2021 Nobel Peace Prize

Last updated

The Nobel Peace Prize
Date8 October 2021 (2021-10-08)
Location Oslo
CountryNorway
Presented by Norwegian Nobel Committee
Reward(s)9.0 million SEK
First awarded1901
2021 laureate Maria Ressa, Dmitry Muratov

The 2021 Nobel Peace Prize was announced by the Norwegian Nobel Committee in Oslo on 8 October 2021. Maria Ressa and Dmitry Muratov received the prize "for their efforts to safeguard freedom of expression, which is a precondition for democracy and lasting peace." [1]

Contents

The formal award ceremony is scheduled to be held in Oslo on 10 December 2021, the anniversary of Alfred Nobel's death. In 2020 the ceremony returned to its former venue, the Atrium of the University of Oslo Faculty of Law, after being held in Oslo City Hall during the period 1990–2019. [2]

There were 329 candidates for the prize when nominations closed on 31 January 2021. [3] The Norwegian News Agency reported earlier in 2021 that Maria Ressa had been nominated by Jonas Gahr Støre, the designated Prime Minister following the 2021 election, [4] and many sources in Russia claim that Dmitry Muratov was nominated by Mikhail Gorbachev. [5]

Nomination process

Different groups of qualified nominators may nominate candidates, including members of national assemblies and national governments, heads of state, judges of certain international courts, (full) professor-level academics in relevant fields, and former laureates; a significant proportion of the nominations are submitted by Norwegian MPs and academics. Nominations are submitted to the Oslo-based Norwegian Nobel Committee, usually in a Scandinavian language (Norwegian, Swedish, Danish) or English. Nominations for the 2021 prize opened on 1 September 2020 and closed on 31 January 2021 (Norwegian time). [3]

Candidates

There are 329 candidates in 2021, 234 individuals and 95 organizations. [6] The Nobel Foundation is not allowed to publish nominations for at least 50 years. [7] Individual nominators can, and sometimes do, choose to publish their nomination, and Norwegian media often report nominations by qualified nominators such as members of parliament and qualified academics.

The Norwegian News Agency reported on 31 January 2021 that the 2021 nominees confirmed by qualified Norwegian nominators (MPs or academics) before the deadline included the following candidates:

Nominations confirmed by the Norwegian News Agency
NomineeNominator(s)Source
Campaign to Stop Killer Robots Audun Lysbakken, Member of Parliament [3] [4]
Alexei Navalny Ola Elvestuen, Mathilde Tybring-Gjedde and Peter Christian Frølich, Members of Parliament [3] [4]
Martin Lee Mathilde Tybring-Gjedde and Peter Christian Frølich, Members of Parliament [3] [4]
Hong Kong Free Press Ola Elvestuen, Terje Breivik and Jon Gunnes, Members of Parliament [3] [4]
International Fact-Checking Network Trine Skei Grande and Tore Storehaug, Members of Parliament [3] [4]
Maria Ressa Jonas Gahr Støre, Member of Parliament [3] [4]
Reporters Without Borders Sveinung Stensland, Member of Parliament [3] [4]
Black Lives Matter Petter Eide, Member of Parliament [3] [4]
NATO Erlend Wiborg, Member of Parliament [3] [4]
Coalition for Epidemic Preparedness Innovations and GAVI Carl-Erik Grimstad, Member of Parliament [3] [4]
Scout movement Solveig Schytz, Member of Parliament [3] [4]
Jane Goodall and the Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES) Dag Øistein Endsjø, Professor of Religious Studies [3] [4]
Marilyn Waring Margunn Bjørnholt, Professor of Sociology [3] [4]
Sviatlana Tsikhanouskaya Hårek Elvenes, Jette Christensen and Geir Toskedal, Members of Parliament [3] [4]

Laureates

On 8 October 2021 the Nobel Nobel Committee announced its decision to award the prize to journalists Maria Ressa and Dmitry Muratov "for their efforts to safeguard freedom of expression, which is a precondition for democracy and lasting peace." [1] As a result, the Nobel Prize Committee was criticized for rewarding Muratov and not jailed Russian opposition leader Alexei Navalny, as an attempt by the Committee "to keep the maximum distance from the current political process" in Russia. [8] Muratov said he would have preferred that jailed opposition leader Alexei Navalny was given the award instead. [9]

Prize committee

The members of the Norwegian Nobel Committee are elected by the Norwegian Parliament and are responsible for selecting the laureate in accordance with the will of Alfred Nobel; the committee's members in 2021 are: [10] [11]

Prize ceremony

Atrium of the University of Oslo Faculty of Law, the venue of the award ceremony 1947-1989 and since 2020 Universitetsplassen Johans gate Oslo 2015-09-30 sign.jpg
Atrium of the University of Oslo Faculty of Law, the venue of the award ceremony 1947–1989 and since 2020

The award ceremony is scheduled to be held in Oslo on 10 December 2021, the anniversary of Alfred Nobel's death. In 2020 the ceremony returned to its former venue, the Atrium of the University of Oslo Faculty of Law, after being held in Oslo City Hall during the period 1990–2019. [2]

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Novaya Gazeta is a Russian sociopolitical newspaper known in its country for its critical and investigative coverage of Russian political and social affairs.

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Maria Ressa Filipino-American journalist and CEO of Rappler (born 1963)

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Christian Tybring-Gjedde Norwegian MP

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Berit Reiss-Andersen

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Dmitry Muratov Russian journalist (born 1961)

Dmitry Andreyevich Muratov is a Russian journalist, television presenter and the editor-in-chief of the Russian newspaper Novaya Gazeta. He was awarded the 2021 Nobel Peace Prize jointly with Maria Ressa for "their efforts to safeguard freedom of expression, which is a precondition for democracy and lasting peace."

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2015 Nobel Peace Prize Award

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2016 Nobel Peace Prize Award

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2018 Nobel Peace Prize Award

The 2018 Nobel Peace Prize was awarded to Denis Mukwege and Nadia Murad "for their efforts to end the use of sexual violence as a weapon of war and armed conflict," according to the Norwegian Nobel Committee announcement on 5 October 2018 in Oslo, Norway. "Both laureates have made a crucial contribution to focusing attention on, and combating, such war crimes," according to the award citation. After reading the citation, Committee Chair Berit Reiss-Andersen told reporters that the impact of this year's award is to highlight sexual abuse with the goal that every level of governance take responsibility to end such crimes and impunities.

2019 Nobel Peace Prize Award

The 2019 Nobel Peace Prize was awarded to the Prime Minister of Ethiopia Abiy Ahmed Ali "for his efforts to achieve peace and international cooperation, and in particular for his decisive initiative to resolve the border conflict with neighbouring Eritrea." The award was announced by the Norwegian Nobel Committee on 11 October 2019.

2020 Nobel Peace Prize Award

The 2020 Nobel Peace Prize was awarded to the World Food Programme by the Norwegian Nobel Committee. The announcement was made on Friday 9 October at 11:00 CEST.

References

  1. 1 2 "The Nobel Peace Prize 2021". NobelPrize.org. 8 October 2021.
  2. 1 2 "Dropper utdeling av fredsprisen i Oslo rådhus". Klar Tale. Retrieved 1 February 2021.
  3. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 "Flere fredsprisforslag før fristen gikk ut". Aftenposten . Norwegian News Agency. 31 January 2021.
  4. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 "Hektisk nomineringsaktivitet før fredsprisfrist". Dagsavisen . 31 January 2021.
  5. https://youtube.com/BYmyxsnlaKE?t=1200
  6. "Nomination". The Nobel Peace Prize. Retrieved 9 March 2021.
  7. "Confidentiality". Nobel Foundation . Retrieved 9 March 2021.
  8. Hopkins, Valerie (8 October 2021). "Nobel announcement draws mixed reactions from Russia, with frustration from Navalny supporters". The New York times.
  9. "Navalny Deserved Peace Prize, Russian Nobel Winner Says". The New York Times. Retrieved 8 October 2021.
  10. "Valg av medlemmer til Nobelkomiteen". Stortinget. 18 January 2021. Retrieved 1 February 2021.
  11. "The Norwegian Nobel Committee". The Nobel Peace Prize. Retrieved 9 March 2021.
  12. "Board and council". Norwegian Helsinki Committee. Retrieved 9 March 2021.