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245 seats in the House of Commons
123 seats needed for a majority
The 1925 Canadian federal election was held on October 29 to elect members of the House of Commons of Canada of the 15th Parliament of Canada. Prime Minister William Lyon Mackenzie King's Liberal Party formed a minority government. This precipitated the "King–Byng Affair".
The Liberals under Mackenzie King won fewer seats than Arthur Meighen's Conservatives. A third party, the Progressives, which had nominated candidates for the first time in the 1921 election, held the balance of the seats. King decided to hold on to power with the help of the Progressives. The Progressives were closely aligned with the Liberals, and enabled King to form a minority government.
This plan was complicated by the fact that his party won fewer seats than the Conservatives, and that King himself had lost his seat in the House of Commons. Meighen was outraged by King's move, and demanded that King resign from the Prime Minister's office. King asked a Liberal Member of Parliament from Prince Albert, Saskatchewan to resign so that he could run in the resulting by-election. Prince Albert was one of the safest seats in Canada for the Liberals, and King won easily.
With King back in Parliament, a huge scandal rocked the King cabinet when one of his appointees was discovered to be accepting bribes from a male lover[ citation needed ]. Anticipating a vote of censure by the Commons, King asked the Governor General, Baron Byng of Vimy, to call an election. The Governor General refused, and King resigned on June 28, 1926. Meighen was then invited to form a government.
King claimed this was interference in Canadian politics by an official appointed by a foreign power. King showed rare fire, and rallied the Progressives back into his camp. He defeated Meighen on a vote of confidence after only three days, making the Meighen government of 1926 the shortest lived government in Canadian history. This time, Byng called an election.
|Party||Party leader||# of |
|1921||Elected||% Change||#||%||pp Change|
|Liberal||W. L. Mackenzie King||216||118||100||-15.3%||1,252,684||39.74%||-1.41|
|United Farmers of Alberta||2||2||2||-||8,053||0.26%||-0.46|
|Sources: http://www.elections.ca -- History of Federal Ridings since 1867|
* not applicable - the party was not recognized in the previous election
|Popular Vote (%):||49.3||31.8||25.4||41.3||56.3||34.2||59.7||56.4||33.1||59.4||46.1|
|United Farmers of Alberta||Seats:||2||2|
|Parties that won no seats:|
|Independent Liberal-Progressive||Vote (%):||3.3||0.2|
|Independent Labour||Vote (%):||1.7||0.1|
|Independent Progressive||Vote (%):||0.9||0.1|
|Farmer Labour||Vote (%):||0.1||xx|
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William Lyon Mackenzie King, commonly known as Mackenzie King or by the initials WLMK, was the dominant Canadian political leader from the 1920s through the 1940s. He served as the tenth prime minister of Canada in 1921–1926, 1926–1930 and 1935–1948. He is best known for his leadership of Canada throughout the Second World War (1939–1945) when he mobilized Canadian money, supplies and volunteers to support Britain while boosting the economy and maintaining morale on the home front. A Liberal with 21 years and 154 days in office, he was the longest-serving prime minister in Canadian history. Trained in law and social work, he was keenly interested in the human condition, and played a major role in laying the foundations of the Canadian welfare state.
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