British-Indian singer-songwriter, composer, and music producer – who composed and produced many worldwide hit records during a career spanning five decades. Considered one of the pioneers of disco, Euro disco, and Indian pop, he has sold millions of records worldwide, and has received an Ivor Novello award for his work. He has been ranked at number 34 on NME 's "The 50 Greatest Producers Ever" list.

<i>Qurbani</i> (film) 1980 Hindi film directed by Feroz Khan

Qurbani (transl. Sacrifice) is a 1980 Indian action thriller film produced, directed by and starring Feroz Khan. The film co-stars Vinod Khanna, Zeenat Aman, Amjad Khan, Shakti Kapoor, Aruna Irani, Amrish Puri and Kadar Khan. Qurbani was famous for its music, especially the Bollywood disco song "Aap Jaisa Koi" sung by Pakistani popstar Nazia Hassan and produced by Biddu, as well as the song "Laila O Laila".

Music of Bollywood Songs featuring in Bollywood films

Bollywood songs, more formally known as Hindi film songs or filmi songs, are songs featured in Bollywood films. Derived from the song-and-dance routines common in Indian films, Bollywood songs, along with dance, are a characteristic motif of Hindi cinema which gives it enduring popular appeal, cultural value and context. Hindi film songs form a predominant component of Indian pop music, and derive their inspiration from both classical and modern sources. Hindi film songs are now firmly embedded in North India's popular culture and routinely encountered in North India in marketplaces, shops, during bus and train journeys and numerous other situations. Though Hindi films routinely contain many songs and some dance routines, they are not musicals in the Western theatrical sense; the music-song-dance aspect is an integral feature of the genre akin to plot, dialogue and other parameters.

Nazia Hassan Pakistani singer

Nazia Hassan was a Pakistani singer-songwriter, lawyer and social activist. Referred to as the "Queen of Pop" in South Asia, she is regarded as one of the most influential singers across South and Southeast Asia. She, along with her brother Zoheb Hassan, went on to sell over 65 million records worldwide.

Tunak Tunak Tun 1998 song by Daler Mehndi

"Tunak Tunak Tun" or simply "Tunak", is a Bhangra/Indi-pop song by Indian Punjabi artist Daler Mehndi, released in 1998. It was the first Indian music video made using chroma key technology.

Pakistani pop music refers to popular music forms in Pakistan. Pakistani pop is a mixture of traditional Pakistani classical music and western influences of jazz, rock and roll, hip hop and disco sung in various languages of Pakistan, including Urdu. The popularity of music is based on the individual sales of a single, viewership of its music video or the singer's album chart positions. Apart from within Pakistan, Pakistani pop music has also achieved an influential following and popularity in neighboring countries and is listened by members of the Pakistani diaspora, especially in the Middle East, Europe and North America.

<i>Disco Deewane</i> 1981 studio album by Nazia Hassan & Zoheb Hassan

Disco Deewane is a 1981 Pakistani pop album sung by Pakistani duo Nazia and Zoheb, consisting of Nazia Hassan and her brother Zoheb Hassan. The music was composed by Indian-British music director Biddu who also produced it under the label of HMV India/Saregama. It charted in fourteen countries worldwide and became the best-selling Asian pop record to-date. The debut album led Nazia Hasan to overnight fame. It changed trends in music across South Asia, where it broke sales records. In India, it sold 100,000 records within a day of its release in Mumbai alone, went Platinum within three weeks, and went Double-Platinum soon after. Disco Deewane went on to sell 14 million units worldwide.

<i>Star/Boom Boom</i> 1982 studio album by Nazia & Zoheb Hassan

Star/Boom Boom is the second studio album by Pakistani pop duo Nazia and Zoheb, released in 1982. The Bollywood film Star used the album's music as its soundtrack. The album was thus also released as Star, a Bollywood music soundtrack album. The album featured music composed by Indian producer Biddu.

<i>Hotline</i> (Nazia and Zohaib Hassan album) 1987 studio album by Nazia & Zoheb Hassan

Hotline was the fourth studio album from the Pakistani pop duo of Nazia and Zoheb, released in 1987. It was produced by the Indian producer Biddu. Along with several other albums from Biddu and the Hassan duo, its success in India contributed to the creation of the Indi-pop market. It was also released in the United Kingdom in 1987. It was the best-selling album of the duo after Disco Deewane.

Ahmad Haseeb is a film director and producer. Haseeb won the Best Documentary award at Kara Film Festival in 2007 for A Music Fairy, a short subject about pop icon Nazia Hassan. Haseeb also directed rock group Junoon's music video "Rooh ki pyas" (non-commercial) as a college project. In 2006 Haseeb received a master's degree in Multimedia Arts from National College of Arts Lahore. Haseeb has worked as a producer for Waqt TV but joined city42 later. Ahmad Haseeb also composed and produced a cricket World Cup song "Aya Hai World cup" with Cllr Sitarah Anjum and Rehan Naseer released on 24 February 2011.

The Indian Music Industry (IMI) is a trust that represents the recording industry distributors in India. It was founded on February 28, 1936 as Indian Phonographic Industry (IPI). It is the 2nd oldest music industry organization in the world that was involved in protecting copyrights of music producers and supporting growth of music entertainment industry. In 1994, it was renamed as Indian Music Industry (IMI) and represented India at the International Federation of the Phonographic Industry (IFPI). It is also registered with the West Bengal Societies Registration Act. All major music labels in India are part of this association. Record companies like Saregama India Ltd. (HMV), Universal Music (India), Tips Industries Limited, Sony Music Entertainment (India), Virgin Records, Magnasound, Aditya Music, Times Music, Zee Music Company and T-Series several other prominent international, national and regional labels are part of the IMI. The IMI represents over 75% of all legal music sales in India.

"Aap Jaisa Koi" is a song from the soundtrack of the 1980 Bollywood film Qurbani. It was the debut song of Pakistani singer Nazia Hassan, and was composed by Indian producer Biddu. The song was featured in the film as an item number, picturised on Zeenat Aman. It has been remixed and sampled by many other artists.

Charanjit Singh was an Indian musician from Mumbai, who performed as a session musician, often as a guitarist or synthesizer player, in numerous Bollywood soundtrack orchestras from the 1960s to 1980s, working with filmi composers such as Shankar-Jaikishan, R.D. Burman, S.D. Burman, and Laxmikant–Pyarelal.

<i>Made in India</i> (album) 1995 studio album by Alisha Chinai

Made in India is an Indi-pop album by Alisha Chinai, with production by Biddu, released in 1995. It was the first album by an Indian pop (Indipop) artist to be sold on a scale comparable to Hindi film music albums, with over five million copies sold in India. The album established Indipop as a discrete genre and its singer Chinai became the genre's main proponent.

Zack Knight

Zack Knight is a British-Pakistani singer-songwriter, music composer, director and producer. He is well-known for hit songs including Bom Diggy, Galtiyan, Nakhre and Enemy, the former appearing on a Bollywood comedy. Prior to 2011, he was known by his stage name "Zeekay"

<i>Sonu Ke Titu Ki Sweety</i> 2018 film directed by Luv Ranjan

Sonu Ke Titu Ki Sweety is a 2018 Indian Hindi comedy film directed and written by Luv Ranjan whose banner Luv Films co-produced it along with T-Series. The film was jointly distributed by T-Series and AA Films with editing by Akiv Ali. Sonu Ke Titu Ki Sweety features Kartik Aaryan, Nushrat Bharucha and Sunny Singh in main roles of Sonu, Sweety and Titu respectively. Supporting starcast includes Alok Nath and Ishita Raj Sharma with a cameo appearance by Sonnalli Seygall. The film marks the fourth collaboration of Bharucha and Aaryan with Ranjan, as well as the third time Singh and Sharma team up with the trio.

Bom Diggy 2018 single by Zack Knight and Jasmin Walia

Bom Diggy is a song by British singers Zack Knight and Jasmin Walia. It was released on 24 August 2017 through the Artist Originals subsidiary of Saavn Music and YouTube. The main verses are sung in Hindi and English, while the sampled chorus is in Bengali. The single was serviced to iTunes, Spotify and SoundCloud at the same day. A remix version by Dillon Francis was released on 31 January 2018.

Jasmin Walia

Jasmin Walia is a British singer and television personality. Originally of Indian descent, she has released songs in English, Punjabi and Hindi languages. In 2017, her single "Bom Diggy" with Zack Knight peaked at number one on the BBC Asian Network's Official Asian Music Chart. It has over 424 million combined streams, becoming the biggest British Asian single of the last 5 years. She was nominated for Mirchi Music Award for Upcoming Female Vocalist of The Year at the 11th Mirchi Music Awards for the song "Bom Diggy". The song was also nominated for Mirchi Music Award for Song of The Year.


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