List of massively multiplayer online role-playing games

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This is a selected list of massively multiplayer online role-playing games. MMORPGs are large multi-user games that take place in perpetual online worlds with a great number of other players. In most MMORPGs each player controls an avatar that interacts with other players, completes tasks to gain experience, and acquires items.

Massively multiplayer online role-playing games (MMORPGs) are a combination of role-playing video games and massively multiplayer online games in which a very large number of players interact with one another within a virtual world.

Avatar (computing) graphical representation of the user or the users alter ego or character

In computing, an avatar is the graphical representation of the user or the user's alter ego or character. An icon or figure representing a particular person in a video game, Internet forum, etc. It may take either a three-dimensional form, as in games or virtual worlds, or a two-dimensional form as an icon in Internet forums and other online communities. Avatar images have also been referred to as "picons" in the past, though the usage of this term is uncommon now. It can also refer to a text construct found on early systems such as MUDs. The term "avatar" can also refer to the personality connected with the screen name, or handle, of an Internet user.


Business models

MMORPGs today use a wide range of business models, from free of charge, free with microtransactions, advertise funded, to various kinds of payment plans. This list uses the following terms.

Free-to-play video games, also known as free-to-start, are games that give players access to a significant portion of their content without paying. Free-to-play can be contrasted with pay to play, in which payment is required before using a service for the first time.

Freemium business model and software licensing scheme in which the basic form of a product is free of charge but additional features requires payment

Freemium, a portmanteau of the words "free" and "premium", is a pricing strategy by which a product or service is provided free of charge, but money (premium) is charged for additional features, services, or virtual (online) or physical (offline) goods. The business model has been in use by the software industry since the 1980s as a licensing scheme. A subset of this model used by the video game industry is called free-to-play.

List of MMORPGs

TitleStatusGraphicsSettingSubscription modelInitial release dateDiscontinued dateDistributionNotes
The 4th Coming 2D (isometric)FantasyBuy-to-play1999Now known as T4C v2
Ace Online 3DScience fictionFree-to-play2006
AdventureQuest Worlds 2DMedieval fantasyFreemium2008Browser-based
The Aetherlight: Chronicles of the Resistance 3DSteampunkBuy-to-play2016
Age of Conan: Hyborian Adventures 3DFantasyFree-to-play2008This game features a combo based combat system.
Age of Wulin 3D Martial Arts, Wuxia (fantasy)Freemium2013
AIKA Online 3DMedieval fantasyFree-to-play2009
Aion: The Tower of Eternity Active3DFantasyFree-to-play2008
Albion Online Active3DMedieval fantasyBuy-to-play with optional subscription model2017Steam
Allods Online Active3DFantasyFreemium2010Steam
Anarchy Online Active3DScience fictionFreemium2001
Angel Love Online 2DFantasyFreemium2006Downloadable client (Windows only). Multiplatform: PC, PlayStation 3
ArcheAge Active3DFantasyFreemium2013Open-sandbox player built world, large-scale crafting interactions (building own ship to sail with, etc)
Ashen Empires 2D (isometric)FantasyFreemium2002Housing, Guilds, 3 Expansions, Downloadable client (Windows only)
Asheron's Call 3DFantasyPay-to-play19992017-01-31 [1] Has player housing
Asheron's Call 2 3DFantasyPay-to-play20022005-12-30, 2017-01-31 [2]
Atlantica Online 3DFantasyFree-to-play2008Turn-based strategy
Aura Kingdom Active3DFantasyFree-to-play2014
Battlestar Galactica Online 3DScience fictionFree-to-play2011Browser-based, Battlestar Galactica license
Black Desert Online Active3DMedieval fantasyFreemium (Asia), Buy-to-play (EU/NA)2015SteamActive, open-sandbox player built world - Manual aim action combat
Blade & Soul Active3DFantasy, martial arts Freemium2012Manual aim action combat (within melee/short ranged combat)
Cabal Online 3DFantasyFree-to-play2005
Camelot Unchained Development3DFantasy, Mythology (Arthurian)(Celtic)(Norse)Pay-to-play2019
Champions Online Active3D Superheroes Freemium2009
City of Heroes 3D Superheroes Freemium2004-04-272012-11-30Formerly pay-to-play
City of Villains 3D Superheroes Freemium2005-10-312012-11-30
Clan Lord 2DFantasyPay for account; free-to-play1998Downloadable client for Windows & Mac
Clone Wars Adventures 3DSci-fiFree-to-play2010-09-152014-03-31
Crowns of Power 3DFantasyFree-to-play2008
Dark Age of Camelot 3DMythology (Arthurian)Pay-to-play2001
Dark Ages 2DMythology (Celtic)Pay for account; free-to-play1999
Dark and Light 3DFantasyPay-to-play20062008
Darkeden 2DHorrorFreemium20022013
Darkfall Closed3DFantasyPay-to-play20092012-11-15Independent development continues as Darkfall: New Dawn and Rise of Agon.
Darkfall Unholy Wars Closed3DMedieval fantasyPay-to-play20132016-05-28
DarkSpace Active3DScience fictionFree-to-play2001Open source
DC Universe Online 3D Superheroes Freemium2011Base game is free-to-play with restrictions
Dead Frontier 3DHorrorFreemium2008Pay for extras, Browser-based
Defiance 3DPost-apocalypticFree-to-play2013Tie-in to the Syfy show of the same name
Digimon Masters Active3DFantasyFreemium2011Steam
Dofus 2D (isometric)FantasyFreemium2004Downloadable client (Windows, Mac, Linux)
Tactical combat
Dragon Ball Online 3DFantasyFree-to-play2010Downloadable client (Windows, Mac, Linux)
Tactical combat
Dragon Nest Active3DFantasyFree-to-play2010Manual aim action combat
Dragon Oath 3DMythology (Chinese)Free-to-play2007Based on the novel Demi-Gods and Semi-Devils by Jin Yong
Dragon Quest X 3DFantasyPay-to-play2012Multiplatform: Wii, Wii U
Dragonica Varies3DFantasyFreemium2009VariesServers in most regions were closed in 2010 or 2011, but US servers remain active under the name Dragon Saga
Dragon's Prophet 3DFantasyFree-to-play20132015 in the US, still running in EuropeCapture, train and ride dragons, fight with them
Drakensang Online 3DFantasyFreemium2012Uses downloadable client and launcher
Dungeons & Dragons Online Active3DFantasyFreemium2006SteamD&D 3.5 Edition ruleset
Dynasty Warriors Online 3DHistorical fantasy (China), martial artsFree-to-play2006Hack and slash
Earth and Beyond 3DScience fictionPay-to-play2002-09-242004-09-22Space vehicle piloting, trading, leveling
Echo of Soul 3DFantasyFree-to-play2013
The Elder Scrolls Online Active3DMedieval fantasyBuy-to-play with optional subscription model2014SteamManual aim action combat. Formerly a subscription based, but changed to buy-to-play on March 17, 2015.
Elsword Active2D (isometric)FantasyFree-to-play2007Potential sequel to GC
Emil Chronicle Online 3DFantasyFreemium20052010
Empire of Sports 3DModern sportsFree-to-play2008April 2016Sports-based
Empire & State 2DScience fictionFree-to-play2011Browser-based political strategy MMORPG
Entropia Universe 3DScience fictionFree-to-play2003
Eternal Lands 3DFantasyFreemium2003Downloadable client (Windows, Mac, Linux)
EVE Online Active3DScience fictionFreemium2003SteamSpace vehicle piloting, trading, and business management
EverQuest Active3DFantasyFreemium1999SteamFormerly pay-to-play
EverQuest II Active3DFantasyFreemium2004SteamSequel to EverQuest
EverQuest Next Cancelled3DFantasyActive, open world, Multiplatform: PC, PlayStation 4. Cancelled as of 2016
Face of Mankind 3DScience fictionFreemium2009
Fallen Earth 3DPost-apocalypticFreemium2009
Fantage Closed2DFantasyFreemium20082018-06-30Browser-based
Fantasy Earth Zero Closed3DFantasyFree-to-play2006201350vs50 PvP-oriented gameplay
Fantasy Westward Journey 2DFantasy (Chinese)Free-to-play2004Inspired by Journey to the West
Fiesta Online 3DFantasyFree-to-play2007
Final Fantasy XI Active3DFantasyPay-to-play2002Multiplatform: PC, PlayStation 2, Xbox 360
Final Fantasy XIV: A Realm Reborn Active3DFantasyPay-to-play2013SteamRelaunch of Final Fantasy XIV. Now known as Final Fantasy: Stormblood with latest expansion. Multiplatform: PC, PlayStation 3, PlayStation 4
Firefall Closed3DScience fictionFree-to-play20142017-07-07First-person/third-person shooter
Flyff Active3DFantasyFreemium2005
Fragoria 3DFantasyFreemium2011Browser-based
Free Realms Closed3DFantasyFree-to-play2009-04-282014-03-31
Gekkeiju Online 3DMedieval fantasyFree-to-play2003Anime-based. New version in 2010 with ""Occulus Rift"" support
GodsWar Online 3DMythology (Greek)Free-to-play2009
Granado Espada 3DHistorical fantasy (Age of Exploration)Pay-to-play2007
Grand Chase Closed2DFantasyFree-to-play20032015-04-15Client download required
Guild Wars Active3DFantasyBuy-to-Play2005Steam
Guild Wars 2 Active3DFantasyFree-to-play / Buy-to-play2012LauncherManual aim action combat (guided, optional); Sequel to Guild Wars
Hello Kitty Online 3DCartoonFree-to-play2009Client download required.
Hero Online 3DMythology (Chinese)Free-to-play2006
Identity 3DFantasyN/AN/A
Illyriad Active2DFantasyFree-to-play2011Browser Based
Infantry Online 2DScience FictionFree-to-play1999
Istaria: Chronicles of the Gifted 3DFantasyFree-to-play / Pay-to-play2003Name changed from Horizons
Jade Dynasty 3DFantasy, martial artsFreemium2008Latest expansion in 2013
Kal Online 3DFantasyFreemium2004
Knight Online Active3DFantasyFree-to-play2004Steam
LaTale 2D (side-scrolling)FantasyFreemium20092010
The Legend of Ares 3DFantasyFree-to-play20072009-05
The Legend of Mir 2 2D (sprite-based)FantasyFree-to-play2001
The Legend of Mir 3 2D (sprite-based)FantasyPay-to-play2004Sequel to The Legend of Mir 2
Lineage Closed2D (sprite-based)FantasyPay-to-play19982011North American servers shut down on June 29, 2011.
Lineage II Active3DFantasyFreemium2003Sequel to Lineage, formerly pay-to-play until the 2011 expansion
Lineage III Development3DFantasyTBASequel to Lineage II
Little Space Heroes 2DKidsFreemium20112015
The Lord of the Rings Online Active3DFantasyFreemium2007Steam
Love 3DFantasyFree-to-play2010Builder
Mabinogi Active3DFantasy, mythology (Welsh)Free-to-play2004Steam
MapleStory Active2D (side-scrolling)FantasyFree-to-play2003
MapleStory 2 Active3DFantasyFree-to-play2015Sequel to MapleStory
Marvel Heroes 3DSuperheroesFree-to-play20132017-11-27
Matrix Online 3DScience fictionPay-to-play2005-03-222009-07-31
Meridian 59 3DFantasyFree-to-play1995Formerly pay-to-play
Metin 2 3DFantasyFreemium2004
Minions of Mirth 3DFantasyFreemium2005
MonsterMMORPG 2DFantasyFree-to-play2009Browser-based
Mortal Online Active3DFantasyFree-to-play2010SteamFormerly pay-to-play
MU Online Active3DMedieval fantasyFree-to-play2003
Myst Online 3DAncient FantasyFree-to-play2007Open source; formerly pay-to-play
Mythos 3DFantasyFree-to-play20112014-01-22
Neocron 3DCyberpunkFree-to-play2002 FPS-style gameplay, second installment run by the game's community
Neverwinter Active3DFantasyFreemium2013SteamManual aim action combat
Nexus: The Kingdom of the Winds 2D (sprite-based; overhead)Mythology (Korean)Pay-to-play1996
Omerta ActiveTextMafiaFree-to-play2003
Pantheon: Rise of the Fallen Development3DFantasySpiritual successor to the original EverQuest
Parallel Kingdom 3DFantasyFreemium2008
Pardus 2DScience fictionFree-to-play2004Browser-based, space war and trading game
Perfect World Active3DFantasy (Chinese)Freemium2005Latest expansion in 2013
Perpetuum [3] [4] Closed3DScience fictionBuy-to-play2010Persistent sandbox MMORPG. Formerly a subscription [5]
Phantasy Star Online 2 3DScience FictionFreemium2012
Phoenix Dynasty Online Closed2DFantasyFree-to-play20072010-12-08
Pirate101 Active3DFantasy, kidsFreemium2012Pirate game, kid-safe chat
Pirates of the Burning Sea 3DHistorical (maritime)Free-to-play2008
Pirates of the Caribbean Online Closed3DAdventureFree-to-play20072013-09-01
PlaneShift 3DFantasyFree-to-play2000Open source
Poptropica Active2D (side-scrolling)Cartoon, kidsFreemium2007Browser-based, no downloadable client required
Priston Tale 3DFantasyFreemium2001
Priston Tale 2 3DFantasyFreemium20082013
Puppet Guardian 2D (isometric; adventure)FantasyFree-to-play2007
Puzzle Pirates 2DFantasyFree-to-play2003
Ragnarok Online Active2D/3D [6] Fantasy, mythology (Norse/mixed)Freemium/Pay-to-play (Depending on the server)2002Steam
Ragnarok Online 2 Active3DFantasyFree-to-play2012SteamSequel to Ragnarok Online
Ran Online 3DCampus fantasyFreemium2004
Realm of the Mad God Active2DFantasyFree-to-play2011SteamBrowser-based
The Realm Online 2D (sprite-based)FantasyPay-to-play1996
Red Stone 2DFantasyFree-to-play2004
Regnum Online 3DMedieval fantasyFreemium2007
Requiem: Memento Mori 3DDark fantasyFree-to-play2008
RF Online 3DScience fictionPay-to-play2006
Rift Active3DFantasyFree-to-play2011SteamFormerly pay-to-play
Rohan: Blood Feud 3DFantasyFreemium2008
ROSE Online 3DFantasyFreemium2005
Rubies of Eventide 3DMedieval fantasyFree-to-play20032009
Runes of Magic 3DMedieval fantasyFreemium2009
RuneScape Active3DMedieval fantasyFreemium with subscription model2001StandaloneBrowser-based, Java and HTML 5. Optional membership will unlock more skills and quests. Currently 2 separate games, RuneScape 3 ("current" game) and Oldschool RuneScape (game as it was circa 2007).
Rusty Hearts 3DFantasyFree-to-play20112014Hack and slash
Ryzom Active3D Science fantasy Freemium2004SteamFree-to-play (up to level 125), pay-to-play (to max level). Open source
Salem Active3DHistorical (17th century) fantasyFree-to-play2012Standalone
Sangokushi Online 3DHistorical (Chinese)Pay-to-play20082010-07-19Part of the Romance of the Three Kingdoms series by Koei
Scions of Fate or Yulgang 3DFantasyFree-to-play2005
Seal Online 3DFantasyFreemium2003
The Secret World 3DModernBuy-to-play2012SteamFormerly pay-to-play
Shadowbane 3DFantasyPay-to-play2003-03-252009-07-01Switched to "free-to-play" in March 15, 2006, supported by ads
Shin Megami Tensei: Imagine 3DFantasyFree-to-play2007
Sho Online 3DHistorical fantasy (China)Free-to-play2008
Shot-Online 3DSports (golf)Freemium2004
Shroud of the Avatar: Forsaken Virtues 3DFantasyBuy-to-play2018Spiritual successor to the Ultima series
Silkroad Online Active3DFantasyFree-to-play2005
Skyforge Active3DFantasy (Mythic/Sci-fi)Freemium2015Russian-based developers. Manual aim action combat
Soul of the Ultimate Nation Closed3DFantasyPay-to-play20072013-07-03
Spiral Knights Active3DFantasyFreemium2009Java
StarQuest Online Closed3DScience fictionFree-to-play20072014Downloadable client (Windows)
Star Trek Online 3DScience fictionFreemium2010Switched to "free-to-play" in January 17, 2012
Star Wars Galaxies Closed3DScience fictionPay-to-play2003-06-262011-12-15The first Star Wars MMORPG used a "sandbox" approach with a totally player-driven economy
Star Wars: The Old Republic Active3DScience fictionFreemium2011Standalone Spiritual sequel of 2003's Game of the year Star Wars: Knights of the Old Republic , formerly pay-to-play
Stellar Dawn Development paused3DScience fictionDevelopment started back in 2006 as Mechscape, which was scrapped in 2009. In 2010 Stellar Dawn was announced, though in March 2012 the development was paused so the developer, Jagex, could focus on their other games.
Tabula Rasa Closed3DScience FictionPay-to-play20072009
A Tale in the Desert Active3DMythology (Egyptian)Pay-to-play2003StandaloneNon-combat-oriented RPG
Tales of Pirates Closed3DFantasy (Maritime)Free-to-play20072016-29-02During 2010 server data was transferred to a revamped client called Tales of Pirates II
TERA: Rising Active3DFantasyFreemium2011SteamManual aim action combat (True Action combat)
Terra 3DScience fictionFree-to-play1996
Tibia Active2D (sprite-based; overhead)FantasyFree-to-play1997Downloadable client (Windows, Linux).
Toontown Online Closed3DFantasy, CartoonFreemium20032013-09-19MMORPG designed for families to play, mostly targeted towards children.
Toontown Rewritten Active3DFantasy, CartoonFree-to-play2014StandaloneMMORPG designed for families to play, mostly targeted towards children. Fan-made revival of Toontown Online, created using publicly available downloads and information made freely available to the general public.
Trove Active3DFantasy, CartoonFreemium2013
Twelve Sky 3DFantasyFree-to-play2007
Twelve Sky 2 3DFantasyFree-to-play2008
Ultima Online Active2D/3DMedieval fantasyFree-to-play1997

The term MMORPG was first coined by Ultima Online creator Richard Garriott in 1997. [7]

Uncharted Waters Online 3DHistorical (maritime)Pay-to-play2005
Underlight 3DFantasy (Dream)Free-to-play1998Original servers were shut down in December 2006. Re-launched in September 2014 by KoiWare.
Vanguard: Saga of Heroes Closed3DFantasyPay-to-play2007-01-302014-07-31
Vendetta Online 3DScience fictionPay-to-play2004Space vehicle piloting and twitch-based interface
Vindictus Active3DFantasy (Celtic)Free-to-play2010SteamManual aim action combat
Voyage Century Online 3DHistorical (maritime)Free-to-play2006
Wakfu 2D (isometric)FantasyFreemium2012Downloadable client (Windows, Mac, Linux). Tactical combat.
Warhammer Online: Age of Reckoning Closed3DFantasyFreemium20082013-12-18
WildStar Closed3DFantasy, Science fictionFree-to-play20142018-11-28Manual aim action combat (telegraphed). Became Free-to-play on September 29, 2015
With Your Destiny 3DFantasy (Scandinavian)Free-to-play2003
Wizard101 Active3DFantasy, kidsFreemium2008Wizard game with cards, kid-safe chat
Wizardry Online 3DFantasyFreemium20132014Based on Wizardry series
WonderKing Online 2D (side-scrolling)FantasyFree-to-play2006
Wonderland Online 2D (special)FantasyFree-to-play2008, MarchAnime/Manga based
World of the Living Dead 2DSurvival StrategyFree-to-play20142014Map-Based Survival Game with PvP, Factions, Customization, Upgrades & Crafting. Defunct 2014
World of Warcraft Active3DFantasyPay-to-play2004LauncherFree-to-play until level 20
Wurm Online Active3DMedieval fantasyFreemium2006Sandbox game with hundreds of skills, multiple kingdoms, and a deep crafting system.
Xsyon 3DApocalyptic FantasyBuy-to-play [8] [9] 2011Apocalyptic Fantasy Sandbox MMORPG - Currently in the Prelude phase.
Zhengtu 2DMythology (Chinese)Freemium2008

See also

An online game is a video game that is either partially or primarily played through the Internet or any other computer network available. Online games are ubiquitous on modern gaming platforms, including PCs, consoles and mobile devices, and span many genres, including first-person shooters, strategy games and massively multiplayer online role-playing games (MMORPG).


  1. Bree Royce (20 December 2016). "ASHERON'S CALL AND ITS SEQUEL WILL SUNSET AS PART OF THE TURBINE/STANDING STONE SPLIT". Massively Overpowered. Retrieved 21 December 2016.
  2. Bree Royce (20 December 2016). "ASHERON'S CALL AND ITS SEQUEL WILL SUNSET AS PART OF THE TURBINE/STANDING STONE SPLIT". Massively Overpowered. Retrieved 21 December 2016.
  3. Rossignol, Jim (2010-06-02). "Interview: Perpetuum Online". Retrieved 2011-07-30.
  4. Brendan Drain (2011-06-26). "Perpetuum receives influx of EVE players". Retrieved 2011-07-01.
  5. "Perpetuum Developer Blog: The end of subscriptions, the start of something new". 2014-03-16. Retrieved 2014-05-08.
  6. 3D environment with 2D sprites
  7. Safko, Ron; Brake, David (2009). The Social Media Bible: Tactics, Tools, and Strategies for Business Success. Wiley. ISBN   0-470-41155-4. Richard Garriott first coined the term MMORPG in 1997.

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<i>Asherons Call</i> video game

Asheron's Call (AC) was a fantasy MMORPG for Microsoft Windows PCs, developed and published by Turbine Entertainment Software. Though it was developed by the Turbine team, it was published as a Microsoft title until 2004. The game was set on the island continent of Dereth and several surrounding smaller islands and archipelagos on the fictional planet of Auberean. The game was played in a large seamless 3D virtual world which could host thousands of players' characters at a time.

<i>Asherons Call 2: Fallen Kings</i> 2002 video game

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<i>The Lord of the Rings Online</i> video game

The Lord of the Rings Online: Shadows of Angmar is a massive multiplayer online role-playing game (MMORPG) for Microsoft Windows and OS X set in a fantasy universe based upon J. R. R. Tolkien's Middle-earth writings, taking place during the time period of The Lord of the Rings. It launched in North America, Australia, Japan, and Europe in 2007. Originally subscription-based, it is free-to-play, with a paid VIP subscription available that provides players various perks.

<i>Dungeons & Dragons Online</i> video game

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<i>Pirate101</i> 2012 video game by KingsIsle Entertainment

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