By-elections to the 17th Canadian Parliament

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By-elections to the 17th Canadian Parliament were held to elect members of the House of Commons of Canada between the 1930 federal election and the 1935 federal election. The Conservative Party of Canada led a majority government for the 17th Canadian Parliament.

House of Commons of Canada Lower house of the Canadian Parliament

The House of Commons of Canada is a component of the Parliament of Canada, along with the Sovereign and the Senate. The House of Commons currently meets in a temporary Commons chamber in the West Block of the parliament buildings on Parliament Hill in Ottawa, while the Centre Block, which houses the traditional Commons chamber, undergoes a ten-year renovation.

1930 Canadian federal election

The Canadian federal election of 1930 was held on July 28, 1930, to elect members of the House of Commons of Canada of the 17th Parliament of Canada. Richard Bedford Bennett's Conservative Party won a majority government, defeating the Liberal Party led by Prime Minister William Lyon Mackenzie King.

1935 Canadian federal election

The Canadian federal election of 1935 was held on October 14, 1935. to elect members of the House of Commons of Canada of the 18th Parliament of Canada. The Liberal Party of William Lyon Mackenzie King won a majority government, defeating Prime Minister R. B. Bennett's Conservatives.

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The list includes Ministerial by-elections which occurred due to the requirement that Members of Parliament recontest their seats upon being appointed to Cabinet. These by-elections were almost always uncontested. This requirement was abolished in 1931. [1]

A ministerial by-election was a by-election to fill a vacancy triggered by the appointment of the sitting member of parliament (MP) as a minister in the cabinet. The requirement for new ministers to stand for re-election was introduced in the House of Commons of Great Britain in 1707 and also featured in Westminster system parliaments modelled on it. In latter times, the by-election was usually a formality, uncontested by the opposition. In the United Kingdom, ministerial by-elections were abolished as an anachronism in 1926. The Irish Free State, Union of South Africa, and Dominion of New Zealand never had them.

By-elections, also spelled bye-elections, are used to fill elected offices that have become vacant between general elections.

By-electionDateIncumbentPartyWinnerPartyCauseRetained
Frontenac—Addington September 24, 1934 William Spankie      Conservative Colin Campbell      Liberal DeathNo
Toronto East September 24, 1934 Edmond Baird Ryckman      Conservative Thomas Langton Church      Conservative DeathYes
Kenora—Rainy River September 24, 1934 Peter Heenan      Liberal Hugh McKinnon      Liberal ResignationYes
Elgin West September 24, 1934 Mitchell Hepburn      Liberal Wilson Mills      Liberal ResignationYes
York North September 24, 1934 Thomas Herbert Lennox      Conservative William Pate Mulock      Liberal DeathNo
Oxford South April 16, 1934 Thomas Merritt Cayley      Liberal Almon Rennie      Liberal DeathYes
Yamaska October 23, 1933 Aimé Boucher      Liberal Aimé Boucher      Liberal Election declared voidYes
Mackenzie October 23, 1933 Milton Neil Campbell      Progressive John Angus MacMillan      Liberal Appointed vice-president of the Tariff BoardNo
Restigouche—Madawaska October 23, 1933 Maxime Cormier      Conservative Joseph Michaud      Liberal DeathNo
Huron South October 3, 1932 Thomas McMillan      Liberal William Henry Golding      Liberal DeathYes
Maisonneuve June 27, 1932 Clément Robitaille      Liberal Joseph Jean      Liberal DeathYes
Royal June 27, 1932 George Burpee Jones      Conservative George Burpee Jones      Conservative ResignationYes
Athabaska March 21, 1932 John Francis Buckley      Liberal Percy Griffith Davies      Conservative DeathNo
Three Rivers—St. Maurice August 10, 1931 Arthur Bettez      Liberal Charles Bourgeois      Conservative DeathNo
Hamilton East August 10, 1931 George Septimus Rennie      Conservative Humphrey Mitchell      Labour DeathNo
Richmond—West Cape Breton September 2, 1930 John Alexander Macdonald      Conservative Edgar Nelson Rhodes      Conservative Resignation to provide a seat for RhodesYes
Melfort August 25, 1930 Robert Weir      Conservative Robert Weir      Conservative Recontested upon appointment as Minister of Agriculture.Yes
Oxford North August 25, 1930 Donald Matheson Sutherland      Conservative Donald Matheson Sutherland      Conservative Recontested upon appointment as Minister of National Defence.Yes
Leeds August 25, 1930 Hugh Alexander Stewart      Conservative Hugh Alexander Stewart      Conservative Recontested upon appointment as Minister of Public Works.Yes
Kootenay East August 25, 1930 Michael Dalton McLean      Conservative Henry Herbert Stevens      Conservative Resignation to provide a seat for StevensYes
Laval—Two Mountains August 25, 1930 Arthur Sauvé      Conservative Arthur Sauvé      Conservative Recontested upon appointment as Postmaster General.Yes
Toronto East August 25, 1930 Edmond Baird Ryckman      Conservative Edmond Baird Ryckman      Conservative Recontested upon appointment as Minister of National Revenue.Yes
Neepawa August 25, 1930 Thomas Gerow Murphy      Conservative Thomas Gerow Murphy      Conservative Recontested upon appointment as Minister of the Interior.Yes
Fort William August 25, 1930 Robert James Manion      Conservative Robert James Manion      Conservative Recontested upon appointment as Minister of Railways and Canals.Yes
St. John—Albert August 25, 1930 Murray MacLaren      Conservative Murray MacLaren      Conservative Recontested upon appointment as Minister of Pensions and National Health.Yes
Wellington South August 25, 1930 Hugh Guthrie      Conservative Hugh Guthrie      Conservative Recontested upon appointment as Minister of Justice.Yes
Timiskaming South August 25, 1930 Wesley Gordon      Conservative Wesley Gordon      Conservative Recontested upon appointment as Minister of Immigration and Colonization and Minister of Mines.Yes
Chambly—Verchères August 25, 1930 Alfred Duranleau      Conservative Alfred Duranleau      Conservative Recontested upon appointment as Minister of Marine.Yes
Quebec West August 25, 1930 Maurice Dupré      Conservative Maurice Dupré      Conservative Recontested upon appointment as Solicitor General.Yes
St. Lawrence—St. George August 25, 1930 Charles Cahan      Conservative Charles Cahan      Conservative Recontested upon appointment as Secretary of State of Canada.Yes
Calgary West August 25, 1930 R. B. Bennett      Conservative R. B. Bennett      Conservative Recontested upon appointment as Prime Minister and Minister of Finance.Yes

See also

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