Central Eastside, Portland, Oregon

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Central Eastside
Subdistrict
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Central Eastside
Coordinates: 45°30′54″N122°39′39″W / 45.515097°N 122.660782°W / 45.515097; -122.660782 Coordinates: 45°30′54″N122°39′39″W / 45.515097°N 122.660782°W / 45.515097; -122.660782 PDF map
Country United States
State Oregon
City Portland
Area
[1]
  Total1.11 sq mi (2.9 km2)

The Central Eastside is a subdistrict of Portland, Oregon, United States, situated in Southeast Portland along the east bank of the Willamette River. It makes up a part of Portland's Central City district.

Contents

History

In 1845, Oregon Trail pioneer James B. Stephens laid claim to 640 acres (260 ha) across the Willamette River from the then-newly established Portland townsite. [2] The land had been controlled by John McLoughlin of the Hudson’s Bay Company, [3] [4] :2 and its location along the east bank of the river—with its marshes, creeks, and sloughs—made development challenging. [5] :3 Stephens established the Stark Street Ferry, whose paddle wheel was powered by a mule on a treadmill, to link the east and west sides of the river in 1848. [6] On April 16, 1868, the Oregon Central Railroad broke ground at the settlement, which by then was being referred to as East Portland. [7] Its railroad extended to Salem the following year and helped to start the development of an economy based on the shipment of agricultural products across the Willamette Valley. [8] The railroad led Stephens to incorporate the City of East Portland in 1870 with its population of 8,293. [4] :6 [9]

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Portland Streetcar Streetcar system in Portland, Oregon

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Oregon and California Railroad

The Oregon and California Railroad was formed from the Oregon Central Railroad when it was the first to operate a 20-mile (32 km) stretch south of Portland in 1869. This qualified the railroad for land grants in California, whereupon the name of the railroad soon changed to Oregon & California Rail Road Company. In 1887, the line was completed over Siskiyou Summit, and the Southern Pacific Railroad assumed control of the railroad, although it was not officially sold to Southern Pacific until January 3, 1927. This route was eventually spun off from the Southern Pacific as the Central Oregon and Pacific Railroad.

Broadway Bridge (Portland, Oregon) Bridge in Portland, Oregon

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Spokane, Portland and Seattle Railway Defunct American Class I railroad (1908–1970)

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MAX Blue Line Light rail line in Portland, Oregon

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MAX Yellow Line Light rail line in Portland, Oregon

The MAX Yellow Line is a light rail service in Portland, Oregon, United States, operated by TriMet as part of the MAX Light Rail system. It connects North Portland to Portland City Center and Portland State University (PSU) with 17 stops from Expo Center station to PSU South/Southwest 6th and College station. The line travels from Portland Expo Center in the north, south to the Rose Quarter through a 5.8-mile (9.3 km) light rail segment along the median of Interstate Avenue. From the Rose Quarter, it crosses the Willamette River via the Steel Bridge and enters downtown Portland, where it operates as a northbound-only service of the Portland Transit Mall on 6th Avenue. Service runs for approximately 21 hours daily with a headway of 15 minutes during most of the day.

Transportation in Portland, Oregon Overview of movement of goods and passengers in Portland

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James B. Stephens

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Oregon Central Railroad

The Oregon Central Rail Road was the name of two railroad companies in the U.S. state of Oregon, each of which claimed federal land grants that had been assigned to the state in 1866 to assist in building a line from Portland south into California. The "East Side Company" of Salem, supported by businessman Ben Holladay, eventually received the grant for its line east of the Willamette River, and was reorganized in 1870 as the Oregon and California Railroad (O&C), which completed the line in 1887. Portland supported the competing "West Side Company", which only built to McMinnville, and was sold to the O&C in 1880. The O&C was later acquired by the Southern Pacific Company, and mostly remains as part of the Union Pacific Railroad's I-5 Corridor; the West Side line is now operated by the Portland and Western Railroad between Beaverton and Forest Grove.

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Portland General Electric Company Station "L" Group Historic building complex in Portland, Oregon, U.S.

The Portland General Electric Company Station "L" Group in southeast Portland in the U.S. state of Oregon was a cluster of six industrial buildings listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Built between 1910 and 1929 by Portland General Electric (PGE), it was added to the register in 1985. In 1986, PGE gave Station L and 18.5 acres (7.5 ha) of land to the Oregon Museum of Science and Industry (OMSI). The Station L turbine is a central feature of OMSI's Turbine Hall. The complex was listed on the National Register in 1985, and was delisted in 2020.

A and B Loop Circle route on the Portland Streetcar system serving central Portland, Oregon, U.S.

The A and B Loop is a streetcar circle route of the Portland Streetcar system in Portland, Oregon, United States. Operated by Portland Streetcar, Inc. and TriMet, it consists of two services within the Central City that travel a loop between the east and west sides of the Willamette River by crossing the Broadway Bridge in the north and Tilikum Crossing in the south: the 6.1-mile (9.8 km) A Loop, which runs clockwise, and the 6.6-mile (10.6 km) B Loop, which runs counterclockwise. The services connect Portland's downtown, Pearl District, Lloyd District, Central Eastside, and South Waterfront, and serve various landmarks and institutions, including the Rose Quarter, the Oregon Convention Center, the Oregon Museum of Science and Industry (OMSI), Oregon Health & Science University (OHSU), and Portland State University (PSU). Riders can transfer to the regional MAX Light Rail system at several points along the route.

References

  1. "Central Eastside". Prosper Portland. Archived from the original on April 15, 2020. Retrieved April 15, 2020.
  2. "East Portland, 1874". Oregon Historical Society . Retrieved April 15, 2020.
  3. Rosman, John (May 12, 2014). "Oregon Historical Photo: The City Of East Portland". Oregon Public Broadcasting . Retrieved April 15, 2020.
  4. 1 2 "East Portland: A Changing Landscape, A Forgotten City" (PDF). Architectural Heritage Center. Archived from the original (PDF) on April 15, 2020. Retrieved April 15, 2020.
  5. Guo, Angela (2014). The Evolution of Portland's Central Eastside (PDF). Center for Real Estate Quarterly Report (Report). Vol. 8. Portland State University . Retrieved April 15, 2020.
  6. Terry, John (Oct 15, 2011). "Hundreds of ferries once served Oregonians; now there are just three". The Oregonian . Retrieved April 15, 2020.
  7. "1868 Invitation to railroad groundbreaking". City of Portland Archives and Records Management. Archived from the original on April 15, 2020. Retrieved April 15, 2020.
  8. "Portland Central Eastside" (PDF). City of Portland Bureau of Planning and Sustainability. January 2020. p. 2. Archived from the original (PDF) on April 15, 2020. Retrieved April 15, 2020.
  9. "Portland Historical Timeline: 1843 to 1901". City of Portland Archives and Records Management. Retrieved April 15, 2020.