S&M (album)

Last updated
Metallica - S&M cover.jpg
Live album by
ReleasedNovember 23, 1999
RecordedApril 21–22, 1999
Venue Berkeley Community Theatre, Berkeley, California
Genre Heavy metal, hard rock, thrash metal, symphonic metal
Label Elektra, Vertigo
Producer Bob Rock
James Hetfield
Lars Ulrich
Michael Kamen
Metallica live albums chronology
Live Shit: Binge & Purge
Orgullo, Pasión, y Gloria: Tres Noches en la Ciudad de México
Metallica video chronology
Cunning Stunts
The Videos 1989–2004
Singles from S&M
  1. "Nothing Else Matters '99"
    Released: November 22, 1999 [1]
  2. "No Leaf Clover"
    Released: March 20, 2000 [2]

S&M (an abbreviation of Symphony and Metallica) is a live album by American heavy metal band Metallica, with The San Francisco Symphony conducted by Michael Kamen. It was recorded on April 21–22, 1999 at The Berkeley Community Theatre. This is the final Metallica album to feature Jason Newsted as Metallica's bassist.

Heavy metal is a genre of rock music that developed in the late 1960s and early 1970s, largely in the United Kingdom. With roots in blues rock, psychedelic rock, and acid rock, the bands that created heavy metal developed a thick, massive sound, characterized by highly amplified distortion, extended guitar solos, emphatic beats, and overall loudness. The genre's lyrics and performance styles are sometimes associated with aggression and machismo.

Metallica American heavy metal band

Metallica is an American heavy metal band. The band was formed in 1981 in Los Angeles, California, by drummer Lars Ulrich and vocalist/guitarist James Hetfield, and has been based in San Francisco, California for most of its career. The group's fast tempos, instrumentals and aggressive musicianship made them one of the founding "big four" bands of thrash metal, alongside Megadeth, Anthrax and Slayer. Metallica's current lineup comprises founding members Hetfield and Ulrich, longtime lead guitarist Kirk Hammett and bassist Robert Trujillo. Guitarist Dave Mustaine and bassists Ron McGovney, Cliff Burton and Jason Newsted are former members of the band.

San Francisco Symphony symphonic orchestra

The San Francisco Symphony (SFS), founded in 1911, is an American orchestra based in San Francisco, California. Since 1980, the orchestra is resident at the Louise M. Davies Symphony Hall in the City's Hayes Valley neighborhood. The San Francisco Symphony Youth Orchestra and the San Francisco Symphony Chorus (1972) are part of the organization. Since 1995, Michael Tilson Thomas has been the orchestra's music director. Tilson Thomas is scheduled to conclude his tenure as the orchestra's music director in 2020, when Esa-Pekka Salonen is scheduled to become the orchestra's next music director.


Album information

S&M contains performances of Metallica songs with additional symphonic accompaniment, which was composed by Michael Kamen, who also conducted the orchestra during the concert. The idea to combine heavy metal with an epic classical approach, as James Hetfield has stated repeatedly, [3] [4] was an idea of Cliff Burton. Burton’s love of classical music, especially of Johann Sebastian Bach, can be traced back to many instrumental parts and melodic characteristics in Metallica’s songwriting including songs from Ride The Lightning and Master of Puppets . [5]

Michael Kamen American musician

Michael Arnold Kamen was an American composer, orchestral arranger, orchestral conductor, songwriter, and session musician.

James Hetfield American musician

James Alan Hetfield is an American musician, singer, and songwriter known for being the co-founder, lead vocalist, rhythm guitarist, and main songwriter for the American heavy metal band Metallica. Hetfield is mainly known for his intricate rhythm playing, but occasionally performs lead guitar duties and solos, both live and in the studio. Hetfield co-founded Metallica in October 1981 after answering a classified advertisement by drummer Lars Ulrich in the Los Angeles newspaper The Recycler. Metallica has won nine Grammy Awards and released ten studio albums, three live albums, four extended plays and 24 singles.

Cliff Burton American musician, member of Metallica

Clifford Lee Burton was an American musician and songwriter, best known as the bass guitarist for the American band Metallica from December 1982 until his death in September 1986.

In addition to songs from previous albums spanning Ride the Lightning through ReLoad , there are two new compositions: "No Leaf Clover" and "−Human". "The Ecstasy of Gold" by Ennio Morricone, Metallica's entrance music, was played live by the orchestra. "No Leaf Clover" has since been performed by Metallica in concert, using a recording of the orchestral prelude.

<i>Reload</i> (Metallica album) 1997 studio album by Metallica

Reload is the seventh studio album by American heavy metal band Metallica, released on November 18, 1997 by Elektra Records. The album is a follow-up to Load, released the previous year, and Metallica's last studio album to feature bassist Jason Newsted. Reload debuted at number one on the Billboard 200, selling 436,000 copies in its first week. It was certified 3× platinum by the Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA) for shipping three million copies in the United States.

No Leaf Clover 2000 single by Metallica and San Francisco Symphony

"No Leaf Clover" is the eighth song on the live album S&M by Metallica and the San Francisco Symphony. The song was one of two new pieces completed for the band's collaboration with the San Francisco Symphony in 1999. It begins with an intro section played by the orchestra, before entering into a clean guitar part by James Hetfield. The rest of the piece alternates between clean verses and choruses backed by heavily distorted guitars. Nowadays when the song is performed live, the orchestra backing track or footage of the S&M performance was used for the orchestra intro. It was the band's fourth No. 1 hit on the Billboard Hot Mainstream Rock Tracks chart. It stayed at No. 1 for seven consecutive weeks. It was also featured in the trailer created by the distributor A.D. Vision for their DVD releases of the TV series Farscape.

"The Ecstasy of Gold" is a musical composition by Ennio Morricone, part of his score for the Sergio Leone film The Good, the Bad and the Ugly. It is played while Tuco is frantically searching a cemetery for the grave that holds $200,000 in gold coins. Sung by Edda Dell'Orso, it stands as one of the most well known of Morricone's themes.

Changes were made to the lyrics of some songs, most notably the removal of the second verse and chorus of "The Thing That Should Not Be" and playing the third verse in its place.

The "S" in the stylized "S&M" on the album cover is a backwards treble clef, while the "M" is taken from Metallica's logo.

The drum kit Ulrich used on the album currently resides in a Guitar Center in San Francisco.

Guitar Center U.S. chain of musical instrument retailers

Guitar Center is an American music retailer chain. It is the largest company of its kind in the United States, with 269 locations. Its headquarters is in Westlake Village, California.

Critical reception

Professional ratings
Review scores
AllMusic Star full.svgStar full.svgStar full.svgStar empty.svgStar empty.svg [6]
Collector's Guide to Heavy Metal 5/10 [7]
Encyclopedia of Popular Music Star full.svgStar full.svgStar empty.svgStar empty.svgStar empty.svg [8]
Entertainment Weekly B [9]
Q Star full.svgStar full.svgStar full.svgStar empty.svgStar empty.svg [10]
Rolling Stone Star full.svgStar full.svgStar full.svgStar empty.svgStar empty.svg [11]
The Rolling Stone Album Guide Star full.svgStar empty.svgStar empty.svgStar empty.svgStar empty.svg [12]
Spin 8/10 [10]
<i>Rolling Stone</i> American magazine focusing on popular culture, based in New York City

Rolling Stone is an American monthly magazine that focuses on popular culture. It was founded in San Francisco, California in 1967 by Jann Wenner, who is still the magazine's publisher, and the music critic Ralph J. Gleason. It was first known for its musical coverage and for political reporting by Hunter S. Thompson. In the 1990s, the magazine shifted focus to a younger readership interested in youth-oriented television shows, film actors, and popular music. In recent years, it has resumed its traditional mix of content.

<i>Entertainment Weekly</i> American entertainment magazine published by Meredith Corporation

Entertainment Weekly is an American magazine, published by Meredith Corporation, that covers film, television, music, Broadway theatre, books and popular culture.

Spinal Tap (band) parody heavy metal band

Spinal Tap is a parody band spoofing the style of heavy metal groups. The band first appeared on a 1979 ABC TV sketch comedy pilot called The T.V. Show, starring Rob Reiner. The sketch, actually a mock promotional video for the song "Rock and Roll Nightmare", was written by Reiner and the band, and included songwriter/performer Loudon Wainwright III on keyboards. Later the band became the fictional subject of the 1984 rockumentary/mockumentary film This Is Spinal Tap. The band members are portrayed by Michael McKean, Christopher Guest and Harry Shearer.


1999S&M Metal Edge Readers' Choice Award for Compilation Album of the Year [13]
2000S&MARTIST Direct Online Music Award for Favorite Turn-It-Up-Loud CD [14]
2000S&MCalifornia Music Award for Arthur M. Sohcot Award for Excellence
2001"The Call of Ktulu" Grammy Award for Best Rock Instrumental Performance

Commercial performance

S&M sold 300,000 units in the first week of release, [15] and went on to sell a total of 2.5 million copies. As of 2003, the album had been certified 5× platinum. [16] As of August 2013 the album had sold more than 8 million copies worldwide.


The album was included in the book 1001 Albums You Must Hear Before You Die . [17]

This album was also ranked 48th on NME's list of 50 Greatest Live Albums.

After Kamen's death in 2003, Metallica hadn't revisited the S&M concept in any further performances or recording work. However, the band announced on March 18th, 2019 that they will hold a concert at the Chase Center on September 6th of that year to commemorate the 20th anniversary with a single-night concert, headed by Michael Tilson Thomas as music director. They later added a 2nd concert on September 8th.

Track listing

Disc one
No.TitleWriter(s)Original albumLength
1."The Ecstasy of Gold" (instrumental) Ennio Morricone  2:31
2."The Call of Ktulu" (instrumental) James Hetfield, Lars Ulrich, Cliff Burton, Dave Mustaine Ride the Lightning 9:34
3."Master of Puppets"Hetfield, Ulrich, Burton, Kirk Hammett Master of Puppets 8:55
4."Of Wolf and Man"Hetfield, Ulrich, Hammett Metallica 4:19
5."The Thing That Should Not Be"Hetfield, Ulrich, HammettMaster of Puppets7:27
6."Fuel"Hetfield, Ulrich, Hammett ReLoad 4:36
7."The Memory Remains"Hetfield, UlrichReLoad4:42
8."No Leaf Clover"Hetfield, Ulrichpreviously unreleased5:43
9."Hero of the Day"Hetfield, Ulrich, Hammett Load 4:45
10."Devil's Dance"Hetfield, UlrichReLoad5:26
11."Bleeding Me"Hetfield, Ulrich, HammettLoad9:02
Total length:67:00
Disc two
No.TitleWriter(s)Original albumLength
1."Nothing Else Matters"Hetfield, UlrichMetallica6:47
2."Until It Sleeps"Hetfield, UlrichLoad4:30
3."For Whom the Bell Tolls"Hetfield, Ulrich, BurtonRide the Lightning4:52
4."- Human"Hetfield, Ulrichpreviously unreleased4:20
5."Wherever I May Roam"Hetfield, UlrichMetallica7:02
6."The Outlaw Torn"Hetfield, UlrichLoad9:59
7."Sad but True"Hetfield, UlrichMetallica5:46
8."One"Hetfield, Ulrich ...And Justice for All 7:53
9."Enter Sandman"Hetfield, Ulrich, HammettMetallica7:39
10."Battery"Hetfield, UlrichMaster of Puppets7:25
Total length:66:13

Video release

Metallica also filmed and released the concert in DVD and VHS with direction by Wayne Isham. The VHS set has only the concert video, while the double DVD set has 5.1 sound (also: 2.0 band+orchestra, 2.0 band-only and 2.0 orchestra-only), 41 minute documentary about the concert, and two "No Leaf Clover" music videos: "Slice & Dice" version and the "Maestro Edit". The DVD also contains four songs with multi-angles where each band member can be viewed individually: "Of Wolf and Man", "Fuel", "Sad But True", and "Enter Sandman".


San Francisco Symphony

  • Michael Kamen – conductor
  • John Kieser – general manager
  • Eric Achen, Joshua Garrett, Douglas Hull, Jonathan Ring, Bruce Roberts, Robert Ward, James Smelser – French horns
  • David Teie principal, Richard Andaya, Barara Bogatin, Jill Rachuy Brindel, David Goldblatt – cello
  • Jeremy Constant concertmaster, Daniel Banner, Enrique Bocedi, Paul Brancato, Catherine Down, Bruce Freifeld, Connie Gantsweg, Michael Gerling, Frances Jeffrey, Robert Zelnick, Yukiko Kamei, Naomi Kazama, Kum Mo Kim, Yasuko Hattori, Melissa Kleinbart, Mo Kobialka, Daniel Kobialka, Rudolph Kremer, Kelly Leon-Pearce, Diane Nicholeris, Florin Parvulescu, Anne Pinsker, Victor Romasevich, Philip Santos, Peter Shelton – violins
  • Chris Bogios, Glenn Fischthal, Andrew McCandless, Craig Morris – trumpets
  • Stephen Paulson, Steven Dibner, Rob Weir – bassoons
  • Steven Braunstein – contrabassoon
  • Charles Chandler, Laurence Epstein, Chris Gilbert, William Ritchen, Stephen Tramontozzi, S. Mark Wright – double basses
  • Anthony J. Cirone, Ray Froelich, Thomas Hemphill, Artie Storch – percussion
  • Don Ehrlich, Gina Feinauer, David Gaudry, Christina King, Yun Jie Liu, Seth Mausner, Nanci Severance, Geraldine Walther – violas
  • John Engelkes, Tom Hornig, Paul Welcomer, Jeff Budin – trombones
  • Julie Ann Giacobassi, Eugene Izotov, Pamela Smith – oboes
  • Russ deLuna – English horn
  • David Herbert – timpani
  • Linda Lukas, Tim Day, Robin McKee – flutes
  • David Neuman, Carey Bell, Luis Beez – clarinets
  • Ben Friemuth – bass clarinet
  • Catherine Payne – piccolo
  • Douglas Rioth – harp
  • Robin Sutherland – keyboards
  • Peter Wahrhaftig – tuba


  • Bob Rock – producer, engineer
  • James Hetfield – producer
  • Lars Ulrich – producer
  • Michael Kamen – producer, orchestration, arranger, liner notes, music director
  • Randy Staub – engineer, mixing
  • Steve McLaughlin – engineer, recording
  • George Marino – mastering
  • Billy Bowers – digital editing
  • Paul DeCarli – digital editing
  • Mike Gillies – digital editing
  • Darren Grahn – digital editing, assistant
  • John Vrtacic – technical assistance
  • James Brett – assistant, music preparation
  • Billy Konkel – assistant
  • Leff Lefferts – assistant
  • Kent Matcke – assistant
  • Geoffrey Alexander – orchestration
  • Ted Allen – orchestration
  • Pete Anthony – orchestration
  • Chris Wagner – orchestration
  • Chris Boardman – orchestration
  • Bob Elhai – orchestration
  • Blake Neely – orchestration, music copyist, music preparation
  • Jonathan Sacks – orchestration
  • Brad Warnaar – orchestration
  • Michael Price – music preparation
  • Vic Fraser – music copyist
  • Andie Airfix – design
  • Anton Corbijn – photography

Chart positions


Chart (1999)Peak
Australian Albums (ARIA) [18] 1
Belgian Albums (Ultratop Wallonia) [19] 16
Danish Albums (Hitlisten) [20] 3
Finnish Albums (Suomen virallinen lista) [21] 2
French Albums (SNEP) [22] 7
German Albums (Offizielle Top 100) [23] 1
New Zealand Albums (RMNZ) [24] 11
Norwegian Albums (VG-lista) [25] 1
Spanish Albums (AFYVE) [26] 6
Swedish Albums (Sverigetopplistan) [27] 1
UK Albums (OCC) [28] 33
US Billboard 200 [29] 2
Chart (2000)Peak
Austrian Albums (Ö3 Austria) [30] 3
Belgian Albums (Ultratop Flanders) [31] 4
Dutch Albums (Album Top 100) [32] 2
Swiss Albums (Schweizer Hitparade) [33] 4

Year-end charts

Chart (1999)Position
German Albums Chart [34] 89
Chart (2000)Position
German Albums Chart [35] 8


1999"No Leaf Clover" Mainstream Rock Tracks 1
Modern Rock Tracks 18
2000 Billboard Hot 100 74



RegionCertification Certified units/Sales
Australia (ARIA) [36] Platinum70,000^
Austria (IFPI Austria) [37] Platinum50,000*
Brazil (Pro-Música Brasil) [38] Platinum125,000*
Canada (Music Canada) [39] 3× Platinum300,000^
Finland (Musiikkituottajat) [40] Platinum72,831 [40]
France (SNEP) [41] Platinum300,000*
Germany (BVMI) [42] 5× Gold750,000^
New Zealand (RMNZ) [43] 2× Platinum30,000^
Poland (ZPAV) [44] 2× Platinum200,000*
Sweden (GLF) [45] Gold40,000^
Switzerland (IFPI Switzerland) [46] 2× Platinum100,000^
United Kingdom (BPI) [47] Platinum300,000^
United States (RIAA) [48] 5× Platinum5,531,000^
Europe (IFPI) [49] 2× Platinum2,000,000*

*sales figures based on certification alone
^shipments figures based on certification alone


RegionCertification Certified units/Sales
Australia (ARIA) [50] 7× Platinum105,000^
Austria (IFPI Austria) [51] Gold5,000*
Brazil (Pro-Música Brasil) [52] Platinum50,000*
United States (RIAA) [53] 6× Platinum600,000^

*sales figures based on certification alone
^shipments figures based on certification alone

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  38. "Brazilian album certifications – Metallica – S&M" (in Portuguese). Associação Brasileira dos Produtores de Discos . Retrieved September 27, 2017.
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  40. 1 2 "Metallica" (in Finnish). Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland . Retrieved November 26, 2013.
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  48. "American album certifications – Metallica – S&M". Recording Industry Association of America . Retrieved October 26, 2013.If necessary, click Advanced, then click Format, then select Album, then click SEARCH. 
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  51. "Austrian video certifications – Metallica – S&M" (in German). IFPI Austria. Retrieved February 26, 2013.Enter Metallica in the field Interpret. Enter S&M in the field Titel. Select DVD in the field Format. Click Suchen. 
  52. "Brazilian video certifications – Metallica – S&M" (in Portuguese). Associação Brasileira dos Produtores de Discos . Retrieved February 26, 2013.
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