1423

Last updated

Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries:
Decades:
Years:
1423 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar 1423
MCDXXIII
Ab urbe condita 2176
Armenian calendar 872
ԹՎ ՊՀԲ
Assyrian calendar 6173
Balinese saka calendar 1344–1345
Bengali calendar 830
Berber calendar 2373
English Regnal year 1  Hen. 6   2  Hen. 6
Buddhist calendar 1967
Burmese calendar 785
Byzantine calendar 6931–6932
Chinese calendar 壬寅(Water  Tiger)
4119 or 4059
     to 
癸卯年 (Water  Rabbit)
4120 or 4060
Coptic calendar 1139–1140
Discordian calendar 2589
Ethiopian calendar 1415–1416
Hebrew calendar 5183–5184
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 1479–1480
 - Shaka Samvat 1344–1345
 - Kali Yuga 4523–4524
Holocene calendar 11423
Igbo calendar 423–424
Iranian calendar 801–802
Islamic calendar 826–827
Japanese calendar Ōei 30
(応永30年)
Javanese calendar 1337–1338
Julian calendar 1423
MCDXXIII
Korean calendar 3756
Minguo calendar 489 before ROC
民前489年
Nanakshahi calendar −45
Thai solar calendar 1965–1966
Tibetan calendar 阳水虎年
(male Water-Tiger)
1549 or 1168 or 396
     to 
阴水兔年
(female Water-Rabbit)
1550 or 1169 or 397

Year 1423 ( MCDXXIII ) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

Roman numerals Numbers in the Roman numeral system

The numeric system represented by Roman numerals originated in ancient Rome and remained the usual way of writing numbers throughout Europe well into the Late Middle Ages. Numbers in this system are represented by combinations of letters from the Latin alphabet. Roman numerals, as used today, employ seven symbols, each with a fixed integer value, as follows:

A common year starting on Friday is any non-leap year that begins on Friday, 1 January, and ends on Friday, 31 December. Its dominical letter hence is C. The most recent year of such kind was 2010 and the next one will be 2021 in the Gregorian calendar, or, likewise, 2011 and 2022 in the obsolete Julian calendar. The century year, 2100, will also be a common year starting on Friday in the Gregorian calendar. See below for more. Any common year that starts on Wednesday, Friday or Saturday has only one Friday the 13th; The only Friday the 13th in this common year occurs in August. Leap years starting on Thursday share this characteristic, but also have another one in February.

The Julian calendar, proposed by Julius Caesar in 46 BC, was a reform of the Roman calendar. It took effect on 1 January 45 BC, by edict. It was the predominant calendar in the Roman world, most of Europe, and in European settlements in the Americas and elsewhere, until it was refined and gradually replaced by the Gregorian calendar, promulgated in 1582 by Pope Gregory XIII.

Contents

Events

JanuaryDecember

April 27 is the 117th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 248 days remaining until the end of the year.

Hussite Wars 15th-century wars fought between Christian Hussites and Catholic forces

The Hussite Wars, also called the Bohemian Wars or the Hussite Revolution, were fought between the Christian Hussites and the combined Christian Catholic forces of Sigismund, Holy Roman Emperor, the Papacy and various European monarchs loyal to the Catholic Church, as well as among various Hussite factions themselves. After initial clashes, the Utraquists changed sides in 1423 to fight alongside Roman Catholics and opposed the Taborites and other Hussite spinoffs. These wars lasted from 1419 to approximately 1434.

The Battle of Hořice was fought on April 27, 1423, between the Orebites faction of the Hussites and Bohemian Catholics. The Hussites were led by Jan Žižka, while the Catholics were led by multiple convertite Čeněk of Wartenberg. The battle took place on the Gothard plateau, near Hořice. Thanks to a strategic position, which allowed perfect use of Hussite war wagons and Žižka's tactical skills, the Hussites eventually won this battle.

Date unknown

Pamplona Place in Navarre, Spain

Pamplona or Iruña is the capital city of the Autonomous Community of Navarre, in Spain, and historically also of the former Kingdom of Navarre. Pamplona is also the second largest city in the greater Basque cultural region, composed of two Spanish autonomous communities, Navarre and Basque Country, and the French Basque Country.

Dan II of Wallachia Voivode of Wallachia

Dan II was a voivode of the principality of Wallachia, ruling an extraordinary five times, and succeeded four times by Radu II Chelul, his rival for the throne. Of those five periods on the throne of Wallachia, four were within a period of only seven years.

Births

April 4 is the 94th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 271 days remaining until the end of the year.

Year 1472 (MCDLXXII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar.

May 18 is the 138th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 227 days remaining until the end of the year.

Deaths

January 23 is the 23rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 342 days remaining until the end of the year.

Margaret of Bavaria Regent of the Burgundian low countries

Margaret of Bavaria,, was Duchess consort of Burgundy by marriage to John the Fearless, Duke of Burgundy. She was the regent of the Burgundian Low countries during the absence of her spouse in 1404–1419 and the regent in French Burgundy during the absence of her son in 1419–1423. She became most known for her successful defense of French Burgundy against John IV, Count of Armagnac in 1419.

Year 1363 (MCCCLXIII) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar.

Related Research Articles

15th century Century

The 15th century was the century which spans the Julian years 1401 to 1500.

1617 Year

1617 (MDCXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar, the 1617th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 617th year of the 2nd millennium, the 17th year of the 17th century, and the 8th year of the 1610s decade. As of the start of 1617, the Gregorian calendar was 10 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

1593 Year

1593 (MDXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar, the 1593rd year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 593rd year of the 2nd millennium, the 93rd year of the 16th century, and the 4th year of the 1590s decade. As of the start of 1593, the Gregorian calendar was 10 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

1394 Year

Year 1394 (MCCCXCIV) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar.

Year 1431 (MCDXXXI) was a common year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar.

Year 1461 (MCDLXI) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar.

The 1420s decade ran from January 1, 1420, to December 31, 1429.

1545 Year

Year 1545 (MDXLV) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar.

Year 1475 (MCDLXXV) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar.

Year 1452 (MCDLII) was a leap year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar.

1430 Year

Year 1430 (MCDXXX) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar.

1435 Year

Year 1435 (MCDXXXV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar.

Year 1442 (MCDXLII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar.

Year 1446 (MCDXLVI) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar. It is one of eight years (CE) to contain each Roman numeral once.

Year 1449 (MCDXLIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar.

Gjergj Arianiti Albanian nobleman

Gjergj Arianiti or George Aryaniti (1383–1462) was an Albanian lord who led several campaigns against the Ottoman Empire. He was father of Donika, the ally of Scanderbeg, as well as great uncle of Moisi Arianit Golemi. Gjergj Arianiti is enumerated in Albanian folk tellings. Gjergj Arianiti was Skanderbeg's ally within League of Lezhë only for a short period of time because he abandoned their alliance after the defeat in Berat in 1450. Robert Elsie emphasizes that Arianiti was often Skanderbeg's rival who allied with the Kingdom of Naples in 1446, left his alliance with Skanderbeg by 1449 and allied with Venice in 1456.

Mahmud Pasha Angelović Grand Vizier of the Ottoman Empire

Mahmud Pasha Angelović was the Grand Vizier of the Ottoman Empire from 1456 to 1466 and again from 1472 to 1474, who also wrote Persian and Turkish poems under the pseudonym Adni.

Turahanoğlu Ömer Bey was an Ottoman general and governor. The son of the famed Turahan Bey, he was active chiefly in southern Greece: he fought in the Morea against both the Byzantines in the 1440s and 1450s and against the Venetians in the 1460s, while in 1456, he conquered the Latin Duchy of Athens. He also fought in Albania, north-east Italy, Wallachia and Anatolia.

References

  1. Babinger, Franz (1993) [1913–1936]. "Turakhān Beg". In Houtsma, Martijn Theodoor. E.J. Brill's First Encyclopaedia of Islam. VIII. Leiden: Brill. pp. 876–878. ISBN   90-04-09796-1.