University of Arkansas Campus Historic District

Last updated
University of Arkansas Campus Historic District
USA Arkansas location map.svg
Red pog.svg
LocationRoughly bounded by Garland Ave., Maple St., Arkansas Ave. & Dickson St., Fayetteville, Arkansas
Coordinates 36°04′05″N94°10′19″W / 36.06806°N 94.17194°W / 36.06806; -94.17194 Coordinates: 36°04′05″N94°10′19″W / 36.06806°N 94.17194°W / 36.06806; -94.17194
Area71 acres (29 ha) [1]
NRHP reference # 09000745 [2]
Added to NRHPSeptember 23, 2009 [3]

The University of Arkansas Campus Historic District is a historic district that was listed on the National Register of Historic Places on September 23, 2009. The district covers the historic core of the University of Arkansas campus, including 25 buildings. [1]

National Register of Historic Places federal list of historic sites in the United States

The National Register of Historic Places (NRHP) is the United States federal government's official list of districts, sites, buildings, structures, and objects deemed worthy of preservation for their historical significance. A property listed in the National Register, or located within a National Register Historic District, may qualify for tax incentives derived from the total value of expenses incurred preserving the property.

University of Arkansas Public research university in Fayetteville, Arkansas, USA

The University of Arkansas is a public land-grant, research university in Fayetteville, Arkansas. It is the flagship campus of the University of Arkansas System and the largest, best-known university in the state. Founded as Arkansas Industrial University in 1871, its present name was adopted in 1899 and classes were first held on January 22, 1872. It is noted for its strong architecture, agriculture, business, communication disorders, creative writing, history, law, and Middle Eastern studies programs.

Contents

The district was added to the National Register of Historic Places (NRHP) on September 23, 2009 and the listing was announced as the featured listing in the National Park Service's weekly list of October 2, 2009. [4] The Inn at Carnall Hall is a member of Historic Hotels of America, the official program of the National Trust for Historic Preservation. [5]

National Park Service United States federal agency

The National Park Service (NPS) is an agency of the United States federal government that manages all national parks, many national monuments, and other conservation and historical properties with various title designations. It was created on August 25, 1916, by Congress through the National Park Service Organic Act and is an agency of the United States Department of the Interior. The NPS is charged with a dual role of preserving the ecological and historical integrity of the places entrusted to its management, while also making them available and accessible for public use and enjoyment.

National Trust for Historic Preservation US nonprofit organization for historic preservation

The National Trust for Historic Preservation is a privately funded, nonprofit organization based in Washington, D.C., that works in the field of historic preservation in the United States. The member-supported organization was founded in 1949 by congressional charter to support the preservation of America’s diverse historic buildings, neighborhoods, and heritage through its programs, resources, and advocacy.

The historical core of campus was built in many phases, coincident with when funding was available to build. Beginning with the construction of Old Main in 1879, buildings were built haphazardly around campus. This was changed when the architecture firm Jamieson & Spearl designed the 1925 master plan, which includes many of the Collegiate Gothic style buildings (such as the Agriculture Building). [6] The plan allowed for more structure and a better layout. However, funding ran dry and the master plan came to a halt. Building resumed following many Public Works Administration grants after World War II.

University of Arkansas Agriculture Building university building in Fayetteville, Arkansas

The Agriculture Building at the University of Arkansas is a building on the University's campus in Fayetteville, Arkansas. The building was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1992.

Public Works Administration administered a comprehensive public works program to promote and stabilize employment

Public Works Administration (PWA), part of the New Deal of 1933, was a large-scale public works construction agency in the United States headed by Secretary of the Interior Harold L. Ickes. It was created by the National Industrial Recovery Act in June 1933 in response to the Great Depression. It built large-scale public works such as dams, bridges, hospitals, and schools. Its goals were to spend $3.3 billion in the first year, and $6 billion in all, to provide employment, stabilize purchasing power, and help revive the economy. Most of the spending came in two waves in 1933-35, and again in 1938. Originally called the Federal Emergency Administration of Public Works, it was renamed the Public Works Administration in 1935 and shut down in 1944.

World War II 1939–1945 global war

World War II, also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945. The vast majority of the world's countries—including all the great powers—eventually formed two opposing military alliances: the Allies and the Axis. A state of total war emerged, directly involving more than 100 million people from over 30 countries. The major participants threw their entire economic, industrial, and scientific capabilities behind the war effort, blurring the distinction between civilian and military resources. World War II was the deadliest conflict in human history, marked by 50 to 85 million fatalities, most of whom were civilians in the Soviet Union and China. It included massacres, the genocide of the Holocaust, strategic bombing, premeditated death from starvation and disease, and the only use of nuclear weapons in war.

Another interesting feature of the campus is Campus Walk. Formerly a through street, Campus Drive was converted to a footpath that runs from Maple Street on the north, through the Pi Beta Phi Memorial Gate, and follows the street's path across the campus core and through the Bell Engineering Center to the street's former intersection with Dickson Street.

Pi Beta Phi North American collegiate sorority

Pi Beta Phi (ΠΒΦ), often known simply as Pi Phi, is an international women's fraternity founded at Monmouth College, in Monmouth, Illinois on April 28, 1867 as I.C. Sorosis, the first national secret college society of women to be modeled after the men's Greek-letter fraternity.

Listings

Old Main

Old Main, the oldest and most recognizable building on campus. OldMainUofA.jpg
Old Main, the oldest and most recognizable building on campus.

Old Main, originally University Hall, is the University's signature building and appears on its seal. The building was constructed between 1873 and 1875 as part of a land grant for the state of Arkansas. The building was designed in Second Empire architectural style. The exterior walls are made of local red brick, and the foundation uses local sandstone. [7] John Mills Van Osdel's original plan called for a clock, but one was not installed until 2005. [8] Old Main currently houses the offices of the J. William Fulbright College of Arts and Sciences, its honors program and five academic departments, as well as classrooms and meeting spaces. [8]

John M. Van Osdel American architect

The historic East School in Pittsfield, Illinois was designed by John M. Van Osdel. It was listed number 51 on the National Register. I wrote the application. You can access the East School through the Pike County Historical Society. Warren Winston, Pittsfield, Illinois.

J. William Fulbright College of Arts and Sciences college at University of Arkansas for students interested in liberal arts

The J. William Fulbright College of Arts and Sciences is the liberal arts college at the University of Arkansas. It is named for former University President and United States Senator J. William Fulbright. The College has 19 different academic departments, and is the largest school or college at the University. Fulbright College's Creative Writing and Translation programs rank among the top in the nation.

Old Main was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1970

Old Main Lawn

Old Main Lawn near Ozark Hall. Old Main Lawn.jpg
Old Main Lawn near Ozark Hall.

Old Main Lawn is an area surrounding Old Main on the University of Arkansas campus. Prior to 1872, the land was known as the McIlroy Farm. It was purchased for use as a university campus because of its prominence (the campus is still referred to as "The Hill"). In the late 1890s, part of the lawn was used as the university's first football field. Sheep were grazed on part of it. Agricultural students planted an oatfield on part of it. [9] The Lawn contains the earliest segments of Senior Walk, a concrete walking path that runs throughout the entire campus and contains the name of university graduates from every class since 1875. The lawn also contains the Spoofer's Stone, a piece of limestone that the builders of Old Main left in place after it fell out of an oxcart and broke. The stone was used as a meeting place for males and females during the 1880s when students of opposite sexes weren't allowed to mix. [10] The campus arboretum contains every tree found in the state of Arkansas. The Old Main Lawn area was enclosed by sandstone blocks in early 1900. [8]

Old Main (University of Arkansas) building on the University of Arkansas campus

Old Main is the oldest building on the University of Arkansas campus in Fayetteville, Arkansas. It is one of the most recognizable symbols of the University, and of higher education in general in Arkansas.

Limestone Sedimentary rocks made of calcium carbonate

Limestone is a carbonate sedimentary rock that is often composed of the skeletal fragments of marine organisms such as coral, foraminifera, and molluscs. Its major materials are the minerals calcite and aragonite, which are different crystal forms of calcium carbonate (CaCO3). A closely related rock is dolomite, which contains a high percentage of the mineral dolomite, CaMg(CO3)2. In fact, in old USGS publications, dolomite was referred to as magnesian limestone, a term now reserved for magnesium-deficient dolomites or magnesium-rich limestones.

Arboretum botanical garden containing living collections of woody plants intended at least partly for scientific study

An arboretum in a general sense is a botanical collection composed exclusively of trees. More commonly a modern arboretum is a botanical garden containing living collections of woody plants and is intended at least in part for scientific study.

Senior Walk

A sample of class of 2001 graduates. Old Main Marker.JPG
A sample of class of 2001 graduates.

Senior Walk is a concrete footpath of over 3.5 miles (5.6 km) started in 1905 that contains the name of University of Arkansas graduates. The idea is unique to the University of Arkansas. [11] Initially, sections of the walk were created by a representative of the graduating class who simply wrote the students' names in the wet concrete; the university began using brass letter stamps to imprint the names in wet concrete in the 1920s and continued that process until the late 1970s. The graduating classes prior to 1905 were added retroactively. [8] Larger graduating classes led the university's staff to create the "Senior Sand Hog", which sandblasts the names into the concrete walks after the concrete has cured. [12] For many years, according to university lore, freshmen at the university were counseled by upperclass students to not step on the sidewalk bearing the class of 1900, because the members of the 1900 class had all met untimely and tragic deaths. In truth, the members of the class of 1900 lived long, productive lives.

The university has designated future sidewalks to continue Senior Walk through at least 2030.

Agriculture Annex

Agriculture Hall was built in 1906 using funding from the Arkansas Legislature. It was one of six other buildings built at the same time. The new Agriculture Building was built in 1927, and the old Agriculture Annex became the university infirmary in 1940. [13] The infirmary moved upon construction of the Pat Walker Health Center. Today, the Agriculture Annex building contains a computer lab for agriculture students in addition to an agriculture statistics lab and offices for graduate students. [14]

Ella Carnall Hall

Ella Carnall Hall
CarnallHallUA.jpg
LocationArkansas Ave. and Maple St., Fayetteville, Arkansas
Arealess than one acre
Built1900 [2] or 1905
Architect Thompson, Charles L. [2] (original); James Lambeth (1990s renovation)
Architectural style Colonial Revival
MPS Thompson, Charles L., Design Collection TR
NRHP reference # 82000943 [2]
Added to NRHPDecember 22, 1982

The Inn at Carnall Hall and Ella's Restaurant are the University's own on-campus 50-room historic inn and five-star restaurant. This facility also serves the Hospitality and Restaurant Management academic program. Carnall Hall was built in 1905 as the University's first women's residence hall. [2] The building was named after Ella Carnall, a noted teacher and role model for young women, and one of the campus’ first female faculty members. [15] It was designed by Charles L. Thompson. The structure was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1982. [16] In the 1990s it was renovated into an inn and restaurant, [13] with lead architect James Lambeth.

Construction

The Arkansas Legislature funded six buildings for the University in 1905, one of which was designated to be the first women's dormitory in the state. It was completed by 1906 and named for Miss Ella Howison Carnall, who was a prominent Professor of English and Modern Languages from 1881-94 at the University. [17] The Hall was built on the far northeast corner of campus in keeping with the University's strict rules against fraternization between the sexes.

Uses

The building was used as a women's dormitory until 1967, and then housed the Phi Gamma Delta fraternity until 1977. Subsequently, the Hall was used for academics until the renovation of Old Main. Despite being listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1982, the building fell into disrepair, and closed in 1991. [18] However, due to the hard work of preservationists, the building has been refurbished and today operates as a hotel. It contains 49 rooms and is very popular during Arkansas Razorbacks sporting events.

Original Chemistry Building

Chemistry Building
General information
Architectural styleMission/Spanish
Location Campus of the University of Arkansas
Town or cityFayetteville, Arkansas
CountryUSA
Completed1906
OwnerUniversity of Arkansas
Design and construction
Architecture firmC. L. Thompson & O. L. Gates
Main contractorDonaghey & McIlRoy

The Chemistry Building was built in 1906 as the original chemistry building on campus. A small, three-story brick building in the Spanish architecture style, it was outgrown and replaced by the new Chemistry Building in 1935. Today this building serves as the School of Social Work. [19]

Construction

The Arkansas Legislature funded six buildings for the University in 1905, one of which was designated to be the university's first chemistry building. It was completed by 1906. [17] Like many of the brick buildings, it was painted white in the 1930s to blend with the newer limestone-clad collegiate gothic-style buildings.

Uses

The building served as a chemistry building until 1935, when the new Chemistry Building was erected. The building then became home to the School of Law and was the site at which Silas Herbert Hunt enrolled at the University in 1948, becoming the first African American to integrate a southern university without threat of litigation. It later was home to the departments of Psychology and Geography, and is now used by the School of Social Work.

Peabody Hall

Peabody Hall was built in 1913 using a $40,000 donation from the George Peabody Fund. It was the first on-campus building built using private funds. [19] It was built for use by the teacher education department and has been used by that department continuously since completion. Peabody Hall was completely renovated, inside and out, in 2011, garnering an award from the Historic Preservation Alliance of Arkansas.

Women's Gymnasium

The Women's Gymnasium was completed in 1925 by the campus Department of Buildings and Grounds with help from the engineering students. The floor was 60 feet (18 m) by 90 feet (27 m), and could hold two basketball counts or four volleyball courts. [19] It also has a full basement. [19] Today, the building is used by the Army ROTC.

Engineering Hall

John A. White, Jr. Engineering Hall
University of Arkansas Hall of Engineering.jpg
North entrance
General information
Type Engineering education
Architectural styleCollegiate Gothic
Location Campus of the University of Arkansas
AddressDickson Street
Fayetteville, Arkansas 72701
Completed1927
Renovated2013
OwnerUniversity of Arkansas
Design and construction
ArchitectH. Ray Burkes
Architecture firmJamieson and Spearl

John A. White, Jr. Engineering Hall was completed in the collegiate gothic style in 1927. [19] The building was built similar to the Agriculture Building, and was completed at around the same time. Using limestone from Batesville, Arkansas, the building holds an auditorium, library, classrooms, labs, studios, a blueprint room, and a tool room. [19] Following the construction of Bell Engineering Center in 1987, the original Engineering Hall is now used primarily for small classes. The building was renamed "John A. White Jr. Engineering Hall" in 2012 in honor of former chancellor John A. White. [20]

Agriculture Building

The Agriculture Building was completed in 1927 as part of the 1925 master plan. University of Arkansas Agriculture Building.jpg
The Agriculture Building was completed in 1927 as part of the 1925 master plan.

The Agriculture Building at the University of Arkansas was completed in 1927 in the collegiate gothic style. The building at first hosted six departments, a library, and offices. The Agriculture Building and Engineering Hall were built at the same time in the same style, as part of the 1925 master plan. [19] Upon completion of the new Plant Sciences building, the original Agriculture Building currently houses the agribusiness and economics, agricultural and extension education, agricultural communications, and entomology departments.

Chi Omega Greek Theatre

The Chi Omega Greek Theatre was completed in 1930. Chi Alpha Greek Theater.JPG
The Chi Omega Greek Theatre was completed in 1930.

The Chi Omega Greek Theatre is a multipurpose semi-circular amphitheatre, designed with the Theatre of Dionysus as an inspiration. Chi Omega donated the theatre to the University, and president John C. Futrall accepted the gift on June 28, 1930, in accordance with the 1925 Jamieson and Spearl master plan. [21] Chi Omega was founded at Arkansas in 1895. It has served host for concerts, pep rallies, commencements, and classes.

Chi Omega Greek Theatre Landscape

The landscape around the Chi Omega Greek Theatre includes shade trees, hedges, and scenic lawns. From the lawn, downtown Fayetteville is visible. The Theatre and Landscape augment each other, together making a historic landscape. [21]

Vol Walker Hall

Vol Walker Hall as viewed from Old Main. Old Main Arkansas view.jpg
Vol Walker Hall as viewed from Old Main.

Vol Walker Hall, originally Vol Walker Library, was the library on the University of Arkansas campus. Modeled after Rush Rhees Library at the University of Rochester, the University of Arkansas obtained Public Works Administration funding to build the building in the Classic Revival form. [21] The building has also housed the School of Architecture since the construction of Mullins Library in 1968. [21] The building was renovated from 2011 to 2013, and a 30,000-square-foot addition, the Steven L. Anderson Design Center, allowed all three of the school's departments — architecture, landscape architecture and interior design — to share a single building.

Chemistry Building

The Chemistry Building's west entrance. University of Arkansas Chemistry Building.jpg
The Chemistry Building's west entrance.

The Chemistry Building was built in 1935 to replace a smaller chemistry building. [2] It was constructed using Public Works Administration funding in conjunction with Vol Walker Library as part of the 1925 master plan. [19] The university also outgrew this Chemistry Building, and a new building was added by skywalk in 1992. [19]

Gibson Hall

Gibson Hall
General information
Typemen's dormitory
Architectural style Collegiate Gothic
AddressDickson St., and Garland Ave.,
Town or cityFayetteville, Arkansas
CountryUSA
Completed1937
Renovated1963, 2007
Cost$165,000
Design and construction
ArchitectWittenberg & Deloney
Architecture firmJamieson & Spearl

Gibson Hall, originally Razorback Hall, is a women's residence hall on the University of Arkansas campus. Gibson Hall was originally a men's residence hall, and the three-story brick building was named Razorback Hall. Following a 1963 remodeling, the building became an upper-tier women's dormitory. In 1981, it was renamed posthumously for James L. Gibson, the late University housing director. [22]

Gibson Annex

The Gibson Annex is the accompanying dining hall for Gibson Hall. Originally named Razorback Dining Hall, it was renamed Gibson Annex when the hall was renamed. The dining hall was constructed in the Collegiate Gothic style by Wittenberg & Deloney of Little Rock, completed in 1937. [22]

Former Men's Gymnasium

Old fieldhouse at the university. OldUAfieldhouse.jpg
Old fieldhouse at the university.

The Men's Gymnasium was built in 1937 using PWA funds by Haralson & Nelson. Using light brick and limestone, the building was built in the Collegiate Gothic style. It could hold 3,500 patrons as a stadium and 7,500 as an auditorium. [23] It housed Arkansas Razorbacks basketball until the construction of Barnhill Arena in 1954, the physical education department until 1982, and the university museum until 2003. It now contains the Arkansas Center for Space and Planetary Sciences. [24]

Memorial Hall

Memorial Hall
Memorial Hall UA.jpg
Location480 Campus Drive
Fayetteville, Arkansas
Coordinates 36°4′11″N94°10′15″W / 36.06972°N 94.17083°W / 36.06972; -94.17083
Area58,000 square feet (5,400 m2)
Built1940
Architectural styleCollegiate Gothic (front), Gothic and Classical Revival (remainder)
MPS Public Schools in the Ozarks
NRHP reference # 92001104 [2]
Added to NRHPSeptember 1992

Futrall Memorial Hall, usually just Memorial Hall, originally Student Union at the University of Arkansas is a building on the University's campus in Fayetteville, Arkansas. The building was added to the National Register of Historic Places in September 1992 as Student Union Building-University of Arkansas, Fayetteville. [25]

History

President John C. Futrall identified a need for a student union on campus and began charging students a $2 "student union fee" on their bill. That fee, coupled with Public Works Administration funding, resulted in the construction of Memorial Hall, which at the time was named Student Union. On September 12, 1939, Futrall was killed in an automobile accident, and the Board of Trustees passed a resolution to change the name to Futrall Memorial Hall. The building was still referred to as the Student Union, despite the motion.

The grand building was opened in March 1940, and featured a bookstore, restaurant, post office, confectionery, and a large ballroom with bandshell. [26] The second floor had offices for The Arkansas Traveler (the student publication). The building remained as it was for ten years, until a large three story addition was finished to provide better food services. Upon completion of the Arkansas Union in 1973, Memorial Hall became home to the psychology department, and many of the rooms were converted to classrooms. It also gained the Landscape Architecture and Air Force ROTC departments.

The Board of Trustees again changed the name to Memorial Hall in 1973, which is how it is known today. The building still houses the three listed departments to this day.

Features

Memorial Hall's interior contains many art deco features from the period of construction, including large lights near the steps of the north entrance and lots of sleek lines. The floors feature repeating patterns typical of art deco construction and the staircases appear streamlined and modern. At the west entrance to the building stand two large, mature trees. One is a Bald Cypress and the other a Southern Magnolia. Both trees date to the time of Memorial Hall's construction. [27]

Gearhart Hall

Gearhart Hall now houses offices for the Graduate School. Ozark Hall.jpg
Gearhart Hall now houses offices for the Graduate School.

Gearhart Hall (formerly known as Ozark Hall) is one of the older buildings on campus. It is home to several of the physical science departments. The building was formerly attached to the Commerce Building, and together the structure was known as the Business Administration Building. The Business Administration department moved out in 1978, and the Commerce Building was razed in 1987. [28] The building is located directly to the south of Old Main.

Home Economics Building

University of Arkansas Home Economics Building.jpg

The Home Economics Building is a two-story Collegiate Gothic classroom building, built in 1939. Its walls are cut stone, and are topped by a crenellated parapet, which obscures the tar roof. A tall entrance tower rises at the center, with a multipane lancet window at the second level and a recessed entrance at the first. [29]

Delta Gamma House

Davis Hall

Geology Building/Ordark Building

Gregson Hall

Holcombe Hall

Pi Kappa Alpha

Fine Arts Center

Fine Arts Center Landscape

Phoenix House

Phoenix House Landscape

See also

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References

  1. 1 2 Glen Bennett; Rob Yallop & Ralph S. Wilcox (May 20, 2009). "National Register of Historic Places Registration: University of Arkansas Campus Historic District" (PDF). National Park Service . Retrieved October 6, 2009. (90 pages, with maps and b&w photos)
  2. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 National Park Service (2010-07-09). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places . National Park Service.
  3. "Announcements and actions on properties for the National Register of Historic Places". Weekly Listings. National Park Service. October 2, 2009. Retrieved October 2, 2009.
  4. "The Inn at Carnal Hotel, a Historic Hotels of America member". Historic Hotels of America. Retrieved January 28, 2014.
  5. "National Register of Historic Places Registration Form - University of Arkansas Campus Historic District." National Register of Historic Places - National Park Service. Page 8. Retrieved June 23, 2010.
  6. "National Register of Historic Places Registration Form - University of Arkansas Campus Historic District." National Register of Historic Places - National Park Service. Page 10. Retrieved June 23, 2010.
  7. 1 2 3 4 "National Register of Historic Places Registration Form - University of Arkansas Campus Historic District." National Register of Historic Places - National Park Service. Page 11. Retrieved June 14, 2010.
  8. Leflar, Robert A. "The First One Hundred Years: Centennial History of the University of Arkansas," 1972.
  9. "Spoofer's Stone." Arkansas Alumni Association. Traditions. Retrieved June 14, 2010.
  10. "Senior Walk." Arkansas Alumni Association. Traditions. Retrieved June 14, 2010.
  11. "Senior Walk." University of Arkansas. Senior Walk profile. Archived 2011-08-13 at the Wayback Machine Retrieved June 15, 2010.
  12. 1 2 "National Register of Historic Places Registration Form - University of Arkansas Campus Historic District." National Register of Historic Places - National Park Service. Page 12. Retrieved June 15, 2010.
  13. "History of the Entomology Department". Dale Bumpers College of Agricultural, Food, and Life Sciences. Retrieved July 30, 2011.
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