1984 (Van Halen album)

Last updated

1984
Van Halen - 1984.jpg
Studio album by
ReleasedJanuary 9, 1984 (1984-01-09) [1]
Recorded1983
Studio 5150 Studios in Studio City, California
Genre
Length33:17
Label Warner Bros.
Producer Ted Templeman
Van Halen chronology
Diver Down
(1982)
1984
(1984)
5150
(1986)
Singles from 1984
  1. "Jump"/"House of Pain"
    Released: December 21, 1983
  2. "I'll Wait"
    Released: April 1984
  3. "Panama"
    Released: June 18, 1984
  4. "Hot for Teacher"/"Little Dreamer"
    Released: October 27, 1984

1984 (stylized as MCMLXXXIV) is the sixth studio album by American hard rock band Van Halen, released on January 9, 1984. [3] It was the last Van Halen album until A Different Kind of Truth (2012) to feature lead singer David Lee Roth, who left in 1985 following creative differences, and the final full-length album with all four original members. [3] 1984 and Van Halen's debut are Van Halen's bestselling albums, each having sold more than 10 million copies. [4]

Hard rock is a loosely defined subgenre of rock music that began in the mid-1960s, with the garage, psychedelic and blues rock movements. It is typified by a heavy use of aggressive vocals, distorted electric guitars, bass guitar, drums, and often accompanied with keyboards.

Van Halen American heavy metal band

Van Halen is an American hard rock band formed in Pasadena, California, in 1972. From 1974 until 1985, the band consisted of guitarist Eddie Van Halen, vocalist David Lee Roth, drummer Alex Van Halen, and bassist Michael Anthony.

<i>A Different Kind of Truth</i> 2012 album by Van Halen

A Different Kind of Truth is the 12th studio album by American hard rock band Van Halen. Released on February 7, 2012, by Interscope Records, the record is Van Halen's first full-length album of studio material with former lead singer David Lee Roth since 1984. Likewise, it is Van Halen's first studio album since 1998's Van Halen III. It is the first to feature Eddie Van Halen's son Wolfgang on bass guitar, replacing Michael Anthony, who had played bass on all of Van Halen's previous albums.

Contents

1984 was well received by music critics. Rolling Stone ranked the album number 81 on its list of the 100 Greatest Albums of the 1980s. It reached number two on the Billboard 200 album chart and remained there for five weeks, behind Michael Jackson's Thriller (on which guitarist Eddie Van Halen made a guest performance). 1984 produced four singles, including "Jump", Van Halen's only number-one single on the Billboard Hot 100; the top-20 hits "Panama" and "I'll Wait"; and the MTV favorite "Hot for Teacher". The album was certified diamond by the Recording Industry Association of America in 1999, signifying ten million shipped copies.

The Billboard 200 is a record chart ranking the 200 most popular music albums and EPs in the United States. It is published weekly by Billboard magazine. It is frequently used to convey the popularity of an artist or groups of artists. Often, a recording act will be remembered by its "number ones", those of their albums that outperformed all others during at least one week. The chart grew from a weekly top 10 list in 1956 to become a top 200 in May 1967, and acquired its present title in March 1992. Its previous names include the Billboard Top LPs (1961–72), Billboard Top LPs & Tape (1972–84), Billboard Top 200 Albums (1984–85) and Billboard Top Pop Albums.

Michael Jackson American singer, songwriter and dancer

Michael Joseph Jackson was an American singer, songwriter and dancer. Dubbed the "King of Pop", he is regarded as one of the most significant cultural icons of the 20th century and one of the greatest entertainers of all time. Jackson's contributions to music, dance, and fashion, along with his publicized personal life, made him a global figure in popular culture for over four decades.

<i>Thriller</i> (Michael Jackson album) 1982 album by Michael Jackson

Thriller is the sixth studio album by American singer Michael Jackson, released on November 30, 1982, in the United States by Epic Records and internationally by CBS Records. It explores genres similar to Jackson's previous album, Off the Wall (1979), including pop, post-disco, rock and funk. Recording took place from April to November 1982 at Westlake Recording Studios in Los Angeles, with a production budget of $750,000.

Recording

Following the group's 1982 album, Diver Down , guitarist Eddie Van Halen was dissatisfied by the concessions he had made to Van Halen frontman David Lee Roth and producer Ted Templeman. Both discouraged Eddie from making keyboards a prominent instrument in the band's music. In 1983, Eddie built his own studio in his backyard, naming it 5150 after the Los Angeles police code for "escaped mental patient". There, he composed Van Halen's follow-up to Diver Down—without as much perceived "interference" from Roth or Templeman. The result was a compromise between the two creative factions in the band: a mixture of keyboard-heavy songs, and the intense rock for which the band was known. [5]

<i>Diver Down</i> album

Diver Down is the fifth studio album by American hard rock band Van Halen, released on April 14, 1982. It spent 65 weeks on the album chart in the United States and had, by 1998, sold four million copies in the United States.

Eddie Van Halen Dutch-American rock musician

Edward Lodewijk Van Halen is a Dutch-American musician, songwriter, and producer. He is the main songwriter and founder — with brother and drummer Alex Van Halen, bass guitarist Mark Stone, and singer David Lee Roth — of American hard rock band Van Halen. In 2012, he was voted number one in a Guitar World magazine reader's poll for "The 100 Greatest Guitarists of All Time".

David Lee Roth American singer

David Lee Roth is an American rock vocalist, songwriter, actor, author, and former radio personality. Roth is best known as the original (1974–1985) and current (2006–present) lead singer of hard rock band Van Halen. He is also known as a successful solo artist, releasing numerous RIAA-certified Gold and Platinum albums. After more than two decades apart, Roth re-joined Van Halen in 2006 for a North American tour that became the highest grossing in the band's history and one of the highest grossing of that year. In 2012, Roth and Van Halen released the comeback album A Different Kind of Truth. In 2007, he was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame as a member of Van Halen. Roth possesses a vocal range of five octaves and three notes.

In Rolling Stone 's retrospective review of 1984 in its 100 Best Albums of the Eighties list, producer Ted Templeman said, "It's real obvious to me [why 1984 won Van Halen a broader and larger audience]. Eddie Van Halen discovered the synthesizer." [5]

<i>Rolling Stone</i> American magazine focusing on popular culture, based in New York City

Rolling Stone is an American monthly magazine that focuses on popular culture. It was founded in San Francisco, California in 1967 by Jann Wenner, who is still the magazine's publisher, and the music critic Ralph J. Gleason. It was first known for its musical coverage and for political reporting by Hunter S. Thompson. In the 1990s, the magazine shifted focus to a younger readership interested in youth-oriented television shows, film actors, and popular music. In recent years, it has resumed its traditional mix of content.

At the time, Eddie was in the process of building his own studio with Donn Landee, the band's longtime engineer (and later producer on 5150 and OU812 ). While boards and tape machines were being installed, Eddie began working on synthesizers to pass the time. "There were no presets," said Templeman. "He would just twist off until it sounded right." [5]

Donn Landee is an American record producer and recording engineer. Much of his work as an engineer has been done with producer Ted Templeman. The pair worked with a wide variety of artists for Warner Bros. Records during the 1970s and 1980s, including Van Halen, and the Doobie Brothers.

<i>5150</i> (album) album

5150 is the seventh studio album by American hard rock band Van Halen, released on March 24, 1986 by Warner Bros. Records. It was the first of four albums to be recorded with new lead singer Sammy Hagar, who replaced David Lee Roth.

<i>OU812</i> album

OU812 is the eighth studio album by American hard rock band Van Halen, released in 1988, and the second to feature vocalist Sammy Hagar. Van Halen started work on the album in September 1987 and completed it in April 1988, just one month before its release.

Songwriting credits

The album's original release credits all songs to Edward Van Halen, Alex Van Halen, Michael Anthony and David Lee Roth. The UK single release for "I'll Wait" [6] credited Michael McDonald as a co-writer, but he was not credited on the US version. [7]

Alex Van Halen American musician

Alexander Arthur Van Halen is a Dutch American musician, and the drummer and co-founder of the hard rock band Van Halen. Initially Alex's younger brother Eddie played drums, while Alex practiced guitar. After spending time playing Eddie's drum kit, Alex became more skilled at the drums than Eddie.

Michael McDonald (musician) singer-songwriter

Michael McDonald is an American singer, songwriter, keyboardist, and record producer. McDonald has won five Grammy Awards.

The ASCAP entry for "I'll Wait" lists Michael McDonald as co-writer with Roth and the Van Halens. Like many bands starting out on their career, Van Halen shared songwriting credit equally between all members (including guitar instrumentals, which were clearly composed only by Eddie), but subsequent claims would lend credibility to the view that all songs were entirely or predominantly written by Eddie Van Halen and David Lee Roth, with little input from Van Halen's rhythm section.[ citation needed ]

After the release of Best Of – Volume I (1996), Van Halen renegotiated their royalties with their label Warner Bros. In 2004, Roth discovered that the rest of the band had renegotiated a royalty rate five times greater than his for releases made during his time as lead singer. [8] [9] This was later rectified.[ citation needed ]

Songs from 1984 that appear on compilations after the royalty renegotiation and Roth's lawsuit were credited to Edward Van Halen, Alex Van Halen and David Lee Roth, with Michael Anthony's name removed from the credits, as evident in the end song credits of the 2007 film Superbad . [10]

Artwork

The cover art was created by graphic artist Margo Nahas. [11] It was not specifically commissioned; Nahas had been asked to create a cover that featured four chrome women dancing, but declined due to the creative difficulties. [12] Her husband brought her portfolio to the band anyway, and from that material they chose the painting of a putto stealing cigarettes that was used. [13] The model was Carter Helm, who was the child of one of Nahas' best friends, whom she photographed holding a candy cigarette. [13] The front cover was censored in the UK at the time of the album's release. It featured a sticker that obscured the cigarette in the putto's hand and the pack of cigarettes. [14] The back cover features all four band members individually with 1984 in a green futuristic font. [15]

Singles

The album's first two singles, "Jump" and "I'll Wait", feature prominent synthesizers, as well as the album's intro track, "1984", a one-minute instrumental. Eddie Van Halen played an Oberheim OB-Xa synthesizer on the album. [16]

1984 saw the release of the album's third single "Panama", which features a heavy guitar riff reminiscent of Van Halen's earlier work. The engine noise was from Eddie revving up his Lamborghini, with microphones used near the tailpipes. Later, a video of "Hot for Teacher" was released and played regularly on MTV, giving the band a fourth hit which sustained sales of the album. Other songs on 1984 included "Girl Gone Bad", parts of which previously had been played during the 1982 Tour amidst performances of "Somebody Get Me a Doctor" (most famously at the US Festival show), the hard rock "Drop Dead Legs" and "Top Jimmy", a tribute to James Paul Koncek of the band Top Jimmy & The Rhythm Pigs. The album concludes with "House of Pain", a fiery, heavy metal song that dates back to the band's early club days of the mid-1970s. [17]

Eddie told an interviewer that "Girl Gone Bad" was written in a hotel room that he and then-wife Valerie Bertinelli had rented. Valerie was asleep, and Eddie woke up during the night with an idea he had to put on tape. Not wanting to wake Valerie, Eddie grabbed a cassette recorder and recorded himself playing guitar in the closet. [18]

Eddie Van Halen stated he wrote the arrangement for "Jump" several years before 1984 was recorded. In a 1995 cover story in Rolling Stone , the guitarist said Roth had rejected the synth riff for "Jump" for at least two years before agreeing to write lyrics to it. [19] In his memoir Crazy From The Heat, Roth confirms Eddie's account, admitting a preference for Van Halen's guitar work; however, he says he now enjoys the song. Additionally in his memoir, Roth writes that he wrote the lyrics to "Jump" after watching a man waffle as to whether to commit suicide by jumping off of a skyscraper. [20]

Release

1984 peaked at number 2 on the Billboard album charts, (behind Michael Jackson's Thriller, which featured an Eddie Van Halen guitar solo on "Beat It",) and remained there for 5 straight weeks. [21] As previously noted, it contained the anthems "Jump", "Panama", "I'll Wait" and "Hot for Teacher". "Jump" reached number 1 on the Billboard Hot 100. 1984 is the second of two Van Halen albums to have achieved RIAA Diamond status, selling over ten million copies in the United States. Their debut Van Halen was the first. [22] "Jump" went on to be certified Gold in April 1984, only months after the album's release. [23]

The album's follow-up singles – the synth-driven "I'll Wait", and "Panama", each peaked at Billboard number 13 on the Pop charts, respectively, in March and June. "Hot for Teacher", was a moderate Billboard Hot 100 success, reaching number 56; the MTV video for "Hot for Teacher" became even more popular. [24] The "Hot for Teacher" video, which was directed by Roth, [3] stars preteen lookalikes of the four Van Halen band members; a stereotypical nerd named "Waldo"; David Lee Roth as Waldo's bus driver; and numerous teachers stripping. [25]

To promote the album, the band ran a contest on MTV. [26] The contest was called, "Lost Weekend" with Van Halen. Fans mailed over 1 million postcards to MTV in hopes of winning the contest. In the promo for MTV, David Lee Roth said, "You won't know where you are, you won't know what's going to happen, and when you come back, you're not gonna have any memory of it." [27] [28] Kurt Jeffries won the contest and was flown to Detroit to join the band. [29] Jeffries was allowed to bring along his best friend. He was given a Lost Weekend T-shirt and a hat. He was also brought on stage and had a large sheet cake smashed in his face which was followed by about a dozen people pouring champagne on him. [29]

In the band's licensed game, Guitar Hero: Van Halen , three of the singles from 1984 were included; "Jump", "Panama", and "Hot for Teacher". [30]

Critical reception

Professional ratings
Review scores
SourceRating
AllMusic Star full.svgStar full.svgStar full.svgStar full.svgStar full.svg [31]
Robert Christgau B+ [32]
Rolling Stone Star full.svgStar full.svgStar full.svgStar full.svgStar empty.svg [33]
Classic Rock RevisitedA [34]
The Daily VaultA [35]

Reviews for 1984 were generally favorable. Robert Christgau rated the album a B+. He explained that "Side one is pure up, and not only that, it sticks to the ears" and that "Van Halen's pop move avoids fluff because they're heavy and schlock because they're built for speed, finally creating an all-purpose mise-en-scene for Brother Eddie's hair-raising, stomach-churning chops." He also called side two "consolation for their loyal fans—a little sexism, a lot of pyrotechnics, and a standard HM bass attack on something called 'House of Pain'." [32] J.D. Considine, a reviewer for Rolling Stone , rated 1984 four out of five stars. He called it "the album that brings all of Van Halen's talent into focus." He stated that ""Jump" is not exactly the kind of song you'd expect from Van Halen", but that "once Alex Van Halen's drums kick in and singer David Lee Roth starts to unravel a typically convoluted story line, things start sounding a little more familiar". Although he mentioned "Jump" as having "suspended chords and a pedalpoint bass in a manner more suited to Asia", he went on to state that "Eddie Van Halen manages to expand his repertoire of hot licks, growls, screams and seemingly impossible runs to wilder frontiers than you could have imagined." He concluded that "what really makes this record work is the fact that Van Halen uses all this flash as a means to an end—driving the melody home—rather than as an end in itself" and that "despite all the bluster, Van Halen is one of the smartest, toughest bands in rock & roll. Believe me, that's no newspeak." [33]

In a 1984 review, Billboard states the album is "funnier and more versatile than most of their metal brethren", calling the production "typically strong". [36] A retrospective review by AllMusic's Stephen Thomas Erlewine was extremely positive. He noted that the album caused "a hoopla that was a bit of a red herring since the band had been layering in synths since their third album, Women and Children First ". He further stated that "Jump"'s "synths played a circular riff that wouldn't have sounded as overpowering on guitar", but that "the band didn't dispense with their signature monolithic, pulsating rock." He also stated that "where [previous] albums placed an emphasis on the band's attack, this places an emphasis on the songs, and they're uniformly terrific, the best set of original tunes Van Halen ever had." He concluded that "it's the best showcase of Van Halen's instrumental prowess as a band, the best showcase for Diamond Dave's glorious shtick, the best showcase for their songwriting, just their flat-out best album overall. [...] [T]here's no way Van Halen could have bettered this album with Dave around (and they didn't better it once Sammy [Hagar] joined, either)." [31]

Guitar Player magazine writer Matt Blackett praises the "deeper cuts" of the album, "Drop Dead Legs", "House of Pain", and "Girl Gone Bad", calling the guitar work "fresh and vital", noting Eddie's "dark, complex sense of harmony and melody". [37] Len Comaratta from Consequence of Sound felt Van Halen reached the pinnacle of its commercial and critical success. [2] At the end of the 1980s, Rolling Stone , which had previously been critical of Van Halen, [38] ranked 1984 at number 81 on its list of the 100 Greatest Albums of the 1980s. [5] The album was also included in the book 1001 Albums You Must Hear Before You Die . [39]

Track listing

All tracks written by Eddie Van Halen, Alex Van Halen, Michael Anthony and David Lee Roth, except where noted.

Side one
No.TitleLength
1."1984"1:07
2."Jump"4:01
3."Panama"3:31
4."Top Jimmy"2:59
5."Drop Dead Legs"4:14
Side two
No.TitleLength
6."Hot for Teacher"4:42
7."I'll Wait" (writers: E. Van Halen, A. Van Halen, Anthony, Roth, Michael McDonald)4:40
8."Girl Gone Bad"4:35
9."House of Pain"3:19

Personnel

Van Halen

Production

Charts

Weekly charts

Chart (1984)Peak
position
Australian Albums (Kent Music Report) [40] 11
Austrian Albums (Ö3 Austria) [41] 12
Dutch Albums (Album Top 100) [42] 8
German Albums (Offizielle Top 100) [43] 11
New Zealand Albums (RMNZ) [44] 15
Norwegian Albums (VG-lista) [45] 12
Swedish Albums (Sverigetopplistan) [46] 4
Swiss Albums (Schweizer Hitparade) [47] 7
UK Albums (OCC) [48] 15
US Billboard 200 [49] 2
Chart (2016)Position
Canadian Albums (Billboard) [50] 71

Singles

SingleChart (1984)Position
"Jump"Billboard Hot 100 [51] 1
UK Single Chart [52] 7
Mainstream Rock Tracks [53] 1
Hot Dance Music/Club Play [54] 17
"I'll Wait"Billboard Hot 100 [51] 13
UK Single Chart [52] 85
Mainstream Rock Tracks [55] 2
"Panama"Billboard Hot 100 [51] 13
UK Single Chart [52] 61
Mainstream Rock Tracks [55] 2
"Hot for Teacher"The Billboard Hot 100 [51] 56
UK Single Chart [52] 87
Mainstream Rock Tracks [55] 24

Certifications

RegionCertification Certified units/Sales
Canada (Music Canada) [56] 5× Platinum500,000^
France (SNEP) [57] Gold381,300 [58]
Germany (BVMI) [59] Platinum500,000^
United Kingdom (BPI) [60] Gold100,000^
United States (RIAA) [61] Diamond10,000,000^

*sales figures based on certification alone
^shipments figures based on certification alone

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