This article lists the highest natural elevation of each sovereign state on the continent of Europe defined physiographically. States sometimes associated with Europe politically and culturally, but not geographically part of Europe, are not included in this list of physical features (with the exception of Armenia, Cyprus, Kazakhstan and Turkey - marked with a N/A rank entry).
Not all points in this list are mountains or hills, some are simply elevations that are not distinguishable as geographical features.
Notes are provided where territorial disputes or inconsistencies affect the listings. Some countries such as Denmark (Greenland), Netherlands (Saba), Norway (Queen Maud Land), Spain (Canary Islands), and Turkey (Ararat) have part of their territory and their high points outside of Europe; their non-European high points are mentioned in the Notes.
For more details about Serbian and Kosovan highest points and ranks see Talk page as well as the discussion at List of mountains in Kosovo and its Talk page.
Three other entries of partially recognized countries with highest points in Europe are listed and ranked in italics. For more details see List of states with limited recognition.
|14||Albania||Mount Korab||2,764 m (9,068 ft)|
|10||Andorra||Coma Pedrosa||2,942 m (9,652 ft)|
|N/A||Armenia||Mount Aragats||4,090 m (13,419 ft)|
|7||Austria||Grossglockner||3,798 m (12,461 ft)|
|6||Azerbaijan||Mount Bazardüzü||4,466 m (14,652 ft)|
|41||Belarus||Dzyarzhynskaya Hara||345 m (1,132 ft)|
|37||Belgium||Signal de Botrange||694 m (2,277 ft)|
|21||Bosnia and Herzegovina||Maglić||2,386 m (7,828 ft)|
|11||Bulgaria||Musala||2,925 m (9,596 ft)|
|29||Croatia||Dinara||1,831 m (6,007 ft)|
|N/A||Cyprus||Mount Olympus||1,952 m (6,404 ft)|
|30||Czech Republic||Sněžka||1,603 m (5,259 ft)|
|46||Denmark||Møllehøj||171 m (561 ft)|
|N/A||Denmark (Greenland)||Gunnbjørn Fjeld||3,694 m (12,119 ft)|
|43||Estonia||Suur Munamägi||318 m (1,043 ft)|
|32||Finland||Halti||1,324 m (4,344 ft)|
|3||France||Mont Blanc||4,809 m (15,778 ft)|
|2||Georgia||Shkhara||5,201 m (17,064 ft)|
|9||Germany||Zugspitze||2,962 m (9,718 ft)|
|12||Greece||Mount Olympus||2,917 m (9,570 ft)|
|35||Hungary||Kékes||1,014 m (3,327 ft)|
|26||Iceland||Hvannadalshnúkur||2,110 m (6,923 ft)|
|33||Ireland (Republic of)||Carrauntoohil||1,041 m (3,415 ft)|
|3||Italy||Monte Bianco||4,809 m (15,778 ft)|
|39||Kazakhstan||Otpan||556 m (1,824 ft)|
|N/A||Kazakhstan||Khan Tengri||7,010 m (22,999 ft)|
|16||Kosovo||Velika Rudoka||2,658 m (8,720 ft)|
|44||Latvia||Gaiziņkalns||312 m (1,024 ft)|
|18||Liechtenstein||Vorder Grauspitz||2,599 m (8,527 ft)|
|45||Lithuania||Aukštojas Hill||294 m (965 ft)|
|38||Luxembourg||Kneiff||560 m (1,837 ft)|
|47||Malta||Ta' Dmejrek||253 m (830 ft)|
|40||Moldova||Bălănești Hill||430 m (1,411 ft)|
|48||Monaco||Chemin des Révoires||163 m (535 ft)|
|20||Montenegro||Zla Kolata||2,534 m (8,314 ft)|
|42||Netherlands||Vaalserberg||321 m (1,053 ft)|
|N/A||Netherlands||Mount Scenery||887 m (2,910 ft)|
|14||North Macedonia||Mount Korab||2,764 m (9,068 ft)|
|23||Norway||Galdhøpiggen||2,469 m (8,100 ft)|
|N/A||Norway||Jøkulkyrkja||3,148 m (10,328 ft)|
|22||Poland||Rysy (NW summit)||2,499 m (8,199 ft)|
|24||Portugal||Mount Pico||2,351 m (7,713 ft)|
|N/A||Portugal||Serra da Estrela||1,993 m (6,539 ft)|
|19||Romania||Moldoveanu Peak||2,544 m (8,346 ft)|
|1||Russia||Mount Elbrus||5,642 m (18,510 ft)|
|36||San Marino||Monte Titano||749 m (2,457 ft)|
|25||Serbia||Velika Rudoka||2,658 m (8,720 ft)|
|17||Slovakia||Gerlachovský štít||2,655 m (8,711 ft)|
|13||Slovenia||Triglav||2,864 m (9,396 ft)|
|8||Spain||Mulhacén||3,479 m (11,414 ft)|
|N/A||Spain||Teide||3,718 m (12,198 ft)|
|27||Sweden||Kebnekaise||2,104 m (6,903 ft)|
|5||Switzerland||Dufourspitze||4,634 m (15,203 ft)|
|34||Turkey||Mahya Dağı||1,031 m (3,383 ft)|
|N/A||Turkey||Mount Ararat (Ağrı Dağı)||5,137 m (16,854 ft)|
|28||Ukraine||Hoverla||2,061 m (6,762 ft)|
|31||United Kingdom||Ben Nevis||1,345 m (4,413 ft)|
|49||Vatican City||Vatican Hill||75 m (246 ft)|
Mont Blanc is the highest mountain in the Alps and Western Europe, rising 4,808 m (15,774 ft) above sea level. It is the second-highest and second-most prominent mountain in Europe, after Mount Elbrus, and it is the eleventh most prominent mountain summit in the world. The mountain stands between the regions of Aosta Valley, Italy, and Savoie and Haute-Savoie, France. It gives its name to the Mont Blanc massif, which itself forms part of a larger range referred to as the Graian Alps. The location of the summit of Mont Blanc is on the watershed line between the valleys of Ferret and Veny in Italy and the valleys of Montjoie, and Arve in France, on the border between the two countries. Ownership of the summit area has long been a subject of historical dispute between the two countries.
The Seven Summits are the highest mountains of each of the seven traditional continents. Climbing to the summit of all of them is regarded as a mountaineering challenge, first achieved on 30 April 1985 by Richard Bass. Completing the Seven Summits and additionally reaching the north and south poles has been dubbed the Explorers Grand Slam.
The Caucasus Mountains is a mountain range at the intersection of Europe and Asia. Stretching between the Black Sea and the Caspian Sea, it is surrounded by the Caucasus region and is home to Mount Elbrus, the highest peak in Europe at 5,642 metres (18,510 ft) above sea level.
Mount Ararat is a snow-capped and dormant compound volcano in the extreme east of Turkey. It consists of two major volcanic cones: Greater Ararat and Little Ararat. Greater Ararat is the highest peak in Turkey and the Armenian Highland with an elevation of 5,137 m (16,854 ft); Little Ararat's elevation is 3,896 m (12,782 ft). The Ararat massif is about 35 km (22 mi) wide at ground base. The first recorded efforts to reach Ararat's summit were made in the Middle Ages, and Friedrich Parrot, Khachatur Abovian, and four others made the first recorded ascent in 1829.
In topography, prominence measures the height of a mountain or hill's summit relative to the lowest contour line encircling it but containing no higher summit within it. It is a measure of the independence of a summit. A peak's key col is a unique point on this contour line and the parent peak is some higher mountain, selected according to various criteria.
This is a list of the extreme points of Europe: the geographical points that are higher or farther north, south, east or west than any other location in Europe. Some of these positions are open to debate, as the definition of Europe is diverse.
This is a list of the extreme points of the European Union — the points that are farther north, south, east or west than any other location.
The extreme points of Norway include the coordinates that are farther north, south, east or west than any other location in Norway; and the highest and the lowest altitudes in the country. The northernmost point is Rossøya on Svalbard, the southernmost is Pysen in Mandal, the easternmost is Kræmerpynten on Svalbard, and the westernmost is Hoybergodden on Jan Mayen. The highest peak is Galdhøpiggen, standing at 2,469 m (8,100 ft) above mean sea level, while the lowest elevation is sea level at the coast.
Mulhacén[mulaˈθen] is the highest mountain in the Iberian Peninsula. It is part of the Sierra Nevada range in the Cordillera Penibética. It is named after Abu l-Hasan Ali, known as Muley Hacén in Spanish, the penultimate Muslim King of Granada in the 15th century who, according to legend, was buried on the summit of the mountain.
A list of highest points typically contains the name, elevation, and location of the highest point in each of a set of geographical regions. Such a list is important in the sport of highpointing. A partial list of highpoint lists is below:
An ultra-prominent peak, or Ultra for short, is a mountain summit with a topographic prominence of 1,500 metres (4,900 ft) or more; it is also called a P1500. The prominence of a peak is the minimum height of climb to the summit on any route from a higher peak, or from sea level if there is no higher peak. There are approximately 1,524 such peaks on Earth. Some well-known peaks, such as the Matterhorn and Eiger, are not Ultras because they are connected to higher mountains by high cols and therefore do not achieve enough topographic prominence.
The topographic isolation of a summit is the minimum distance to a point of equal elevation, representing a radius of dominance in which the peak is the highest point. It can be calculated for small hills and islands as well as for major mountain peaks and can even be calculated for submarine summits.