Historical regions of Romania

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The historical regions of Romania are located in Central, Southeastern, and Eastern Europe. [1] Romania came into being through the unification of two principalities, Wallachia and Moldavia in 1862. [2] The new unitary state extended over further regions at various times during the late 19th and 20th centuries, including Dobruja in 1878, and Transylvania in 1918. [3]


These regions are part of Romania today:

Coat of arms of Wallachia without the modern crown.png Wallachia (united with Moldavia in 1859 to create modern Romania):

Coat of arms of Moldavia.svg Moldavia (united with Wallachia in 1859 to create modern Romania):

Stema Dobrogei.png Dobruja :

Wallachia, western Moldavia, and Dobruja are sometimes referred collectively as the Regat (The Kingdom), as they formed the Romanian "Old" Kingdom before World War I.

Coat of arms of Transylvania.svg Transylvania (the term sometimes encompasses not only Transylvania proper, but also part of the historical regions of Crișana, Maramureș, and Banat. The new borders were set by the Treaty of Trianon in 1920 between the respective states):

Between 1918 and 1920, during the Revolutions and interventions in Hungary, the Hungarian–Romanian War affected also part of these territories until the final resolution of state affairs by the Paris Peace Conference.

Administrative map of Romania in 1930 Greater Romania.svg
Administrative map of Romania in 1930

These regions and territories were part of Romania in the past:

Principality of Moldavia during the reign of Stephen the Great Moldova Stefan cel Mare.png
Principality of Moldavia during the reign of Stephen the Great


See also

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Following the outbreak of World War II on 1 September 1939, the Kingdom of Romania under King Carol II officially adopted a position of neutrality. However, the rapidly changing situation in Europe during 1940, as well as domestic political upheaval, undermined this stance. Fascist political forces such as the Iron Guard rose in popularity and power, urging an alliance with Nazi Germany and its allies. As the military fortunes of Romania's two main guarantors of territorial integrity—France and Britain—crumbled in the Fall of France, the government of Romania turned to Germany in hopes of a similar guarantee, unaware that the then dominant European power had already granted its consent to Soviet territorial claims in a secret protocol of 1939's Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact.

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Administrative divisions of Romania

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Minorities of Romania

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The founding of Moldavia began with the arrival of a Vlach (Romanian) voivode, Dragoș, soon followed by his people from Maramureș to the region of the Moldova River. Dragoș established a polity there as a vassal to the Kingdom of Hungary in the 1350s. The independence of the Principality of Moldavia was gained when Bogdan I, another Vlach voivode from Maramureș who had fallen out with the Hungarian king, crossed the Carpathians in 1359 and took control of Moldavia, wresting the region from Hungary. It remained a principality until 1859, when it united with Wallachia, initiating the development of the modern Romanian state.

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Greater Moldova Moldovan irredentist concept

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  1. Treptow & Popa 1996, p. 1, Map 2.
  2. Treptow & Popa 1996, p. 13.
  3. Treptow & Popa 1996, pp. 14-15.
  4. Treptow & Popa 1996, p. 151.
  5. Treptow & Popa 1996, pp. 80-81.
  6. Treptow & Popa 1996, pp. 125-126.
  7. "Bessarabia - region, Eastern Europe".
  8. "The Soviet Occupation of Bessarabia and Northern Bukovina".
  9. "Ţinutul Herţa. Povestea colţului uitat de Românie furat de sovietici - PSIHOLOGIE - ISTORIE - TEATRU". www.hetel.ro.
  10. "1940: Treaty of Craiova and the return of Southern Dobruja to Bulgaria".
  11. "ROMÂNIA ȘI GUVERNĂMÎNTUL TRANSNISTRIEI (1941-1944)". 30 November 2015.
  12. Niemczyk, Katarzyna (2014). "Problem Pokucia, spornego terytorium polsko-mołdawskiegow końcu XV i początku XVI wieku". Studia Historyczne (in Polish). 226 (2): 155–174.
  13. Luchian, Mihai (2019). "The Peace Mission Fulfilled by the Romanian Army in Galicia in 1919" (PDF). International Journal of Communication Research. 9 (2): 113–119.
  14. Borchuk, Stepan; Korolko, Andrii; Reient, Alexander (2020). "Accession of Part of Eastern Galicia to Romania in 1919: Military and Political Aspects". Codrul Cosminului. 26 (1): 169–186. doi: 10.4316/CC.2020.01.010 .