|Motto||Disarmament for Development|
|Purpose||Dedicated to a world without war|
|Methods||Seminars and Conferences, Education, Advocation|
|Assembly of the International Peace Bureau|
The International Peace Bureau (IPB) (French : Bureau international de la paix), founded in 1891, is one of the world's oldest international peace federations. Its membership consists of 300 organizations in 70 countries. IPB's headquarters is located in Berlin, Germany with offices in Barcelona, Spain, and Geneva, Switzerland. Prior to 2017, the headquarters was based in Geneva.
Its main programmes are the Global Campaign on Military Spending (GCOMS) and disarmament for development, which focuses both on nuclear and conventional weapons, as well as biological weapons, landmines, and small arms.
IPB holds Consultative Status with the United Nations Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) and associate status with the United Nations Department of Global Communications.
IPB was founded under the name Permanent International Peace Bureau (Bureau International Permanent de la Paix). From 1912 onward it used the name International Peace Bureau. Between 1946 and 1961, it was known under the name International Liaison Committee of Organizations for Peace – ILCOP (Comité de liaison international des organisations de paix – CLIOP).
The organisation was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1910 for acting "as a link between the peace societies of the various countries". As of 2012 [update] , eleven other Nobel Peace Prize laureates have been members of the IPB.In 1913 Henri La Fontaine was also awarded the Prize "[For his work as] head of the International Peace Bureau".
The Global Campaign on Military Spending (GCOMS) is a permanent, global, year-round campaign that was created in December 2014 by the IPB to tackle the worldwide issue of excessive military spending.
The aim of the campaign is to pressure the world's governments to invest money in the sectors of health, education, employment and climate change rather than military. It also calls for an annual, minimum reallocation of 10% from the military budgets of all states. Finally, it advocates the reduction of arms production and international weapons trade.
The campaign organises the Global Day of Action on Military Spending (GDAMS) to bring public, media and political attention to the costs of military spending and the need to invest in new priorities.
GCOMS is managed from the decentralized Barcelona, Spain office of IPB in coordination with Centre Delàs of Peace Studies. More than 100 organizations from 35 countries have joined the campaign.
IPB has been in the forefront of nuclear disarmament activities since 1945, including:
Currently, the IPB is campaigning to encourage the signing and ratification of the TPNW so that it may enter into force.
Established in 1992, the Seán MacBride Peace Prize is awarded by the International Peace Bureau to a person or organisation that "has done outstanding work for peace, disarmament and/or human rights."It is named after Seán MacBride, a Nobel Peace Prize winner who was chairman of the IPB from 1968–74 and president from 1974-1985.
The following are the recipients of the Seán MacBride Peace Prize since its inception in 1992:
|1992||Michael D. Higgins|
|1993||Motarilavoa Hilda Lini||Played a key role in the WHO’s decision to approve a request to the World Court on the legal status of nuclear weapons.|
|1994||Mordechai Vanunu||Sentenced to 18 years solitary confinement for revealing details of Israel’s nuclear arsenal.|
|1995||The Committee of Soldiers' Mothers of Russia||Foremost among Russian citizens’ groups opposing the war in Chechnya.|
|1996||Selim Bešlagić||For "his fight against nationalism, ethnic cleansing and intolerance during his country's war."|
|1997||Seeds of Hope Group||For disarming a Hawk aircraft bound for Indonesia.|
|1998||John Hume||For "his contribution to the Northern Ireland peace process."|
|1999||Barbara Gladysch||For her "extraordinary and year-long commitment to disarmament and practical solidarity with victims of wars and disasters."|
|2000||1) Praful Bidwai |
2) Achin Vanaik
|For being at the "forefront of the international campaign against the nuclearisation of South Asia."|
|2001||Rosalie Bertell||For "her lifelong engagement to the cause of peace and for her deep concern for the well-being of peoples all over the planet.|
|2002||Barbara Lee||For "her sole vote against the bombing of Afghanistan."|
|2003||Nihon Hidankyō||Survivors of the A bomb attacks on Hiroshima and Nagasaki in 1945. They have devoted the rest of their lives to the elimination of nuclear weapons.|
|2004||Geneva Initiative on the Middle East|
|2005||No award made|
|2006|| Mayors for Peace: ||For "its achievements in arousing international public demand for the abolition of nuclear weapons and lasting world peace."|
|2007||Jayantha Dhanapala||For "his dedication to the cause of disarmament and his initiatives towards creating the Central Asian Nuclear-Weapons Free Zone."|
|2008||Jacqueline Cabasso||For "her years of outstanding work with NGOs and initiatives toward peace and the abolition of nuclear weapons."|
|2009||Betty Reardon||For "her contribution to peace education and to the wider peace movement."|
|2010||Binalakshmi Nepram||For "her extraordinary efforts to promote disarmament and an end to gun violence in India."|
|2011||1) Hanaa Edwar |
2) Dr. Peter Becker
|1) For "her contribution to the advancement of democracy and human rights, as well as her firm stand against violence and war;" |
2) For his work with the German section of the International Association of Lawyers Against Nuclear Arms (IALANA).
|2012||1) Lina Ben Mhenni |
2) Nawal El Saadawi
|For showing "great courage and ... substantial contributions to what is known as the Arab Spring."|
|2013||Chelsea Manning||For her "courageous actions in revealing information about US war crimes."|
|2014||The People and Government of the Republic of the Marshall Islands||For "courageously taking the nine nuclear weapons-possessing countries to the International Court of Justice to enforce compliance with the Non-Proliferation Treaty and international customary law."|
|2015||The People and the Island Communities of Lampedusa, Italy and Jeju Island, South Korea||For showing "a profound commitment to peace and social justice."|
|2016||IPB Secretary-General Colin Archer||For 26 years "in the service of peace and of the IPB community."|
|2017||1) All Okinawa Council Against Henoko New Base |
2) Noam Chomsky
3) Jeremy Corbyn
|1) For "its unflagging commitment to close the Futemna Marine Air Base, and for its nonviolent opposition to the construction of a massive new air, land and sea base in Henoko;" |
2) For his "tireless commitment to peace, his strong critiques to U.S. foreign policy, and his anti-imperialism;"
3) For his "sustained and powerful political work for disarmament and peace."
|2018||1) Association For Historical Dialogue and Research and Home for Cooperation |
2) Helena Maleno
3) Douglas Roche
|1) For its "efforts and promotion of [a] Culture of Peace and as well as the peace building activities;" |
2) For her "efforts to save hundreds of lives in the Mediterranean Sea, and her strong commitment to defending human rights;"
3) For his "tireless efforts to promote international peace and disarmament."
|2019||1) Bruce Kent |
2) Elayne Whyte Gómez
|1) An "internationally known peace activist and a 'real peace hero' who, even in his 90th year, remains an active campaigner and organizer for peace and human rights." |
2) For "her invaluable contribution to the completion of the historic Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons."
At the Triennial Assembly held in London on October 19 2019, a new group of IPB officials was elected.
The current Co-Presidents are:
The current Treasurer is:
The Vice-Presidents deputise for the President when necessary. The current Vice-Presidents are:
|Corazon Valdez Fabros|
The board members are the following persons:
|Jun Kyu Lee|
|Etienne De Jonghe|
The Council members are the following persons:
|Surender Singh Rajpurohit|
|Sara Medi Jones|
|Ejimole Fidel Onwuekwe|
|Oleg Viktorovich Bodrov|
The staff members are the following persons:
IPB's work was rewarded by the Nobel Peace Prize in 1910, which has also been awarded to some of its members:
The IPB has a Co-President system that ensures for a gender-balance among leadership. Each president can currently serve up to two terms of 3 years.
Élie Ducommun was a Swiss peace activist. He was a Nobel laureate, awarded the 1902 Nobel Peace Prize, which he shared with Charles Albert Gobat.
Eisaku Satō was a Japanese politician who served as Prime Minister of Japan from 1964 to 1972. He is the third-longest serving Prime Minister, and has the longest uninterrupted service as Prime Minister in Japanese history.
International Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War (IPPNW) is a non-partisan federation of national medical groups in 63 countries, representing doctors, medical students, other health workers, and concerned people who share the common goal of creating a more peaceful and secure world free from the threat of nuclear annihilation. The organization's headquarters is in Malden, Massachusetts. IPPNW was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1985.
Seán MacBride was an Irish Clann na Poblachta politician who served as Minister for External Affairs from 1948 to 1951, Leader of Clann na Poblachta from 1946 to 1965 and Chief of Staff of the IRA from 1936 to 1939. He served as a Teachta Dála (TD) from 1947 to 1957.
Charles Albert Gobat was a Swiss lawyer, educational administrator, and politician who jointly received the Nobel Peace Prize with Élie Ducommun in 1902 for their leadership of the Permanent International Peace Bureau.
Henri La Fontaine, was a Belgian international lawyer and president of the International Peace Bureau. He received the Nobel Prize for Peace in 1913 because " he was the effective leader of the peace movement in Europe".
Mayors for Peace is an international organization of cities dedicated to the promotion of peace that was established in 1982 at the initiative of then Mayor of Hiroshima Takeshi Araki, in response to the deaths of around 140,000 people due to the atomic bombing of the city on August 6, 1945.
Bruce Kent is a British political activist and a laicised Roman Catholic priest. Active in the Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament (CND), he was the organisation's general secretary from 1980 to 1985 and its chair from 1987 to 1990. He now holds the honorary title of vice-president. In 1960 he joined the Christian Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament, a specialist section of the Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament.
Praful Bidwai was an Indian journalist, political analyst, and activist. He was known for his left-leaning analysis of India's politics and economics. In Bidwai's memory, his friends, including The Transnational Institute, created the Praful Bidwai Memorial Award intended to honour and highlight courageous and independent voices in journalism.
Dr. Randall Caroline Forsberg led a lifetime of research and advocacy on ways to reduce the risk of war, minimize the burden of military spending, and promote democratic institutions. Her career started at the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute in 1968. In 1974 she moved to Cambridge, Massachusetts to found the Institute for Defense and Disarmament Studies as well as to launch the national Nuclear Weapons Freeze Campaign.
The International Campaign to Abolish Nuclear Weapons is a global civil society coalition working to promote adherence to and full implementation of the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons. The campaign helped bring about this treaty. ICAN was launched in 2007 and counts 541 partner organizations in 103 countries as of 2019.
Anti-nuclear organizations may oppose uranium mining, nuclear power, and/or nuclear weapons. Anti-nuclear groups have undertaken public protests and acts of civil disobedience which have included occupations of nuclear plant sites. Some of the most influential groups in the anti-nuclear movement have had members who were elite scientists, including several Nobel Laureates and many nuclear physicists.
Peace Boat is a global non-government organization headquartered in Japan established for the purpose of raising awareness and building connections internationally among groups that work for peace, human rights, environmental protection and sustainable development. "Peace Boat" may also refer to one of the ships embarking on a cruise under the Peace Boat organization. Since its founding in 1983, the Shinjuku, Tokyo based organization has launched more than 100 voyages. These cruises, the main operation of the Peace Boat organization, are on average carried out at least three times a year. Peace Boat, described by the San Francisco Chronicle as a "floating university of sorts", offers educational opportunities aboard, with conferences related to global events. They also provide humanitarian aid at their various stops and visit local organizations.
The 2005 Nobel Peace Prize was awarded to International Atomic Energy Agency and Mohamed ElBaradei "for their efforts to prevent nuclear energy from being used for military purposes and to ensure that nuclear energy for peaceful purposes is used in the safest possible way".
Alyn (Alan) Ware is a New Zealand peace educator and campaigner in the areas of peace, non-violence, nuclear abolition, international law, women's rights, children's rights and the environment. He has served as the Global Coordinator for Parliamentarians for Nuclear Nonproliferation and Disarmament since it was founded in 2002.
Professor Tilman Alfred Ruff is an Australian public health and infectious diseases physician who has focused his efforts on immunization and "the global health imperative to eradicate nuclear weapons."
The Japan Confederation of A- and H-Bomb Sufferers Organization is a group formed by hibakusha in 1956 with the goals of pressuring the Japanese government to improve support of the victims and lobbying governments for the abolition of nuclear weapons.
The 2017 Nobel Peace Prize was awarded to the International Campaign to Abolish Nuclear Weapons (ICAN) "for its work to draw attention to the catastrophic humanitarian consequences of any use of nuclear weapons and for its ground-breaking efforts to achieve a treaty-based prohibition on such weapons," according to the Norwegian Nobel Committee announcement on October 6, 2017. The award announcement acknowledged the fact that "the world's nine nuclear-armed powers and their allies" neither signed nor supported the treaty-based prohibition known as the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons or nuclear ban treaty, yet in an interview Committee Chair Berit Reiss-Andersen told reporters that the award was intended to give "encouragement to all players in the field" to disarm. The award was hailed by civil society as well as governmental and intergovernmental representatives who support the nuclear ban treaty, but drew criticism from those opposed. At the Nobel Peace Prize award ceremony held in Oslo City Hall on December 10, 2017, Setsuko Thurlow, an 85-year-old survivor of the 1945 atomic bombing of Hiroshima, and ICAN Executive Director Beatrice Fihn jointly received a medal and diploma of the award on behalf of ICAN and delivered the Nobel lecture.
Maria Kirbasova, was a Kalmyk human rights activist who founded the Committee of Soldiers' Mothers of Russia. In 1995 they were awarded Thorolf Rafto Memorial Prize and the Sean MacBride Peace Prize and in 1996 they were given the Right Livelihood Award.
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