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|Role-playing video games|
This is a selected list of massively multiplayer online role-playing games. MMORPGs are large multi-user games that take place in perpetual online worlds with a great number of other players. In most MMORPGs each player controls an avatar that interacts with other players, completes tasks to gain experience, and acquires items.
Massively multiplayer online role-playing games (MMORPGs) are a combination of role-playing video games and massively multiplayer online games in which a very large number of players interact with one another within a virtual world.
In computing, an avatar is the graphical representation of the user or the user's alter ego or character. An icon or figure representing a particular person in a video game, Internet forum, etc. It may take either a three-dimensional form, as in games or virtual worlds, or a two-dimensional form as an icon in Internet forums and other online communities. Avatar images have also been referred to as "picons" in the past, though the usage of this term is uncommon now. It can also refer to a text construct found on early systems such as MUDs. The term "avatar" can also refer to the personality connected with the screen name, or handle, of an Internet user.
MMORPGs today use a wide range of business models, from free of charge, free with microtransactions, advertise funded, to various kinds of payment plans. This list uses the following terms.
Free-to-play video games, also known as free-to-start, are games that give players access to a significant portion of their content without paying. Free-to-play can be contrasted with pay to play, in which payment is required before using a service for the first time.
Freemium, a portmanteau of the words "free" and "premium", is a pricing strategy by which a product or service is provided free of charge, but money (premium) is charged for additional features, services, or virtual (online) or physical (offline) goods. The business model has been in use by the software industry since the 1980s as a licensing scheme. A subset of this model used by the video game industry is called free-to-play.
|Title||Status||Graphics||Setting||Subscription model||Initial release date||Discontinued date||Distribution||Notes|
|The 4th Coming||2D (isometric)||Fantasy||Buy-to-play||1999||Now known as T4C v2|
|Ace Online||3D||Science fiction||Free-to-play||2006|
|AdventureQuest Worlds||2D||Medieval fantasy||Freemium||2008||Browser-based|
|The Aetherlight: Chronicles of the Resistance||3D||Steampunk||Buy-to-play||2016|
|Age of Conan: Hyborian Adventures||3D||Fantasy||Free-to-play||2008||This game features a combo based combat system.|
|Age of Wulin||3D||Martial Arts, Wuxia (fantasy)||Freemium||2013|
|AIKA Online||3D||Medieval fantasy||Free-to-play||2009|
|Aion: The Tower of Eternity||Active||3D||Fantasy||Free-to-play||2008|
|Albion Online||Active||3D||Medieval fantasy||Buy-to-play with optional subscription model||2017||Steam|
|Anarchy Online||Active||3D||Science fiction||Freemium||2001|
|Angel Love Online||2D||Fantasy||Freemium||2006||Downloadable client (Windows only). Multiplatform: PC, PlayStation 3|
|ArcheAge||Active||3D||Fantasy||Freemium||2013||Open-sandbox player built world, large-scale crafting interactions (building own ship to sail with, etc)|
|Ashen Empires||2D (isometric)||Fantasy||Freemium||2002||Housing, Guilds, 3 Expansions, Downloadable client (Windows only)|
|Asheron's Call||3D||Fantasy||Pay-to-play||1999||2017-01-31||Has player housing|
|Asheron's Call 2||3D||Fantasy||Pay-to-play||2002||2005-12-30, 2017-01-31|
|Atlantica Online||3D||Fantasy||Free-to-play||2008||Turn-based strategy|
|Battlestar Galactica Online||3D||Science fiction||Free-to-play||2011||Browser-based, Battlestar Galactica license|
|Black Desert Online||Active||3D||Medieval fantasy||Freemium (Asia), Buy-to-play (EU/NA)||2015||Steam||Active, open-sandbox player built world - Manual aim action combat|
|Blade & Soul||Active||3D||Fantasy, martial arts||Freemium||2012||Manual aim action combat (within melee/short ranged combat)|
|Camelot Unchained||Development||3D||Fantasy, Mythology (Arthurian)(Celtic)(Norse)||Pay-to-play||2019|
|City of Heroes||3D||Superheroes||Freemium||2004-04-27||2012-11-30||Formerly pay-to-play|
|City of Villains||3D||Superheroes||Freemium||2005-10-31||2012-11-30|
|Clan Lord||2D||Fantasy||Pay for account; free-to-play||1998||Downloadable client for Windows & Mac|
|Clone Wars Adventures||3D||Sci-fi||Free-to-play||2010-09-15||2014-03-31|
|Crowns of Power||3D||Fantasy||Free-to-play||2008|
|Dark Age of Camelot||3D||Mythology (Arthurian)||Pay-to-play||2001|
|Dark Ages||2D||Mythology (Celtic)||Pay for account; free-to-play||1999|
|Dark and Light||3D||Fantasy||Pay-to-play||2006||2008|
|Darkfall||Closed||3D||Fantasy||Pay-to-play||2009||2012-11-15||Independent development continues as Darkfall: New Dawn and Rise of Agon.|
|Darkfall Unholy Wars||Closed||3D||Medieval fantasy||Pay-to-play||2013||2016-05-28|
|DarkSpace||Active||3D||Science fiction||Free-to-play||2001||Open source|
|DC Universe Online||3D||Superheroes||Freemium||2011||Base game is free-to-play with restrictions|
|Dead Frontier||3D||Horror||Freemium||2008||Pay for extras, Browser-based|
|Defiance||3D||Post-apocalyptic||Free-to-play||2013||Tie-in to the Syfy show of the same name|
|Dofus||2D (isometric)||Fantasy||Freemium||2004||Downloadable client (Windows, Mac, Linux)|
|Dragon Ball Online||3D||Fantasy||Free-to-play||2010||Downloadable client (Windows, Mac, Linux)|
|Dragon Nest||Active||3D||Fantasy||Free-to-play||2010||Manual aim action combat|
|Dragon Oath||3D||Mythology (Chinese)||Free-to-play||2007||Based on the novel Demi-Gods and Semi-Devils by Jin Yong|
|Dragon Quest X||3D||Fantasy||Pay-to-play||2012||Multiplatform: Wii, Wii U|
|Dragonica||Varies||3D||Fantasy||Freemium||2009||Varies||Servers in most regions were closed in 2010 or 2011, but US servers remain active under the name Dragon Saga|
|Dragon's Prophet||3D||Fantasy||Free-to-play||2013||2015 in the US, still running in Europe||Capture, train and ride dragons, fight with them|
|Drakensang Online||3D||Fantasy||Freemium||2012||Uses downloadable client and launcher|
|Dungeons & Dragons Online||Active||3D||Fantasy||Freemium||2006||Steam||D&D 3.5 Edition ruleset|
|Dynasty Warriors Online||3D||Historical fantasy (China), martial arts||Free-to-play||2006||Hack and slash|
|Earth and Beyond||3D||Science fiction||Pay-to-play||2002-09-24||2004-09-22||Space vehicle piloting, trading, leveling|
|Echo of Soul||3D||Fantasy||Free-to-play||2013|
|The Elder Scrolls Online||Active||3D||Medieval fantasy||Buy-to-play with optional subscription model||2014||Steam||Manual aim action combat. Formerly a subscription based, but changed to buy-to-play on March 17, 2015.|
|Elsword||Active||2D (isometric)||Fantasy||Free-to-play||2007||Potential sequel to GC|
|Emil Chronicle Online||3D||Fantasy||Freemium||2005||2010|
|Empire of Sports||3D||Modern sports||Free-to-play||2008||April 2016||Sports-based|
|Empire & State||2D||Science fiction||Free-to-play||2011||Browser-based political strategy MMORPG|
|Entropia Universe||3D||Science fiction||Free-to-play||2003|
|Eternal Lands||3D||Fantasy||Freemium||2003||Downloadable client (Windows, Mac, Linux)|
|EVE Online||Active||3D||Science fiction||Freemium||2003||Steam||Space vehicle piloting, trading, and business management|
|EverQuest II||Active||3D||Fantasy||Freemium||2004||Steam||Sequel to EverQuest|
|EverQuest Next||Cancelled||3D||Fantasy||Active, open world, Multiplatform: PC, PlayStation 4. Cancelled as of 2016|
|Face of Mankind||3D||Science fiction||Freemium||2009|
|Fantasy Earth Zero||Closed||3D||Fantasy||Free-to-play||2006||2013||50vs50 PvP-oriented gameplay|
|Fantasy Westward Journey||2D||Fantasy (Chinese)||Free-to-play||2004||Inspired by Journey to the West|
|Final Fantasy XI||Active||3D||Fantasy||Pay-to-play||2002||Multiplatform: PC, PlayStation 2, Xbox 360|
|Final Fantasy XIV: A Realm Reborn||Active||3D||Fantasy||Pay-to-play||2013||Steam||Relaunch of Final Fantasy XIV. Now known as Final Fantasy: Stormblood with latest expansion. Multiplatform: PC, PlayStation 3, PlayStation 4|
|Firefall||Closed||3D||Science fiction||Free-to-play||2014||2017-07-07||First-person/third-person shooter|
|Gekkeiju Online||3D||Medieval fantasy||Free-to-play||2003||Anime-based. New version in 2010 with ""Occulus Rift"" support|
|GodsWar Online||3D||Mythology (Greek)||Free-to-play||2009|
|Granado Espada||3D||Historical fantasy (Age of Exploration)||Pay-to-play||2007|
|Grand Chase||Closed||2D||Fantasy||Free-to-play||2003||2015-04-15||Client download required|
|Guild Wars 2||Active||3D||Fantasy||Free-to-play / Buy-to-play||2012||Launcher||Manual aim action combat (guided, optional); Sequel to Guild Wars|
|Hello Kitty Online||3D||Cartoon||Free-to-play||2009||Client download required.|
|Hero Online||3D||Mythology (Chinese)||Free-to-play||2006|
|Infantry Online||2D||Science Fiction||Free-to-play||1999|
|Istaria: Chronicles of the Gifted||3D||Fantasy||Free-to-play / Pay-to-play||2003||Name changed from Horizons|
|Jade Dynasty||3D||Fantasy, martial arts||Freemium||2008||Latest expansion in 2013|
|The Legend of Ares||3D||Fantasy||Free-to-play||2007||2009-05|
|The Legend of Mir 2||2D (sprite-based)||Fantasy||Free-to-play||2001|
|The Legend of Mir 3||2D (sprite-based)||Fantasy||Pay-to-play||2004||Sequel to The Legend of Mir 2|
|Lineage||Closed||2D (sprite-based)||Fantasy||Pay-to-play||1998||2011||North American servers shut down on June 29, 2011.|
|Lineage II||Active||3D||Fantasy||Freemium||2003||Sequel to Lineage, formerly pay-to-play until the 2011 expansion|
|Lineage III||Development||3D||Fantasy||TBA||Sequel to Lineage II|
|Little Space Heroes||2D||Kids||Freemium||2011||2015|
|The Lord of the Rings Online||Active||3D||Fantasy||Freemium||2007||Steam|
|Mabinogi||Active||3D||Fantasy, mythology (Welsh)||Free-to-play||2004||Steam|
|MapleStory 2||Active||3D||Fantasy||Free-to-play||2015||Sequel to MapleStory|
|Matrix Online||3D||Science fiction||Pay-to-play||2005-03-22||2009-07-31|
|Meridian 59||3D||Fantasy||Free-to-play||1995||Formerly pay-to-play|
|Minions of Mirth||3D||Fantasy||Freemium||2005|
|Mortal Online||Active||3D||Fantasy||Free-to-play||2010||Steam||Formerly pay-to-play|
|MU Online||Active||3D||Medieval fantasy||Free-to-play||2003|
|Myst Online||3D||Ancient Fantasy||Free-to-play||2007||Open source; formerly pay-to-play|
|Neocron||3D||Cyberpunk||Free-to-play||2002||FPS-style gameplay, second installment run by the game's community|
|Neverwinter||Active||3D||Fantasy||Freemium||2013||Steam||Manual aim action combat|
|Nexus: The Kingdom of the Winds||2D (sprite-based; overhead)||Mythology (Korean)||Pay-to-play||1996|
|Pantheon: Rise of the Fallen||Development||3D||Fantasy||Spiritual successor to the original EverQuest|
|Pardus||2D||Science fiction||Free-to-play||2004||Browser-based, space war and trading game|
|Perfect World||Active||3D||Fantasy (Chinese)||Freemium||2005||Latest expansion in 2013|
|Perpetuum||Closed||3D||Science fiction||Buy-to-play||2010||Persistent sandbox MMORPG. Formerly a subscription|
|Phantasy Star Online 2||3D||Science Fiction||Freemium||2012|
|Phoenix Dynasty Online||Closed||2D||Fantasy||Free-to-play||2007||2010-12-08|
|Pirate101||Active||3D||Fantasy, kids||Freemium||2012||Pirate game, kid-safe chat|
|Pirates of the Burning Sea||3D||Historical (maritime)||Free-to-play||2008|
|Pirates of the Caribbean Online||Closed||3D||Adventure||Free-to-play||2007||2013-09-01|
|Poptropica||Active||2D (side-scrolling)||Cartoon, kids||Freemium||2007||Browser-based, no downloadable client required|
|Priston Tale 2||3D||Fantasy||Freemium||2008||2013|
|Puppet Guardian||2D (isometric; adventure)||Fantasy||Free-to-play||2007|
|Ragnarok Online||Active||2D/3D||Fantasy, mythology (Norse/mixed)||Freemium/Pay-to-play (Depending on the server)||2002||Steam|
|Ragnarok Online 2||Active||3D||Fantasy||Free-to-play||2012||Steam||Sequel to Ragnarok Online|
|Ran Online||3D||Campus fantasy||Freemium||2004|
|Realm of the Mad God||Active||2D||Fantasy||Free-to-play||2011||Steam||Browser-based|
|The Realm Online||2D (sprite-based)||Fantasy||Pay-to-play||1996|
|Regnum Online||3D||Medieval fantasy||Freemium||2007|
|Requiem: Memento Mori||3D||Dark fantasy||Free-to-play||2008|
|RF Online||3D||Science fiction||Pay-to-play||2006|
|Rohan: Blood Feud||3D||Fantasy||Freemium||2008|
|Rubies of Eventide||3D||Medieval fantasy||Free-to-play||2003||2009|
|Runes of Magic||3D||Medieval fantasy||Freemium||2009|
|RuneScape||Active||3D||Medieval fantasy||Freemium with subscription model||2001||Standalone||Browser-based, Java and HTML 5. Optional membership will unlock more skills and quests. Currently 2 separate games, RuneScape 3 ("current" game) and Oldschool RuneScape (game as it was circa 2007).|
|Rusty Hearts||3D||Fantasy||Free-to-play||2011||2014||Hack and slash|
|Ryzom||Active||3D||Science fantasy||Freemium||2004||Steam||Free-to-play (up to level 125), pay-to-play (to max level). Open source|
|Salem||Active||3D||Historical (17th century) fantasy||Free-to-play||2012||Standalone||Crafting-based|
|Sangokushi Online||3D||Historical (Chinese)||Pay-to-play||2008||2010-07-19||Part of the Romance of the Three Kingdoms series by Koei|
|Scions of Fate or Yulgang||3D||Fantasy||Free-to-play||2005|
|The Secret World||3D||Modern||Buy-to-play||2012||Steam||Formerly pay-to-play|
|Shadowbane||3D||Fantasy||Pay-to-play||2003-03-25||2009-07-01||Switched to "free-to-play" in March 15, 2006, supported by ads|
|Shin Megami Tensei: Imagine||3D||Fantasy||Free-to-play||2007|
|Sho Online||3D||Historical fantasy (China)||Free-to-play||2008|
|Shroud of the Avatar: Forsaken Virtues||3D||Fantasy||Buy-to-play||2018||Spiritual successor to the Ultima series|
|Skyforge||Active||3D||Fantasy (Mythic/Sci-fi)||Freemium||2015||Russian-based developers. Manual aim action combat|
|Soul of the Ultimate Nation||Closed||3D||Fantasy||Pay-to-play||2007||2013-07-03|
|StarQuest Online||Closed||3D||Science fiction||Free-to-play||2007||2014||Downloadable client (Windows)|
|Star Trek Online||3D||Science fiction||Freemium||2010||Switched to "free-to-play" in January 17, 2012|
|Star Wars Galaxies||Closed||3D||Science fiction||Pay-to-play||2003-06-26||2011-12-15||The first Star Wars MMORPG used a "sandbox" approach with a totally player-driven economy|
|Star Wars: The Old Republic||Active||3D||Science fiction||Freemium||2011||Standalone||Spiritual sequel of 2003's Game of the year Star Wars: Knights of the Old Republic , formerly pay-to-play|
|Stellar Dawn||Development paused||3D||Science fiction||Development started back in 2006 as Mechscape, which was scrapped in 2009. In 2010 Stellar Dawn was announced, though in March 2012 the development was paused so the developer, Jagex, could focus on their other games.|
|Tabula Rasa||Closed||3D||Science Fiction||Pay-to-play||2007||2009|
|A Tale in the Desert||Active||3D||Mythology (Egyptian)||Pay-to-play||2003||Standalone||Non-combat-oriented RPG|
|Tales of Pirates||Closed||3D||Fantasy (Maritime)||Free-to-play||2007||2016-29-02||During 2010 server data was transferred to a revamped client called Tales of Pirates II|
|TERA: Rising||Active||3D||Fantasy||Freemium||2011||Steam||Manual aim action combat (True Action combat)|
|Tibia||Active||2D (sprite-based; overhead)||Fantasy||Free-to-play||1997||Downloadable client (Windows, Linux).|
|Toontown Online||Closed||3D||Fantasy, Cartoon||Freemium||2003||2013-09-19||MMORPG designed for families to play, mostly targeted towards children.|
|Toontown Rewritten||Active||3D||Fantasy, Cartoon||Free-to-play||2014||Standalone||MMORPG designed for families to play, mostly targeted towards children. Fan-made revival of Toontown Online, created using publicly available downloads and information made freely available to the general public.|
|Twelve Sky 2||3D||Fantasy||Free-to-play||2008|
|Ultima Online||Active||2D/3D||Medieval fantasy||Free-to-play||1997|
The term MMORPG was first coined by Ultima Online creator Richard Garriott in 1997.
|Uncharted Waters Online||3D||Historical (maritime)||Pay-to-play||2005|
|Underlight||3D||Fantasy (Dream)||Free-to-play||1998||Original servers were shut down in December 2006. Re-launched in September 2014 by KoiWare.|
|Vanguard: Saga of Heroes||Closed||3D||Fantasy||Pay-to-play||2007-01-30||2014-07-31|
|Vendetta Online||3D||Science fiction||Pay-to-play||2004||Space vehicle piloting and twitch-based interface|
|Vindictus||Active||3D||Fantasy (Celtic)||Free-to-play||2010||Steam||Manual aim action combat|
|Voyage Century Online||3D||Historical (maritime)||Free-to-play||2006|
|Wakfu||2D (isometric)||Fantasy||Freemium||2012||Downloadable client (Windows, Mac, Linux). Tactical combat.|
|Warhammer Online: Age of Reckoning||Closed||3D||Fantasy||Freemium||2008||2013-12-18|
|WildStar||Closed||3D||Fantasy, Science fiction||Free-to-play||2014||2018-11-28||Manual aim action combat (telegraphed). Became Free-to-play on September 29, 2015|
|With Your Destiny||3D||Fantasy (Scandinavian)||Free-to-play||2003|
|Wizard101||Active||3D||Fantasy, kids||Freemium||2008||Wizard game with cards, kid-safe chat|
|Wizardry Online||3D||Fantasy||Freemium||2013||2014||Based on Wizardry series|
|WonderKing Online||2D (side-scrolling)||Fantasy||Free-to-play||2006|
|Wonderland Online||2D (special)||Fantasy||Free-to-play||2008, March||Anime/Manga based|
|World of the Living Dead||2D||Survival Strategy||Free-to-play||2014||2014||Map-Based Survival Game with PvP, Factions, Customization, Upgrades & Crafting. Defunct 2014|
|World of Warcraft||Active||3D||Fantasy||Pay-to-play||2004||Launcher||Free-to-play until level 20|
|Wurm Online||Active||3D||Medieval fantasy||Freemium||2006||Sandbox game with hundreds of skills, multiple kingdoms, and a deep crafting system.|
|Xsyon||3D||Apocalyptic Fantasy||Buy-to-play||2011||Apocalyptic Fantasy Sandbox MMORPG - Currently in the Prelude phase.|
An online game is a video game that is either partially or primarily played through the Internet or any other computer network available. Online games are ubiquitous on modern gaming platforms, including PCs, consoles and mobile devices, and span many genres, including first-person shooters, strategy games and massively multiplayer online role-playing games (MMORPG).
Richard Garriott first coined the term MMORPG in 1997.
WB Games Boston is an American computer game developer that develops 3D massively multiplayer online role-playing games (MMORPGs). Turbine was founded by Johnny Monsarrat, Jeremy Gaffney, Kevin Langevin, and Timothy Miller as CyberSpace, Inc., changing their company name in 1995 to Turbine, Inc.
Asheron's Call (AC) was a fantasy MMORPG for Microsoft Windows PCs, developed and published by Turbine Entertainment Software. Though it was developed by the Turbine team, it was published as a Microsoft title until 2004. The game was set on the island continent of Dereth and several surrounding smaller islands and archipelagos on the fictional planet of Auberean. The game was played in a large seamless 3D virtual world which could host thousands of players' characters at a time.
Asheron's Call 2: Fallen Kings was a fantasy MMORPG for Microsoft Windows PCs which was released on November 22, 2002 and shut down on December 30, 2005. In 2012, it was relaunched as a beta for active Asheron's Call subscribers. It is a sequel to 1999's Asheron's Call, although content, graphics and gameplay dynamics differed greatly from its predecessor.
A massively multiplayer online game is an online game with large numbers of players, typically from hundreds to thousands, on the same server. MMOs usually feature a huge, persistent open world, although some games differ. These games can be found for most network-capable platforms, including the personal computer, video game console, or smartphones and other mobile devices.
Daybreak Game Company LLC is an American video game developer based in San Diego. The company was founded in December 1997 as Sony Online Entertainment, a subsidiary of Sony Computer Entertainment, but was spun off to an independent investor in February 2015 and renamed Daybreak Game Company.
Scott Jennings, also known as Lum the Mad, is an American commentator on MMORPG games. He is best known for creating a website, The Rantings of Lum The Mad, a pioneer blog, which existed from 1998 to 2001, when Jennings was hired by MMO developer Mythic Entertainment, where he remained until 2006.
The Lord of the Rings Online: Shadows of Angmar is a massive multiplayer online role-playing game (MMORPG) for Microsoft Windows and OS X set in a fantasy universe based upon J. R. R. Tolkien's Middle-earth writings, taking place during the time period of The Lord of the Rings. It launched in North America, Australia, Japan, and Europe in 2007. Originally subscription-based, it is free-to-play, with a paid VIP subscription available that provides players various perks.
Dungeons & Dragons Online (DDO) is a massively multiplayer online role-playing game (MMORPG) developed by Turbine for Microsoft Windows and OS X. The game was originally marketed as Dungeons & Dragons Online: Stormreach, then renamed Dungeons & Dragons Online: Eberron Unlimited upon switching to a hybrid free to play model, and was finally rebranded Dungeons & Dragons Online, with the introduction of Forgotten Realms-related content. Turbine developed DDO as an online adaptation of Dungeons & Dragons (D&D), based loosely on the D&D 3.5 rule set. The game is set on the unexplored continent of Xen'drik within the Eberron campaign setting, and in the Kingdom of Cormyr within the Forgotten Realms campaign setting.
Stratics is a portmanteau of the words strategy and statistics. It is currently a website dedicated to supporting the community of the Ultima Online Massively multiplayer online role-playing game and is the oldest, continuously running MMORPG news and fansite having been formed in 1997. The domain name Stratics.com was registered on January 27, 1998 to facilitate the community's uniqueness and purpose. The earliest instance of any part of the site is recorded in the WayBackMachine on December 19, 1998.
The history of massively multiplayer online games spans over thirty years and hundreds of massively multiplayer online games (MMOG) titles. The origin and influence on MMO games stems from MUDs, Dungeons & Dragons and earlier social games.
K2 Network, Inc. was an American producer and publisher of videogames based in Irvine, California. It pioneered the use of the free-to-play business model among North American and European MMO game publishers in 2004.
Pirate101 is a pirate-themed massively multiplayer online role-playing game (MMORPG) created by KingsIsle Entertainment. A sister game to Wizard101, players assume the role of heroic pirates who set out in search of the treasures of the "Spiral".
Video game monetization is the process that an Video Game publisher can use to generate revenue from a video game product. The methods of monetization may vary between games, especially when they come from different genres or platforms, but they all serve the same purpose to return money to the game developers, copyright owners, and other stakeholders. As the monetization methods continue to diversify, they also affect the game design in a way that sometimes leads to criticism.
In video gaming, games as a service (GaaS) represents providing video games or game content on a continuing revenue model, similar to software as a service. Games as a service are ways to monetize video games either after their initial sale, or to support a free-to-play model. Games released under the GaaS model typically receive a long or indefinite stream of monetized new content over time to encourage players to continue paying to support the game. This often leads to games that work under a GaaS model to be called "living games" or "live games", since they continually change with these updates.