International Peace Bureau

Last updated
International Peace Bureau
IPB Logo.svg
AbbreviationIPB
MottoDisarmament for Development
Formation1891;129 years ago (1891)
Type NGO
Legal status Nonprofit
PurposeDedicated to a world without war
Headquarters Berlin, Germany
Coordinates 52°31′21″N13°23′01″E / 52.522454°N 13.383641°E / 52.522454; 13.383641 Coordinates: 52°31′21″N13°23′01″E / 52.522454°N 13.383641°E / 52.522454; 13.383641
Region
Worldwide
MethodsSeminars and Conferences, Education, Advocation
Fields World peace
Co-President
Lisa Clark
Co-President
Philip Jennings
Main organ
Assembly of the International Peace Bureau
Website www.ipb.org
International Peace Bureau (IPB) council meeting at Bern, 1899 IPB-Yore-1899.jpg
International Peace Bureau (IPB) council meeting at Bern, 1899
General Assembly of the International Peace Bureau, September 1935 Assemblee generale du Bureau international de la paix.jpg
General Assembly of the International Peace Bureau, September 1935

The International Peace Bureau (IPB) (French : Bureau international de la paix), founded in 1891, [1] is one of the world's oldest international peace federations. Its membership consists of 300 organizations in 70 countries. [2] IPB's headquarters is located in Berlin, Germany with offices in Barcelona, Spain, and Geneva, Switzerland. Prior to 2017, the headquarters was based in Geneva.

Contents

Its main programmes are the Global Campaign on Military Spending (GCOMS) and disarmament for development, which focuses both on nuclear and conventional weapons, as well as biological weapons, landmines, and small arms. [2] [3]

IPB holds Consultative Status with the United Nations Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) and associate status with the United Nations Department of Global Communications. [4]

IPB was founded under the name Permanent International Peace Bureau (Bureau International Permanent de la Paix). From 1912 onward it used the name International Peace Bureau. Between 1946 and 1961, it was known under the name International Liaison Committee of Organizations for Peace – ILCOP (Comité de liaison international des organisations de paix – CLIOP).

The organisation was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1910 for acting "as a link between the peace societies of the various countries". [5] [6] In 1913 Henri La Fontaine was also awarded the Prize "[For his work as] head of the International Peace Bureau". [7] [8] As of 2012, eleven other Nobel Peace Prize laureates have been members of the IPB. [9]


Global Campaign on Military Spending

The Global Campaign on Military Spending (GCOMS) is a permanent, global, year-round campaign that was created in December 2014 by the IPB to tackle the worldwide issue of excessive military spending. [10]

The aim of the campaign is to pressure the world's governments to invest money in the sectors of health, education, employment and climate change rather than military. It also calls for an annual, minimum reallocation of 10% from the military budgets of all states. Finally, it advocates the reduction of arms production and international weapons trade. [11]

GDAMS Actions in Halifax, Canada GDAMS Actions in Halifax, Canada.jpg
GDAMS Actions in Halifax, Canada

The campaign organises the Global Day of Action on Military Spending (GDAMS) to bring public, media and political attention to the costs of military spending and the need to invest in new priorities. [12]

GCOMS is managed from the decentralized Barcelona, Spain office of IPB in coordination with Centre Delàs of Peace Studies. More than 100 organizations from 35 countries have joined the campaign. [13]

Nuclear Disarmament Activism

IPB has been in the forefront of nuclear disarmament activities since 1945, including:

Currently, the IPB is campaigning to encourage the signing and ratification of the TPNW so that it may enter into force. [14]

Seán MacBride Peace Prize

Established in 1992, the Seán MacBride Peace Prize is awarded by the International Peace Bureau to a person or organisation that "has done outstanding work for peace, disarmament and/or human rights." [15] [16] It is named after Seán MacBride, a Nobel Peace Prize winner who was chairman of the IPB from 1968–74 and president from 1974-1985. [17] [18]

Recipients

The following are the recipients of the Seán MacBride Peace Prize since its inception in 1992: [15]

YearRecipientNotesReference
1992 Michael D. Higgins
1993 Motarilavoa Hilda Lini Played a key role in the WHO’s decision to approve a request to the World Court on the legal status of nuclear weapons.
1994 Mordechai Vanunu Sentenced to 18 years solitary confinement for revealing details of Israel’s nuclear arsenal.
1995 The Committee of Soldiers' Mothers of Russia Foremost among Russian citizens’ groups opposing the war in Chechnya.
1996Selim BešlagićFor "his fight against nationalism, ethnic cleansing and intolerance during his country's war." [19]
1997 Seeds of Hope Group For disarming a Hawk aircraft bound for Indonesia.
1998 John Hume For "his contribution to the Northern Ireland peace process." [20]
1999Barbara GladyschFor her "extraordinary and year-long commitment to disarmament and practical solidarity with victims of wars and disasters." [21]
20001) Praful Bidwai
2) Achin Vanaik
For being at the "forefront of the international campaign against the nuclearisation of South Asia." [22]
2001 Rosalie Bertell For "her lifelong engagement to the cause of peace and for her deep concern for the well-being of peoples all over the planet. [23]
2002 Barbara Lee For "her sole vote against the bombing of Afghanistan." [24]
2003 Nihon Hidankyō Survivors of the A bomb attacks on Hiroshima and Nagasaki in 1945. They have devoted the rest of their lives to the elimination of nuclear weapons.
2004Geneva Initiative on the Middle East
2005No award made
2006 Mayors for Peace:

1) Tadatoshi Akiba
2) Iccho Itoh

For "its achievements in arousing international public demand for the abolition of nuclear weapons and lasting world peace." [25]
2007 Jayantha Dhanapala For "his dedication to the cause of disarmament and his initiatives towards creating the Central Asian Nuclear-Weapons Free Zone." [26]
2008Jacqueline CabassoFor "her years of outstanding work with NGOs and initiatives toward peace and the abolition of nuclear weapons." [27]
2009 Betty Reardon For "her contribution to peace education and to the wider peace movement." [28]
2010 Binalakshmi Nepram For "her extraordinary efforts to promote disarmament and an end to gun violence in India." [29]
20111) Hanaa Edwar
2) Dr. Peter Becker
1) For "her contribution to the advancement of democracy and human rights, as well as her firm stand against violence and war;"
2) For his work with the German section of the International Association of Lawyers Against Nuclear Arms (IALANA).
[30] [31]
20121) Lina Ben Mhenni
2) Nawal El Saadawi
For showing "great courage and ... substantial contributions to what is known as the Arab Spring." [32]
2013 Chelsea Manning For her "courageous actions in revealing information about US war crimes." [33]
2014The People and Government of the Republic of the Marshall Islands For "courageously taking the nine nuclear weapons-possessing countries to the International Court of Justice to enforce compliance with the Non-Proliferation Treaty and international customary law." [34]
2015The People and the Island Communities of Lampedusa, Italy and Jeju Island, South KoreaFor showing "a profound commitment to peace and social justice." [35]
2016IPB Secretary-General Colin ArcherFor 26 years "in the service of peace and of the IPB community." [36]
20171) All Okinawa Council Against Henoko New Base
2) Noam Chomsky
3) Jeremy Corbyn
1) For "its unflagging commitment to close the Futemna Marine Air Base, and for its nonviolent opposition to the construction of a massive new air, land and sea base in Henoko;"
2) For his "tireless commitment to peace, his strong critiques to U.S. foreign policy, and his anti-imperialism;"
3) For his "sustained and powerful political work for disarmament and peace."
[16]
20181) Association For Historical Dialogue and Research and Home for Cooperation
2) Helena Maleno
3) Douglas Roche
1) For its "efforts and promotion of [a] Culture of Peace and as well as the peace building activities;"
2) For her "efforts to save hundreds of lives in the Mediterranean Sea, and her strong commitment to defending human rights;"
3) For his "tireless efforts to promote international peace and disarmament."
[37]
20191) Bruce Kent

2) Elayne Whyte Gómez

1) An "internationally known peace activist and a 'real peace hero' who, even in his 90th year, remains an active campaigner and organizer for peace and human rights."

2) For "her invaluable contribution to the completion of the historic Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons."

[38]


International Peace Bureau World Congress Berlin 2016 International Peace Bureau World Congress Berlin 2016.jpg
International Peace Bureau World Congress Berlin 2016

Leadership

At the Triennial Assembly held in London on October 19 2019, a new group of IPB officials was elected. [39]

President

The current Co-Presidents are: [39]

CountryName
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom Philip Jennings
Flag of Italy.svg  Italy Lisa Clark

Treasurer

The current Treasurer is: [39]

CountryName
Flag of Germany.svg  Germany Lucas Wirl

Vice-Presidents

The Vice-Presidents deputise for the President when necessary. The current Vice-Presidents are: [39]

CountryName
Flag of Spain.svg  Spain Jordi Calvo
Flag of the Philippines.svg  Philippines Corazon Valdez Fabros
Flag of the United States.svg  United States Joseph Gerson
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom Dave Webb

Board Members

The board members are the following persons: [39]

CountryName
Flag of France.svg  France Alain Rouy
Flag of France.svg  France Arielle Denis
Flag of India.svg  India Binalakshmi Nepram
Flag of Mongolia.svg  Mongolia Enkhsaikhan Jargalsaikhan
Flag of South Korea.svg  South Korea Jun Kyu Lee
Flag of Argentina.svg  Argentina Patricia Perez
Flag of Japan.svg  Japan Rieko Asato-Kodama
Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada Yeshua Moser-Puangsuwan
Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada Steve Staples
Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Belgium Etienne De Jonghe

Council Members

The Council members are the following persons: [39]

CountryName
Flag of India.svg  India Surender Singh Rajpurohit
Flag of Ghana.svg  Ghana Kwaku Addai
Flag of France.svg  France Lisa Silvestre
Flag of South Korea.svg  South Korea A-Young Moon
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom Sara Medi Jones
Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Belgium Chloé Meulewaeter
Flag of Colombia.svg  Colombia Angelo Cardona
Flag of the United States.svg  United States Emily Rubino
Flag of the United States.svg  United States Ann Wright
Flag of India.svg  India Jurvey Balkrishna
Flag of Nigeria.svg  Nigeria Ejimole Fidel Onwuekwe
Flag of Russia.svg  Russia Oleg Viktorovich Bodrov
Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada Tamara Lorincz
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom Jenny Clegg
Flag of Germany.svg  Germany Stephan Möhrle


Staff Members

The staff members are the following persons: [39]

CountryName
Flag of Germany.svg  Germany Reiner Braun
Flag of Bosnia and Herzegovina.svg  Bosnia and Herzegovina Amela Skiljan
Flag of Spain.svg  Spain Quique Sánchez

Nobel Peace Prizes

IPB's work was rewarded by the Nobel Peace Prize in 1910, which has also been awarded to some of its members: [40]

Presidents

The IPB has a Co-President system that ensures for a gender-balance among leadership. Each president can currently serve up to two terms of 3 years. [41]

IPB "Bread Tank" in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil IPB "Bread Tank" in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.jpg
IPB "Bread Tank" in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

See also

Related Research Articles

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Maria Kirbasova, was a Kalmyk human rights activist who founded the Committee of Soldiers' Mothers of Russia. In 1995 they were awarded Thorolf Rafto Memorial Prize and the Sean MacBride Peace Prize and in 1996 they were given the Right Livelihood Award.

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Sources