Wansbeck (UK Parliament constituency)

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Wansbeck
County constituency
for the House of Commons
Wansbeck2007Constituency.svg
Boundary of Wansbeck in Northumberland
EnglandNorthumberland.svg
Location of Northumberland within England
County Northumberland
Electorate 62,395 (December 2010) [1]
Major settlements Morpeth, Ashington, Bedlington
Current constituency
Created 1983
Member of Parliament Ian Lavery (Labour)
Number of membersOne
Created from Morpeth and Blyth [2]
18851950
Number of membersOne
Type of constituency County constituency
Replaced by Blyth, Hexham, Morpeth and Tynemouth
Created from South Northumberland

Wansbeck is a constituency [n 1] represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2010 by Ian Lavery, a member of the Labour Party. [n 2]

Contents

History

Wansbeck was first created by the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885 as one of four single-member Divisions of the county of Northumberland. [3] It was abolished in for the 1950 general election, when it was largely replaced by the new constituency of Blyth.

The seat was re-established for the 1983 general election, largely replacing the abolished Morpeth constituency. The new version of the seat had very little in common with the version abolished in 1950; only Newbiggin-by-the-Sea and some rural areas were in both.

Boundaries

1885-1918

The Sessional Districts of:

NB included non-resident freeholders in the parliamentary borough of Morpeth

1918–1950

Gained Newburn and surrounding areas from the abolished Tyneside Division. Ashington transferred to Morpeth and a small area in north (Amble) transferred to Berwick-upon-Tweed.

Abolition

The contents of the constituency were distributed as follows:

1983-present

Wansbeck (UK Parliament constituency)
Map of current boundaries

The majority of the constituency, including Morpeth, Ashington and Newbiggin had comprised the bulk of the abolished constituency of Morpeth. Bedlington was transferred from Blyth.

2007 boundary review

In the fifth periodic boundary review of parliamentary representation in Northumberland, which came into effect for the 2010 general election, the Boundary Commission for England recommended that no changes be made to the Wansbeck constituency. [9]

In 2009, a government reorganisation resulted in the abolition of all local government boroughs and districts in Northumberland and the establishment of the county as a unitary authority. However, this has not affected the current constituency boundaries.

Constituency profile

Named after the River Wansbeck and former district of the same name, the seat has the visitor attractions of a historic main town with a castle, Morpeth and the traditional seaside town of Newbiggin. Workless claimants as registered jobseekers, with high male unemployment, which is widespread but exacerbated in the area, in November 2012, was higher than the national average of 3.8%, at 6.2% of the population based on a statistical compilation by The Guardian . This was marginally higher than the then regional average of 5.9%. [10]

Political history

1885–1950

Political history

The seat alternated in accordance with the national trend in strong mining communities outside of South Yorkshire, which as such saw significant early Labour support, and, in the 1931 and 1935 elections, led to a general transfer of loyalty to the Conservative Party, ushering in a return to Labour support at the next contested election in 1945.

Prominent frontbenchers

Alfred Robens represented the area in the Attlee ministry and towards the end of the year of Attlee's more marginal victory (1950–51) served as Minister of Labour and National Service. He then in 1951 won instead the newly created Blyth seat to the immediate south. In 1955 he became Shadow Foreign Secretary until an unimpressive performance in predicting and reacting to events in the Suez Crisis in 1956. However, in a position which would span the period 1961 until 1971, he became Chairman of the National Coal Board (and Lord Robens) and oversaw substantial cuts in the mining industry. During this period he co-authored the Robens Report that followed his difficult but practical risk management of the coal mining sector, including accepting some culpability in the Aberfan Disaster. This led, with the ministry of Barbara Castle's adjustments, to the Health and Safety at Work Act 1974 which set up the Health and Safety Executive and remains the foundation of this area of English law.

1983-date

The constituency has been held solely by Labour since its recreation, during which time its history presents a safe seat. However, in 2019 - in line with the huge swing in their favour in traditional Labour seats in the North and Midlands - the Conservatives reduced the Labour majority to an unprecedentedly low three-figure total.

Members of Parliament

MPs 1885–1950

ElectionMember [11] Party
1885 Charles Fenwick Liberal
1918 Robert Mason Liberal
1919 Coalition Liberal
1922 George Warne Labour
1929 George Shield Labour
1931 Bernard Cruddas Conservative
1940 Donald Scott Conservative
1945 Alfred Robens Labour
1950 Constituency abolished

MPs since 1983

ElectionMember [11] Party
1983 Jack Thompson Labour
1997 Denis Murphy Labour
2010 Ian Lavery Labour

Elections

Elections in the 2010s

General election 2019: Wansbeck [12]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Ian Lavery 17,124 42.3 Decrease2.svg15.0
Conservative Jack Gebhard16,31040.3Increase2.svg7.6
Brexit Party Eden Webley3,1417.8New
Liberal Democrats Stephen Psallidas2,5396.3Increase2.svg1.6
Green Steven Leyland1,2173.0Increase2.svg1.3
CPA Michael Flynn1780.4New
Majority8142.0Decrease2.svg22.6
Turnout 40,50964.0Decrease2.svg4.4
Labour hold Swing Decrease2.svg11.3
General election 2017: Wansbeck [13]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Ian Lavery 24,338 57.3 +7.3
Conservative Chris Galley13,90332.7+10.9
Liberal Democrats Joan Tebbutt2,0154.7−1.5
UKIP Melanie Hurst1,4833.5-14.7
Green Steven Leyland7151.7−2.1
Majority10,43524.6-3.6
Turnout 42,45468.4+4.8
Labour hold Swing −1.8
General election 2015: Wansbeck [14]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Ian Lavery 19,267 50.0 +4.1
Conservative Chris Galley8,38621.8+4.3
UKIP Melanie Hurst7,01418.2+15.7
Liberal Democrats Tom Hancock2,4076.2−21.3
Green Christopher Hedley1,4543.8+2.2
Majority10,88128.2+9.8
Turnout 38,52863.6+2.9
Labour hold Swing 0.0
General election 2010: Wansbeck [15]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Ian Lavery 17,548 45.9 −9.3
Liberal Democrats Simon Reed10,51727.5+1.1
Conservative Campbell Storey6,71417.5+2.5
BNP Stephen Finlay1,4813.7New
UKIP Linda-Lee Stokoe9742.5New
Green Nic Best6011.6−1.8
Independent Malcolm Reid3590.9New
Christian Michael Flynn1420.4New
Majority7,03118.4−10.4
Turnout 38,27360.7+2.3
Labour hold Swing −5.2

Elections in the 2000s

General election 2005: Wansbeck [16]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Denis Murphy 20,315 55.2 −2.6
Liberal Democrats Simon Reed9,73426.4+3.6
Conservative Ginny Scrope5,51515.0+2.2
Green Nic Best1,2453.4+0.9
Majority10,58128.8−6.2
Turnout 36,80958.4−0.9
Labour hold Swing −3.1
General election 2001: Wansbeck [17]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Denis Murphy 21,617 57.8 −7.7
Liberal Democrats Alan Thompson8,51622.8+6.9
Conservative Rachael Lake4,77412.8−1.1
Independent Michael Kirkup1,0762.9New
Green Nic Best9542.5+0.4
UKIP Gavin Attwell4821.3New
Majority13,10135.0−14.6
Turnout 37,41959.3−12.4
Labour hold Swing −7.3

Elections in the 1990s

General election 1997: Wansbeck [18]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Denis Murphy 29,569 65.5 +5.8
Liberal Democrats Alan Thompson7,20215.9+0.6
Conservative Paul V. Green6,29913.9−9.7
Referendum Peter H. Gompertz1,1462.5New
Green Nic Best9562.1+0.7
Majority22,36749.6+13.5
Turnout 45,17271.7−7.6
Labour hold Swing +7.8
General election 1992: Wansbeck [19] [20]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Jack Thompson 30,046 59.7 +2.2
Conservative Glen Sanderson11,87223.6+4.2
Liberal Democrats Brian C. Priestley7,69115.3−7.8
Green Nic Best7101.4New
Majority18,17436.1+1.7
Turnout 50,31979.3+1.3
Labour hold Swing +5.0

Elections in the 1980s

General election 1987: Wansbeck [21]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Jack Thompson 28,080 57.5 +10.5
Liberal Sarah Mitchell11,29123.1−7.0
Conservative David Walton9,49019.4−3.5
Majority16,78934.4+17.4
Turnout 48,86178.0+5.2
Labour hold Swing +8.8
General election 1983: Wansbeck [22]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Jack Thompson 21,732 47.0
Liberal Alan Thompson13,90130.1
Conservative C.H.W. Mitchell10,56322.9
Majority7,83117.0
Turnout 46,19672.8
Labour win (new seat)

Elections in the 1940s

General election 1945: Wansbeck
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Alfred Robens 40,94860.00
Conservative Donald Scott 27,29540.00
Majority13,65320.00N/A
Turnout 67,79377.69
Labour gain from Conservative Swing
1940 Wansbeck by-election
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Conservative Donald Scott Unopposed N/AN/A
Conservative hold Swing N/A

Elections in the 1930s

General election 1935: Wansbeck
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Conservative Bernard Cruddas 30,85950.79
Labour Edward Dowling29,90449.21
Majority9551.58
Turnout 60,76379.59
Conservative hold Swing
General election 1931: Wansbeck
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Conservative Bernard Cruddas 33,65958.25
Labour George Shield 24,12641.75
Majority9,53316.50N/A
Turnout 57,78581.86
Conservative gain from Labour Swing

Elections in the 1920s

General election 1929: Wansbeck
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour George Shield 27,930 54.5 +1.6
Unionist Bernard Cruddas 17,05633.213.9
Liberal Frederick Waudby6,33012.3New
Majority10,87421.2+15.4
Turnout 34,26076.13.3
Registered electors 67,390
Labour hold Swing +7.8
1929 Wansbeck by-election
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour George Shield 20,398 58.0 +5.1
Unionist Ian Moffat-Pender9,61227.3−19.8
Liberal Harry Briggs 5,18314.7New
Majority10,78630.7+24.9
Turnout 35,19365.3−14.1
Registered electors 53,886
Labour hold Swing +12.5
General election 1924: Wansbeck
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour George Warne 21,159 52.9 3.9
Unionist M.K. Middleton18,87547.1+3.9
Majority2,2845.87.8
Turnout 40,03479.4+11.0
Registered electors 50,446
Labour hold Swing 3.9
General election 1923: Wansbeck
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour George Warne 18,583 56.8 +11.6
Unionist Hilton Philipson 14,13143.2+11.8
Majority4,45213.60.2
Turnout 32,71468.48.2
Registered electors 47,828
Labour hold Swing 0.1
General election 1922: Wansbeck
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour George Warne 16,032 45.2 +2.1
Unionist R. White11,14931.4New
National Liberal John Neal 5,19214.6New
Liberal Matthew Davey3,1348.848.1
Majority4,88313.8N/A
Turnout 35,50776.6+18.7
Registered electors 46,354
Labour gain from Liberal Swing +25.1

Election results 1885–1918

Elections in the 1880s

Fenwick Charles Fenwick.jpg
Fenwick
General election 1885: Wansbeck [23] [24] [25]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Lib-Lab Charles Fenwick 5,858 68.4
Conservative John Blencowe Cookson2,70331.6
Majority3,15536.8
Turnout 8,56182.4
Registered electors 10,392
Lib-Lab win (new seat)
General election 1886: Wansbeck [23] [25]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Lib-Lab Charles Fenwick 5,235 75.4 +7.0
Liberal Unionist William Wight1,71024.67.0
Majority3,52550.8+14.0
Turnout 6,94566.815.6
Registered electors 10,392
Lib-Lab hold Swing +7.0

Elections in the 1890s

General election 1892: Wansbeck [23] [25]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Lib-Lab Charles Fenwick 5,696 66.1 9.3
Conservative Seymour McCalmont Hill2,92033.9+9.3
Majority2,77632.218.6
Turnout 8,61676.2+9.4
Registered electors 11,304
Lib-Lab hold Swing 9.3
General election 1895: Wansbeck [23] [26] [25]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Lib-Lab Charles Fenwick 5,629 69.9 +3.8
Conservative Joseph John Harris2,42230.13.8
Majority3,20739.8+7.6
Turnout 8,05165.810.4
Registered electors 12,234
Lib-Lab hold Swing +3.8

Elections in the 1900s

Fenwick Charles Fenwick.JPG
Fenwick
General election 1900: Wansbeck [23] [26] [25]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Lib-Lab Charles Fenwick 5,474 56.1 13.8
Conservative J Stanley Appleby4,28343.9+13.8
Majority1,19112.227.6
Turnout 9,75768.8+3.0
Registered electors 14,179
Lib-Lab hold Swing 13.8
General election 1906: Wansbeck [23] [25]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Lib-Lab Charles Fenwick 10,386 76.4 +20.3
Conservative Walter Riddell 3,21023.620.3
Majority7,17652.8+40.6
Turnout 13,59677.6+8.8
Registered electors 17,529
Lib-Lab hold Swing +20.3

Elections in the 1910s

General election January 1910: Wansbeck [27] [25]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Lib-Lab Charles Fenwick 10,872 70.0 6.4
Conservative Charles Percy 4,65030.0+6.4
Majority6,22240.012.8
Turnout 15,52281.6+4.0
Registered electors 19,028
Lib-Lab hold Swing 6.8
General election December 1910: Wansbeck [27] [25]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Lib-Lab Charles Fenwick Unopposed
Lib-Lab hold

General Election 1914–15:

Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1915. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by July 1914, the following candidates had been selected;

1918 Wansbeck by-election
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Liberal Robert Mason 5,814 52.5 N/A
Independent Labour Ebenezer Edwards [n 3] 5,26747.5New
Majority5475.0N/A
Turnout 11,08151.3N/A
Registered electors 21,602
Liberal hold Swing N/A
General election 1918: Wansbeck [28]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
C Liberal Robert Mason 14,06556.9N/A
Labour Ebby Edwards 10,66643.1New
Majority3,39913.8N/A
Turnout 24,73157.9N/A
Registered electors 42,750
Liberal gain from Lib-Lab Swing N/A
Cindicates candidate endorsed by the coalition government.

See also

Notes

  1. A county constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
  2. As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
  3. Edwards was the nominee of the Northumberland Miners' Association and was supported by the Miners' Federation of Great Britain. However, due to the War-time electoral pact, he was not endorsed by Labour's national executive

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References

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Sources