Tonbridge (UK Parliament constituency)

Last updated
Tonbridge
Former County constituency
for the House of Commons
1918–February 1974
Number of membersone
Replaced by Tonbridge and Malling
Created from Tunbridge

Tonbridge was a parliamentary constituency in Kent, centred on the town of Tonbridge. It returned one Member of Parliament to the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.

Contents

The constituency was created for the 1918 general election, replacing the previous Tunbridge constituency. It was abolished for the February 1974 general election, when it was replaced by the new Tonbridge and Malling constituency.

Boundaries

1918–1950: The Borough of Royal Tunbridge Wells, the Urban Districts of Tonbridge and Southborough, and the Rural District of Tonbridge.

1950–1974: As 1918 but with redrawn boundaries.

Members of Parliament

ElectionMemberPartyNotes
1918 Herbert Spender-Clay Conservative Died 1937
1937 by-election Sir Adrian Baillie, Bt Conservative
1945 Gerald Williams Conservative Resigned 1956
1956 by-election Richard Hornby Conservative
Feb 1974 constituency abolished

Election results

Elections in the 1910s

General election 1918: Tonbridge [1]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
C Unionist Herbert Spender-Clay 14,62268.1
Labour John Palmer5,00623.3
Liberal Thomas Buxton 1,8518.6
Majority9,61644.8
Turnout 21,47957.4
Unionist win (new seat)
Cindicates candidate endorsed by the coalition government.

Elections in the 1920s

General election 1922: Tonbridge [2]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Unionist Herbert Spender-Clay 14,797 53.0 -15.1
Labour Joseph Thomas Davies7,66527.4+4.1
Liberal Albert Charles Crane5,47219.6+11.0
Majority7,13225.6-19.2
Turnout 27,93472.5+15.1
Unionist hold Swing
General election 1923: Tonbridge [3]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Unionist Herbert Spender-Clay 13,910 49.8 -3.2
Liberal Albert Charles Crane7,43326.6+7.0
Labour Joseph Thomas Davis6,61023.6-3.8
Majority6,47723.2-2.4
Turnout 27,95370.6-1.9
Unionist hold Swing -5.1
General election 1924: Tonbridge [4]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Unionist Herbert Spender-Clay 17,392 58.2 +8.4
Labour W F Toynbee6,56422.0+1.6
Liberal James Millard Tucker5,89819.8-6.8
Majority10,82836.2+13.0
Turnout 29,85474.3+3.7
Unionist hold Swing
General election 1929: Tonbridge [5]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Unionist Herbert Spender-Clay 19,018 49.8 -8.4
Liberal Gordon Alchin 10,02526.2+6.4
Labour W F Toynbee9,14924.0+2.0
Majority8,99323.6-12.6
Turnout 38,19272.3-2.0
Unionist hold Swing -7.4

Elections in the 1930s

General election 1931: Tonbridge [6]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Conservative Herbert Spender-Clay 30,602 78.8 +29.0
Labour Constance Borrett 8,20821.1-2.9
Majority22,39457.7+34.1
Turnout 38,81069.2-3.0
Conservative hold Swing
General election 1935: Tonbridge [7]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Conservative Herbert Spender-Clay 23,460 61.3 -17.5
Labour F M Landau9,40524.6+3.5
Liberal Richard Pope-Hennessy 5,40314.1New
Majority14,05536.7-21.0
Turnout 38,26868.2-1.0
Conservative hold Swing
1937 Tonbridge by-election [8]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Conservative Adrian Baillie 18,802 56.9 -4.4
Labour H Smith8,14724.7+0.1
Liberal Richard Matthews 6,07318.4+4.3
Majority10,65532.2-4.5
Turnout 33,02258.2-10.0
Conservative hold Swing

General Election 1939/40:

Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1940. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by the Autumn of 1939, the following candidates had been selected;

Elections in the 1940s

General election 1945: Tonbridge [11]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Conservative Gerald Williams 23,081 49.9 -7.0
Labour Vera Dart 16,59035.8+11.1
Liberal John Metcalfe5,35111.6-6.8
Ind. Conservative E F St John Lyburn1,2492.7New
Majority6,49114.1-18.1
Turnout 46,27173.2+15.0
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1950s

General election 1950: Tonbridge [12]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Conservative Gerald Williams 27,893 51.9
Labour Brian Clapham19,52536.3
Liberal Leslie Albert Willard5,63410.5
Ind. Conservative E F St. John Lyburn7391.4
Majority8,36815.6
Turnout 53,79183.5
Conservative hold Swing
General election 1951: Tonbridge [13]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Conservative Gerald Williams 31,377 59.8 +7.9
Labour Bernard Bagnari 21,10940.2+3.9
Majority10,26819.6+4.0
Turnout 52,48680.6-2.9
Conservative hold Swing
General election 1955: Tonbridge [14]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Conservative Gerald Williams 29,521 60.4 +0.6
Labour Robert L Fagg19,32539.6-0.6
Majority10,19620.8+1.2
Turnout 48,84675.5-5.1
Conservative hold Swing
1956 Tonbridge by-election [15]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Conservative Richard Hornby 20,515 52.0 -8.4
Labour Robert L Fagg18,91348.0+8.4
Majority1,6024.0-16.8
Turnout 39,428
Conservative hold Swing
General election 1959: Tonbridge [16]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Conservative Richard Hornby 31,687 59.9 -0.5
Labour Kenneth W May21,18140.1+0.5
Majority10,50619.8-1.0
Turnout 52,86878.5+3.0
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1960s

General election 1964: Tonbridge [17]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Conservative Richard Hornby 27,802 49.2 -10.7
Labour Donald Savage19,03733.7-6.4
Liberal Edward Babbs9,68217.1New
Majority8,76515.5-4.3
Turnout 56,52178.7+0.2
Conservative hold Swing
General election 1966: Tonbridge [18]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Conservative Richard Hornby 26,896 46.7 -2.5
Labour Eric William Wolff20,06834.9+1.2
Liberal Colin Bloy10,58618.4+1.3
Majority6,82811.8-3.7
Turnout 57,55077.3-1.4
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1970s

General election 1970: Tonbridge [19]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Conservative Richard Hornby 31,890 53.2 +4.5
Labour Maureen Colquhoun 17,89729.9-5.0
Liberal Harry E Hill10,16717.0-1.4
Majority13,99323.3+11.4
Turnout 59,95472.0-5.3
Conservative hold Swing

Related Research Articles

New Forest and Christchurch was a county constituency in Hampshire which elected one Member of Parliament (MP) to the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. It was created for the 1918 general election, partially replacing the previous New Forest constituency, and was abolished for the 1950 general election, when it was partially replaced by a recreated New Forest constituency.

Grantham was a Parliamentary constituency in Lincolnshire, England.

East Grinstead was a parliamentary constituency in the Kingdom of England, the Kingdom of Great Britain, and the United Kingdom. It first existed as a Parliamentary borough from 1307, returning two Members of Parliament to the House of Commons elected by the bloc vote system. The borough was disfranchised under the Reform Act 1832, but the name was revived at the 1885 election when the Redistribution of Seats Act created a new single-member county division of the same name.

Ilkeston (UK Parliament constituency)

Ilkeston is a former United Kingdom Parliamentary constituency. It was a constituency of the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. It was represented by one Member of Parliament. In 1983 it was abolished, together with South East Derbyshire, when the Derbyshire county constituencies were redrawn - the constituencies of Amber Valley and Erewash were created and the constituency of South Derbyshire was re-created.

Oswestry (UK Parliament constituency)

Oswestry was a United Kingdom Parliamentary constituency. It was a constituency of the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom from 1885 to 1983, when it was renamed North Shropshire. It elected one Member of Parliament by the first past the post method of election.

Knutsford (UK Parliament constituency) Parliamentary constituency in the United Kingdom, 1885–1983

Knutsford was a county constituency in Cheshire which returned one Member of Parliament to the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom from 1885 until it was abolished for the 1983 general election.

Isle of Thanet (UK Parliament constituency)

Isle of Thanet was a county constituency which returned one Member of Parliament (MP) to the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom from 1885, until it was abolished for the February 1974 general election.

Islington East (UK Parliament constituency)

Islington East was a constituency which returned one Member of Parliament (MP) to the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom from 1885, until it was abolished for the February 1974 general election.

Westmorland (UK Parliament constituency)

Westmorland was a constituency covering the county of Westmorland in the North of England, which returned Members of Parliament to the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.

Salford West (UK Parliament constituency) Parliamentary constituency in the United Kingdom, 1885–1983

Salford West was a parliamentary constituency in the City of Salford in Greater Manchester from 1885 until 1983. It returned one Member of Parliament to the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.

Northwich (UK Parliament constituency) Parliamentary constituency in the United Kingdom, 1885–1983

Northwich was a constituency in Cheshire which returned one Member of Parliament to the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom from 1885 until it was abolished for the 1983 general election.

Willesden West was a constituency in Middlesex adjoining the County of London and forming part of the London conurbation, in London itself from 1965. It returned one member to the House of Commons of the UK Parliament 1918 – 1974.

Leek was a parliamentary constituency in Staffordshire which returned one Member of Parliament (MP) to the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.

Nelson and Colne (UK Parliament constituency)

Nelson and Colne was a constituency in Lancashire which returned one Member of Parliament to the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom from 1918 until it was abolished for the 1983 general election.

Skipton was a county constituency centred on the town of Skipton in Yorkshire which returned one Member of Parliament (MP) to the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.

Hertford was the name of a parliamentary constituency in Hertfordshire, which elected Members of Parliament (MPs) from 1298 until 1974.

Birmingham Handsworth was a parliamentary constituency centred on the Handsworth district of Birmingham. It returned one Member of Parliament to the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. It was abolished in 1983.

Melton was a county constituency centred on the town of Melton Mowbray in Leicestershire. It returned one Member of Parliament to the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.

Rutland and Stamford was a county constituency comprising the area centred on the town of Stamford in Lincolnshire, and the county of Rutland. It returned one Member of Parliament (MP) to the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom, using the first-past-the-post voting system.

East Ham South (UK Parliament constituency)

East Ham South was a parliamentary constituency centred on the East Ham district of London, which was in Essex until 1965. It returned one Member of Parliament (MP) to the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom, elected by the first past the post voting system.

References

  1. British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
  2. British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
  3. British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
  4. British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
  5. British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
  6. British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
  7. British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
  8. British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
  9. "Parliamentary candidates' protest", The Times , 6 April 1939
  10. The Liberal Magazine, 1939
  11. British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
  12. British parliamentary election results, 1950-1973 by FWS Craig
  13. British parliamentary election results, 1950-1973 by FWS Craig
  14. British parliamentary election results, 1950-1973 by FWS Craig
  15. F W S Craig, British Parliamentary Election Results 1950-1973; Political Reference Publications, Glasgow 1973
  16. F W S Craig, British Parliamentary Election Results 1950-1973; Political Reference Publications, Glasgow 1973
  17. F W S Craig, British Parliamentary Election Results 1950-1973; Political Reference Publications, Glasgow 1973
  18. British parliamentary election results, 1950-1973 by FWS Craig
  19. British parliamentary election results, 1950-1973 by FWS Craig