|Men's 100 metres|
at the Games of the XI Olympiad
|Venue|| Olympiastadion |
|Dates||2 August 1936 (heats, quarterfinals)|
3 August 1936 (semifinals, final)
|Competitors||63 from 30 nations|
| Athletics at the|
1936 Summer Olympics
|80 m hurdles||women|
|110 m hurdles||men|
|400 m hurdles||men|
|3000 m steeple||men|
|4×100 m relay||men||women|
|4×400 m relay||men|
|50 km walk||men|
The men's 100 metres sprint event at the 1936 Olympic Games in Berlin, Germany, were held at Olympiastadion on 2 and 3 August. The final was won by American Jesse Owens, and teammate Ralph Metcalfe repeated as silver medalist.Tinus Osendarp of the Netherlands won that nation's first medal in the men's 100 metres, a bronze.
This was the tenth time the event was held, having appeared at every Olympics since the first in 1896. Two finalists from 1932 returned: silver medalist Ralph Metcalfe and 6th-place finisher Takayoshi Yoshioka. The favorite, however, was Jesse Owens, particularly with compatriot Eulace Peacock injured and unable to make the team (Owens had come in third to Peacock and Metcalfe at the 1935 AAU meet).
Afghanistan, Colombia, Liechtenstein, Malta, Peru, and Yugoslavia were represented in the event for the first time. The United States was the only nation to have appeared at each of the first ten Olympic men's 100 metres events.
The event retained the four round format from 1920–1932: heats, quarterfinals, semifinals, and a final. There were 12 heats, of 4–6 athletes each, with the top 2 in each heat advancing to the quarterfinals. The 24 quarterfinalists were placed into 4 heats of 6 athletes. The top 3 in each quarterfinal advanced to the semifinals. There were 2 heats of 6 semifinalists, once again with the top 3 advancing to the 6-man final.
These are the standing world and Olympic records (in seconds) prior to the 1932 Summer Olympics.
|World Record||10.2||Jesse Owens||Chicago, USA||June 20, 1936|
|Olympic Record||10.3||Eddie Tolan||Los Angeles, USA||August 1, 1932|
|10.3||Ralph Metcalfe||Los Angeles, USA||August 1, 1932|
Jesse Owens equalled the standing Olympic record with 10.3 seconds in the final heat of the first round. He matched his own world record of 10.2 seconds, set two months earlier, in the quarterfinals but this result was not counted for records purposes due to wind assistance. His final run, also disqualified from record consideration due to wind, again matched the Olympic record of 10.3 seconds.
The fastest two runners in each of the twelve heats advanced to the quarterfinal round.
|2||Pat Dannaher||South Africa||11.0||Q|
|1||Wil van Beveren||Netherlands||10.8||Q|
|2||Eric Grimbeek||South Africa||10.9||Q|
|5||José Domingo Sánchez||Colombia|
|5||Poh Kimseng||Republic of China|
|1||Marthinus Theunissen||South Africa||10.7||Q|
|1||Ralph Metcalfe||United States||10.8||Q|
|3||Nemesio de Guzman||Philippines||11.1|
|4||Chen Kingkwan||Republic of China|
|1||Frank Wykoff||United States||10.6||Q|
|2||Arthur Sweeney||Great Britain||10.7||Q|
|2||Alan Pennington||Great Britain||10.6||Q|
|2||Cyril Holmes||Great Britain||10.8||Q|
|5||Liu Changchun||Republic of China|
|1||Jesse Owens||United States||10.3||Q, =OR|
|3||José de Almeida||Brazil||11.1|
The fastest three runners in each of the four heats advanced to the semifinal round.
|3||Frank Wykoff||United States||10.6||Q|
|6||Cyril Holmes||Great Britain|
The wind assistance in this quarterfinal was too great for Owens's 10.2 seconds to count to match the world record or better the Olympic record.
|1||Jesse Owens||United States||10.2||Q|
|5||Eric Grimbeek||South Africa||10.9|
|1||Ralph Metcalfe||United States||10.5||Q|
|2||Alan Pennington||Great Britain||10.6||Q|
|3||Wil van Beveren||Netherlands||10.7||Q|
|4||Marthinus Theunissen||South Africa|
|2||Arthur Sweeney||Great Britain||10.6||Q|
|6||Pat Dannaher||South Africa|
The fastest three runners in each of the two heats advanced to the final round.
|1||Jesse Owens||United States||10.4||Q|
|2||Frank Wykoff||United States||10.5||Q|
|5||Wil van Beveren||Netherlands||10.8|
|6||Alan Pennington||Great Britain|
|1||Ralph Metcalfe||United States||10.5||Q|
|5||Arthur Sweeney||Great Britain||10.7|
Wind: +2.7 m/s
After 30 metres, Owens "had already decided the race in his favour." Metcalfe broke free for silver at 70 metres. Strandberg strained a ligament at the halfway mark.
|Jesse Owens||United States||10.3|
|Ralph Metcalfe||United States||10.4|
|4||Frank Wykoff||United States||10.6|
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