Sasa (plant)

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Sasa
Sasa-palmata-winter.JPG
Sasa palmata foliage in winter
Scientific classification Red Pencil Icon.png
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Monocots
Clade: Commelinids
Order: Poales
Family: Poaceae
Subfamily: Bambusoideae
Supertribe: Arundinarodae
Tribe: Arundinarieae
Subtribe: Arundinariinae
Genus:Sasa
Makino & Shibata
Species

Sasa (Japanese: ササ or ), also called broad-leaf bamboo, [1] is a genus of running bamboo. [2] These species have at most one branch per node.

Japanese is an East Asian language spoken by about 128 million people, primarily in Japan, where it is the national language. It is a member of the Japonic language family, and its relation to other languages, such as Korean, is debated. Japanese has been grouped with language families such as Ainu, Austroasiatic, and the now-discredited Altaic, but none of these proposals has gained widespread acceptance.

A genus is a taxonomic rank used in the biological classification of living and fossil organisms, as well as viruses, in biology. In the hierarchy of biological classification, genus comes above species and below family. In binomial nomenclature, the genus name forms the first part of the binomial species name for each species within the genus.

Bamboo subfamily of plants

The bamboos are evergreen perennial flowering plants in the subfamily Bambusoideae of the grass family Poaceae. The word "bamboo" comes from the Kannada term bambu (ಬಂಬು), which was introduced to English through Indonesian and Malay.

Contents

Species

<i>Sasa palmata</i> species of plant

Sasa palmata is a species of low-growing, shade-tolerant bamboo that is native to Japan. It is known as broadleaf bamboo or broad-leaved bamboo.

Fossil record

Fossil leaves of †Sasa kodorica are described from the Pliocene of Kodori Valley in Abkazia. [3]

The Pliocene Epoch is the epoch in the geologic timescale that extends from 5.333 million to 2.58 million years BP. It is the second and youngest epoch of the Neogene Period in the Cenozoic Era. The Pliocene follows the Miocene Epoch and is followed by the Pleistocene Epoch. Prior to the 2009 revision of the geologic time scale, which placed the four most recent major glaciations entirely within the Pleistocene, the Pliocene also included the Gelasian stage, which lasted from 2.588 to 1.806 million years ago, and is now included in the Pleistocene.

Kodori Valley Valley in Abkhasia

The Kodori Valley, also known as the Kodori Gorge, is a river valley in Abkhazia, Georgia's breakaway autonomous republic. The valley's upper part, populated by Svans, was the only corner of the post-1993 Abkhazia, directly controlled by the central Georgian government, which since 2006 officially styles the area as Upper Abkhazia. On August 12, 2008, Russo–Abkhazian forces gained control of the Upper Kodori Valley, previously controlled by Georgia.

See also

Related Research Articles

<i>Arundinaria</i> genus of plants

Arundinaria, commonly known as canes, is a genus of bamboo in the grass family.

<i>Chimonobambusa</i> genus of plants

Chimonobambusa is a genus of East Asian bamboo in the grass family. They are native to China, Japan, Vietnam, Myanmar, and the Himalayas.

<i>Pseudosasa</i> genus of plants

Pseudosasa is a genus of East Asian bamboo in the grass family.

<i>Sasaella</i> genus of plants

Sasaella is a genus of Japanese bamboo in the grass family.

  1. Sasaella bitchuensis(Makino) Koidz – southern Honshu
  2. Sasaella caudiceps(Koidz.) Koidz. – Honshu
  3. Sasaella hidaensis(Makino) Makino, Hishu zasa – Honshu, Shikoku
  4. Sasaella hisauchii(Makino) Makino, Hime suzu – Honshu, Shikoku
  5. Sasaella kogasensis(Nakai) Nakai ex Koidz, Kogashi azuma zasa – Hokkaido, Honshu
  6. Sasaella leucorhoda(Koidz.) Koidz. – Honshu
  7. Sasaella masamuneana(Makino) Hatsushima & Muroi, Genkei chiku – Japan
  8. Sasaella ramosa(Makino) Makino, Azuma zasa – Japan; naturalized in Great Britain + New Zealand
  9. Sasaella sadoensis(Makino ex Koidz.) Sad.Suzuki – Honshu
  10. Sasaella sawadae(Makino) Makino ex Koidzum – Honshu
  11. Sasaella shiobarensis(Nakai) Koidz. – Honshu
<i>Shibataea</i> genus of plants

Shibataea is a genus of Chinese bamboo in the grass family.

<i>Ranunculus</i> genus of plants

Ranunculus is a genus of about 500 species of flowering plants in the family Ranunculaceae. Members of the genus include the buttercups, spearworts and water crowfoots. The petals are often highly lustrous, especially in yellow species, owing to a special coloration mechanism: the petal's upper surface is very smooth causing a mirror-like reflection. The flash aids in attracting pollinating insects and temperature regulation of the flower's reproductive organs. Buttercups usually flower in the spring, but flowers may be found throughout the summer, especially where the plants are growing as opportunistic colonizers, as in the case of garden weeds.

<i>Ampelopsis</i> genus of plants

Ampelopsis, commonly known as peppervine or porcelainberry, is a genus of climbing shrubs, in the grape family Vitaceae. The name is derived from the Ancient Greek: ἅμπελος (ampelos), which means "vine". The genus was named in 1803. It is disjunctly distributed in eastern Asia and eastern North America extending to Mexico. Ampelopsis is primarily found in mountainous regions in temperate zones with some species in montane forests at mid-altitudes in subtropical to tropical regions. Ampelopsis glandulosa is a popular garden plant and an invasive weed.

Lepidodendron — also known as the scale trees — is an extinct genus of primitive, vascular, tree-like plants related to the lycopsids. They were part of the coal forest flora. They sometimes reached heights of over 30 metres (100 ft), and the trunks were often over 1 m (3.3 ft) in diameter. They thrived during the Carboniferous Period before going extinct. Sometimes erroneously called "giant club mosses", the genus was actually more closely related to modern quillworts than to modern club mosses.

<i>Castanopsis</i> genus of plants

Castanopsis, commonly called chinquapin or chinkapin, is a genus of evergreen trees belonging to the beech family, Fagaceae. The genus contains about 120 species, which are today restricted to tropical and subtropical eastern Asia. A total of 58 species are native to China, with 30 endemic; the other species occur further south, through Indochina to Indonesia, mountainous areas of Taiwan, and also in Japan. The English name chinkapin is shared with other related plants, including the golden chinkapins of the Pacific United States, which are sometimes included within Castanopsis but are more often considered a separate but very closely related genus, Chrysolepis.

<i>Gigantopithecus</i> genus of mammals

Gigantopithecus is an extinct genus of ape that existed from perhaps nine million years to as recently as one hundred thousand years ago, at the same period as Homo erectus would have been dispersed, in what is now India, Vietnam, China and Indonesia placing Gigantopithecus in the same time frame and geographical location as several hominin species. The primate fossil record suggests that the species Gigantopithecus blacki were the largest known primates that ever lived, standing up to 3 m (9.8 ft) and weighing as much as 540–600 kg (1,190–1,320 lb), although some argue that it is more likely that they were much smaller, at roughly 1.8–2 m (5.9–6.6 ft) in height and 180–300 kg (400–660 lb) in weight.

<i>Prunus serrulata</i> species of plant

Prunus serrulata or Japanese cherry, also called hill cherry, oriental cherry or East Asian cherry, is a species of cherry native to China, Japan, Korea and India, and is used for its spring cherry blossom displays and festivals. Current sources consider it to be part of a species complex with P. jamasakura and P. leveilleana, which have been reduced to synonyms.

<i>Osmunda japonica</i> fern

Osmunda japonica, also called Asian royal fern, is a fern in the genus Osmunda native to east Asia, including Japan, China, Korea, Taiwan, and the far east of Russia on Sakhalin. It is called gobi (고비) in Korean and zenmai in Japanese.

<i>Rhapis excelsa</i> species of plant

Rhapis excelsa, also known as broadleaf lady palm or bamboo palm, is a species of fan palm in the genus Rhapis, probably native to southern China and Taiwan. It is not known in the wild; all known plants come from cultivated groups in China. They were first collected by the Japanese for Tokugawa shogunate palaces, then popularity spread to Europe, and later to America where its low light and humidity requirements make it a common feature in malls and offices. The genus name is Greek - rhapis, meaning "needle"; and the species name is Latin for "tall", though R. excelsa is not the tallest in the genus.

<i>Shibataea kumasaca</i> species of plant

Shibataea kumasaca (倭竹), the ruscus-leaf bamboo or ruscus bamboo, is a species of flowering plant in the grass family, native to mountain slopes in Fujian and Zhejiang provinces in China, and widely cultivated elsewhere. Growing to 1.5 m (4.9 ft) tall, it is a compact, clump-forming evergreen bamboo.

<i>Eucommia</i> genus of plants

Eucommia is a genus of small trees now native to China, with a fossil record that shows a much wider distribution. The single living species, Eucommia ulmoides, is near threatened in the wild, but is widely cultivated in China for its bark, and is highly valued in herbology such as traditional Chinese medicine.

Sasamorpha is a genus of East Asian bamboo in the grass family.

  1. Sasamorpha borealis(Hack.) Nakai – Korea, Japan, Sakhalin
  2. Sasamorpha hubeiensisC.H.Hu – Hubei, Jiangxi
  3. Sasamorpha oshidensis(Makino & Uchida) Nakai – Japan
  4. Sasamorpha qingyuanensisC.H.Hu – Zhejiang
  5. Sasamorpha sinica(Keng) Koidz. – Anhui, Zhejiang

Streptomyces sasae is a Gram-positive bacterium species from the genus of Streptomyces which has been isolated from rizosphere soil from the bamboo Sasa borealis in Damyang in Korea.

Streptomyces fuscigenes is a bacterium species from the genus of Streptomyces which has been isolated from a bamboo Sasa borealis from Damyang in Korea.

References

  1. 1 2 3 4 5 6 English Names for Korean Native Plants (PDF). Pocheon: Korea National Arboretum. 2015. pp. 621–622. ISBN   978-89-97450-98-5. Archived from the original (PDF) on 25 May 2017. Retrieved 24 December 2016 via Korea Forest Service.
  2. Kew. "World Checklist".
  3. Acta Palaeobotanica - Supplementum No. 3 - New Fossil Floras from Neogene Deposits in the Belchatow Lignite Mine by Grzegor Worobiec - Polish Academy of Sciences W. Szafer Institute of Botany, Krakow 2003