By-elections to the 10th Canadian Parliament

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By-elections to the 10th Canadian Parliament were held to elect members of the House of Commons of Canada between the 1904 federal election and the 1908 federal election. The Liberal Party of Canada led a majority government for the 10th Canadian Parliament.

The list includes Ministerial by-elections which occurred due to the requirement that Members of Parliament recontest their seats upon being appointed to Cabinet. These by-elections were almost always uncontested. This requirement was abolished in 1931.

Alberta and Saskatchewan entered Confederation in 1905. Unlike in the case of other provinces that joined after 1867, the new provinces were already represented by ridings originally drawn for the Northwest Territories, and the members elected in 1904 continued to sit as representatives of the old NWT ridings (some of which straddled the new border), except where they resigned as indicated below.

By-electionDateIncumbentPartyWinnerPartyCauseRetained
Stanstead January 22, 1908 Henry Lovell      Liberal Charles Henry Lovell      Liberal DeathYes
Huron South January 22, 1908 Benjamin B. Gunn      Conservative Murdo Young McLean      Liberal DeathNo
Nicolet December 30, 1907 Charles Ramsay Devlin      Liberal Gustave-Adolphe-Narcisse Turcotte      Liberal Resignation upon appointment to the provincial cabinet of QuebecYes
City of Ottawa December 23, 1907 Napoléon Antoine Belcourt      Liberal William H. Hutchison      Liberal Called to the SenateYes
Labelle December 23, 1907 Henri Bourassa      Liberal Charles Beautron Major      Liberal Resignation to enter provincial politicsYes
York Centre December 23, 1907 Archibald Campbell      Liberal Peter Douglas McLean      Liberal Called to the SenateYes
Colchester November 28, 1907 Frederick Andrew Laurence      Liberal John Stanfield      Conservative Appointed a judgeNo
London October 29, 1907 C. S. Hyman      Liberal Thomas Beattie      Conservative ResignationNo
Northumberland East October 29, 1907 Edward Cochrane      Conservative Charles Lewis Owen      Conservative DeathYes
Wellington North October 29, 1907 Thomas Martin      Liberal Alexander Munro Martin      Liberal DeathYes
Brockville September 18, 1907 Daniel Derbyshire      Liberal George Perry Graham      Liberal Called to the SenateYes
City and County of St. John September 18, 1907 Alfred Augustus Stockton      Conservative William Pugsley      Liberal DeathNo
Richelieu March 7, 1907 Arthur-Aimé Bruneau      Liberal Adélard Lanctôt      Liberal Appointed a judge of the Superior Court of QuebecYes
L'Assomption March 7, 1907 Romuald-Charlemagne Laurier      Liberal Ruben Charles Laurier      Liberal DeathYes
Victoria March 5, 1907 John Costigan      Liberal Pius Michaud      Liberal Called to the SenateYes
Three Rivers and St. Maurice February 28, 1907 Jacques Bureau      Liberal Jacques Bureau      Liberal Recontested upon appointment as Solicitor GeneralYes
Nicolet December 29, 1906 Rodolphe Lemieux      Liberal Charles Ramsay Devlin      Liberal Chose to sit for Gaspé Yes
St. Ann November 21, 1906 Daniel Gallery      Liberal Joseph Charles Walsh      Liberal Election declared voidYes
St. Mary November 21, 1906 Camille Piché      Liberal Médéric Martin      Liberal Appointed Police Magistrate in Montreal.Yes
Shelburne and Queen's October 31, 1906 William Stevens Fielding      Liberal William Stevens Fielding      Liberal Election declared voidYes
Bruce North October 30, 1906 Leonard Thomas Bland      Liberal-Conservative John Tolmie      Liberal DeathNo
Quebec County October 23, 1906 Charles Fitzpatrick      Liberal Lorenzo Robitaille      Independent Liberal Appointed Chief Justice of Canada No
St. Johns—Iberville October 16, 1906 Louis Philippe Demers      Liberal Marie Joseph Demers      Liberal Appointed Puisne Judge of the Superior Court of QuebecYes
Elgin East October 14, 1906 Andrew B. Ingram      Liberal-Conservative David Marshall      Conservative Appointed Vice Chairman of the Ontario Railway and Municipal CommissionYes
Renfrew North October 9, 1906 Peter White      Conservative Gerald Verner White      Conservative DeathYes
Strathcona April 5, 1906 Peter Talbot      Liberal Wilbert McIntyre      Liberal Called to the SenateYes
Cape Breton North and Victoria March 14, 1906 Daniel Duncan McKenzie      Liberal Alexander Charles Ross      Liberal Appointed a judgeYes
Victoria City March 6, 1906 George Riley      Liberal William Templeman      Liberal Resignation to provide a seat for TemplemanYes
Maisonneuve February 23, 1906 Raymond Préfontaine      Liberal Alphonse Verville      Labour DeathNo
Assiniboia West February 6, 1906 Thomas Walter Scott      Liberal William Erskine Knowles      Liberal Resignation to enter provincial politics in SaskatchewanYes
Saskatchewan February 6, 1906 John Henderson Lamont      Liberal George Ewan McCraney      Liberal Resignation to enter provincial politics in SaskatchewanYes
Town of Sherbrooke February 6, 1906 Arthur Norreys Worthington      Conservative Arthur Norreys Worthington      Conservative Election declared voidYes
Compton January 4, 1906 Aylmer Byron Hunt      Liberal Aylmer Byron Hunt      Liberal Election declared voidYes
York North November 22, 1905 William Mulock      Liberal Allen Bristol Aylesworth      Liberal Appointed a judgeYes
Antigonish November 22, 1905 Colin McIsaac      Liberal William Chisholm      Liberal Appointed a Railway CommissionerYes
Lambton West November 22, 1905 Thomas George Johnston      Liberal Frederick Forsyth Pardee      Liberal DeathYes
Wentworth November 22, 1905 E. D. Smith      Conservative E. D. Smith      Conservative Election declared voidYes
London June 13, 1905 C. S. Hyman      Liberal C. S. Hyman      Liberal Recontested upon appointment as Minister of Public WorksYes
Oxford North June 13, 1905 James Sutherland      Liberal George Smith      Liberal DeathYes
Lévis June 6, 1905 Louis Julien Demers      Liberal Louis Auguste Carrier      Liberal DeathYes
Edmonton April 25, 1905 Frank Oliver      Liberal Frank Oliver      Liberal Recontested upon appointment as Minister of the Interior.Yes
Toronto Centre April 11, 1905 Edward Frederick Clarke      Conservative Edmund James Bristol      Conservative DeathYes
Wright February 13, 1905 Wilfrid Laurier      Liberal Emmanuel Berchmans Devlin      Liberal Chose to sit for Quebec East Yes
Carleton February 4, 1905 Edward Kidd      Conservative Robert L. Borden      Conservative Resignation to provide a seat for BordenYes
Quebec-Centre January 19, 1905 Arthur Cyrille Albert Malouin      Liberal Arthur Lachance      Liberal Appointed a judge of the Superior Court of QuebecYes

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