Location in the Eastern Cape
|District||Sarah Baartman District Municipality|
|• Type||Municipal council|
|• Mayor||Khunjuzwa Eunice Kekana (ANC)|
|• Total||58,194 km2 (22,469 sq mi)|
|• Density||7.7/km2 (20/sq mi)|
|Racial makeup (2011)|
|First languages (2011)|
|Time zone||UTC+2 (SAST)|
Sarah Baartman District Municipality (formerly Cacadu District Municipality) is situated in the western part of the Eastern Cape province, covering an area of 58 242 square kilometres. The area of the district municipality includes seven local municipalities. The seat of Sarah Baartman is the city of Port Elizabeth, although Port Elizabeth is not itself in the district (it is in the Nelson Mandela Bay Metropolitan Municipality). The languages most spoken among the 388,201 people are Xhosa and Afrikaans. (2001 Census). The district code is DC10.
The municipality is a new, multi-ethnic administration, formed by the ANC government through the merging of the predominantly Afrikaans-speaking western part of the Eastern Cape, together with Xhosa areas near the Fish river, and the English district of Albany (with its own distinctive local culture, dating back to the 1820 settlers).
The name Cacadu is regarded by the Xhosa as covering the entire area of the district municipality, but in fact it is taken from a river that runs entirely in Port Elizabeth. Cacadu, meaning “bulrush water”, is the Xhosa form of the Khoekhoe name of the river. The Dutch name is a translation: Papenkuils (in modern Afrikaans a bulrush is called a papkuil). The river rises in the Parsons Vlei and runs to the sea close to the Port Elizabeth industrial suburb of Deal Party.
In 2015, Cacadu District was renamed for Saartjie "Sarah" Baartman (1789–1815), a Khoikhoi woman who was taken to London to perform at freak shows and after her death her remains were exhibited until 1974. The renaming is part of an effort to redress marginalisation of the Khoikhoi people.
However the net effect of the renaming has been a diminution of the status of Coloured people in the district. A Sarah Baartman cultural centre is supposed to have been built at Hankey, but in fact only Xhosa-speakers have been employed in “preparation” for the construction, which has amounted to little more than stripping the site of its vegetation.
The Executive Mayor of Sarah Baartman District Municipality is Khunjuzwa Eunice Kekana, and the Municipal Manager is Ted Pillay.
The Sarah Baartman district covers an area of 58,243 square kilometres (22,488 sq mi) in the southwestern part of the Eastern Cape province. It extends to the Great Fish River in the east and the Sneeuberge in the north. The metropolitan area around Port Elizabeth is excluded from the district, forming the Nelson Mandela Bay Metropolitan Municipality.
The southwestern part of the district (west of Port Elizabeth) is marked by several ranges of mountains that run parallel to the sea, including the Baviaanskloof mountains, the Kouga mountains and the Tsitsikamma mountains. In the southeastern part (east of Port Elizabeth) is the Albany region around the city of Grahamstown. The northern interior of the district is the southeastern end of the Karoo.
To the west the district borders on the Garden Route and Central Karoo districts of the Western Cape; to the north it borders on the Pixley ka Seme district of the Northern Cape; and to the east it borders on the Chris Hani and Amathole districts of the Eastern Cape.
Sarah Baartman district is divided into nine local municipalities, described in the following table.
|Blue Crane Route Local Municipality||Somerset East||36,002||11,068||3.3|
|Dr Beyers Naudé Local Municipality||Graaff-Reinet||79,291||28,653||2.8|
|Makana Local Municipality||Grahamstown||80,390||4,376||18.4|
|Ndlambe Local Municipality||Port Alfred||61,176||1,841||33.2|
|Sundays River Valley Local Municipality||Kirkwood||54,504||5,994||9.1|
|Kouga Local Municipality||Jeffreys Bay||98,558||2,670||36.9|
|Kou-Kamma Local Municipality||Kareedouw||40,663||3,642||11.2|
After the municipal elections on 3 August 2016, the Camdeboo, Ikwezi and Baviaans municipalities were merged to form the new Dr Beyers Naudé Local Municipality, with its head offices in Graaff-Reinet. This merger resulted in there being seven local municipalities within the Sarah Baartman District.
The following statistics are from the 2001 census.
Election results for Cacadu in the South African general election, 2004.
|African National Congress||116,320||72.07%|
|Democratic Alliance||27 615||17.11%|
|Independent Democrats||3 768||2.33%|
|New National Party||3 694||2.29%|
|African Christian Democratic Party||2 755||1.71%|
|United Democratic Movement||2 416||1.50%|
|Freedom Front Plus||1 687||1.05%|
|Pan African Congress||999||0.62%|
|Azanian People's Organisation||492||0.30%|
|Inkhata Freedom Party||277||0.17%|
|United Christian Democratic Party||222||0.14%|
|Socialist Party of Azania||168||0.10%|
|Christian Democratic Party||144||0.09%|
|Peace and Justice Congress||113||0.07%|
|Keep It Straight and Simple Party||75||0.05%|
|New Labour Party||69||0.04%|
The Eastern Cape is one of the provinces of South Africa. It's capital is Bhisho, but it's two largest cities are East London and Port Elizabeth.
The Northern Cape is the largest and most sparsely populated province of South Africa. It was created in 1994 when the Cape Province was split up. Its capital is Kimberley. It includes the Kalahari Gemsbok National Park, part of the Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park, an international park shared with Botswana. It also includes the Augrabies Falls and the diamond mining regions in Kimberley and Alexander Bay.
Paarl is a city with 191,013 inhabitants in the Western Cape province of South Africa. It is the third-oldest city and European settlement in the Republic of South Africa and the largest town in the Cape Winelands. Due to the growth of the Mbekweni township, it is now a de facto urban unit with Wellington. It is situated about 60 kilometres (37 mi) northeast of Cape Town in the Western Cape Province and is renowned for its haunting scenic beauty pand deep viticulture and fruit-growing heritage.
George Municipality is a municipality located in the Western Cape Province of South Africa. As of 2011 the population is 193,672. Its municipality code is WC044.
Witzenberg Municipality is a local municipality located within the Cape Winelands District Municipality, in the Western Cape province of South Africa. As of 2011 it had a population of 115,946.
The Central Karoo District Municipality is a district municipality located in the Western Cape Province of South Africa. Its municipality code is DC5.
Laingsburg Municipality is a municipality located in the Western Cape Province of South Africa. As of 2011 the population is 8,289. Its municipality code is WC051.
Albany, South Africa was a district in the Eastern Cape, South Africa. Grahamstown was traditionally the administrative capital, cultural centre and largest town of the Albany district.
Nelson Mandela Bay Municipality is one of eight metropolitan municipalities in South Africa. It is located on the shores of Algoa Bay in the Eastern Cape Province and comprises the city of Port Elizabeth, the nearby towns of Uitenhage and Despatch, and the surrounding rural area.
Port Elizabeth or Nelson Mandela Bay often known by its initials PE, and colloquially as “The Friendly City”or "The Windy City", is a major seaport city and most populous city in the Eastern Cape province of South Africa. Port Elizabeth is the seat of the Nelson Mandela Bay Metropolitan Municipality, South Africa's second largest metropolitan district by area. It is the most-populous city of the Eastern Cape and the sixth most-populous city in South Africa. the most-populous city of Eastern Cape; and the cultural, economic and financial center of the Eastern Cape. The city is among the top five cities in the world for pleasant weather, according to a 2014 scientific climate study of 600 global cities. Port Elizabeth is known for many blue-flag beaches along the city's urban coastline; its popularity as an international and local holiday destination; and its rich and diverse cultural heritage. It is a tourism gateway city for the Eastern Cape and the only city with the closest proximity to malaria-free big five game reserves.
King William’s Town is a town in the Eastern Cape province of South Africa along the banks of the Buffalo River. The town is about 60 kilometres North West of the Indian Ocean port of East London. The town is part of Buffalo City in the Eastern Cape.
Kirkwood is a town in the Eastern Cape Province of South Africa. It is situated on the banks of the Sundays River in the eponymously named Sundays River Valley, which forms part of the Sundays River Valley Municipality in the Sarah Baartman District Municipality of the Eastern Cape.
Kenton-on-Sea, more commonly known as Kenton, is a small coastal town on the Sunshine Coast, in the Eastern Cape of South Africa. It is situated between the Bushmans and the Kariega Rivers, and lies approximately halfway between the industrial centres of East London and Port Elizabeth. Kenton is part of the Ndlambe Local Municipality in the Sarah Baartman District Municipality of the Eastern Cape.
Amathole is one of the 7 districts of Eastern Cape province of South Africa. The seat of Amathole is East London. Over 90% of its 892,637 people speak Xhosa. The district code is DC12. "Amathole" means calves, the name of the mountain range and forest which forms the northern boundary of the district.
Kareedouw is a town in the Eastern Cape province of South Africa. It is the administrative centre for the Kou-Kamma Municipality in the Sarah Baartman District of the Eastern Cape.
Touws River is a small railway town of 6,800 people in the Western Cape province of South Africa. It is located on the river of the same name, about 160 kilometres (100 mi) north-east of Cape Town. The Touwsrivier CPV Solar Project is located just outside of the town and supplies 50 MW to the national electrical grid.
Pearston is a small town in the eastern Karoo, in the Eastern Cape province of South Africa. It lies between Graaff-Reinet and Somerset East at the foot of the Coetzeesberge, about 160 kilometres (100 mi) north of Port Elizabeth. It falls within the Blue Crane Route Local Municipality and has a population of approximately 4,500 people.
Lady Frere is a settlement in Chris Hani District Municipality in the Eastern Cape province of South Africa. The town was renamed to Cacadu in 1976, after amendments of changing colonial names in South Africa. Cacadu, meaning “bulrush water”, is the Xhosa name for the White Kei River, which rises in the district. The town was established 1879, and became a municipality in 1900. The town was named after the wife of Sir Henry Bartle Frere, governor of the Cape Colony from 1877 to 1880.
Dr Beyers Naudé Local Municipality is a new local municipality that was established by merging the Camdeboo, Ikwezi and Baviaans local municipalities in the Sarah Baartman District of the Eastern Cape in South Africa. The decision to merge the municipalities was taken by the Municipal Demarcation Board in 2015 but only took effect after municipal elections on 3 August 2016. The new municipality is named after the Afrikaner cleric and anti-apartheid activist Beyers Naudé. Its seat is in Graaff-Reinet.
The Van Stadens Wild Flower Reserve near Port Elizabeth, Eastern Cape, South Africa, is one of the oldest nature reserves in the country.