1882 Canadian federal election

Last updated
1882 Canadian federal election
Canadian Red Ensign (1868-1921).svg
  1878 June 20, 1882 1887  

211 seats in the House of Commons
106 seats needed for a majority
Turnout70.3% [1] (Increase2.svg1.2pp)
 First partySecond party
  Sir John A Macdonald circa 1878 retouched.jpg Edward Blake.jpg
Leader John A. Macdonald Edward Blake
Party Conservative Liberal
Leader since18671880
Leader's seat Carleton Durham West
Last election134 seats, 42.1%63 seats, 33.1%
Seats won13373
Seat changeDecrease2.svg1Increase2.svg10
Popular vote208,544160,574
Percentage40.4%31.1%
SwingDecrease2.svg1.7%Decrease2.svg2.0%

Prime Minister before election

John A. Macdonald
Conservative

Prime Minister after election

John A. Macdonald
Conservative

The 1882 Canadian federal election was held on June 20, 1882, to elect members of the House of Commons of Canada of the 5th Parliament of Canada.

House of Commons of Canada Lower house of the Canadian Parliament

The House of Commons of Canada is the lower chamber of the bicameral Parliament of Canada, along with the sovereign and the Senate of Canada. The House of Commons currently meets in a temporary Commons chamber in the West Block of the parliament buildings on Parliament Hill in Ottawa, while the Centre Block, which houses the traditional Commons chamber, undergoes a ten-year renovation.

5th Canadian Parliament

The 5th Canadian Parliament was in session from February 8, 1883, until January 15, 1887. The membership was set by the 1882 federal election on June 20, 1882. It was dissolved prior to the 1887 election. It was controlled by a Conservative/Liberal-Conservative majority under Prime Minister Sir John A. Macdonald and the 3rd Canadian Ministry. The Official Opposition was the Liberal Party, led by Edward Blake.

Canada Country in North America

Canada is a country in the northern part of North America. Its ten provinces and three territories extend from the Atlantic to the Pacific and northward into the Arctic Ocean, covering 9.98 million square kilometres, making it the world's second-largest country by total area. Its southern border with the United States, stretching some 8,891 kilometres (5,525 mi), is the world's longest bi-national land border. Canada's capital is Ottawa, and its three largest metropolitan areas are Toronto, Montreal, and Vancouver.

Contents

Prime Minister Sir John A. Macdonald's Conservatives and Liberal-Conservatives retained power, defeating the Liberal Party of Edward Blake.

Prime Minister of Canada Head of government for Canada

The prime minister of Canada is the primary Minister of the Crown, chair of the Cabinet, and Canada's head of government. The current, and 23rd, prime minister of Canada is the Liberal Party's Justin Trudeau, following the 2019 Canadian federal election. Canadian prime ministers are styled as The Right Honourable, a privilege maintained for life.

John A. Macdonald 1st Prime Minister of Canada

Sir John Alexander Macdonald was the first prime minister of Canada. The dominant figure of Canadian Confederation, he had a political career which spanned almost half a century.

Liberal Party of Canada oldest federal political party in Canada

The Liberal Party of Canada is the oldest and longest-serving political party in Canada. The party has dominated federal politics for much of Canada's history, holding power for almost 70 years in the 20th century—more than any other party in a developed country—and as a result, it is sometimes referred to as Canada's "natural governing party".

National results

The Canadian parliament after the 1882 election Chambre des Communes 1882.png
The Canadian parliament after the 1882 election
1882 Canadian electoral map Canada 1882 Federal Election.svg
1882 Canadian electoral map
133735
ConservativeLiberalO
PartyParty leader# of
candidates
SeatsPopular vote
1878 ElectedChange#%Change
  Conservative John A. Macdonald 1188394+13.3%143,68427.83%-1.67pp
  Liberal-Conservative 504639-8.7%64,86012.56%-3.22pp
  Liberal Edward Blake 1125773+26.3%160,54731.10%+1.95pp
 Independent751-80%8,2271.59%-1.12pp
  Nationalist Conservative 1-1-1,0840.21%+0.14pp
 Independent Liberal322-5,7401.11%+0.12pp
 Independent Conservative221-50%9270.18%-
 Unknown1219--100%131,17825.41%+4.48pp
Total414204211+4.4%516,247100.0%-
Sources: http://www.elections.ca -- History of Federal Ridings since 1867

Acclamations:

The following Members of Parliament were elected by acclamation;

Results by province

Party name BC MB ON QC NB NS PE Total
  Conservative Seats:32393848-94
 Popular vote (%):38.413.627.037.725.623.017.127.8
  Liberal-Conservative Seats:31131235239
 Vote (%):15.838.99.110.47.125.825.412.6
  Liberal Seats:-2401278473
 Vote (%):10.625.331.921.536.838.740.731.1
 IndependentSeats:  --1- 1
 Vote (%):  1.70.80.44.8 1.6
 Nationalist ConservativeSeats:   1   1
 Vote (%):   1.0   0.2
 Independent LiberalSeats:  -11  2
 Vote (%):  0.71.56.2  1.1
 Independent ConservativeSeats:   1   1
 Vote (%):   0.9   0.2
 UnknownVote (%):35.222.229.627.123.97.716.825.4
Total seats 6 5 92 65 16 21 6 211

Vote and seat summaries

Popular vote
Conservative
40.40%
Liberal
31.10%
Others
28.50%
Seat totals
Conservative
63.03%
Liberal
34.60%
Others
2.37%

xx – less than 0.05% of the popular vote

See also

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References

  1. "Voter Turnout at Federal Elections and Referendums". Elections Canada. Retrieved 10 March 2019.