1925 Canadian federal election

Last updated
1925 Canadian federal election
Canadian Red Ensign (1921-1957).svg
  1921 October 29, 1925 1926  

245 seats in the House of Commons
123 seats needed for a majority
Turnout66.4% [1] (Decrease2.svg1.3pp)
 First partySecond partyThird party
  Former PM Arthur Meighen.jpg King1926.jpg Robert Forke.jpg
Leader Arthur Meighen W. L. Mackenzie King Robert Forke
Party Conservative Liberal Progressive
Leader since1920 1919 1922
Leader's seat Grenville
candidate in Portage la Prairie
York North (lost re-election) Brandon
Last election4911858
Seats won11510022
Seat changeIncrease2.svg66Decrease2.svg18Decrease2.svg36
Popular vote1,454,2531,252,684266,319
SwingIncrease2.svg16.18pp Decrease2.svg1.41pp Decrease2.svg12.65pp

Canada 1925 Federal Election.svg

Prime Minister before election

William Lyon Mackenzie King

Prime Minister after election

William Lyon Mackenzie King

The 1925 Canadian federal election was held on October 29 to elect members of the House of Commons of Canada of the 15th Parliament of Canada. Prime Minister William Lyon Mackenzie King's Liberal Party formed a minority government. This precipitated the "King–Byng Affair".


The Liberals under Mackenzie King won fewer seats than Arthur Meighen's Conservatives. A third party, the Progressives, which had nominated candidates for the first time in the 1921 election, held the balance of the seats. King decided to hold on to power with the help of the Progressives. The Progressives were closely aligned with the Liberals, and enabled King to form a minority government.

This plan was complicated by the fact that his party won fewer seats than the Conservatives, and that King himself had lost his seat in the House of Commons. Meighen was outraged by King's move, and demanded that King resign from the Prime Minister's office. King asked a Liberal Member of Parliament from Prince Albert, Saskatchewan to resign so that he could run in the resulting by-election. Prince Albert was one of the safest seats in Canada for the Liberals, and King won easily.

With King back in Parliament, a huge scandal rocked the King cabinet when one of his appointees was discovered to be accepting bribes from a male lover[ citation needed ]. Anticipating a vote of censure by the Commons, King asked the Governor General, Baron Byng of Vimy, to call an election. The Governor General refused, and King resigned on June 28, 1926. Meighen was then invited to form a government.

King claimed this was interference in Canadian politics by an official appointed by a foreign power. King showed rare fire, and rallied the Progressives back into his camp. He defeated Meighen on a vote of confidence after only three days, making the Meighen government of 1926 the shortest lived government in Canadian history. This time, Byng called an election.

The Canadian parliament after the 1925 election Chambre des Communes 1925.png
The Canadian parliament after the 1925 election

National results

PartyParty leader# of
SeatsPopular vote
1921 Elected% Change#% pp Change
  Conservative Arthur Meighen 23249115+132.7%1,454,25346.13%+16.18
  Liberal W. L. Mackenzie King 216118100-15.3%1,252,68439.74%-1.41
Progressive Robert Forke 685822-62.1%266,3198.45%-12.65
Labour J.S. Woodsworth 2032-33.3%56,9871.81%-0.93
United Farmers of Alberta  222-8,0530.26%-0.46
 Independent Liberal10-1 31,1400.99%+0.90
 Independent Conservative611-16,7590.53%+0.14
Liberal-Protectionist 2*-*6,9150.22%*
 Independent Liberal-Progressive 1*-*4,9580.16%*
Labour-Farmer 2*-*4,7740.15%*
Liberal–Progressive  1*-*3,3190.11%*
Independent Labour 1*-*2,9010.09%*
Socialist  1---1,8880.06%-0.04
 Independent Progressive11--100%1,7680.06%-0.05
Farmer 1*-*1,1300.04%*
  Progressive-Conservative  1*-*1,1200.04%*
Farmer Labour  1*-*7620.02%*
Sources: http://www.elections.ca -- History of Federal Ridings since 1867


* not applicable - the party was not recognized in the previous election

Vote and seat summaries

Popular vote
Seat totals

Results by province

Party name BC AB SK MB ON QC NB NS PE YK Total
  Conservative Seats:103-7674101121115
 Popular Vote (%):49.331.825.441.356.334.259.756.433.159.446.1
  Liberal Seats:341511259132-100
 Vote (%):34.727.641.920.330.959.637.041.952.040.639.7
  Progressive Seats:-7672     22
 Vote (%):6.126.531.825.18.8     8.5
  Labour Seats:-- 2-- -  2
 Vote:6.36.1 1.6  1.8
 IndependentSeats:1   -1-   2
 Vote (%):2.6   0.5
  United Farmers of Alberta Seats: 2        2
 Vote (%): 5.0        0.3
 Independent LiberalSeats:     1    1
 Vote (%):     3.8    1.0
 Independent ConservativeSeats:    1     1
 Vote (%):    1.4     0.5
Total seats141621178265111441245
Parties that won no seats:
 UnknownVote (%):  0.1 0.90.2  15.0 0.7
Liberal-ProtectionistVote (%):     0.9    0.2
 Independent Liberal-Progressive Vote (%):      3.3   0.2
Labour-FarmerVote (%): 3.0        0.2
Liberal–Progressive Vote (%):   1.9      0.1
Independent Labour Vote (%):   1.7      0.1
  Socialist Vote (%):1.0         0.1
 Independent ProgressiveVote (%):  0.9       0.1
FarmerVote (%):     0.1    xx
  Progressive-Conservative Vote (%):     0.1    xx
Farmer Labour Vote (%):    0.1     xx

See also

Related Research Articles

John Diefenbaker 13th Prime Minister of Canada

John George Diefenbaker was the 13th prime minister of Canada from 1957 to 1963. Between 1930 and 1979, he was the only federal Progressive Conservative leader to lead the party to an election victory, doing so three times, although only once with a majority of seats in the House of Commons of Canada.

William Lyon Mackenzie King 10th Prime Minister of Canada

William Lyon Mackenzie King, commonly known as Mackenzie King or by the initials WLMK, was the dominant Canadian political leader from the 1920s through the 1940s. He served as the tenth prime minister of Canada in 1921–1926, 1926–1930 and 1935–1948. He is best known for his leadership of Canada throughout the Second World War (1939–1945) when he mobilized Canadian money, supplies and volunteers to support Britain while boosting the economy and maintaining morale on the home front. A Liberal with 21 years and 154 days in office, he was the longest-serving prime minister in Canadian history. Trained in law and social work, he was keenly interested in the human condition, and played a major role in laying the foundations of the Canadian welfare state.

1921 Canadian federal election

The 1921 Canadian federal election was held on December 6, 1921, to elect members of the House of Commons of Canada of the 14th Parliament of Canada. The Union government that had governed Canada through the First World War was defeated, and replaced by a Liberal government under the young leader William Lyon Mackenzie King. A new third party, the Progressive Party, won the second most seats in the election.

Conservative Party of Canada (1867–1942) former Canadian political party active under various names from 1867 to 1942

The Conservative Party of Canada has gone by a variety of names over the years since Canadian Confederation. Initially known as the "Liberal-Conservative Party", it dropped "Liberal" from its name in 1873, although many of its candidates continued to use this name.

Charles Avery Dunning Premier of Saskatchewan, federal Cabinet minister, businessman, Chancellor of Queens University

Charles Avery Dunning was a Canadian businessman, politician, and a university chancellor. He was born in Croft, Leicestershire, England.

1945 Canadian federal election

The 1945 Canadian federal election was the 20th general election in Canadian history. It was held June 11, 1945 to elect members of the House of Commons of Canada of the 20th Parliament of Canada. Prime Minister William Lyon Mackenzie King's Liberal government was re-elected to its third consecutive government, although this time with a minority government as the Liberals fell five seats short of a majority.

Federal minority governments in Canada

During the history of Canadian politics, twelve minority governments have been elected at the federal level. There have also been two minority governments resulting from governments being replaced between elections, for a total of fourteen federal minority governments in twelve separate minority parliaments. There have been historical cases where the governing party had fewer than half of the seats but had the support of independents who called themselves members of the party; these cases are not included, as there was never any serious chance of the government falling.

Rodolphe Lemieux Canadian politician

Rodolphe Lemieux, was a Canadian parliamentarian and long time Speaker of the House of Commons of Canada (1922–1930).

The King–Byng affair was a Canadian constitutional crisis that occurred in 1926, when the Governor General of Canada, the Lord Byng of Vimy, refused a request by his prime minister, William Lyon Mackenzie King, to dissolve parliament and call a general election.

1926 Canadian federal election

The 1926 Canadian federal election was held on September 14 to elect members of the House of Commons of Canada of the 16th Parliament of Canada. The election was called following an event known as the King–Byng affair. In the 1925 federal election, Prime Minister William Lyon Mackenzie King's Liberal Party of Canada won fewer seats in the House of Commons of Canada than the Conservatives of Arthur Meighen. Mackenzie King, however, was determined to continue to govern with the support of the Progressive Party. The combined Liberal and Progressive caucuses gave Mackenzie King a plurality of seats in the House of Commons, and the ability to form a minority government. The agreement collapsed, however, following a scandal, and Mackenzie King approached the Governor-General, Baron Byng of Vimy, to seek dissolution of the Parliament. Byng refused on the basis that the Conservatives had won the largest number of seats in the prior election, and called upon Meighen to form a government.

Robert Forke Canadian politician

Robert Forke, was a Canadian politician. He was elected as Member of Parliament for Brandon in 1921. In 1922, he replaced Thomas Crerar as leader of the Progressive Party of Canada. Forke served as a cabinet minister in the government of William Lyon Mackenzie King.

Ewan Alexander McPherson was a politician in Manitoba, Canada. He served in the House of Commons of Canada from 1926 to 1930. He was also a member of the Legislative Assembly of Manitoba from 1914 to 1920 and from 1932 to 1936, and served as a cabinet minister in the government of John Bracken.

15th Canadian Parliament

The 15th Canadian Parliament was in session from January 7, 1926, until July 2, 1926. The membership was set by the 1925 federal election on October 29, 1925, and it changed only somewhat due to resignations and by-elections until it was dissolved prior to the 1926 election.

Arthur Meighen 9th Prime Minister of Canada

Arthur Meighen was a Canadian lawyer and politician who served as the ninth prime minister of Canada, in office from July 1920 to December 1921 and again from June to September 1926. He led the Conservative Party from 1920 to 1926 and from 1941 to 1942.

Charles M. McDonald was a Canadian politician who served in the Legislative Assembly of Saskatchewan and in the Parliament of Canada. He has the distinction of having served in both the House of Commons of Canada and the Senate of Canada for less than a year.

1927 Conservative leadership convention

A Conservative leadership convention was held on October 12, 1927 at the Winnipeg Amphitheatre in Winnipeg, Manitoba. The convention was held to choose a new leader of the Conservative Party to choose a successor to former Prime Minister of Canada Arthur Meighen who had led the party since 1920. This was the first time the Conservatives used a leadership convention to choose a leader. Previous leaders had been chosen by the party's caucus, the previous leader, or by the Governor General of Canada designating an individual to form a government after his predecessor's death or resignation.

Electoral history of Arthur Meighen

The article is the Electoral history of Arthur Meighen, the ninth Prime Minister of Canada.

Electoral history of William Lyon Mackenzie King

This article is the Electoral history of William Lyon Mackenzie King, the tenth Prime Minister of Canada. A Liberal, he was Canada's longest-serving Prime Minister, with three separate terms as Prime Minister, for a total of 21 years and 154 days. He defeated Prime Ministers Arthur Meighen and R.B. Bennett at different times, and was succeeded by Prime Minister Louis St. Laurent in 1948.

Electoral history of John Diefenbaker

This article is the Electoral history of John Diefenbaker, the thirteenth Prime Minister of Canada.


  1. "Voter Turnout at Federal Elections and Referendums" . Retrieved 10 March 2019.