Port Alfred

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Port Alfred
Bridge in Port Alfred, South Africa.jpg
Bridge in Port Alfred
South Africa Eastern Cape location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Port Alfred
South Africa adm location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Port Alfred
Coordinates: 33°35′30″S26°53′15″E / 33.59167°S 26.88750°E / -33.59167; 26.88750 Coordinates: 33°35′30″S26°53′15″E / 33.59167°S 26.88750°E / -33.59167; 26.88750
Country South Africa
Province Eastern Cape
District Sarah Baartman
Municipality Ndlambe
Government
  TypeTown Council
Area
[1]
  Total46.6 km2 (18.0 sq mi)
Population
 (2011) [1]
  Total25,859
  Density550/km2 (1,400/sq mi)
Racial makeup (2011)
[1]
   Black African 75.8%
   Coloured 6.8%
   Indian/Asian 0.3%
   White 16.7%
  Other0.4%
First languages (2011)
[1]
   Xhosa 71.2%
   English 14.4%
   Afrikaans 11.4%
  Other3.1%
Time zone UTC+2 (SAST)
Postal code (street)
6170
PO box
6170
Area code 046
Website www.portalfred.co.za

Port Alfred is a small town with a population of just under 26,000 [1] in the Eastern Cape province of South Africa. It is situated on the eastern seaboard of the country at the mouth of the Kowie River, almost exactly halfway between the larger cities of Port Elizabeth and East London and 30 kilometres (19 mi) west of Cannon Rocks.

Contents

History

Port Alfred was established in the early 1820s by British settlers who were moved into the area by Lord Charles Somerset as a buffer between the Cape Colony and the Xhosa people. Originally, it was two separate towns (settlers arriving on the west bank in 1820 named their settlement Port Kowie, and those arriving on the east bank named theirs Port Frances [2] ).

In 1860, when Queen Victoria's son Prince Alfred visited, the name was changed in his honour. [3]

Port

In 1839, William Cock and George Hodgkinson started to block the natural river mouth to the east and canalise the present opening to the sea. By 1841 South Africa's first man-made harbour was opened after completion of the stone lined channel between the ocean and the Kowie river. [4] This allowed high-masted sailing ships with their heavy cargo to dock at the wharf.

Transport

Port Alfred is located on the junction of the R67 and R72 roads. The R67 connects Port Alfred with the N2 at Grahamstown to the north, while the R72 joins the N2 near Colchester to the west and follows the coast to East London in the east.

Education

Educational establishments based in Port Alfred include Stenden South Africa (a subsidiary campus of Stenden University in the Netherlands), a private Christian school (El Shaddai Christian Academy), a flying training school (43 Air School), Mtyombo Primary School, Dambuza Primary School, Nomzamo High School and Port Alfred High School.

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References

  1. 1 2 3 4 5 Sum of the Main Places Nkwenkwezi and Port Alfred from Census 2011.
  2. http://home.intekom.com/african_lioness/history~.html
  3. Raper, P. E. (1989). Dictionary of Southern African Place Names. Jonathan Ball Publishers. p. 370. ISBN   978-0-947464-04-2 via Internet Archive.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  4. Bond, John (1957). "10 - Trekkers of the Sea". They were South Africans. London, New York: Oxford University Press. p. 91.

Further reading

Turpin, Eric W (1964). Basket Work Harbour; The Story of the Kowie. Cape Town: Howard Timmins. p. 136. ISBN   0-86978-244-4.