1882 Canadian federal election

Last updated
1882 Canadian federal election
Canadian Red Ensign (1868-1921).svg
  1878 June 20, 1882 1887  

211 seats in the House of Commons
106 seats needed for a majority
Turnout70.3% [1] (Increase2.svg1.2pp)
 First partySecond party
  Sir John A Macdonald circa 1878 retouched.jpg Edward Blake.jpg
Leader John A. Macdonald Edward Blake
Party Conservative Liberal
Leader since18671880
Leader's seat Carleton [lower-alpha 1] Durham West
Last election134 seats, 42.1%63 seats, 33.1%
Seats won13373
Seat changeDecrease2.svg1Increase2.svg10
Popular vote208,544160,574

Canada 1882 Federal Election.svg
1882 Canadian electoral map

Chambre des Communes 1882.png
The Canadian parliament after the 1882 election

Prime Minister before election

John A. Macdonald

Prime Minister after election

John A. Macdonald

The 1882 Canadian federal election was held on June 20, 1882, to elect members of the House of Commons of Canada of the 5th Parliament of Canada.


Prime Minister Sir John A. Macdonald's Conservatives and Liberal-Conservatives retained power, defeating the Liberal Party of Edward Blake.

National results

1882 Canadian parliament.svg

PartyParty leader# of
SeatsPopular vote
1878 ElectedChange#%Change
  Conservative John A. Macdonald 1188394+13.3%143,68427.83%-1.67pp
  Liberal-Conservative 504639-8.7%64,86012.56%-3.22pp
  Liberal Edward Blake 1125773+26.3%160,54731.10%+1.95pp
  Nationalist Conservative 1-1-1,0840.21%+0.14pp
 Independent Liberal322-5,7401.11%+0.12pp
 Independent Conservative221-50%9270.18%-
Sources: http://www.elections.ca -- History of Federal Ridings since 1867 Archived 2008-12-04 at the Wayback Machine


The following Members of Parliament were elected by acclamation;

Results by province

Party name BC MB ON QC NB NS PE Total
  Conservative Seats:32393848-94
 Popular vote (%):38.413.627.037.725.623.017.127.8
  Liberal-Conservative Seats:31131235239
 Vote (%):15.838.
  Liberal Seats:-2401278473
 Vote (%):10.625.331.921.536.838.740.731.1
 IndependentSeats:  --1- 1
 Vote (%): 1.6
 Nationalist ConservativeSeats:   1   1
 Vote (%):   1.0   0.2
 Independent LiberalSeats:  -11  2
 Vote (%):  1.1
 Independent ConservativeSeats:   1   1
 Vote (%):   0.9   0.2
 UnknownVote (%):
Total seats 6 5 92 65 16 21 6 211

See also


  1. Macdonald was also elected in Lennox; he chose to sit for Carleton instead, and resigned as the Member of Parliament for Lennox.

Related Research Articles

1867 Canadian federal election 1st Canadian federal election

The 1867 Canadian federal election was held from August 7 to September 20, 1867, and was the first election for the new country of Canada. It was held to elect members representing electoral districts in the provinces of Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, Ontario and Quebec to the House of Commons of the 1st Canadian Parliament. The provinces of Manitoba (1870) and British Columbia (1871) were created during the term of the 1st Parliament of Canada and were not part of this election.

Patrons of Industry

The Patrons of Industry in Canada were based on the Patrons of Industry of Michigan that had formed in 1889. It was dedicated to upholding and encouraging the moral, social, intellectual, political and financial situation of farmers and to preserve the way of life that existed in farming communities in the late nineteenth century against encroaching industrialization. It cooperated with the urban labour movement to address the political frustrations of both groups with big business.

1896 Canadian federal election 8th Canadian federal election

The 1896 Canadian federal election was held on June 23, 1896, to elect members of the House of Commons of Canada of the 8th Parliament of Canada. Though the Conservative Party, led by Prime Minister Charles Tupper, won a plurality of the popular vote, the Liberal Party, led by Wilfrid Laurier, won the majority of seats to form the next government.

The Progressive Conservative Party of Manitoba is a centre-right political party in Manitoba, Canada. It is currently the governing party in the Legislative Assembly of Manitoba, after winning a substantial majority in the 2016 election and maintaining a majority in the 2019 election.

1872 Canadian federal election 2nd Canadian federal election

The 1872 Canadian federal election was held from July 20 to October 12, 1872, to elect members of the House of Commons of Canada of the 2nd Parliament of Canada. Prime Minister Sir John A. Macdonald's Conservative Party remained in power, defeating the Liberals. However, the Liberals increased their parliamentary representation considerably, while the Conservative seat count remained static, giving them only six more seats than the Liberals. The election produced the country's first minority government. The support of two independent Conservative MPs functionally gave Macdonald an extremely slim majority that allowed it to survive for two years, until it fell due to scandal.

Hugh John Macdonald Canadian politician

Sir Hugh John Macdonald, was the only surviving son of the first prime minister of Canada, John A. Macdonald. He too was a politician, serving as a member of the House of Commons of Canada and a federal cabinet minister, and briefly as the eighth premier of Manitoba.

1891 Canadian federal election 7th Canadian federal election

The 1891 Canadian federal election was held on March 5, 1891, to elect members of the House of Commons of Canada of the 7th Parliament of Canada. It was won by the Conservative Party of Prime Minister Sir John A. Macdonald.

Peter Mitchell (politician) Canadian Father of Confederation

Peter Mitchell, was a Canadian politician and one of the Fathers of Confederation.

1874 Canadian federal election 3rd Canadian federal election

The 1874 Canadian federal election was held on January 22, 1874, to elect members of the House of Commons of Canada of the 3rd Parliament of Canada. Sir John A. Macdonald, who had recently been forced out of office as prime minister, and his Conservatives were defeated by the Liberal Party under their new leader Prime Minister Alexander Mackenzie.

Alexander Morris (politician) Canadian politician

Alexander Morris was a Canadian politician. He served in the cabinet of Prime Minister John A. Macdonald (1869–1872), and was the second Lieutenant Governor of Manitoba (1872–1877). He also served as the founder and first Lieutenant Governor of the District of Keewatin.

1917 Canadian federal election 13th Canadian federal election

The 1917 Canadian federal election was held on December 17, 1917, to elect members of the House of Commons of Canada of the 13th Parliament of Canada. Described by historian Michael Bliss as the "most bitter election in Canadian history", it was fought mainly over the issue of conscription. The election resulted in Prime Minister Sir Robert Borden's Unionist government elected with a strong majority and the largest percentage of the popular vote for any party in Canadian history.

Joseph-Édouard Cauchon Canadian politician

Joseph-Édouard Cauchon, was a prominent Quebec politician in the middle years of the nineteenth-century. Although he held a variety of portfolios at the federal, provincial and municipal levels, he never achieved his goal of becoming the Premier of Quebec.

James Cox Aikins Canadian politician

James Cox Aikins, was a prominent Canadian politician in the 19th century. He twice served as a cabinet minister in the government of John A. Macdonald, and was the fourth Lieutenant Governor of Manitoba from 1882 to 1888.

Richard John Cartwright Canadian politician

Sir Richard John Cartwright was a Canadian businessman and politician.

1900 Canadian federal election 9th Canadian federal election

The 1900 Canadian federal election was held on November 7, 1900 to elect members of the House of Commons of Canada of the 9th Parliament of Canada. As a result of the election, the Liberal Party, led by Prime Minister Wilfrid Laurier, was re-elected to a second majority government, defeating the Conservative Party and Liberal-Conservatives led by Charles Tupper.

1878 Canadian federal election 4th Canadian federal election

The 1878 Canadian federal election was held on September 17, 1878 to elect members of the House of Commons of the 4th Parliament of Canada. It resulted in the end of Prime Minister Alexander Mackenzie's Liberal government after only one term in office. Canada suffered an economic depression during Mackenzie's term, and his party was punished by voters for it. The Liberals' policy of free trade also hurt their support with the business establishment in Toronto and Montreal.

1887 Canadian federal election 6th Canadian federal election

The 1887 Canadian federal election was held on February 22, 1887, to elect members of the House of Commons of Canada of the 6th Parliament of Canada.

5th Canadian Parliament Session of the Parliament of Canada

The 5th Canadian Parliament was in session from 8 February 1883, until 15 January 1887. The membership was set by the 1882 federal election on 20 June 1882. It was dissolved prior to the 1887 election. The 5th Canadian Parliament was controlled by a Conservative/Liberal-Conservative majority under Prime Minister Sir John A. Macdonald and the 3rd Canadian Ministry. The Official Opposition was the Liberal Party, led by Edward Blake.

Electoral history of John A. Macdonald Electoral history of Prime Minister Macdonald

This article is the Electoral history of Sir John A. Macdonald, the first Prime Minister of Canada.

Electoral history of Charles Tupper

This article is the Electoral history of Sir Charles Tupper, the sixth Prime Minister of Canada. A Conservative, he became prime minister upon the resignation of Prime Minister Sir Mackenzie Bowell over the Manitoba Schools Question in 1896. Tupper was the shortest-serving prime minister, with a term of only 68 days. He led his party in two general elections and lost both, to Sir Wilfrid Laurier


  1. "Voter Turnout at Federal Elections and Referendums". Elections Canada. Retrieved 10 March 2019.