Sarah Baartman District Municipality

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Sarah Baartman

Cacadu
Sarah Baartman District Municipality .jpg
Seal
Map of South Africa with Cacadu highlighted (2011).svg
Location in the Eastern Cape
Coordinates: 33°57′S25°36′E / 33.950°S 25.600°E / -33.950; 25.600 Coordinates: 33°57′S25°36′E / 33.950°S 25.600°E / -33.950; 25.600
Country South Africa
Province Eastern Cape
District Sarah Baartman District Municipality
Seat Port Elizabeth
Local municipalities
Government
[1]
  Type Municipal council
  MayorKhunjuzwa Eunice Kekana (ANC)
Area
  Total58,194 km2 (22,469 sq mi)
Population
 (2011) [2]
  Total450,584
  Density7.7/km2 (20/sq mi)
Racial makeup (2011)
[2]
   African 53.3%
   Coloured 34.9%
   Indian/Asian 0.3%
   White 10.9%
First languages (2011)
[3]
   Xhosa 45.4%
   Afrikaans 45.1%
   English 6.5%
  Other3%
Time zone UTC+2 (SAST)
Municipal codeDC10

Sarah Baartman District Municipality (formerly Cacadu District Municipality) is situated in the western part of the Eastern Cape province, covering an area of 58 242 square kilometres. The area of the district municipality includes seven local municipalities. The seat of Sarah Baartman is the city of Port Elizabeth, although Port Elizabeth is not itself in the district (it is in the Nelson Mandela Bay Metropolitan Municipality). The languages most spoken among the 388,201 people are Xhosa and Afrikaans. (2001 Census). The district code is DC10.

Contents

The municipality is a new, multi-ethnic administration, formed by the ANC government through the merging of the predominantly Afrikaans-speaking western part of the Eastern Cape, together with Xhosa areas near the Fish river, and the English district of Albany (with its own distinctive local culture, dating back to the 1820 settlers).

The name Cacadu is regarded by the Xhosa as covering the entire area of the district municipality, but in fact it is taken from a river that runs entirely in Port Elizabeth. Cacadu, meaning “bulrush water”, is the Xhosa form of the Khoekhoe name of the river. The Dutch name is a translation: Papenkuils (in modern Afrikaans a bulrush is called a papkuil). The river rises in the Parsons Vlei and runs to the sea close to the Port Elizabeth industrial suburb of Deal Party.

In 2015, Cacadu District was renamed for Saartjie "Sarah" Baartman (1789–1815), a Khoikhoi woman who was taken to London to perform at freak shows and after her death her remains were exhibited until 1974. The renaming is part of an effort to redress marginalisation of the Khoikhoi people. [4]

However the net effect of the renaming has been a diminution of the status of Coloured people in the district. A Sarah Baartman cultural centre is supposed to have been built at Hankey, but in fact only Xhosa-speakers have been employed in “preparation” for the construction, which has amounted to little more than stripping the site of its vegetation.

Government

The Executive Mayor of Sarah Baartman District Municipality is Khunjuzwa Eunice Kekana, and the Municipal Manager is Ted Pillay.

Geography

Entering Sarah Baartman District from Chris Hani District on the R61 between Cradock and Graaff-Reinet on an unusually snowy winters day in 2012. R61 Road-001.jpg
Entering Sarah Baartman District from Chris Hani District on the R61 between Cradock and Graaff-Reinet on an unusually snowy winters day in 2012.

The Sarah Baartman district covers an area of 58,243 square kilometres (22,488 sq mi) in the southwestern part of the Eastern Cape province. It extends to the Great Fish River in the east and the Sneeuberge in the north. The metropolitan area around Port Elizabeth is excluded from the district, forming the Nelson Mandela Bay Metropolitan Municipality.

The southwestern part of the district (west of Port Elizabeth) is marked by several ranges of mountains that run parallel to the sea, including the Baviaanskloof mountains, the Kouga mountains and the Tsitsikamma mountains. In the southeastern part (east of Port Elizabeth) is the Albany region around the city of Grahamstown. The northern interior of the district is the southeastern end of the Karoo.

To the west the district borders on the Garden Route and Central Karoo districts of the Western Cape; to the north it borders on the Pixley ka Seme district of the Northern Cape; and to the east it borders on the Chris Hani and Amathole districts of the Eastern Cape.

Sarah Baartman district is divided into nine local municipalities, described in the following table.

NameSeatPopulation
(2011)
Area
(km2)
Density
(inhabitants/km2)
Blue Crane Route Local Municipality Somerset East 36,00211,0683.3
Dr Beyers Naudé Local Municipality Graaff-Reinet 79,29128,6532.8
Makana Local Municipality Grahamstown 80,3904,37618.4
Ndlambe Local Municipality Port Alfred 61,1761,84133.2
Sundays River Valley Local Municipality Kirkwood 54,5045,9949.1
Kouga Local Municipality Jeffreys Bay 98,5582,67036.9
Kou-Kamma Local Municipality Kareedouw 40,6633,64211.2
Total450,58458,2437.7

After the municipal elections on 3 August 2016, the Camdeboo, Ikwezi and Baviaans municipalities were merged to form the new Dr Beyers Naudé Local Municipality, with its head offices in Graaff-Reinet. This merger resulted in there being seven local municipalities within the Sarah Baartman District.

Demographics

The following statistics are from the 2001 census.

LanguagePopulation%
Xhosa 190,00348.94%
Afrikaans 174,91745.06%
English20 8065.36%
Sotho 7440.19%
Zulu 5960.15%
Other 4510.12%
Ndebele 1920.05%
Swati 1720.04%
Tswana 1270.03%
Northern Sotho 870.02%
Tsonga 800.02%
Venda 460.01%

Gender

GenderPopulation%
Female202,29552.11%
Male185,90647.89%

Ethnic group

Ethnic groupPopulation%
Black African202,28952.11%
Coloured141,08336.34%
White44 11011.36%
Indian/Asian7190.19%

Age

AgePopulation%
000–00433 1788.55%
005–00936 7459.47%
010–01440 80910.51%
015–01941 05210.57%
020–02433 2228.56%
025–02932 0968.27%
030–03429 9297.71%
035–03927 8407.17%
040–04424 2086.24%
045–04920 4835.28%
050–05416 4944.25%
055–05913 2893.42%
060–06412 9283.33%
065–0699 2182.37%
070–0746 7641.74%
075–0794 4471.15%
080–0843 2760.84%
085–0891 3250.34%
090–0946800.18%
095–0991540.04%
100 plus640.02%

Politics

Election results

Election results for Cacadu in the South African general election, 2004.

PartyVotes%
African National Congress 116,32072.07%
Democratic Alliance 27 61517.11%
Independent Democrats 3 7682.33%
New National Party 3 6942.29%
African Christian Democratic Party 2 7551.71%
United Democratic Movement 2 4161.50%
Freedom Front Plus 1 6871.05%
Pan African Congress 9990.62%
Azanian People's Organisation 4920.30%
Inkhata Freedom Party 2770.17%
United Christian Democratic Party 2220.14%
NA 2010.12%
Socialist Party of Azania 1680.10%
EMSA 1600.10%
Christian Democratic Party 1440.09%
Peace and Justice Congress 1130.07%
UF 990.06%
TOP 820.05%
Keep It Straight and Simple Party 750.05%
New Labour Party 690.04%
Minority Front 430.03%
Total161,399100.00%

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References

  1. "Contact list: Executive Mayors". Government Communication & Information System. Archived from the original on 14 July 2010. Retrieved 22 February 2012.
  2. 1 2 "Statistics by place". Statistics South Africa. Retrieved 27 September 2015.
  3. "Statistics by place". Statistics South Africa. Retrieved 27 September 2015.
  4. "E Cape municipality named after Sarah Baartman". SABC. 24 September 2015. Archived from the original on 22 August 2016. Retrieved 6 August 2016.