1926 Canadian federal election

Last updated
1926 Canadian federal election
Canadian Red Ensign (1921-1957).svg
  1925 September 14, 1926 1930  

245 seats in the House of Commons
123 seats needed for a majority
Turnout67.7% [1] (Increase2.svg1.3pp)
 First partySecond party
  King1926.jpg Former PM Arthur Meighen.jpg
Leader W. L. Mackenzie King Arthur Meighen
Party Liberal Conservative
Leader since 1919 1920
Leader's seat Prince Albert Portage la Prairie (lost re-election)
Last election100115
Seats won11691
Seat changeIncrease2.svg16Decrease2.svg24
Popular vote1,397,0311,476,834
Percentage42.90%45.35%
SwingIncrease2.svg3.06pp Decrease2.svg0.78pp

 Third partyFourth party
 
Party Progressive United Farmers of Alberta
Last election222
Seats won1111
Seat changeDecrease2.svg11Increase2.svg9
Popular vote128,06060,740
Percentage3.93%1.87%
SwingDecrease2.svg4.52pp Increase2.svg1.61pp

Canada 1926 Federal Election.svg

Prime Minister before election

Arthur Meighen
Conservative

Prime Minister after election

William Lyon Mackenzie King
Liberal

The 1926 Canadian federal election was held on September 14 to elect members of the House of Commons of Canada of the 16th Parliament of Canada. The election was called following an event known as the King–Byng affair. In the 1925 federal election, Prime Minister William Lyon Mackenzie King's Liberal Party of Canada won fewer seats in the House of Commons of Canada than the Conservatives of Arthur Meighen. Mackenzie King, however, was determined to continue to govern with the support of the Progressive Party. The combined Liberal and Progressive caucuses gave Mackenzie King a plurality of seats in the House of Commons, and the ability to form a minority government. The agreement collapsed, however, following a scandal, and Mackenzie King approached the Governor-General, Baron Byng of Vimy, to seek dissolution of the Parliament. Byng refused on the basis that the Conservatives had won the largest number of seats in the prior election, and called upon Meighen to form a government.

House of Commons of Canada Lower house of the Canadian Parliament

The House of Commons of Canada is the lower chamber of the bicameral Parliament of Canada, along with the sovereign and the Senate of Canada. The House of Commons currently meets in a temporary Commons chamber in the West Block of the parliament buildings on Parliament Hill in Ottawa, while the Centre Block, which houses the traditional Commons chamber, undergoes a ten-year renovation.

16th Canadian Parliament

The 16th Canadian Parliament was in session from December 9, 1926, until May 30, 1930. The membership was set by the 1926 federal election on September 14, 1926, and it changed only somewhat due to resignations and by-elections until it was dissolved prior to the 1930 election.

Canada Country in North America

Canada is a country in the northern part of North America. Its ten provinces and three territories extend from the Atlantic to the Pacific and northward into the Arctic Ocean, covering 9.98 million square kilometres, making it the world's second-largest country by total area. Its southern border with the United States, stretching some 8,891 kilometres (5,525 mi), is the world's longest bi-national land border. Canada's capital is Ottawa, and its three largest metropolitan areas are Toronto, Montreal, and Vancouver.

Contents

Prime Minister Meighen's government was soon defeated in a vote of non-confidence, and Byng agreed to dissolve Parliament and call new elections. Mackenzie King effectively campaigned against Byng in the election instead of against Meighen, and won the largest number of seats in the House of Commons despite receiving a smaller proportion of the popular vote than the Tories. The Liberals did not run candidates in all ridings, having an informal electoral pact with the Progressives and Liberal-Progressives. Note in particular the election results in Manitoba, where Meighen's party captured almost 40 percent of the vote, twice the vote share of any other party, but no seats. Thus, Mackenzie King's Liberals were able to govern with the support of Liberal-Progressive Members of Parliament.

Prime Minister of Canada Head of government for Canada

The prime minister of Canada is the primary Minister of the Crown, chair of the Cabinet, and Canada's head of government. The current, and 23rd, prime minister of Canada is the Liberal Party's Justin Trudeau, following the 2019 Canadian federal election. Canadian prime ministers are styled as The Right Honourable, a privilege maintained for life.

Manitoba Province of Canada

Manitoba is a province at the longitudinal centre of Canada. It is often considered one of the three prairie provinces and is Canada's fifth-most populous province with its estimated 1.369 million people. Manitoba covers 649,950 square kilometres (250,900 sq mi) with a widely varied landscape, stretching from the northern oceanic coastline to the southern border with the United States. The province is bordered by the provinces of Ontario to the east and Saskatchewan to the west, the territories of Nunavut to the north, and Northwest Territories to the northwest, and the U.S. states of North Dakota and Minnesota to the south.

Liberal-Progressive was a label used by a number of candidates in Canadian elections between 1925 and 1953. In federal and Ontario politics, there was no Liberal-Progressive party: it was an alliance between two parties. In Manitoba, a party existed with this name.

Byng returned to Britain at the end of the year and was raised to the rank of Viscount as an expression of confidence in him.

A viscount or viscountess is a title used in certain European countries for a noble of varying status. In many countries a viscount, and its historical equivalents, was a non-hereditary, administrative or judicial position, and did not develop into an hereditary title until much later. In the case of French viscounts, it is customary to leave the title untranslated as vicomte[vi.kɔ̃t] and vicomtesse.

After his party's defeat and the loss of his own seat, Meighen resigned as Conservative leader.

The Canadian parliament after the 1926 election Chambre des Communes 1926.png
The Canadian parliament after the 1926 election

National results

11691111116
LiberalConservativePUFAO
PartyParty leader# of
candidates
SeatsPopular vote
1925 Elected% Change#% pp Change
  Liberal W. L. Mackenzie King 203100116+16.0%1,397,03142.90%+3.06
  Conservative Arthur Meighen 23211591-20.2%1,476,83445.35%-0.78
Progressive  282211-50.0%128,0603.93%-4.52
United Farmers of Alberta  12211+450%60,7401.87%+1.61
Liberal–Progressive Robert Forke 12-8 63,1441.94%+1.83
Labour  1824+100%55,6611.71%-0.10
 Independent1022-25,8210.79%+0.28
 Independent Liberal511-18,6270.57%-0.42
United Farmers of Ontario  1*1*6,9090.21%*
 Independent Conservative31--100%10,1640.31%-0.23
  Progressive-Conservative  2---7,0880.22%+0.18
  Liberal-Labour  1*-*4,1870.13%*
  Labour-Farmer  1---1,4410.04%-0.11
Socialist  1---6720.02%-0.04
  Protectionist  1*-*129x*
Total530245245-3,256,508100% 
Sources: http://www.elections.ca -- History of Federal Ridings since 1867

Notes:

* not applicable - the party was not recognized in the previous election

x - less than 0.005% of the popular vote

Vote and seat summaries

Popular vote
Conservative
45.35%
Liberal
42.90%
Progressive
3.93%
United Farmers
1.87%
Others
5.95%
Seat totals
Liberal
47.35%
Conservative
37.14%
Progressive
4.49%
United Farmers
4.49%
Others
6.53%

Results by province

The results in the province of Manitoba are used by supporters of electoral reform as a reason to abolish the "First Past the Post" electoral system. Note that with 40% of the vote, the Conservatives did not win a single seat in the province.

Party name BC AB SK MB ON QC NB NS PE YK Total
  Liberal Seats:131642459423-116
 Popular Vote (%):37.024.551.318.435.361.346.143.552.744.142.8
  Conservative Seats:121--5347121191
 Vote:54.231.527.539.754.934.053.953.747.355.945.4
  Progressive Seats:  443     11
 Vote:  17.911.25.1     3.9
  United Farmers of Alberta Seats: 11        11
 Vote: 38.7        1.9
  Liberal-Progressive Seats:  17-     8
 Vote:  3.219.51.4     1.9
  Labour Seats:-1 21  -  4
 Vote:6.44.3 8.71.1  2.8  1.7
 IndependentSeats:1-  -1    2
 Vote:2.30.1  0.51.9    0.8
 Independent LiberalSeats:     1    1
 Vote:     2.3    0.6
  United Farmers of Ontario Seats:    1     1
 Vote:    0.6     0.2
Total seats141621178265111441245
Parties that won no seats:
 Independent ConservativeVote:    0.80.1    0.3
  Progressive-Conservative Vote:   2.5 0.3    0.2
  Liberal-Labour Vote:    0.3     0.1
  Labour-FarmerVote: 0.9        xx
  Socialist Vote:     0.1    xx
  Protectionist Vote:     xx    xx

xx - less than 0.05% of the popular vote

See also

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References

  1. "Voter Turnout at Federal Elections and Referendums". Elections Canada. Retrieved 10 March 2019.

Further reading