Someone to Watch Over Me (song)

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"Someone to Watch Over Me"
Someone to Watch Over Me.jpg
1926 "Someone to Watch Over Me" sheet music
Single by Gertrude Lawrence
B-side "Do, Do, Do"
PublishedNovember 3, 1926 (1926-11-03) Harms, Inc. [1] Warner Bros, Inc.
ReleasedFebruary 1927 (1927-02) [2]
RecordedOctober 29, 1926 (1926-10-29) [3]
Studio Trinity Church Studio, Camden, New Jersey [4]
Venue Oh Kay! Broadway musical
Genre Popular Music, vocal jazz
Length3.25
Label Victor 20331
Composer(s) George Gershwin
Lyricist(s) Ira Gershwin, Howard Dietz

"Someone to Watch Over Me" is a 1926 song composed by George Gershwin with lyrics by Ira Gershwin, assisted by Howard Dietz who penned the title. [5] It was written for the musical Oh, Kay! (1926), with the part originally sung on Broadway by English actress Gertrude Lawrence while holding a rag doll in a sentimental solo scene. [6] The musical ran for more than 200 performances in New York and then saw equivalent acclaim in London in 1927, all with the song as its centerpiece. Lawrence released the song as a medium-tempo single which rose to #2 on the charts in 1927. [7]

Contents

Origin

Initially, "Someone to Watch Over Me" was written by George Gershwin for the musical Oh, Kay! as a "fast and jazzy" up-tempo rhythm tune [8] [9] – marked scherzando (playful) in the sheet music [7] – but in the 1930s and 1940s it was recorded by singers in a slower ballad form, which became the standard. The definitive slow torch song version was first released by Lee Wiley in 1939, [10] followed by Margaret Whiting in 1944.

Howard Dietz, who was involved in composing other songs in Oh Kay! while Ira Gershwin was hospitalized for six weeks for a ruptured appendix, claimed he helped write the lyrics to "Someone to Watch Over Me". He was not named in the song credits, and he was paid very little for his contribution. [9] Dietz said in his 1974 memoir that the song's title was his idea, [11] a fact first revealed by Ira in his 1959 book Lyrics on Several Occasions. [5]

Lawrence's performances of the song in 1926 and 1927 were presented in a solo scene at the beginning of Act II, where she wrote a maid's uniform and sang to a rag doll she held in her hand. [9] The rag doll was described in male gender terms by George Gershwin in 1934, saying "I don't know where he is now... He certainly did his part well." Gershwin said he found the doll in a toy shop in Philadelphia, where the play was in development, and he gave it to Lawrence to use as a prop in the scene, to increase the sense of her character's vulnerability. This late addition surprised the play's director. [12]

Recordings and features

The song was recorded by Frank Sinatra in 1946 for his first album The Voice of Frank Sinatra , and again in 1954 for the film Young At Heart . Sinatra's popular recordings helped cement the standard slow style. [13] "Someone to Watch Over Me" was notably covered by Ella Fitzgerald (1950 and 1959), Blossom Dearie (1952), Chet Baker (1955), Sarah Vaughan (1957), Dakota Staton (1960), Barbra Streisand (1965), Ray Charles (1969), Willie Nelson (1978), Sting (1987), Rickie Lee Jones (2000), Elton John (2002) and Amy Winehouse (2008). Nelson Riddle arranged two lush orchestral versions, one backing Keely Smith in 1959 on Swingin' Pretty , and the other for Linda Ronstadt in 1983 on What's New – the latter album winning a Grammy Award. The song was also used prominently in the film Mr. Holland's Opus (1995) with vocals by Jean Louisa Kelly in the film and Julia Fordham on the film's soundtrack.

More than 1,800 recordings of the song have been released, almost all of them in the slow ballad style. [13]

See also

Related Research Articles

George Gershwin American composer and pianist (1898–1937)

George Gershwin was an American pianist and composer, whose compositions spanned both popular and classical genres. Among his best-known works are the orchestral compositions Rhapsody in Blue (1924) and An American in Paris (1928), the songs "Swanee" (1919) and "Fascinating Rhythm" (1924), the jazz standards "Embraceable You" (1928) and "I Got Rhythm" (1930), and the opera Porgy and Bess (1935), which included the hit "Summertime".

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References

  1. Gershwin, George [composer; Gershwin, Ira [lyricist; Wodehouse, P. G. (Pelham Grenville) [author (1926). "Someone to watch over me".{{cite journal}}: Cite journal requires |journal= (help); |first3= has generic name (help)
  2. "Victor 20331 (Black label (popular) 10-in. double-faced) - Discography of American Historical Recordings". adp.library.ucsb.edu. Retrieved 2021-09-01.
  3. "Victor matrix BVE-36654. Someone to watch over me / Gertrude Lawrence - Discography of American Historical Recordings". adp.library.ucsb.edu. Retrieved 2021-09-01.
  4. "Victor Church Studio". www.vjm.biz. Retrieved 2021-09-01.
  5. 1 2 Steve Sullivan (2013). Encyclopedia of Great Popular Song Recordings. Scarecrow Press. p. 468. ISBN   9780810882966.
  6. ""Someone To Watch Over Me": Song History, Commentary, Discography, Performances on Video". greatamericansongbook.net. Retrieved 2018-12-13.
  7. 1 2 Ted Gioia (2012). The Jazz Standards: A Guide to the Repertoire. Oxford University Press. p. 382. ISBN   9780199769155.
  8. Rosenberg, Deena Ruth (1991). Fascinating Rhythm: The Collaboration of George and Ira Gershwin. University of Michigan Press. ISBN   978-0-472-08469-2.
  9. 1 2 3 Jeremy Wilson. "Jazz Standards Songs and Instrumentals (Someone to Watch Over Me)". www.jazzstandards.com. Retrieved 2018-12-13.
  10. Colin Bratkovich (2014). Just Remember This. p. 43. ISBN   9781483645193.
  11. Peter Filichia (August 4, 2015). "Oh, Kay! is More than Okay". Masterworks Broadway. Retrieved June 17, 2020.
  12. Rachel Fernandes (June 6, 2017). "Raggedy Ann: The Star of 'Someone to Watch Over Me'". M. University of Michigan, School of Music, Theatre and Dance. Retrieved June 17, 2020.
  13. 1 2 Ben Yagoda (2015). The B Side: The Death of Tin Pan Alley and the Rebirth of the Great American Song. Penguin. p. 36. ISBN   9780698172517.

Further reading