Jhumpa Lahiri

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Jhumpa Lahiri
Jhumpa Lahiri.jpg
BornNilanjana Sudeshna Lahiri
(1967-07-11) July 11, 1967 (age 51)
London, England, UK
OccupationAuthor
NationalityAmerican
Alma mater Barnard College
Boston University
Genre Novel, short story, postcolonial
Notable works Interpreter of Maladies (1999)
Notable awards1999 O. Henry Award
Website
www.randomhouse.com/kvpa/jhumpalahiri/

Nilanjana Sudeshna "Jhumpa" Lahiri [1] (born July 11, 1967) is an American author of Indian descent known for her short stories, novels and essays in English, and, more recently, in Italian.

Contents

Her debut collection of short-stories Interpreter of Maladies (1999) won the Pulitzer Prize for Fiction and the PEN/Hemingway Award, and her first novel, The Namesake (2003), was adapted into the popular film of the same name. Her second story collection Unaccustomed Earth (2008) won the Frank O'Connor International Short Story Award, while her second novel, The Lowland (2013), was a finalist for both the Man Booker Prize and the National Book Award for Fiction. In these works, Lahiri explored the Indian-immigrant experience in America. In 2011, Lahiri moved to Rome, Italy and has since then published two books of essays, and has a forthcoming novel, written in Italian. She has also translated some of her own writings and those of other authors from Italian into English. [2] [3]

<i>Interpreter of Maladies</i> book by Jhumpa Lahiri

Interpreter of Maladies is a book collection of nine short stories by American author of Indian Origin Jhumpa Lahiri published in 1999. It won the Pulitzer Prize for Fiction and the Hemingway Foundation/PEN Award in the year 2000 and has sold over 15 million copies worldwide. It was also chosen as The New Yorker's Best Debut of the Year and is on Oprah Winfrey's Top Ten Book List.

Pulitzer Prize for Fiction award

The Pulitzer Prize for Fiction is one of the seven American Pulitzer Prizes that are annually awarded for Letters, Drama, and Music. It recognizes distinguished fiction by an American author, preferably dealing with American life, published during the preceding calendar year. As the Pulitzer Prize for the Novel, it was one of the original Pulitzers; the program was inaugurated in 1917 with seven prizes, four of which were awarded that year.

<i>The Namesake</i> (novel) book by Jhumpa Lahiri

The Namesake (2003) is the first novel by American author Jhumpa Lahiri. It was originally a novel published in The New Yorker and was later expanded to a full-length novel. It explores many of the same emotional and cultural themes as her Pulitzer Prize-winning short story collection Interpreter of Maladies. Moving between events in Calcutta, Boston, and New York City, the novel examines the nuances involved with being caught between two conflicting cultures with highly distinct religious, social, and ideological differences.

In 2014, Lahiri was awarded the National Humanities Medal. [2] She is currently a professor of creative writing at Princeton University. [3]

National Humanities Medal American award for contributions to Humanities

The National Humanities Medal is an American award that annually recognizes several individuals, groups, or institutions for work that has "deepened the nation's understanding of the humanities, broadened our citizens' engagement with the humanities, or helped preserve and expand Americans' access to important resources in the humanities."

Princeton University University in Princeton, New Jersey

Princeton University is a private Ivy League research university in Princeton, New Jersey. Founded in 1746 in Elizabeth as the College of New Jersey, Princeton is the fourth-oldest institution of higher education in the United States and one of the nine colonial colleges chartered before the American Revolution. The institution moved to Newark in 1747, then to the current site nine years later, and renamed itself Princeton University in 1896.

Early and personal life

Lahiri was born in London, the daughter of Bengali Indian emigrants from the state of West Bengal. Her family moved to the United States when she was two; Lahiri considers herself an American and has said, "I wasn't born here, but I might as well have been." [1] Lahiri grew up in Kingston, Rhode Island, where her father Amar Lahiri works as a librarian at the University of Rhode Island; [1] he is the basis for the protagonist in "The Third and Final Continent", the story which concludes Interpreter of Maladies. [4] Lahiri's mother wanted her children to grow up knowing their Bengali heritage, and her family often visited relatives in Calcutta (now Kolkata). [5]

London Capital of the United Kingdom

London is the capital of and largest city in England and the United Kingdom, and the largest city in the European Union. Standing on the River Thames in the south-east of England, at the head of its 50-mile (80 km) estuary leading to the North Sea, London has been a major settlement for two millennia. Londinium was founded by the Romans. The City of London, London's ancient core − an area of just 1.12 square miles (2.9 km2) and colloquially known as the Square Mile − retains boundaries that follow closely its medieval limits. The City of Westminster is also an Inner London borough holding city status. Greater London is governed by the Mayor of London and the London Assembly.

West Bengal State in Eastern India

West Bengal is an Indian state located in the eastern region of the country along the Bay of Bengal. With over 91 million inhabitants, it is India's fourth-most populous state. West Bengal is the fourteenth-largest Indian state, with an area of 88,752 km2 (34,267 sq mi). A part of the ethno-linguistic Bengal region of the Indian subcontinent, it borders Bangladesh in the east, and Nepal and Bhutan in the north. It also borders the Indian states of Odisha, Jharkhand, Bihar, Sikkim, and Assam. The state capital is Kolkata (Calcutta), the seventh-largest city in India, and center of the third-largest metropolitan area in the country. As for geography, West Bengal includes the Darjeeling Himalayan hill region, the Ganges delta, the Rarh region, and the coastal Sundarbans. The main ethnic group are the Bengalis, with Bengali Hindus forming the demographic majority.

Kingston, Rhode Island Census-designated place in Rhode Island, United States

Kingston is a village and a census-designated place in the town of South Kingstown, Rhode Island, United States, and the site of the main campus of the University of Rhode Island. Much of the village center is listed on the National Register of Historic Places as Kingston Village Historic District. It was originally known as Little Rest.

When she began kindergarten in Kingston, Rhode Island, Lahiri's teacher decided to call her by her pet name, Jhumpa, because it was easier to pronounce than her "proper name". [1] Lahiri recalled, "I always felt so embarrassed by my name.... You feel like you're causing someone pain just by being who you are." [6] Lahiri's ambivalence over her identity was the inspiration for the ambivalence of Gogol, the protagonist of her novel The Namesake, over his unusual name. [1] In an editorial in Newsweek , Lahiri claims that she has "felt intense pressure to be two things, loyal to the old world and fluent in the new." Much of her experiences growing up as a child were marked by these two sides tugging away at one other. When she became an adult, she found that she was able to be part of these two dimensions without the embarrassment and struggle that she had when she was a child. [7] Lahiri graduated from South Kingstown High School and received her B.A. in English literature from Barnard College of Columbia University in 1989. [8]

Newsweek is an American weekly news magazine founded in 1933.

South Kingstown High School (SKHS) is a public high school in Washington County, Rhode Island. Approximately 1,060 students attend SKHS in grades 9–12.

Lahiri then received multiple degrees from Boston University: an M.A. in English, an M.F.A. in Creative Writing, an M.A. in Comparative Literature, and a Ph.D. in Renaissance Studies. Her dissertation, completed in 1997, was entitled Accursed Palace: The Italian palazzo on the Jacobean stage (1603–1625). [9] Her principal advisers were William Carroll (English) and Hellmut Wohl (Art History). She took a fellowship at Provincetown's Fine Arts Work Center, which lasted for the next two years (1997–1998). Lahiri has taught creative writing at Boston University and the Rhode Island School of Design.

Boston University private research university in Boston, Massachusetts, United States

Boston University is a private research university in Boston, Massachusetts. The university is nonsectarian, but has been historically affiliated with the United Methodist Church.

The Fine Arts Work Center is a non-profit enterprise devoted to encouraging the growth and development of emerging visual artists and writers through residency programs, to the propagation of aesthetic values and experience, and to the restoration of the year-round vitality of the historic art colony of Provincetown, Massachusetts. The Work Center was founded in 1968 by a group of American artists and writers to support promising individuals in the early stages of their creative careers. The Work Center, whose founders included Stanley Kunitz, Robert Motherwell, Myron Stout and Jack Tworkov, annually offers ten writers and ten visual artists seven-month residencies, including a work area and a monthly stipend. The Center also offers a Master of Fine Arts degree in collaboration with the Massachusetts College of Art and Design, seasonal programs, and readings and other events. The Center was awarded a 2010 National Endowment for the Arts Access to Artistic Excellence grant to support the Winter Fellowship program.

Rhode Island School of Design Private art and design college in Providence, Rhode Island

Rhode Island School of Design is a private art and design college in Providence, Rhode Island. The college’s immersive model of art and design education emphasizes robust liberal arts studies and conceptually driven studio-based learning in full-time bachelor's and master's degree programs across 19 majors. It has consistently been ranked among the best educational institutions in the world for art and design.

In 2001, Lahiri married Alberto Vourvoulias-Bush, a journalist who was then deputy editor of TIME Latin America, and who is now senior editor of TIME Latin America. Lahiri lives in Rome [10] with her husband and their two children, Octavio (b. 2002) and Noor (b. 2005). [6] Lahiri joined the Princeton University faculty on July 1, 2015 as a professor of creative writing in the Lewis Center for the Arts. [11]

Literary career

Lahiri's early short stories faced rejection from publishers "for years". [12] Her debut short story collection, Interpreter of Maladies , was finally released in 1999. The stories address sensitive dilemmas in the lives of Indians or Indian immigrants, with themes such as marital difficulties, the bereavement over a stillborn child, and the disconnection between first and second generation United States immigrants. Lahiri later wrote, "When I first started writing I was not conscious that my subject was the Indian-American experience. What drew me to my craft was the desire to force the two worlds I occupied to mingle on the page as I was not brave enough, or mature enough, to allow in life." [13] The collection was praised by American critics, but received mixed reviews in India, where reviewers were alternately enthusiastic and upset Lahiri had "not paint[ed] Indians in a more positive light." [14] Interpreter of Maladies sold 600,000 copies and received the 2000 Pulitzer Prize for Fiction (only the seventh time a story collection had won the award). [1] [15]

In 2003, Lahiri published her first novel, The Namesake . [14] The theme and plot of this story was influenced in part by a family story she heard growing up. Her father's cousin was involved in a train wreck and was only saved when the workers saw a beam of light reflected off of a watch he was wearing. Similarly, the protagonist's father in The Namesake was rescued due to his peers recognizing the books that he read by Russian author Nikolai Gogol. The father and his wife immigrated to the United States as young adults. After this life-changing experience, he named his son Gogol and his daughter Sonia. Together the two children grow up in a culture with different mannerisms and customs that clash with what their parents have taught them. [16] A film adaptation of The Namesake was released in March 2007, directed by Mira Nair and starring Kal Penn as Gogol and Bollywood stars Tabu and Irrfan Khan as his parents. Lahiri herself made a cameo as "Aunt Jhumpa."

Lahiri's second collection of short stories, Unaccustomed Earth , was released on April 1, 2008. Upon its publication, Unaccustomed Earth achieved the rare distinction of debuting at number 1 on The New York Times best seller list. [17] New York Times Book Review editor, Dwight Garner, stated, "It's hard to remember the last genuinely serious, well-written work of fiction—particularly a book of stories—that leapt straight to No. 1; it's a powerful demonstration of Lahiri's newfound commercial clout." [17]

Lahiri has also had a distinguished relationship with The New Yorker magazine in which she has published a number of her short stories, mostly fiction, and a few non-fiction including The Long Way Home; Cooking Lessons, a story about the importance of food in Lahiri's relationship with her mother.

Since 2005, Lahiri has been a vice president of the PEN American Center, an organization designed to promote friendship and intellectual cooperation among writers.

In February 2010, she was appointed a member of the Committee on the Arts and Humanities, along with five others. [18]

In September 2013, her novel The Lowland was placed on the shortlist for the Man Booker Prize, [19] [20] which ultimately went to The Luminaries by Eleanor Catton. The following month it was also long-listed for the National Book Award for Fiction, and revealed to be a finalist on October 16, 2013. [21] However, on November 20, 2013, it lost out for that award to James McBride and his novel The Good Lord Bird . [21]

In December 2015, Lahiri published a non-fiction essay called "Teach Yourself Italian" in The New Yorker about her experience learning Italian. In the essay she declared that she is now only writing in Italian, and the essay itself was translated from Italian to English.

Jhumpa Lahiri was judged as the winner of the DSC Prize for South Asian Literature 2015 for her book The Lowland (Vintage Books/ Random House, India) at the Zee Jaipur Literature Festival for which she entered Limca Book of Records. [22]

In 2017, Lahiri receives the Pen/Malamad award for excellence in the short story. The award was established by the family of Pulitzer Prize winning writer Bernard Malamud to honor excellence in the art of short fiction. [23]

In 2018, Lahiri published a short story "The Boundary" in The New Yorker. The story explores the life of two families and the contrasting features between them.

Literary focus

Lahiri's writing is characterized by her "plain" language and her characters, often Indian immigrants to America who must navigate between the cultural values of their homeland and their adopted home. [24] [13] Lahiri's fiction is autobiographical and frequently draws upon her own experiences as well as those of her parents, friends, acquaintances, and others in the Bengali communities with which she is familiar. Lahiri examines her characters' struggles, anxieties, and biases to chronicle the nuances and details of immigrant psychology and behavior.

Until Unaccustomed Earth, she focused mostly on first-generation Indian American immigrants and their struggle to raise a family in a country very different from theirs. Her stories describe their efforts to keep their children acquainted with Indian culture and traditions and to keep them close even after they have grown up in order to hang onto the Indian tradition of a joint family, in which the parents, their children and the children's families live under the same roof.

Unaccustomed Earth departs from this earlier original ethos, as Lahiri's characters embark on new stages of development. These stories scrutinize the fate of the second and third generations. As succeeding generations become increasingly assimilated into American culture and are comfortable in constructing perspectives outside of their country of origin, Lahiri's fiction shifts to the needs of the individual. She shows how later generations depart from the constraints of their immigrant parents, who are often devoted to their community and their responsibility to other immigrants. [25]

Television

Lahiri worked on the third season of the HBO television program In Treatment . That season featured a character named Sunil, a widower who moves to the United States from India and struggles with grief and with culture shock. Although she is credited as a writer on these episodes, her role was more as a consultant on how a Bengali man might perceive Brooklyn. [26]

Awards

Bibliography

Novels

Short fiction

Collections

Interpreter of Maladies (1999)
  • "A Temporary Matter" (previously published in The New Yorker )
  • "When Mr. Pirzada Came to Dine" (previously published in The Louisville Review )
  • "Interpreter of Maladies" (previously published in the Agni Review )
  • "A Real Durwan" (previously published in the Harvard Review)
  • "Sexy" (previously published in The New Yorker )
  • "Mrs. Sen's" (previously published in Salamander)
  • "This Blessed House" (previously published in Epoch )
  • "The Treatment of Bibi Haldar" (previously published in Story Quarterly )
  • "The Third and Final Continent"
Unaccustomed Earth (2008)
  • "Unaccustomed Earth"
  • "Hell-Heaven" (previously published in The New Yorker)
  • "A Choice of Accommodations"
  • "Only Goodness"
  • "Nobody's Business" (previously published in The New Yorker)
  • "Once In A Lifetime" (previously published in The New Yorker)
  • "Year's End" (previously published in The New Yorker)
  • "Going Ashore"
Uncollected short fiction
TitleYearFirst publishedReprinted/collectedNotes
Brotherly love2013Lahiri, Jhumpa (June 10–17, 2013). "Brotherly love". The New Yorker. 89 (17): 70–89.
The Boundary2018Lahiri, Jhumpa (January-29-2018). "The Boundary" . The New Yorker.

Nonfiction

Books

  • In altre parole (Italian) (2015) (English translation printed asIn Other Words, 2016)
  • Il vestito dei libri (Italian) (English translation as The Clothing of Books, 2016)

Uncollected works

Translations

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References

  1. 1 2 3 4 5 6 Minzesheimer, Bob. "For Pulitzer winner Lahiri, a novel approach", USA Today, August 19, 2003. Retrieved on 2008-04-13.
  2. 1 2 Gutting, Elizabeth Ward. "Jhumpa Lahiri: 2014 National Humanities Medal". National Endowment for the Humanities . Retrieved August 17, 2018.
  3. 1 2 "Jhumpa Lahiri: Professor of Creative Writing". Lewis Center for the Arts, Princeton University . Retrieved August 17, 2018.
  4. Flynn, Gillian. "Passage To India: First-time author Jhumpa Lahiri nabs a Pulitzer," Entertainment Weekly, April 28, 2000. Retrieved on 2008-04-13.
  5. Aguiar, Arun. "One on One With Jhumpa Lahiri", Pifmagazine.com, July 28, 1999. Retrieved on 2008-04-13.
  6. 1 2 Anastas, Benjamin. "Books: Inspiring Adaptation" Archived June 22, 2008, at the Wayback Machine , Men's Vogue, March 2007. Retrieved on April 13, 2008.
  7. PM, Newsweek Staff On 3/5/06 at 7:00 (March 5, 2006). "My Two Lives". Newsweek. Retrieved December 4, 2018.
  8. "Pulitzer Prize awarded to Barnard alumna Jhumpa Lahiri ’89; Katherine Boo ’88 cited in public service award to The Washington Post" Archived February 24, 2004, at the Wayback Machine , Barnard Campus News, April 11, 2000. Retrieved on 2008-04-13.
  9. ProQuest Dissertations & Theses Global. (304346550)
  10. Spinks, John. "A Writer's Room", T: The New York Times Style Magazine, August 25, 2013.
  11. Saxon, Jamie (September 4, 2015). "Author Jhumpa Lahiri awarded National Humanities Medal". Research at Princeton, Princeton University. Retrieved May 15, 2017.
  12. Arun Aguiar (August 1, 1999). "Interview with Jhumpa Lahiri". Pif Magazine/ Retrieved September 4, 2015.
  13. 1 2 Lahiri, Jhumpa. "My Two Lives", Newsweek, March 6, 2006. Retrieved on 2008-04-13.
  14. 1 2 Wiltz, Teresa. "The Writer Who Began With a Hyphen: Jhumpa Lahiri, Between Two Cultures", The Washington Post, October 8, 2003. Retrieved on 2008-04-15.
  15. Farnsworth, Elizabeth. "Pulitzer Prize Winner-Fiction", PBS NewsHour, April 12, 2000. Retrieved on 2008-04-15.
  16. Austen, Benjamin (September – October 2003). "In The Shadow of Gogol". New Leader. 86: 31–32.
  17. 1 2 Garner, Dwight. "Jhumpa Lahiri, With a Bullet" The New York Times Paper Cuts blog, April 10, 2008. Retrieved on 2008-04-12.
  18. "Barack Obama appoints Jhumpa Lahiri to arts committee", The Times of India , February 7, 2010
  19. Masters, Tim (July 23, 2013). "Man Booker judges reveal 'most diverse' longlist". BBC . Retrieved July 23, 2013.
  20. "BBC News - Man Booker Prize 2013: Toibin and Crace lead shortlist". BBC News . September 10, 2013. Retrieved September 11, 2013.
  21. 1 2 "2013 National Book Awards". National Book Foundation. Retrieved September 4, 2015.
  22. "First Woman Winner of DSC Prize". Limca Book of Records. Retrieved June 20, 2016.
  23. "Jhumpa Lahiri Receives 2017 PEN/Malamud Award for Excellence in the Short Story". Lewis Center for the Arts. May 25, 2017. Retrieved November 29, 2018.
  24. Chotiner, Isaac. "Interviews: Jhumpa Lahiri", The Atlantic, March 18, 2008. Retrieved on 2008-04-12.
  25. Lahiri, J.. Unaccustomed Earth.
  26. Shattuck, Kathryn (November 11, 2010). "Therapy? Not His Cup of Tea". The New York Times.
  27. Claire Armitstead (January 22, 2015). "Jhumpa Lahiri wins $50,000 DSC prize for south Asian literature". The Guardian. Retrieved January 22, 2015.
  28. "President Obama to Award 2014 National Humanities Medal". National Endowment for the Humanities. September 3, 2015. Retrieved September 4, 2015.

Further reading

External audio
Nuvola apps arts.svg Writer Jhumpa Lahiri, Fresh Air, September 4, 2003