|Penryn and Falmouth|
|Former County constituency |
for the House of Commons
|Major settlements||Penryn and Falmouth|
|Number of members||One|
|Replaced by||Truro and Falmouth & Camborne|
|Created from||Penryn and Falmouth, St Austell and Truro|
|Number of members||1832-1885: Two;|
|Type of constituency||Borough constituency|
|Replaced by||Penryn and Falmouth|
|Created from||Cornwall and Penryn|
Penryn and Falmouth was the name of a constituency in Cornwall, England, UK, represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom from 1832 until 1950. From 1832 to 1918 it was a parliamentary borough, initially returning two Members of Parliament (MPs), elected by the bloc vote system.
Under the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885, its representation was reduced to one member, elected by the first past the post system. In 1918 the borough was abolished and the name was transferred to a county constituency electing one MP.
1918–1950: The Municipal Boroughs of Falmouth, Penryn, and Truro, the Urban District of St Austell, and parts of the Rural Districts of East Kerrier, Truro, and St Austell.
The constituency was created by the Reform Act 1832 (the "Great Reform Act") as a replacement for the Penryn constituency, which had become a notoriously rotten borough. The new borough consisted of Penryn, Falmouth and parts of Budock and St Gluvias parishes, giving it a mostly urban population of nearly 12,000, of whom 875 were registered to vote at its first election in 1832.
Initially Penryn and Falmouth elected two MPs, but this was reduced to one in 1885. It was one of the smallest constituencies in England for the next thirty years. At this period its voters were politically unpredictable; though generally among the more Conservative Cornish constituencies, they were influenced by personal factors and often swung against the national tide of opinion. Falmouth, which had a stronger non-conformist presence, was the more Liberal part of the constituency in the late 19th century, but was thought to become more Conservative as it developed its economy as a destination seaside resort.
In 1918 the borough was abolished, but the Penryn and Falmouth name was applied to the county constituency in which the two towns were placed. This was a much more extensive constituency, covering the whole of south central Cornwall, including the towns of Truro and St Austell as well a long stretch of coastline. The constituency had a more industrial character (a sixth of the population were engaged in tin mining); the area suffered badly from unemployment in the 1930s, and in 1935 the Labour Party came within 3,031 votes of winning what would have been their first seat in Cornwall.
The constituency was abolished for the 1950 general election, most of its area being moved into the Truro constituency. Penryn and Falmouth were assigned to the new Falmouth and Camborne division.
|Election||1st Member||1st Party||2nd Member||2nd Party|
|1832||Sir Robert Rolfe||Whig||Lord Tullamore||Tory|
|1835||James William Freshfield||Conservative|
|1840||Edward John Hutchins||Whig|
|1841||John Vivian||Whig||James Hanway Plumridge||Whig|
|1847||Howel Gwyn||Conservative||Francis Mowatt||Radical|
|1852||James William Freshfield||Conservative|
|1857||Thomas Baring||Whig||Samuel Gurney||Ind. Liberal|
|1868||Robert Fowler||Conservative||Edward Eastwick||Conservative|
|1874||David James Jenkins||Liberal||Henry Thomas Cole||Liberal|
|1885||Representation reduced to one member|
|1885||David James Jenkins||Liberal|
|1886||William George Cavendish-Bentinck||Conservative|
|1895||Frederick John Horniman||Liberal|
|1906||Sir John Barker||Liberal|
|1910||Charles Sydney Goldman||Unionist|
|1918||Borough abolished; name transferred to county division|
|1918||Sir Edward Nicholl||Coalition Conservative|
|1922||Capt Denis Shipwright||Conservative|
|1923||Sir Courtenay Mansel||Liberal|
|1929||Sir Tudor Walters||Liberal|
Rolfe resigned after being appointed a Judge of the Court of the Exchequer, causing a by-election.
|Conservative||Edward John Sartoris||240||15.8|
|Whig gain from Conservative||Swing|
|Turnout||506 (est)||58.6 (est)||−28.3|
|Conservative gain from Whig||Swing||+20.0|
|Radical gain from Whig||Swing||−21.8|
|Turnout||789 (est)||87.0 (est)||+28.4|
|Conservative gain from Radical||Swing||+15.7|
|Whig gain from Conservative|
|Independent Liberal gain from Conservative|
Baring was appointed a Civil Lord of the Admiralty, requiring a by-election.
|Conservative||John Fitzgerald Leslie Foster||200||15.6||N/A|
|Turnout||643 (est)||77.4 (est)||N/A|
|Independent Liberal hold||Swing||N/A|
|Independent Liberal hold|
Baring succeeded to the peerage, becoming Lord Northbrook and causing a by-election.
|Turnout||1,312 (est)||72.5 (est)||N/A|
|Conservative gain from Liberal||Swing||N/A|
|Conservative gain from Independent Liberal||Swing||N/A|
|Liberal gain from Conservative||Swing|
|Liberal gain from Conservative||Swing|
|Conservative||John D. Mayne||765||19.6||−1.8|
|Turnout||1,947 (est)||88.4 (est)||+7.1|
|Liberal||David James Jenkins||1,170||52.3||−5.4|
|Liberal||David James Jenkins||998||47.8||-4.5|
|Conservative gain from Liberal||Swing||+4.5|
|Liberal||Frederick John Horniman||1,150||51.1||+9.2|
|Liberal gain from Conservative||Swing||+9.2|
|Liberal||Frederick John Horniman||1,184||50.4||−0.7|
|Conservative||Nathaniel Louis Cohen||1,164||49.6||+0.7|
|Conservative||D B Hall||1,248||48.1||−1.5|
|Conservative||Charles Sydney Goldman||1,593||53.0||+4.9|
|Conservative gain from Liberal||Swing||+4.9|
|Conservative||Charles Sydney Goldman||1,585||55.1||+2.1|
General Election 1914/15: Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1915. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by the July 1914, the following candidates had been selected;
|Cindicates candidate endorsed by the coalition government.|
|National Liberal||George Hay Morgan||2,129||7.9||n/a|
|Liberal gain from Unionist||Swing||+17.0|
|Labour||Frederick Jesse Hopkins||6,462||22.4||n/a|
|Unionist gain from Liberal||Swing||+16.5|
|Labour||Frederick Jesse Hopkins||11,166||28.9||+6.5|
|Liberal gain from Unionist||Swing||+6.0|
|Conservative gain from Liberal||Swing||+4.4|
|Liberal||Ronald Wilberforce Allen||11,537||28.3||-6.3|
A General election was due to take place before the end of 1940, but was postponed due to the Second World War. By 1939, the following candidates had been selected to contest this constituency;
|Labour gain from Conservative||Swing|
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|url=(help) (1st ed.). London: Macmillan Press. ISBN 978-1-349-02349-3.