Seeduwa

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Seeduwa

  • සීදුව
  • சீதுவை
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Seeduwa
Location in Sri Lanka
Coordinates: 7°7′53″N79°52′35″E / 7.13139°N 79.87639°E / 7.13139; 79.87639 Coordinates: 7°7′53″N79°52′35″E / 7.13139°N 79.87639°E / 7.13139; 79.87639
CountrySri Lanka
Province Western Province
District Gampaha
Divisional Secretariat Katana
Government
  Type Urban Council
   Chairman Sarath Peiris (UNP) [1]
Area
  Total12.065 km2 (4.658 sq mi)
Elevation
(at Seeduwa Railway Station) [2]
4.87 m (15.98 ft)
Population
 (2011) [3]
  Total38,355
  Density3,179.03/km2 (8,233.6/sq mi)
Time zone Sri Lanka Standard Time Zone +5.30
ZIP code
11410
Area code(s) 011

Seeduwa (/sīðuvə/; Sinhalese: සීදුව Seeduwapronounced [sīðuvə]; Tamil: சீதுவை Seeduwaipronounced [Cītuvai]) is a suburb of Negombo city, in Katana Divisional Secretariat, Western Province of Sri Lanka. It is located on the A03 road between Colombo and Negombo.

Contents

Seeduwa is 20.6 km (12.8 mi) north of Colombo via E003, and 18.7 km (11.6 mi) north via A03, and is situated south of Katunayake, north of Ja-Ela, and west of Raddoluwa and east of Negombo Lagoon. Seeduwa has an area of 12.065 km2 (4.658 sq mi). In 2012, Seeduwa had a population of 38,355 [4] with the majority of people either Roman Catholics, Methodists or Buddhists.

Etymology

There are four theories about the origin of the name "Seeduwa":

Duwa දූව pronounced [ðūvə]) meaning "island" is given to the village as it is surrounded by the river Dandugam Oya (Attanugalu Oya), as well as canals and paddy fields, giving Seeduwa an island-like appearance. [5] The four theories concern the beginning portion "සී" (See-) of the name Seeduwa.

  1. The name could have derived from Sinha Duwa ("සිංහදූව") pronounced [siṁhə ðūvə] derived from සිංහයන් සිටි = සිංහදූව සීදුව [=island where lions existed] ) due to the belief of past presence of lions in the village. However, there is no evidence of lions existed in Sri Lanka after 37,000 BC, which makes this theory neglectable. [5]
  2. The name could have derived from Sinha Duwa ("සිංහදූව") pronounced [siṁhə ðūvə] derived from සිංහගේ දූව = සිංහදූව සීදුව [=Sinha's Island] ) because King Bhuwanaikabahu V gave this area to a chief named Sinha. [6]
  3. The name could have derived from Sivu Dupath ("සිවුදූපත්") pronounced [sivu ðūpaθ] derived from දූපත් සතර = සිවුදූපත්සී දුව [= four islands] ) because there are four areas in Seeduwa (Athul Owita, Maddegoda, Vena and Maharagodalla) which are separated with small canals and paddy fields, creating the appearance of four islands. [5]
  4. Finally, that it could have derived from Siri Duwa ("සිරිදූව")pronounced [siri ðūvə] derived from සිරිමත් දූව = සිරි දූව සීදුව [= prosperous island] ) because in the past this was a prosperous area. [5]

History

The first historical evidence of Seeduwa occurs in the era of King Bhuwanekabahu V, when this area was given to a chief named Simha. [6]

As Seeduwa is a village in the coastal area, which has been governed by the Portuguese, Dutch and English during their respective periods of control of the island, thus their influence is significant. [7] Evidence from the Dutch period includes the observation tower at Amandoluwa. In 1890, a Roman Catholic church building was built in Seeduwa, for a congregation which had previously met in a small tent.

With the development occurred after establishment of open economy, this area became very significant as a result of the location in between the Investment Promotion Zone in Katunayake, and Ekala Industrial Estate. Most of the employees started to board in Seeduwa. As a result, Seeduwa got more populated.

Geography

Dandugam Oya, which runs through the border of Seeduwa Dandugam Oya.png
Dandugam Oya, which runs through the border of Seeduwa

Seeduwa is bordered from the Dandugam Oya (Aththanugalu Oya) to the South and East, while from the Negombo Lagoon to the West. It is majorly composed of land, marshes and the mangroves. [7] Dandugam Oya (Aththanagalu Oya), and Dickwela stream, which is a natural stream starting from the river exist as the water bodies running through the village. Marshy fields are found surrounding the canal and the river. Mangrove ecosystems are found in the estuary of Dandugam Oya (Aththanagalu Oya), and along the lining of the lagoon. Most of the water is taken from ground, as per availability of ground water. [7]

Climate

Seeduwa has a tropical monsoon climate. Temperature of Seeduwa is fairly temperate throughout the year. May and October are the months with maximum precipitation. The yearly average temperature is 29.5 °C (85.1 °F).

Climate data for Seeduwa, Sri Lanka
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Average high °C (°F)31
(88)
31
(88)
31
(88)
31
(88)
31
(88)
30
(86)
30
(86)
30
(86)
30
(86)
30
(86)
30
(86)
30
(86)
33
(91)
Daily mean °C (°F)26.5
(79.7)
26.5
(79.7)
27
(81)
27.5
(81.5)
28
(82)
27.5
(81.5)
27.5
(81.5)
27.5
(81.5)
27
(81)
27
(81)
26.5
(79.7)
26
(79)
29.5
(85.1)
Average low °C (°F)22
(72)
22
(72)
23
(73)
24
(75)
25
(77)
25
(77)
25
(77)
25
(77)
24
(75)
24
(75)
23
(73)
22
(72)
26
(79)
Average precipitation mm (inches)62
(2.4)
69
(2.7)
130
(5.1)
253
(10.0)
382
(15.0)
186
(7.3)
125
(4.9)
114
(4.5)
236
(9.3)
369
(14.5)
310
(12.2)
168
(6.6)
2,404
(94.5)
Average precipitation days8711182322151517211912188
Average relative humidity (%) (at Daytime)70696972777978777677767276
Mean monthly sunshine hours 2482462762342021952022021892022102172,623
Source 1: World Weather and Climate Information [8]
Source 2: World Weather Online (yearly) [9]

Government

Before 1970, Seeduwa was governed by the Andiambalama Village Council. From 1970 onwards Seeduwa has been governed by the Seeduwa Katunayake Urban Council. Its chairman is elected every five years through local government polls. Following the 2018 local government elections the Sri Lanka Podujana Peramuna hold the majority of the Council seats. [10] Sarath Peiris, a United National Party politician, however was elected as chairman. [11]

Zones

Seeduwa consists of 6 zones which includes 9 wards of Katunayake Seeduwa Urban Council.

Economy

In the 19th century, the economy of Seeduwa was based on coconut and cinnamon production, as well as carpentry, in which the residents were employed in. [5]

After the economical changes happened in Sri Lanka in 1977, a noticeable change of economy happened in this area. Therefore, this area was chosen to the establishment of Investment Promotion Zone, Bandaranayake International Airport (CMB), army camps, State Distilleries Corporation (Currently DCSL) were established in this area. With the establishments of industries under Investment Board, this became a town of national importance. [7]

Ambalammulla area, which is the southernmost, is still famous for its pottery.[ citation needed ]

Religions

Gangarama Temple at Seeduwa Gangarama Temple.png
Gangarama Temple at Seeduwa
Church of Immaculata Virgin Mary - Seeduwa Seeduwa Roman Catholic Church.png
Church of Immaculata Virgin Mary - Seeduwa

Before the 17th century, most inhabitants of Seeduwa was Buddhists. An old Sanhida is located under the Banyan tree near the ferry. [5]

In the 17th century, Roman Catholic priests came to the village and many were converted. In 1890, a church was built and dedicated to Immaculata Virgin Mary, replacing a tent the congregation had met in previously. [5]

In 1814, Methodist ministers arrived and established a church, converted a number of people. [5]

During the early 20th century, relations between Catholics and Methodists were strained. In 1946, Methodist leader Rev. Dencil De Silva, who led the Methodist council, opened a youth centre to people of any religion, easing some of the religious tension in the region. [5] Now all live in peace and harmony.

Present day, the majority is Roman Catholic Population, alongside Buddhists, Methodists, and other Christians.

Places of Religious Importance

Buddhist

  • Sri Sugatharama Temple - Mookalangamuwa
  • Suvisuddharama Temple - Liyanagemulla
  • Shantharamaya Temple - Mookalangamuwa
  • Gangaramaya Temple - Ambalammulla
  • Bandarawaththe Bodhiya - Badarawaththe
  • Mahawaththe Bodhiya - Mookalangamuwa

Roman Catholic

Seeduwa Parish
  • Church of Immaculata Virgin Mary - Seeduwa
  • Church of St. Francis Salis - Amandoluwa
  • Church of St. Sebastian - Jayawardanapura
  • Church of St. Jude - Kurulukele
  • Supuwath Arana - Seeduwa
Bandarawaththe Parish
  • Church of St. Mary - Bandarawaththe
Liyanagemulla Parish
  • Shrine of St. Anthony - Liyanagemulla

Methodist

  • Seeduwa Methodist Church
  • Rajapakshapura Methodist Church
  • Liyanagemulla Methodist Church
  • Maddegoda Methodist Church
  • Jayawardanapura Methodist Church

Transportation

E03 near Seeduwa Colombo Katunayake Expressway declared open.jpg
E03 near Seeduwa
Seeduwa Railway Station Seeduwa Railway Station.JPG
Seeduwa Railway Station

Road Transport

Seeduwa is located on the A3 (Colombo - Negombo Road). The newly constructed E03 (Colombo Katunayake Expressway) runs through the boundaries of Seeduwa.

Bus

Most of the bus routes which start from Colombo or Ja-Ela and passing or destined to Negombo run through the border of Seeduwa. Other than that some busses run from Raddolugama to Seeduwa and to Awariwaththe (Katunayake). Some of important bus routes running through Seeduwa are:

  • 004 - Fort to Anuradhapura
  • 007 - Fort to Kalpitiya
  • 188 - Fort to Raddolugama
  • 240 - Colombo to Negombo
  • 244 - Negombo to Gampaha
  • Seeduwa to Raddolugama

Rail Transport

The Puttlam railway line runs through Seeduwa. Seeduwa railway station is a railway station where most of the express trains stop. Puttlam line ends its double track from Seeduwa to begin a single track. Currently double track is under construction from Seeduwa. [12] Railway stations in Seeduwa are:

Other Transport

Other than Bandaranayake International Airport, the main seaplane landing port in Sri Lanka has been opened on the shore of Dandugam (Aththanagalu) Oya at Seeduwa, which will be run by Sri Lankan Airlines. [14]

Education

Schools in Seeduwa are under the Negombo Educational Zone. Following is a list of several of the schools in the area.

Sports

Seeduwa has the rich traditional history of producing outstanding volleyball players and even schools like Davisamara College, Seeduwa, is far ahead of most of the school that play volleyball. [16] Some recent players are as follows:

Members of Sri Lanka Junior Men's Volleyball team 2017 for 18th Asian Junior Men's (under 21) Volleyball Championships who are from Seeduwa:

Members of Asian Youth Volleyball squad for Myanmar tourney 2017 who are from Seeduwa:

Cricket and Elle [19] are also popular in Seeduwa.

Notable residents

Actors

Seeduwa Sakura, a band originated from Seeduwa This is a group photograph of a Sri Lanka's most popular band called Seeduwa Sakura- 2014-05-22 20-50.jpg
Seeduwa Sakura, a band originated from Seeduwa

Musicians

Musical Bands Originated

See also

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References

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  2. "Elevation of the railway stations in Sri Lanka". Journey to the Green Zone.
  3. "Population by GN division and Sex 2012". Census of Population and Housing 2012. Department of Census and Statistics - Sri Lanka: 13–15.
  4. "Population by GN division and Sex 2012". Census of Population and Housing 2012. Department of Census and Statistics - Sri Lanka: 13–15.
  5. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Eric Herbert Wijerathne, P.D. (2003). Seeduwe Yatagiyawa. Sri Lanka: Dahana Publishers. pp. 9, 15, 27, 28, 29, 33, 34, 35, 36, 37. ISBN   955-98550-0-X.
  6. 1 2 Professor, Risiman Amarasinghe (2 December 1990). "Seeduwa Church celebrates Centenary". Messenger. Gnanartha Pradeepaya.
  7. 1 2 3 4 5 කටුනායක සීදුව නගර සභාව ගොඩනඟන අපේ වැඩපිළිවෙළ, a political promotian magazine from JVP
  8. "Climate and average monthly weather in: Seeduwa, Sri Lanka".
  9. "Seeduwa Weather Forecast".
  10. "Local Authority - Katunayake-Seeduwa Urban Council". Ada Derana.
  11. "UNP's Sarath Peiris elected Chairman of Katunayake-Seeduwa UC". Ada Derana.
  12. "Ongoing Projects (SLR)". Transportation Board - Sri Lanka.
  13. "Sri Lanka Train/Railway Schedule". Milinda Prasad.
  14. Hittatiya, Chaminda (21 May 2012). "Sri Lanka's main seaplane landing port was opened in Dandugama Oya at Seeduwa yesterday". The Island.
  15. "School Directory". Department of Education - Sri Lanka.
  16. Mendis, Ruchira. "Siriduwa SC crowned in President's Gold Cup". Sunday Island.
  17. Premalal, Susil (3 July 2016). "Sri Lanka Junior Spikers off to Chinese Taipei". the SUNDAY TIMES.
  18. Premalal, Susil (12 March 2017). "12 players in Asian Youth Volleyball squad for Myanmar tourney". the SUNDAY TIMES.
  19. "Sri Lanka Elle:Kotugoda Lalitha Elle Tournament Final Match 15 ball for each team". Youtube.

Location of Seeduwa