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|1461 by topic|
|Arts and science|
|Birth and death categories|
|Births – Deaths|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Establishments – Disestablishments|
|Art and literature|
|1461 in poetry|
|Ab urbe condita||2214|
|Balinese saka calendar||1382–1383|
|English Regnal year||39 Hen. 6 – 1 Edw. 4|
|Chinese calendar|| 庚辰年 (Metal Dragon)|
4157 or 4097
— to —
辛巳年 (Metal Snake)
4158 or 4098
|- Vikram Samvat||1517–1518|
|- Shaka Samvat||1382–1383|
|- Kali Yuga||4561–4562|
|Japanese calendar|| Kanshō 2|
|Minguo calendar||451 before ROC |
|Thai solar calendar||2003–2004|
1587 or 1206 or 434
— to —
1588 or 1207 or 435
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1461 .|
Year 1461 ( MCDLXI ) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
The numeric system represented by Roman numerals originated in ancient Rome and remained the usual way of writing numbers throughout Europe well into the Late Middle Ages. Numbers in this system are represented by combinations of letters from the Latin alphabet. Roman numerals, as used today, employ seven symbols, each with a fixed integer value, as follows:
A common year starting on Thursday is any non-leap year that begins on Thursday, 1 January, and ends on Thursday, 31 December. Its dominical letter hence is D. The most recent year of such kind was 2015 and the next one will be 2026 in the Gregorian calendar or, likewise, 2010 and 2021 in the obsolete Julian calendar, see below for more. This common year contains the most Friday the 13ths; specifically, the months of February, March, and November. Leap years starting on Sunday share this characteristic. From February until March in this type of year is also the shortest period that occurs within a Friday the 13th.
The Julian calendar, proposed by Julius Caesar in 46 BC, was a reform of the Roman calendar. It took effect on 1 January 45 BC, by edict. It was the predominant calendar in the Roman world, most of Europe, and in European settlements in the Americas and elsewhere, until it was refined and gradually replaced by the Gregorian calendar, promulgated in 1582 by Pope Gregory XIII.
February 2 is the 33rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 332 days remaining until the end of the year.
The Battle of Mortimer's Cross was fought on 2 February 1461 near Wigmore, Herefordshire, not far from the Welsh border. It was a major battle of the Wars of the Roses. The opposing forces were an army led by Jasper Tudor and his father, Owen Tudor, and other nobles loyal to the King Henry VI of the House of Lancaster, his Queen Margaret of Anjou and their seven-year-old son Edward, Prince of Wales on one side, and the army of Edward, Earl of March. Some sources say it was fought on 3 February, and the exact location has been the subject of some speculation.
Edward IV was the King of England from 4 March 1461 to 3 October 1470, and again from 11 April 1471 until his death. He was the first Yorkist King of England. The first half of his rule was marred by the violence associated with the Wars of the Roses, but he overcame the Lancastrian challenge to the throne at Tewkesbury in 1471 to reign in peace until his sudden death. Before becoming king, he was Duke of York, Earl of March, Earl of Cambridge and Earl of Ulster.
Cirencester Grammar School (CGS) was a grammar school in Cirencester, Gloucestershire, England, founded in about 1461 and closed in 1966.
The Bishop of Durham is the Anglican bishop responsible for the Diocese of Durham in the Province of York. The diocese is one of the oldest in England and its bishop is a member of the House of Lords. Paul Butler has been the Bishop of Durham since his election was confirmed at York Minster on 20 January 2014. The previous bishop was Justin Welby, Archbishop of Canterbury. The bishop is one of two who escort the sovereign at the coronation.
Leonardo di ser Piero da Vinci, more commonly Leonardo da Vinci or simply Leonardo, was an Italian polymath of the Renaissance whose areas of interest included invention, drawing, painting, sculpting, architecture, science, music, mathematics, engineering, literature, anatomy, geology, astronomy, botany, writing, history, and cartography. He has been variously called the father of palaeontology, ichnology, and architecture, and he is widely considered one of the greatest painters of all time. Sometimes credited with the inventions of the parachute, helicopter, and tank, he epitomised the Renaissance humanist ideal.
Alessandro Alessandri also known as Alexander ab Alexandro (1461–1523) was a Neapolitan lawyer of great learning, who flourished towards the end of the fifteenth and beginning of the sixteenth century, was descended of the ancient and noble family of the Alexandri of Naples.
Year 1523 (MDXXIII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar.
Bohuslav Hasištejnský z Lobkovic was a Czech nobleman, writer and humanist of old Bohemian family of Lobkovic.
February 6 is the 37th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 328 days remaining until the end of the year.
Džore Držić was a Croatian poet and playwright, one of the fathers of Croatian literature.
Year 1501 (MDI) was a common year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar.
Sir Owen Tudor was a Welsh courtier and the second husband of Catherine of Valois (1401–1437), Henry V's widow. He was the grandfather of Henry VII, founder of the Tudor dynasty. Owen was a descendant of a prominent family from Penmynydd on the Isle of Anglesey, which traces its lineage back to Ednyfed Fychan, a Welsh official and seneschal to the Kingdom of Gwynedd. Tudor's grandfather, Tudur ap Goronwy, married Margaret, daughter of Thomas ap Llywelyn ab Owain of Cardiganshire, the last male of the princely house of Deheubarth. Margaret's elder sister married Gruffudd Fychan of Glyndyfrdwy, whose son was Owain Glyndŵr. Owen's father, Maredudd ap Tudur, and his uncles were prominent in Owain Glyndŵr's revolt against English rule, the Glyndŵr Rising.
March 28 is the 87th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 278 days remaining until the end of the year.
March 29 is the 88th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 277 days remaining until the end of the year.
The 15th century was the century which spans the Julian years 1401 to 1500.
The 1460s decade ran from January 1, 1460, to December 31, 1469.
Year 1473 (MCDLXXIII) was a common year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar.
Year 1471 (MCDLXXI) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar.
Year 1459 (MCDLIX) was a common year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar.
Year 1513 (MDXIII) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar.
Year 1490 (MCDXC) was a common year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar.
Year 1488 (MCDLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar.
Year 1470 (MCDLXX) was a common year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar.
Year 1460 (MCDLX) was a leap year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar.
Year 1455 (MCDLV) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar.
Year 1442 (MCDXLII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar.
Year 1449 (MCDXLIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar.
The House of Lancaster was the name of two cadet branches of the royal House of Plantagenet. The first house was created when Henry III of England created the Earldom of Lancaster—from which the house was named—for his second son Edmund Crouchback in 1267. Edmund had already been created Earl of Leicester in 1265 and was granted the lands and privileges of Simon de Montfort, 6th Earl of Leicester, after de Montfort's death and attainder at the end of the Second Barons' War. When Edmund's son Thomas, 2nd Earl of Lancaster, inherited his father-in-law's estates and title of Earl of Lincoln he became at a stroke the most powerful nobleman in England, with lands throughout the kingdom and the ability to raise vast private armies to wield power at national and local levels. This brought him—and Henry, his younger brother—into conflict with their cousin Edward II of England, leading to Thomas's execution. Henry inherited Thomas's titles and he and his son, who was also called Henry, gave loyal service to Edward's son—Edward III of England.
Francis II of Brittany was Duke of Brittany from 1458 to his death. He was the grandson of John IV, Duke of Brittany. A recurring theme in Francis' life would be his quest to maintain the quasi-independence of Brittany from France. As such, his reign was characterized by conflicts with King Louis XI of France and with his daughter, Anne of France, who served as regent during the minority of her brother, King Charles VIII. The armed and unarmed conflicts between 1484–1488 have been called the Mad War and also the "War of the Public Weal".
Events from the 1460s in England.
Events from the 1470s in England.
Events from the 1480s in England. This decade marks the beginning of the Tudor period.
The Wars of the Roses were a series of English civil wars for control of the throne of England fought between supporters of two rival branches of the royal House of Plantagenet: the House of Lancaster, associated with a red rose, and the House of York, whose symbol was a white rose. Eventually, the wars eliminated the male lines of both families. The conflict lasted through many sporadic episodes between 1455 and 1487, but there was related fighting before and after this period between the parties. The power struggle ignited around social and financial troubles following the Hundred Years' War, unfolding the structural problems of feudalism, combined with the mental infirmity and weak rule of King Henry VI which revived interest in Richard of York's claim to the throne. Historians disagree on which of these factors to identify as the main reason for the wars.