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Ticking is a type of cloth, traditionally a tightly-woven cotton or linen textile. [1] It is traditionally used to cover tick mattresses and bed pillows. [2] The tight weave makes it more durable and hinders the stuffing (straw, chaff, hair, down feathers, etc.) from poking through the fabric. [1] To make it even tighter, ticking could be waxed, soaped, [3] or starched. [4] Tick materials designed to hold foam may be knit, or more porous. [5] In English-speaking countries ticking commonly has a striped design, [6] in muted colors such as brown, grey or blue, and occasionally red or yellow, against a plain, neutral background.

Although traditionally used for mattresses and pillows, the material has found other uses, such as serving as a backing for quilts, coverlets, and other bedding. [1] It is sometimes woven with a twill weave.

Ticking is no longer restricted to a utility fabric and has found uses in interior decorating styles intending to evoke a homespun or industrial aesthetic. Modern uses for ticking include furniture upholstery, cushion covers, tablecloths, decorative basket liners, and curtains. Occasionally, lighter weight percale cloth is printed with a striped pattern made to resemble ticking fabric, and used to make garments.[ citation needed ]

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<span class="mw-page-title-main">Satin</span> Shiny, fragile fabric weave pattern, with long floats

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<span class="mw-page-title-main">Upholstery</span> Covering of furniture with padding, springs, webbing, and fabric or leather

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<span class="mw-page-title-main">Pillow</span> Cushion for the head

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<span class="mw-page-title-main">Mattress</span> Large pad for supporting the reclining body, used as or on a bed

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<span class="mw-page-title-main">Duvet</span> Type of bedding

A duvet, usually called a comforter or (down-filled) quilt in U.S. English, and a doona in Australian English, is a type of bedding consisting of a soft flat bag filled with either down, feathers, wool, cotton, silk, or a synthetic alternative, and is typically protected with a removable cover, analogous to a pillow and pillow case. The term duvet is mainly British, especially in reference to the bedding; when rarely used in US English, it often refers to the cover. Sleepers often use a duvet without a top bed sheet, as the duvet cover can readily be removed and laundered as often as the bottom sheet. Duvets originated in rural Europe and were filled with the down feathers of ducks or geese. The best quality feathers are taken from the eider duck, which is known for its effectiveness as a thermal insulator.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Bedding</span> Bed covering fabrics

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The manufacture of textiles is one of the oldest of human technologies. To make textiles, the first requirement is a source of fiber from which a yarn can be made, primarily by spinning. The yarn is processed by knitting or weaving, which turns yarn into cloth. The machine used for weaving is the loom. For decoration, the process of colouring yarn or the finished material is dyeing. For more information of the various steps, see textile manufacturing.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Coutil</span> Firmly woven cotton or cotton-rayon fabric used for making corsets and brassieres

Coutil is a ticking-woven cloth used to make corsets, table covers, mattresses, tents, and other types of resistant garments.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Mattress pad</span>

A mattress pad, mattress topper, or underpad is designed to lie atop a mattress. Made from a variety of materials such as wool, cotton, memory foam, feather or latex, its function is to provide an extra layer of comfort, especially when the existing mattress is worn or uncomfortable.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Bed base</span> Component of a bed that supports the mattress

A bed base, sometimes called a foundation, is the part of a bed that supports the mattress. The bed base can itself be held in place and framed by the bedstead. In the United States, box-spring bed bases are very common. In Europe, sprung slats are much more common.

Textile manufacturing is one of the oldest human activities. The oldest known textiles date back to about 5000 B.C. In order to make textiles, the first requirement is a source of fibre from which a yarn can be made, primarily by spinning. The yarn is processed by knitting or weaving to create cloth. The machine used for weaving is the loom. Cloth is finished by what are described as wet process to become fabric. The fabric may be dyed, printed or decorated by embroidering with coloured yarns.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Tick mattress</span>

A tick mattress, bed tick or tick is a large bag made of strong, stiff, tightly-woven material (ticking). This is then filled to make a mattress, with material such as straw, chaff, horsehair, coarse wool or down feathers, and less commonly, leaves, grass, reeds, bracken, or seaweed. The whole stuffed mattress may also, more loosely, be called a tick. The tick mattress may then be sewn through to hold the filling in place, or the unsecured filling could be shaken and smoothed as the beds were aired each morning. A straw-filled bed tick is called a paillasse, palliasse, or pallet, and these terms may also be used for bed ticks with other fillings. A tick filled with flock is called a flockbed. A feather-filled tick is called a featherbed, and a down-filled one a downbed; these can also be used above the sleeper, as a duvet.

Thai Fabrics are Thai handicraft products that are indicative of the flourish of the Thai national culture and creativity of the nation in making products and clothes for daily use. Thai Fabric is hand-woven fabric produced in Thailand. It is a cultural heritage and unique culture to the Thai culture and now has been famous throughout the world.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Rope bed</span> Type of platform bed

A rope bed is a type of platform bed in which the sleeper is supported by a lattice of rope, rather than wooden slats.


  1. 1 2 3 Shaeffer, Claire (2008). Claire Shaeffer's Fabric Sewing Guide. Krause Publications Craft. pp.  497. ISBN   9780896895362.
  2. Operath, Larry (2006). Textile. Lotus Press. p. 161. ISBN   9788189093624.
  3. "Featherbeds, duvets, eiderdowns, feather ticks - history". www.oldandinteresting.com. 2006.
  4. Question Box. How make bread with soya flour? How waterproof garments? How clean feather pillows?. Homemakers' chat. United States Department of Agriculture Radio Service. 28 November 1944. A homemaker writes, "We've had sickness in the family. I'd like to clean the feather pillows. Is it possible to wash them?["]
    Home management specialists of the U. S. Department of Agriculture say that you may wash pillows with the feathers in them if you wish. Or you may remove the feathers, from the ticking, put them in a large muslin bag and wash the bag of feathers and the ticking separately.
    Whether you wash the feathers in the ticking or put them in a muslin bag, the method of washing is the same. Use warm water with lots of suds. And scrub the pillow of bag of feathers with a weak washing soda solution.
    You can tell whether you need to put the pillows through a second suds. You will need to rinse them two or three times. Use lukewarm water. And squeeze the water out. Then let the pillows dry in warm air and in sun, if possible. During the drying process, beat the pillows two or three times so they will be fluffy.
    If you wash the feathers and ticking separately, starch the ticking so the feathers won't work through. Make a good stiff starch and apply it to the inside of the ticking with a sponge or a soft cloth. This will act as a seal or coating to the ticking and the feathers won't work through.
  5. "Putting the layers together - Ticking". The Mattress Underground. Retrieved 14 February 2022.
  6. "Straw mattresses, chaff beds, palliasses, ticks stuffed with leaves". www.oldandinteresting.com. 9 January 2008.