20th National Film Awards

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20th National Film Awards
20th NFA.png
20th National Film Awards
Awarded forBest of Indian cinema in 1972
Awarded by Ministry of Information and Broadcasting
Official website dff.nic.in
Highlights
Best Feature Film Swayamvaram
Dadasaheb Phalke Award Pankaj Kumar Mullick
Most awardsSwayamvaram (4)

The 20th National Film Awards , presented by Ministry of Information and Broadcasting, India to felicitate the best of Indian Cinema released in the year 1972. [1]

Contents

With this year, new award category is introduced for the feature films made in Meitei language. This newly introduced category includes President's Silver Medal for Best Feature Film in Manipuri. [1]

Juries

Six different committees were formed based on the film making sectors in India, mainly based in Bombay, Calcutta and Madras along with the central committee for all India level. For 20th National Film Awards, central committee was headed by Romesh Thapar. [1]

Awards

Awards were divided into feature films and non-feature films.

President's Gold Medal for the All India Best Feature Film is now better known as National Film Award for Best Feature Film, whereas President's Gold Medal for the Best Documentary Film is analogous to today's National Film Award for Best Non-Feature Film. For children's films, Prime Minister's Gold Medal is now given as National Film Award for Best Children's Film. At the regional level, President's Silver Medal for Best Feature Film is now given as National Film Award for Best Feature Film in a particular language. Certificate of Merit in all the categories is discontinued over the years.

Lifetime Achievement Award

Name of AwardImageAwardee(s)Awarded AsAwards
Dadasaheb Phalke Award Pankaj Mullick 2006 stamp of India.jpg Pankaj Mullick Music Director 11,000, a shawl and a plaque

Feature films

Feature films were awarded at All India as well as regional level. For 20th National Film Awards, a Malayalam film Swayamvaram won the President's Gold Medal for the All India Best Feature Film along with winning the maximum number of awards (four). Following were the awards given in each category: [1]

All India Award

Following were the awards given: [1]

AwardFilmLanguageAwardee(s)Cash Prize
Best Feature Film Swayamvaram Malayalam Producer: Kulathoor Bhaskaran NairGold Medal and 40,000
Director: Adoor Gopalakrishnan 10,000 and a plaque
Second Best Feature Film Calcutta 71 Bengali Producer: D. S. Sultania15,000 and a medal
Director: Mrinal Sen 5,000 and a plaque
Best Feature Film on National Integration Achanum Bappayum MalayalamProducer: C. C. Baby30,000 and a medal
Director: K. S. Sethumadhavan 10,000 and a plaque
Best Direction Swayamvaram Malayalam Adoor Gopalakrishnan 5,000 and a plaque
Best Cinematography (Black and White) Swayamvaram Malayalam Mankada Ravi Varma 5,000 and a plaque
Best Cinematography (Color) Maya Darpan Hindi K. K. Mahajan 5,000 and a plaque
Best Screenplay Koshish Hindi Gulzar 5,000 and a plaque
Best Actor (Bharat Award) Koshish Hindi Sanjeev Kumar A figurine
Best Actress (Urvashi Award) Swayamvaram Malayalam Sharada A figurine
Best Child Artist Ranur Pratham Bhag BengaliNeera MallyaA plaque
Best Female Playback Singer Parichay
(For the song "Beeti Naa Bitaai Raina")
Hindi Lata Mangeshkar A plaque
Best Male Playback Singer Achanum Bappayum Malayalam K. J. Yesudas A plaque
Best Music Direction Zindagi Zindagi Hindi Sachin Dev Burman 5,000 and a plaque
Lyric Writer of the Best Film Song on National Integration Achanum Bappayum Malayalam Vayalar Ramavarma 5,000 and a plaque

Regional Award

The awards were given to the best films made in the regional languages of India. For feature films in English, Kashmiri, Oriya and Punjabi language, President's Silver Medal for Best Feature Film was not given. The producer and director of the film were awarded with 5,000 and a Silver medal, respectively. [1]

AwardFilmAwardee(s)
ProducerDirector
Best Feature Film in Assamese Upaja Sonar MaatiM/s Pragati Cine ProductionsBrajen Barua
Best Feature Film in Bengali Strir Patra Dhrupadi Purnendu Patri
Best Feature Film in Gujarati Gun Sundarino Ghar SansarRamesh H. SaraiyaGovind Saraiya
Jayant Malaviya
Chandulal Gandhi
Best Feature Film in Hindi Maya Darpan Kumar Shahani Kumar Shahani
Best Feature Film in Kannada Sharapanjara C. S. Rajah Puttanna Kanagal
Best Feature Film in Malayalam Panitheeratha Veedu K. S. R. Moorthy K. S. Sethumadhavan
Best Feature Film in Manipuri Matamgi Manipur Karam Manmohan SinghDeb Kumar Bose
Best Feature Film in Marathi Pinjra V. Shantaram V. Shantaram
Best Feature Film in Tamil Pattikada Pattanama P. Madhavan P. Madhavan
Best Feature Film in Telugu Pandanti Kapuram G. Hanumantha Rao Lakshmi Deepak

Non-Feature films

Following were the awards given: [1]

Short films

Name of AwardName of FilmLanguageAwardee(s)Awards
Best Information Film (Documentary) The Inner Eye English Producer: Satyajit Ray 5,000 and a medal
Director: Satyajit Ray
Best Film on Social Documentation TranscedenceEnglishProducer: Pramod Patil for Films Division 5,000
Director: K. Vishwanath for Films Division2,000
Best Promotional Film (Commercial) Destination IndiaEnglishProducer: Cinerad CommunicationsSilver Medal
Director: Zafar HaiA plaque
Best Animation Film You Said ItEnglishProducer: Prasad Productions 5,000
Director: Ram Mohan 2,000

Awards not given

Following were the awards not given as no film was found to be suitable for the award: [1]

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References

  1. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 "20th National Film Awards" (PDF). Directorate of Film Festivals. Archived (PDF) from the original on 25 July 2020. Retrieved 2 September 2020.