By-elections to the 7th Canadian Parliament

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By-elections to the 7th Canadian Parliament were held to elect members of the House of Commons of Canada between the 1891 federal election and the 1896 federal election. The Conservative Party of Canada led a majority government for the 7th Canadian Parliament.

The list includes Ministerial by-elections which occurred due to the requirement that Members of Parliament recontest their seats upon being appointed to Cabinet. These by-elections were almost always uncontested. This requirement was abolished in 1931.

By-electionDateIncumbentPartyWinnerPartyCauseRetained
Northumberland February 6, 1896 Michael Adams      Conservative James Robinson      Conservative Called to the Senate.Yes
Cape Breton February 4, 1896 David MacKeen      Conservative Charles Tupper      Conservative Resignation to provide a seat for Tupper.Yes
Charlevoix January 27, 1896 Henry Simard      Liberal Louis Charles Alphonse Angers      Liberal DeathYes
Huron West January 14, 1896 James Colebrooke Patterson      Conservative Malcolm Colin Cameron      Liberal Appointed Lieutenant-Governor of Manitoba.No
Victoria January 6, 1896 Edward Gawler Prior      Conservative Edward Gawler Prior      Conservative Recontested upon appointment as Minister of Inland Revenue.Yes
Montreal Centre December 27, 1895 John Joseph Curran      Conservative James McShane      Liberal Appointed a judge of the Superior Court of Quebec.No
Cardwell December 24, 1895 Robert Smeaton White      Conservative William Stubbs      Independent Conservative Resignation.No
Ontario North December 12, 1895 Frank Madill      Conservative John Alexander McGillivray      Conservative Death.Yes
Jacques Cartier November 30, 1895 Désiré Girouard      Conservative Napoléon Charbonneau      Liberal Appointed a judge of the Supreme Court of Canada.No
Westmorland August 24, 1895 Josiah Wood      Conservative Henry A. Powell      Liberal-Conservative Called to the Senate.Yes
Verchères April 17, 1895 Félix Geoffrion      Liberal Christophe-Alphonse Geoffrion      Liberal Death.Yes
Quebec West April 17, 1895 John Hearn      Conservative Thomas McGreevy      Liberal-Conservative Death.Yes
Antigonish April 17, 1895 John Sparrow David Thompson      Liberal-Conservative Colin Francis McIsaac      Liberal DeathNo
Haldimand April 17, 1895 Walter Humphries Montague      Conservative Walter Humphries Montague      Conservative Recontested upon appointment as Secretary of State for Canada.Yes
Cumberland January 15, 1895 Arthur Rupert Dickey      Conservative Arthur Rupert Dickey      Conservative Recontested upon appointment as Secretary of State for Canada.Yes
Hastings West July 4, 1894 Henry Corby, Jr.      Conservative Henry Corby, Jr.      Conservative resignation to recontest due to selling methylated spirits to the government.Yes
Gloucester May 5, 1894 Kennedy Francis Burns      Conservative Théotime Blanchard      Conservative Called to the Senate.Yes
Ottawa (City of) December 7, 1893 Charles H. Mackintosh      Conservative Honoré Robillard      Liberal-Conservative Appointed Lieutenant Governor of the North-West Territories.Yes
Winnipeg November 22, 1893 Hugh John Macdonald      Liberal-Conservative Joseph Martin      Liberal ResignationNo
Vancouver May 2, 1893 David William Gordon      Liberal-Conservative Andrew Haslam      Liberal-Conservative DeathYes
Vaudreuil April 12, 1893 Hugh McMillan      Conservative Henry Stanislas Harwood      Liberal Election declared void.No
Middlesex South March 22, 1893 James Armstrong      Liberal Robert Boston      Liberal DeathYes
Terrebonne January 10, 1893 Joseph-Adolphe Chapleau      Conservative Pierre-Julien Leclair      Conservative Appointed Lieutenant-Governor of Quebec.Yes
L'Islet January 5, 1893 Louis-Georges Desjardins      Conservative Joseph-Israël Tarte      Independent Appointed Clerk of the Legislative Assembly of Quebec.No
Town of Sherbrooke December 21, 1892 William Bullock Ives      Conservative William Bullock Ives      Conservative Recontested upon appointment as President of the Privy Council.Yes
York West December 21, 1892 Nathaniel Clarke Wallace      Conservative Nathaniel Clarke Wallace      Conservative Recontested upon appointment as Controller of Customs.Yes
Brockville December 21, 1892 John Fisher Wood      Liberal-Conservative John Fisher Wood      Liberal-Conservative Recontested upon appointment as Controller of Inland Revenue.Yes
Hastings North December 20, 1892 Mackenzie Bowell      Conservative Alexander Augustus Williamson Carscallen      Conservative Called to the Senate.Yes
Montreal Centre December 18, 1892 John Joseph Curran      Conservative John Joseph Curran      Conservative Recontested upon appointment as Solicitor General.Yes
Soulanges December 13, 1892 James William Bain      Conservative James William Bain      Conservative Election declared void.Yes
Kent December 6, 1892 Édouard H. Léger      Conservative George McInerney      Conservative DeathYes
City and County of St. John November 22, 1892 Charles Nelson Skinner      Liberal John Alexander Chesley      Conservative Appointed a judge.No
Assiniboia East November 21, 1892 Edgar Dewdney      Conservative William Walter McDonald      Conservative Appointed Lieutenant-Governor of British Columbia.Yes
Selkirk November 2, 1892 Thomas Mayne Daly      Liberal-Conservative Thomas Mayne Daly      Liberal-Conservative Recontested upon appointment as Minister of the Interior and Superintendent General of Indian Affairs.Yes
Hochelaga October 21, 1892 Alphonse Desjardins      Conservative Séverin Lachapelle      Conservative Called to the Senate.Yes
Chicoutimi—Saguenay August 16, 1892 Paul Vilmond Savard      Liberal Louis-de-Gonzague Belley      Conservative Election declared void.No
Marquette July 15, 1892 Robert Watson      Liberal Nathaniel Boyd      Conservative Resignation to enter provincial politics in Manitoba.No
Pontiac June 26, 1892 Thomas Murray      Liberal John Bryson      Conservative Election declared void.No
Frontenac June 10, 1892 George Airey Kirkpatrick      Conservative Hiram Augustus Calvin      Independent Conservative Appointed Lieutenant Governor of Ontario.No
L'Assomption May 31, 1892 Joseph Gauthier      Liberal Hormidas Jeannotte      Conservative Election declared void.No
Perth North May 19, 1892 James Nicol Grieve      Liberal James Nicol Grieve      Liberal Election declared void.Yes
York East May 11, 1892 Alexander Mackenzie      Liberal William Findlay Maclean      Independent Conservative DeathNo
Welland April 29, 1892 William Manley German      Liberal James A. Lowell      Liberal Election declared void.Yes
Carleton April 6, 1892 Newton Ramsay Colter      Liberal Newton Ramsay Colter      Liberal Election declared void.Yes
Prescott March 30, 1892 Isidore Proulx      Liberal Isidore Proulx      Liberal Election declared void.Yes
Northumberland West March 15, 1892 John Hargraft      Liberal George Guillet      Conservative Election declared void.No
Monck March 12, 1892 John Brown      Liberal Arthur Boyle      Conservative Election declared void.No
Brome March 10, 1892 Eugène Alphonse Dyer      Conservative Eugène Alphonse Dyer      Conservative Election declared void.Yes
Perth South March 10, 1892 James Trow      Liberal William Pridham      Conservative Election declared void.No
Montmorency March 10, 1892 Joseph Israël Tarte      Conservative Arthur-Joseph Turcotte      Conservative Election declared void.Yes
Montcalm March 5, 1892 Joseph Louis Euclide Dugas      Conservative Joseph Louis Euclide Dugas      Conservative Election declared void.Yes
Vaudreuil February 29, 1892 Henry Stanislas Harwood      Liberal Hugh McMillan      Conservative Election declared void.No
Two Mountains February 27, 1892 Jean-Baptiste Daoust      Conservative Joseph Girouard      Conservative DeathYes
Quebec West February 26, 1892 Thomas McGreevy      Liberal-Conservative John Hearn      Conservative Expelled from the House of Commons for corruption.Yes
London February 26, 1892 C.S. Hyman      Liberal John Carling      Liberal-Conservative Election declared void.No
Queen's February 25, 1892 George Gerald King      Liberal George Frederick Baird      Conservative King being declared not duly elected, 25 February 1892, George Frederick Baird was declared elected by a court decision.No
Simcoe East February 25, 1892 Philip Howard Spohn      Liberal William Humphrey Bennett      Conservative Election declared void.No
Huron West February 22, 1892 Malcolm Colin Cameron      Liberal James Colebrooke Patterson      Conservative Election declared void.No
Ontario South February 20, 1892 James Ironside Davidson      Liberal William Smith      Conservative Election declared void.No
Hastings East February 20, 1892 Samuel Barton Burdett      Liberal William Barton Northrup      Conservative DeathNo
King's February 13, 1892 Frederick William Borden      Liberal Frederick William Borden      Liberal Election declared void.Yes
Digby February 13, 1892 Edward Charles Bowers      Liberal Edward Charles Bowers      Liberal Election declared void.Yes
Elgin East February 12, 1892 Andrew B. Ingram      Liberal-Conservative Andrew B. Ingram      Liberal-Conservative Election declared void.Yes
Bruce East February 11, 1892 Reuben Eldridge Truax      Liberal Henry Cargill      Conservative Election declared void.No
Victoria South February 11, 1892 Charles Fairbairn      Liberal-Conservative Charles Fairbairn      Liberal-Conservative Election declared void.Yes
Peel February 11, 1892 Joseph Featherston      Liberal Joseph Featherston      Liberal Election declared void.Yes
Victoria North February 11, 1892 John Augustus Barron      Liberal Samuel Hughes      Liberal-Conservative Election declared void.No
Halifax February 11, 1892 Thomas Edward Kenny and John Fitzwilliam Stairs      Conservative Thomas Edward Kenny and John Fitzwilliam Stairs      Conservative Election declared void. (Double member constituency)Yes
Middlesex East February 11, 1892 Joseph Henry Marshall      Conservative Joseph Henry Marshall      Conservative Election declared void.Yes
Queens February 9, 1892 Francis Gordon Forbes      Liberal Francis Gordon Forbes      Liberal Election declared void.Yes
Prince Edward February 4, 1892 Archibald Campbell Miller      Conservative Archibald Campbell Miller      Conservative Election declared void.Yes
Lennox February 4, 1892 David Wright Allison      Liberal Uriah Wilson      Conservative Election declared void.No
Soulanges February 3, 1892 Joseph Octave Mousseau      Independent James William Bain      Conservative Election declared void.No
Cumberland January 30, 1892 Arthur Rupert Dickey      Conservative Arthur Rupert Dickey      Conservative Election declared void.Yes
Lincoln and Niagara January 28, 1892 William Gibson      Liberal William Gibson      Liberal Election declared void.Yes
Halton January 28, 1892 David Henderson      Conservative David Henderson      Conservative Election declared void.Yes
Kingston January 28, 1892 John A. Macdonald      Conservative James Henry Metcalfe      Conservative DeathYes
Victoria January 26, 1892 John Archibald McDonald      Conservative John Archibald McDonald      Conservative Election declared void.Yes
Laval January 25, 1892 Joseph-Aldric Ouimet      Liberal-Conservative Joseph-Aldric Ouimet      Liberal-Conservative Recontested upon appointment as Minister of Public Works.Yes
Richmond January 21, 1892 Joseph Alexander Gillies      Conservative Joseph Alexander Gillies      Conservative Election declared void.Yes
Glengarry January 14, 1892 Roderick R. McLennan      Conservative Roderick R. McLennan      Conservative Election declared void.Yes
Richelieu January 11, 1892 Hector-Louis Langevin      Conservative Arthur-Aimé Bruneau      Liberal Chose to sit for Trois-Rivières.No
Lanark North December 31, 1891 Joseph Jamieson      Conservative Bennett Rosamond      Conservative Appointed a county court judge.Yes

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