| Borough constituency |
for the House of Commons
|Member of Parliament||Andy McDonald (Labour)|
|Number of members||One|
|Created from||Middlesbrough East and Middlesbrough West|
|Number of members||One|
|Type of constituency||Borough constituency|
|Replaced by||Middlesbrough East and Middlesbrough West|
|Created from||North Riding of Yorkshire|
Middlesbrough is a parliamentary constituency in the United Kingdom,recreated in 1974, and represented since 2012 in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament by Andy McDonald from the Labour Party. An earlier version of the seat existed between 1868 and 1918.
Parliament created this seat under the Representation of the People Act 1867 for the general election the next year, however the population expanded so was split into east/west areas in 1918. From 1950 until 1974, given intervening expansion of suburbs across the country, the Metropolitan Borough of Thornaby closer to Stockton on Tees was included in the Middlesbrough West constituency. Thornaby was enveloped into Teesside County Borough from 1974 and has not been part of the associated seats otherwise.
The seat was recreated on similar boundaries to those which existed immediately before 1918.
The 2015 result made the seat the 36-safest of Labour's 232 seats by percentage of majority.
Since the constituency's re-creation in 1974, Middlesbrough has elected the Labour Party's candidate as its MP.In areas formerly part of Middlesbrough East, the MP has been Labour since 1950.
Middlesbrough West took in rural and semi-rural areas outside the borough to the west, and was a marginal seat passing three times between the two largest parties after the Second World War, but a Liberal stronghold from 1918 until 1945; former soldier and iron and steel merchant Trevelyan Thomson ran unopposed at the polls for re-election in 1924.
The 2012 by-election and 2015 general election saw UKIP finish second.The Liberal Democrats fielded second-placed candidates in 2005 and 2010. The Conservatives did in all elections between the seat's revival and 2001, and returned to second place in 2017. The Green Party outpolled the Liberal Democrats in 2015 in a field of five parties' candidates standing — the two parties failed to achieve 5% of votes cast leading them to forfeit their deposits.
Turnout has ranged between 70.1% in 1987 and 48.8% in 2005.
1868–1885: The township of Linthorpe, and so much of the townships of Middlesbrough, Ormesby, and Eston as lie to the north of the road leading from Eston towards Yarm.
1974–1983: The County Borough of Teesside wards of Berwick Hills, Marton, North Ormesby, St Hilda's, Thorntree, and Tollesby.
1983–1997: The Borough of Middlesbrough wards of Acklam, Beckfield, Beechwood, Berwick Hills, Gresham, Grove Hill, Kirby, Linthorpe, North Ormesby, Pallister, Park, St Hilda's, Southfield, Thorntree, and Westbourne.
1997–2010: The Borough of Middlesbrough wards of Acklam, Ayresome, Beckfield, Beechwood, Berwick Hills, Brookfield, Gresham, Grove Hill, Kader, Kirby, Linthorpe, North Ormesby, Pallister, Park, St Hilda's, Southfield, Thorntree, and Westbourne.
2010–present: The Borough of Middlesbrough wards of Acklam, Ayresome, Beckfield, Beechwood, Brookfield, Clairville, Gresham, Kader, Grove Hill, Linthorpe, Middlehaven, North Ormesby and Brambles Farm, Pallister Park, Thorntree, and University.
The boundaries of the constituency are loosely based on the pre-1968 County Borough of Middlesbrough boundaries, which is now defined as the Borough (or Town) of Middlesbrough; the exclusions are its Easterside and Park End Wards, instead in Middlesbrough South and East Cleveland.
The constituency is mostly the urban city itself, largely in the sunset of its once world-leading steelmaking output. It suffers high unemployment and its adult population has mostly a low income; however, with modern advanced engineering, design and tourism, the city forms with nearby Redcar a bellwether for the North East region's economy firmly in the British forefront of a determined return to increasing national output.In November 2012, male and female unemployment (based on the more up-to-date claimant statistics) placed Middlesbrough topmost of 29 constituencies in the region, well ahead for example the City of Durham at the bottom of the list, with just 3.4% claimants whereas this area had 9.4% claimants.
In terms of housing stock, the authority is one of few authorities to see the proportion of detached and semi-detached homes increase (to 13.6% and 39.9%), in this instance this was coupled with a similar rise in flats to 11.9%, all at a loss to the share of terraced properties, down 4.7%.
The film ToryBoy The Movie followed the election, directed by and starring John Walsh who documented how he became a candidate for the Conservative Party in Middlesbrough, challenging the sitting MP, Stuart Bell.In 2011, Neil Macfarlane, in a report for local newspaper Teesside Gazette , asked "Are Teessiders getting enough from Sir Stuart Bell?" when he failed to answer over one hundred telephone calls made to his constituency office over a three-month period. The Gazette story was picked up by national newspapers. The Independent asked "is Sir Stuart Bell Britain's laziest MP?" The Guardian fact-checked the "laziest MP" claims and found that was false. The Labour Party said it was looking into the allegations.
|Feb 1974||Arthur Bottomley||Labour|
|2012 by-election||Andy McDonald|
|Brexit Party||Faye Clements||2,168||6.4||New|
|Liberal Democrats||Thomas Crawford||816||2.4||+1.4|
|Liberal Democrats||Dawud Islam||368||1.0||-2.7|
|Liberal Democrats||Richard Kilpatrick||1,220||3.7||−16.2|
|Liberal Democrats||George Selmer||1,672||9.9||−10.0|
|Liberal Democrats||Chris Foote-Wood||6,662||19.9|
|Labour win (new boundaries)|
|Liberal Democrats||Joe Michna||5,995||18.7||+8.3|
|Liberal Democrats||Keith Miller||3,512||10.4||+1.9|
|Socialist Alliance||Geoffrey Kerr-Morgan||577||1.7||New|
|Socialist Labour||Kai Andersen||392||1.2||New|
|Liberal Democrats||Alison Charlesworth||3,934||8.5|
|Labour win (new boundaries)|
|Conservative||Paul R. Rayner||10,559||25.7||+0.7|
|Liberal Democrats||Rosamund Jordan||4,201||10.2||−5.1|
|Workers Revolutionary||M.A. Simpson||207||0.5|
|Labour win (new boundaries)|
|Workers Revolutionary||M Simpson||1,018||2.3||New|
|Independent Labour||J Wilcox||861||2.0||New|
|Liberal||Chris Foote Wood||5,080||13.8||New|
|Labour win (new seat)|
General Election 1914–15:
A General Election was required to take place before the end of 1915. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by the July 1914, the following candidates had been selected;
|Conservative||Thomas Gibson Poole||6,568||38.9||+3.6|
|Conservative||Arthur Charles Dorman||6,756||35.3||-3.7|
|Independent Labour||George Lansbury||1,484||8.4||New|
|Lib-Lab gain from Conservative||Swing||+7.0|
|Conservative gain from Lib-Lab||Swing||+9.0|
|Lib-Lab gain from Independent Labour||Swing||N/A|
|Independent Labour||Havelock Wilson||4,691||38.8||New|
|Liberal Unionist||Hugh Bell||3,333||27.6||New|
|Independent Labour gain from Liberal||Swing||N/A|
|Lib-Lab||Edward Dillon Lewis||1,171||16.0||−8.6|
|Conservative||William Randolph Innes Hopkins||996||15.9||New|
|Liberal win (new seat)|
Sir Stuart Bell was a British Labour Party politician, who was the Member of Parliament (MP) for Middlesbrough from the 1983 general election until his death in 2012. He was known as the longest serving Second Church Estates Commissioner, serving in this role during the entire period of Labour government from 1997-2010.
Middlesbrough is a town on the southern bank of the River Tees in North Yorkshire, England. The Borough of Middlesbrough is governed from the town.
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Middlesbrough Council is a unitary authority in North Yorkshire, England. Until 1 April 1996 it was a non-metropolitan district in Cleveland. Since 2002 it has also had a directly elected mayor.
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ToryBoy The Movie is a 2011 gonzo-style British documentary feature film directed by and starring John Walsh. It follows Walsh as he becomes a political candidate for the Conservative Party in the north east England constituency of Middlesbrough.
The 2015 Middlesbrough Borough Council election took place on 7 May 2015 to elect members of Middlesbrough Borough Council in England. It took place on the same day as the election for the Mayor of Middlesbrough, as well as the UK general election, and other local elections across England. Since the 2011 election, there had been boundary reviews, which resulted in two fewer seats on the council, many old wards being discontinued and new wards being formed.
The 2007 Middlesbrough Borough Council took place on Thursday 3 May 2007 to elect all 48 councillors, across 23 multi-member wards. to Middlesbrough Borough Council. The Labour Party retained a majority on the council.
The non-metropolitan county of Cleveland was created under the Local Government Act 1972, which came into effect on 1 April 1974, comprising the urban areas around the mouth of the River Tees, previously parts of the administrative counties of Durham and North Riding of Yorkshire. Although it was abolished in 1996, the four unitary authorities which succeeded it have been considered together for the purposes of reviewing parliamentary boundaries. The area has returned 6 MPs to the UK Parliament since 1983.