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|1385 by topic|
|Birth and death categories|
|Births – Deaths|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Establishments – Disestablishments|
|Art and literature|
|1385 in poetry|
|Ab urbe condita||2138|
|Balinese saka calendar||1306–1307|
|English Regnal year||8 Ric. 2 – 9 Ric. 2|
|Chinese calendar|| 甲子年 (Wood Rat)|
4081 or 4021
— to —
乙丑年 (Wood Ox)
4082 or 4022
|- Vikram Samvat||1441–1442|
|- Shaka Samvat||1306–1307|
|- Kali Yuga||4485–4486|
|Japanese calendar|| Shitoku 2|
|Minguo calendar||527 before ROC |
|Thai solar calendar||1927–1928|
1511 or 1130 or 358
— to —
1512 or 1131 or 359
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1385 .|
Year 1385 ( MCCCLXXXV ) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Roman numerals are a numeral system that originated in ancient Rome and remained the usual way of writing numbers throughout Europe well into the Late Middle Ages. Numbers in this system are represented by combinations of letters from the Latin alphabet. Modern usage employs seven symbols, each with a fixed integer value:
A common year starting on Sunday is any non-leap year that begins on Sunday, 1 January, and ends on Sunday, 31 December. Its dominical letter hence is A. The most recent year of such kind was 2017 and the next one will be 2023 in the Gregorian calendar, or, likewise, 2018 and 2029 in the obsolete Julian calendar, see below for more. Any common year that starts on Sunday, Monday or Tuesday has two Friday the 13ths. This common year contains two Friday the 13ths in January and October.
The Julian calendar, proposed by Julius Caesar in 708 AUC (46 BC/BCE), was a reform of the Roman calendar. It took effect on 1 January 709 AUC (45 BC/BCE), by edict. It was the predominant calendar in the Roman world, most of Europe, and in European settlements in the Americas and elsewhere, until it was gradually replaced by the Gregorian calendar, promulgated in 1582 by Pope Gregory XIII.
The Battle of Aljubarrota was a battle fought between the Kingdom of Portugal and the Crown of Castile on 14 August 1385. Forces commanded by King John I of Portugal and his general Nuno Álvares Pereira, with the support of English allies, opposed the army of King John I of Castile with its Aragonese, Italian and French allies at São Jorge, between the towns of Leiria and Alcobaça, in central Portugal. The result was a decisive victory for the Portuguese, ruling out Castilian ambitions to the Portuguese throne, ending the 1383–85 Crisis and assuring John as King of Portugal.
John I was king of the Crown of Castile from 1379 until 1390. He was the son of Henry II and of his wife Juana Manuel of Castile. He was the last monarch of Castile to receive a formal coronation.
John I, also called John of Aviz, was King of Portugal from 1385 until his death in 1433. He is recognized chiefly for his role in Portugal's victory in a succession war with Castile, preserving his country's independence and establishing the Aviz dynasty on the Portuguese throne. His long reign of 48 years, the most extensive of all Portuguese monarchs, saw the beginning of Portugal's overseas expansion. John's well-remembered reign in his country earned him the epithet of Fond Memory ; he was also referred to as "the Good", sometimes "the Great", and more rarely, especially in Spain, as "the Bastard" (Bastardo).
July 17 is the 198th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. 167 days remain until the end of the year.
Charles VI, called the Beloved and the Mad, was King of France for 42 years from 1380, until his death.
Isabeau of Bavaria was born into the House of Wittelsbach as the eldest daughter of Duke Stephen III of Bavaria-Ingolstadt and Taddea Visconti of Milan. She became Queen of France when she married King Charles VI in 1385. At age 15 or 16, Isabeau was sent to France on approval to the young French king; the couple wed three days after their first meeting.
The Castello Estense or castello di San Michele is a moated medieval castle in the center of Ferrara, northern Italy. It consists of a large block with four corner towers.
Ferrara is a city and comune in Emilia-Romagna, northern Italy, capital of the Province of Ferrara. As of 2016 it had 132,009 inhabitants. It is situated 44 kilometres northeast of Bologna, on the Po di Volano, a branch channel of the main stream of the Po River, located 5 km north. The town has broad streets and numerous palaces dating from the Renaissance, when it hosted the court of the House of Este. For its beauty and cultural importance, it has been designated by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site.
Bodiam Castle is a 14th-century moated castle near Robertsbridge in East Sussex, England. It was built in 1385 by Sir Edward Dalyngrigge, a former knight of Edward III, with the permission of Richard II, ostensibly to defend the area against French invasion during the Hundred Years' War. Of quadrangular plan, Bodiam Castle has no keep, having its various chambers built around the outer defensive walls and inner courts. Its corners and entrance are marked by towers, and topped by crenellations. Its structure, details and situation in an artificial watery landscape indicate that display was an important aspect of the castle's design as well as defence. It was the home of the Dalyngrigge family and the centre of the manor of Bodiam.
Tokhtamysh a prominent khan of the Blue Horde, briefly unified the White Horde and Blue Horde subdivisions of the Golden Horde into a single state. He descended from Genghis Khan's grandson, Tuqa-Timur.
The Golden Horde,Ulug Ulus was originally a Mongol and later Turkicized khanate established in the 13th century and originating as the northwestern sector of the Mongol Empire. With the fragmentation of the Mongol Empire after 1259 it became a functionally separate khanate. It is also known as the Kipchak Khanate or as the Ulus of Jochi.
Timur, sometimes spelled Taimur and historically best known as Amir Timur or Tamerlane, was a Turco-Mongol Persianate conqueror. As the founder of the Timurid Empire in and around modern-day Iran and Central Asia, he became the first ruler of the Timurid dynasty. According to John Joseph Saunders, Timur was "the product of an Islamized and Iranized society", and not steppe nomadic.
June 23 is the 174th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. 191 days remain until the end of the year.
Stephen of Simmern-Zweibrücken was Count Palatine of Simmern and Zweibrücken from 1410 until his death in 1459.
Year 1459 (MCDLIX) was a common year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar.
Year 1402 (MCDII) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar.
Year 1421 (MCDXXI) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar.
Year 1469 (MCDLXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar.
The 1460s decade ran from January 1, 1460, to December 31, 1469.
The 1380s was a decade of the Julian Calendar which began on January 1, 1380, and ended on December 31, 1389.
Year 1506 (MDVI) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar.
Year 1458 (MCDLVIII) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar.
The 1580s decade ran from January 1, 1580, to December 31, 1589.
Year 1382 (MCCCLXXXII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar.
Year 1580 (MDLXXX) was a leap year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar, and a leap year starting on Tuesday of the Proleptic Gregorian calendar.
Year 1513 (MDXIII) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar.
Year 1362 (MCCCLXII) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar.
Year 1377 (MCCCLXXVII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar.
Year 1386 (MCCCLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar.
Year 1387 (MCCCLXXXVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar.
Year 1399 (MCCCXCIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar.
Year 1430 (MCDXXX) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar.
The 1383–1385 Portuguese interregnum was a time of civil war in Portuguese history when no crowned king reigned. It began when King Ferdinand I died without a male heir, and ended when King John I was crowned in 1385 after his victory in the Battle of Aljubarrota. Portuguese interpret this era as their earliest national resistance movement countering Castilian intervention; Robert Durand considers it the "great revealer of national consciousness." Bourgeoisie and nobility worked together to establish the Aviz dynasty securely on an independent throne, unlike the lengthy civil wars in France known as the Hundred Years' War, and England as the War of the Roses, where aristocratic factions fought powerfully against a centralised monarchy.
The House of Aviz known as the Joanine Dynasty was the second dynasty of the kings of Portugal. In 1385, the Interregnum of the 1383-1385 crisis ended when the Cortes of Coimbra proclaimed the Master of the monastic military Order of Aviz as King John I. John was the natural (illegitimate) son of King Peter I and Dona Teresa Lourenço, and so was half-brother to the last king of the Portuguese House of Burgundy or Afonsine Dynasty, Ferdinand I of Portugal. The House of Aviz continued to rule Portugal until Philip II of Spain inherited the Portuguese crown with the Portuguese succession crisis of 1580.
The 1400s ran from January 1, 1400, to December 31, 1409.