By-elections to the 2nd Canadian Parliament

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By-elections to the 2nd Canadian Parliament were held to elect members of the House of Commons of Canada between the 1872 federal election and the 1874 federal election. The Conservative Party of Canada led a majority government for most of the 2nd Canadian Parliament.

The list includes Ministerial by-elections which occurred due to the requirement that Members of Parliament recontest their seats upon being appointed to Cabinet. These by-elections were almost always uncontested. This requirement was abolished in 1931.

By-electionDateIncumbentPartyWinnerPartyCauseRetained
Victoria December 20, 1873 William Ross      Liberal William Ross      Liberal Recontested upon appointment as Minister of MilitiaYes
Antigonish December 20, 1873 Hugh McDonald      Liberal-Conservative Angus McIsaac      Liberal Appointed a Judge of the Supreme Court of Nova ScotiaNo
West Toronto December 18, 1873 John Willoughby Crawford      Conservative Thomas Moss      Liberal DeathNo
Bruce South December 14, 1873 Edward Blake      Liberal Edward Blake      Liberal Recontested upon appointment as Minister without portfolioYes
Shelburne December 9, 1873 Thomas Coffin      Liberal-Conservative Thomas Coffin      Liberal Recontested upon appointment as Receiver-General of CanadaNo
Lennox December 3, 1873 Richard John Cartwright      Liberal Richard John Cartwright      Liberal Recontested upon appointment as Minister of FinanceYes
Queen's County December 3, 1873 David Laird      Liberal David Laird      Liberal Recontested upon appointment as Minister of the InteriorYes
City of St. John December 1, 1873 Samuel Leonard Tilley      Liberal-Conservative Jeremiah Smith Boies De Veber      Liberal Appointed Lieutenant-Governor of New Brunswick No
City and County of St. John December 1, 1873 Isaac Burpee      Liberal Isaac Burpee      Liberal Recontested upon appointment as Minister of CustomsYes
Westmorland November 28, 1873 Albert James Smith      Liberal Albert James Smith      Liberal Recontested upon appointment as Minister of Marine and FisheriesYes
Bellechasse November 27, 1873 Télesphore Fournier      Liberal Télesphore Fournier      Liberal Recontested upon appointment as Minister of Inland RevenueYes
Napierville November 27, 1873 Antoine-Aimé Dorion      Liberal Antoine-Aimé Dorion      Liberal Recontested upon appointment as Minister of JusticeYes
Glengarry November 26, 1873 Donald Alexander Macdonald      Liberal Donald Alexander Macdonald      Liberal Recontested upon appointment as Postmaster-GeneralYes
Lambton November 25, 1873 Alexander Mackenzie      Liberal Alexander Mackenzie      Liberal Recontested upon appointment as Prime Minister and Minister of Public WorksYes
Laval October 28, 1873 Joseph-Hyacinthe Bellerose      Conservative Joseph-Aldric Ouimet      Liberal-Conservative Called to the SenateYes
Provencher October 13, 1873 George-Étienne Cartier      Liberal-Conservative Louis Riel      Independent DeathNo
Prince County September 29, 1873New seat James Colledge Pope and James Yeo Conservative and Liberal Held as a result of Prince Edward Island joining Confederation. Elected 2 MPs.NA
Queen's County September 29, 1873New seat David Laird and Peter Sinclair      Liberal Held as a result of Prince Edward Island joining Confederation. Elected 2 MPs.NA
King's County September 29, 1873New Seat Daniel Davies and Augustine Colin Macdonald      Conservative and Liberal-Conservative Held as a result of Prince Edward Island joining Confederation. Elected 2 MPs.NA
Carleton September 18, 1873 Charles Connell      Liberal Stephen Burpee Appleby      Liberal DeathYes
Antigonish July 7, 1873 Hugh McDonald      Liberal-Conservative Hugh McDonald      Liberal-Conservative Recontested upon appointment as President of the Privy CouncilYes
Ontario South July 7, 1873 Thomas Nicholson Gibbs      Liberal-Conservative Thomas Nicholson Gibbs      Liberal-Conservative Recontested upon appointment as Secretary of State for the Provinces and Superintendent General

of Indian Affairs

Yes
Hants July 5, 1873 Joseph Howe      Liberal-Conservative Monson Henry Goudge      Liberal Appointed Lieutenant Governor of Nova Scotia.No
Durham West April 10, 1873 Edward Blake      Liberal Edmund Burke Wood      Liberal Chose to sit for Bruce South.Yes
Quebec County March 28, 1873 Pierre-Joseph-Olivier Chauveau      Conservative Adolphe-Philippe Caron      Conservative Called to the SenateYes
Bonaventure February 15, 1873 Théodore Robitaille      Conservative Théodore Robitaille      Conservative Recontested upon appointment as Receiver-GeneralYes
Welland November 23, 1872 Thomas Clark Street      Conservative William Alexander Thomson      Liberal DeathNo

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