Flora of Romania

Last updated
Caltha palustris near the Fagaras Mountains of Romania Romanian Flora - Wild flower 01.JPG
Caltha palustris near the Făgăraș Mountains of Romania
More than 1,000 plant species can be found in the Cheile Turzii reserve Cheile Turzii (Turda Gorges).jpg
More than 1,000 plant species can be found in the Cheile Turzii reserve

The flora of Romania comprises around 3,450 species of vascular plants, which represents around 30% of the vascular flora of Europe. [1]

Contents

The three major vegetation zones in Romania are the alpine, steppe, and forest zones. [2] The latter can be subdivided (depending on soil, climate, and altitude) into regions dominated by the Norway Spruce, European Beech, and various species of Oak, [2] together with less widespread vegetation types such as the Dinaric calcareous block fir forest.

The Danube Delta is the largest continuous marshland in Europe. [3] Vegetation in the marshland is dominated by reeds, with Willow, Poplar, Alder, and Oak on the higher ground. [3] In 1991, this area became part of the UNESCO list of World Heritage Sites. [3] The delta supports 1,688 different plant species. [4]

The meadow-steppe grassland areas of Romania are also species-rich, but endangered. [5]

Among the flora of Romania are medicinal plants such as Arnica montana , Primula veris , Tussilago farfara , and Atropa belladonna . [1]

All the genera and species of plants found in Romania are listed in the 1977 work The Flora of Romania Illustrated Determinator of Vascular Plants. [6]

Kingdom Plantae

Division Pteridophyta

Class Lycopsida

Family
Genus
Species
Synonyms
Subspecies
Synonyms
Lycopodiaceae
1.(1) Huperzia (L.) Bernh.1.(1) H. selago L. Lycopodium selago L.
-
-
1.(2) Lycopodium L.1.(2) L. clavatum
-
-
-
2.(3) L. annotinum L.
-
-
-
1.(4) L. inundatum L.
-
-
-
1.(5) L. complanatum L.
-
L. complanatum ssp. complanatum L. complanatum ssp. anceps (Valir.) Milde
-
L. complanatum ssp. chamaeeyparissus (A.Br.) Doll, L. tristachyum Pursh
1.(6) L. alpinum L.
-
-
-
Selaginellaceae
1.(3) Selaginella P.B.1(7)S. selaginoides (L.) S. spirulosa A. BR.
-
-
2(8)? S. helvetica (L.) Link
-
-
-
Iscëtaceae
1.(4)Isoëtes L.1(9) ? I. lacustre L.
-
-
-
2(10) ? I. setaceum Lam. I. tenella Lam. ex Desv.,
I. echinospora Dur.
-
-

Class Sphenopsida

Family
Genus
Species
Synonyms
Subspecies
Synonyms
Equisetaceae
1.(5)Equisetum 1(11)E. telmatea Ehrh. Equisetum maximum auct.
-
-
2(12)E. arvense L.
-
-
-
3(13)E. silvaticum L.
-
-
-
4(14)E. fluviatile L. em. Ehrh. Equisetum limnosum Ehrh.
-
-
5(15) E. palustre L.
-
-
-
6(16) E. ramosissimun Desf.
-
-
-
7(17) E. pratense Ehrh.
-
-
-
8(18) E. hyemale
-
-
-
9(19) E. variegatum Schleich.
-
-
-
E. X morel Newm. (= hyemale X ramosissimun)
-
-
-
E. X naegelianum W. Koch (= ramosissimun X variegatum )
-
-
-

Class Filicopsida

Family
Genus
Species
Synonyms
Subspecies
Synonyms
Ophioglossaceae
1.(6) Ophioglossum L.1(20) O. vulgatum L.
-
-
-
2.(7) Botrychium Sw. 1(21) B. lunaria L. Sw.
-
-
-
2(22) B. matricariaefolium (Retz.) A. Br. B. ramosum Aschers.
-
-
3(23) B. multifidum (S. G. Gmel.) Rups. B. rutaefolium A. Br.
-
-
4(24) B. virginianum L. Sw.
-
-
-
Polypodiaceae
1.(8) Cheilanthes Schw.1.(25)Cheilanthes marante L. Dom. Notholaena marantae (L.) Desv.
-
-
2.(9) Pteridium Scop. 1(26) P. aquilinum (L.) Kuhn. Pteris aquiliana L.
-
-
3.(10) Cryptogramma A. Br.
1(27) C. crispa (L.) R. Br.
Allosorus crispus (L.) Röhl
-
-
4.(11) Blechnum
1(28) B. spicant (L.) Roth.
-
-
-
5.(12) Phyllitis Hill1(29) P. scolopendrium (L.) Newm. Scolopendrium vulgare Sm.
-
-
6.(13) Asplenium L.1(30) A. trichomanes L.
-
A. trichomanes ssp. trichomanes
-
-
A. trichomanes ssp. quadrivalvus D. E. Meyer
-
2(31) A. viride Huds.
-
-
-
3(32) A. adulterinumMilde
-
-
-
4(33) A. septentrionale L. Hoffm
-
-
-
A. X alternifolium Wulf. A. germanicum auct., A. septentrionale X trichomanes Wulf.
-
-
5(34) A. adiantum-nigrum L.- A. adiantum-nigrum ssp. serpentini (Tausch) Koch A. cuneifolium Viv., A. Forsteri auct., non Sadl.
A. adiantum-nigrum ssp. onopteris L. Heufl. A. onopteris L.
A. adiantum-nigrum ssp. adiantum-nigrum
-
6(35) A. lepidum C. Presl
-
-
-
7(36) A. ruta-muraria L.
-
-
-
7.(14) Ceterach
A.P. Dc.
1(37) C. officinarum D.C.
Asplenium ceterach L.
--
2(38) C. javorkeanum (Vida) Soö
-
-
-
8.(15) Athyrium Roth 1(39) A. filix-femina (L.) Roth
-
--
2(40) A. distentifolium Tausch A. alpestre (Hoppe) Milde
-
-
9.(16) Cystopteris Bernh
-
-
--
10.(17) Woodsia R. Br.
-
-
--
11.(18) Matteuccia Todaro
-
-
--
12.(19) Dryopteris Adans.
-
-
--
13.(20) Polystichum Roth
-
-
--
14.(21) Polypodium L.
-
-
--
Marsileaceae
1.(22) Marsilea L.
-
-
--
2.(23) Pilularia L.
-
-
--
Salviniaceae
1.(24)Salvinia Adans.
-
-
--
Azollaceae
1.(25)Azolla Lam. [7]
-
-
--

X = hybrid

? = Species which were no longer found in 1977.

Division Spermatophyta

Subdivision Gymnospermae

Class
Order
Family
Genus
.
Pinopsida
Pinales
Pinaceae
1.Abies Mill.
26
2.Pseudotsuga Carr. [7]
27
3.Picea A.Dietr.
28
4.Larix Mill.
29
5.Pinus L.
30
Cupressaceae
1.Taxodium Rich. [7]
31
2.Chamaecyparis Spach [7]
32
3.Thuja L. [7]
33
4.Juniperus L.
34
Taxaceae
Taxus L.
36
Gnetopsida
Gnetales
Ephedraceae
Ephedra L.//
37

Subdivision Angiospermae

Class Dicotyledoneae
Orders 1-25
Order
Family
Genus
Salicales
Salicaceae
1. Salix L.
2. Populus L.
Juglandales
Juglandaceae
Juglans L.
Fagales
Betulaceae
1. Betula L.
2. Alnus Mill.
Corylaceae
1. Carpinus L.
2. Corylus L.
Fagaceae
1.Fagus L.
2. Castanea Mill.
3. Quercus L.
Urticales
Ulmaceae
Ulmus L.
Moraceae
3. Morus L. [7]
4. Maclura Nutt. [7]
5. Ficus L. [7]
Cannabaceae
1. Humulus L.
2. Cannabis L. [7]
3. Celtis L.
Urticaceae
1. Urtica L.
2. Parietaria L.
Santalales
Santalaceae
1. Comandra Nutt. [7]
2. Thesium L.
Loranthaceae
Loranthus Jacq.
2. Viscum L.
Aristolochiales
Aristolochiaceae
1. Asarum L.
2. Aristolochia L.
Polygonales
Polygonaceae
1. Polygonum L.
2. Bilderdykia Dumort.
3. Fagopyrum Mill.
4. Oxyria Hill
5. Rumex L.
6. Rheum L.//
Centrospermae
Chenopodiaceae
1. Polycnemum L.
2. Beta L.
3. Chenopodium L.
4. Spinacia L.
5. Atriplex L.
6. Halimione Allen
7. Krascheninnikovia Gauldenst.
8. Ceratocarpus L.
9. Camphorosma L.
10. Bassia All.
11. Kochia Roth
12. Corispernum L.
13. Halocnemum Bieb.
14. Salicornia L.
15. Suaeda Forsk.
16. Salsola L.
17. Petrosimonia Bunge
Amaranthaceae
1. Amaranthus L. [7]
2. Celosia L. [7]
Phytolaccaceae
Phytolacca L. [7]
Molluginaceae
1. Mollugo L.
2. Glinus L.
Portulacaceae
1. Portulaca L.
2. Montia L.
Caryophyllaceae
1. Arenaria L.
2. Moehringia L.
3. Minuartia Loefl. (in L.)
4. Bufonia L.
5. Holosteum L.
6. Stellaria L.
7. Cerastium L.
8. Moenchia Ehrh.
9. Myosoton Moench
10. Sagina L.
11. Scleranthus L.
12. Paronychia Mill.
13. Herniaria L.
14. Polycarpon Loefl. ex. L.
15. Spergula L.
16. Spergularia (Pers.) J. et C. Presl
17. Lychnis L.
18. Silene L.
19. Cucubalus L.
20. Gypsophila L.
21. Saponaria L.
22. Vaccaria Medic.
23. Dianthus L.
Ranales
Nymphaeaceae
1. Nymphaea L.
2. Nuphar Sm.
Ceratophyllaceae
Ceratophillum L.
Ranunculaceae
1. Helleborus L.
2. Eranthis Salisb.
3. Callianthemum C.A. Mey.
4. Nigella L.
5. Trollius L.
6. Isopyrum L.
7. Actaea L.
8. Cimicifuga L.
9. Caltha L.
10. Aconitum L.
11. Delphinium L.
12. Consolida (DC.) S. F. Gray
13. Anemone L.
14. Hepatica Mill.
15. Pulsatilla Mill.
16. Clematis L.
17. Adonis L.
18. Ranunculus L.
19. Ceratocephalus Pers.
20. Myosurus L.
21. Aquilegia L.
22. Thalictrum L.
23. Paeonia L.
Berberidaceae Spach
1. Gymnospermum
2. Berberis L.
3. Mahonia Nutt. [7]
Rhocadales
Papaveraceae
1. Papaver L.
2. Glaucium Mill.
3. Chelidonium L.
4. Corydalis Vwnt.
5. Fumaria L.
Cruciferae
(Brassicaceae)

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1. Sisymbrium L.
2. Descurania Web et Benth.
3. Alliaria Scop.
4. Arabidopsis (DG.) Heinch.
5. Myagrum L.
6. Isatis L.
7. Bunias L.
8. Erysimum L.
9. Sirenia Andrez.
10. Hesperis L.
11. Cheiranthus L.
12. Mathiola R. Br.
13. Chorispora R. Br.
14. Euclidium R. Br.
15. Barbarea L.
16. Rorippa Scop
17. Armoracia Fabr.
18. Nasturtium R. Br.
19. Cardamine L.
20. Cardaminopsis (C. A. Mey.) Hay.
22. Arabis L.
23. Lunaria L.
24. Peltaria Jacq.
25. Alyssoides Mill.
26. Alyssum L.
27. Rerteroa DC
28. Schivereckia Andrz.
29. Draba L.
30. Erophila DC.
31. Petrocallis R. Br.
32. Cochlearia L.
33. Kernera Medic.
34. Camelina Cr.
35. Neslia Desv.
36. Capsella Medic
37. Hutchinsia R. Br.
38. Hornungia Rchb.
39. Teesdalia R. Br.
40. Thlaspi L.
41. Aethionema A. Br.
42. Iberis L.
43. Biscutella L.
44. Lepidium L.
45. Cardaria Desv.
46. Coronopus Hall.
47. Conrigia Adans.
48. Diplotaxis DC.
49. Brassica L.
50. Sinapis L.
51. Eruca Mill.
52. Erucastrum C. Presl.
53. Cakile Mill.
54. Rapistrum Cr.
55. Crambe L.
56. Calepina Adans.
57. Raphanus L.
Resedaceae
1. Reseda L.
Sarraceniales
Droseraceae
1. Aldrovanda L.
Rosales
Crassulaceae
1. Sempervivum L.
2. Sedum L.
3. Rhodiola L.
Saxifragaceae L.
1. Saxifraga
2. Chrysosplenium L.
3. Parnassia L.
4. Philadelphus L.
5. Ribes L.
Platanaceae
Platanus [7]
Rosaceae
1. Spiraea
2. Aruncus L.
3. Filipendula Mill.
4. Rubus L.
5. Rosa L.
6. Agrimonia L.
7. Aremonia Nestler
8. Sanguisorba L.
9. Dryas L.
10. Geum L.
11. Waldsteinia Willd.
12. Potentilla L.
13. Fragaria L.
14. Alchemilla L.
15. Aphanes L.
16. Chaenomeles Lindl [7]
17. Cydonia Mill. [7]
18. Pyrus L.
19. Malus Mill.
20. Sorbus L.
21. Amelanchier Medic.
22. Cotoneaster Medic.
23. Mespilus L. [7]
24. Crataegus L.
25. Prunus L.
Fabales
Leguminosae (Fabaceae)
1. Cercis L.
2. Gleditsia L. [7]
3. Sophora L. [7]
4. Laburnum Fabr.
5. Cytisus L. - Drob.
6. Genista L.
7. Spartium L.
8. Lupinus L. - Lupin Cafeluţe
9. Robinia L. [7]
10. Wisteria Nutt. [7]
11. Galega L.
12. Colutea L.
13. Caragana Fabr.
14. Astragalus L.
15. Oxytropis DC.
16. Glycyrrhiza L.
17. Amorpha L.
18. Psoralea L.
19. Phaseolus L.
20. Glycine Willd.
21. Cicer L.
22. Vicia L.
23. Lens Mill.
24. Lathyrus L.
25. Pisum L.
26. Ononis L.
27. Melilotus Mill.
28. Trigonella L.
29. Medicago L.
30. Trifolium L.
31. Dorycnium Mill.
32. Lotus L.
33. Tetragonolobus Scop.
34. Anthyllis L.
35. Ornithopus L.
36. Coronilla L.
37. Hippocrepis L.
38. Hedysarum L.
39. Onobrychis Mill.
Geraniales
Oxalidaceae
1. Oxalis L.
Geraniaceae
1. Geranium L. [7]
2. Erodium L'Hér
Tropaeolaceae
Tropaeolum L.
Zygophyllaceae
1. Pegnanum L.
2. Zygophyllum L.
3. Tribulus L.
4. Nitraria L.
Linaceae
1. Linum L.
2. Radiola Hill
Euphorbiaceae
1. Mercurialis L.
2. Euphorbia L.
Rutales
Rutaceae
1. Ruta L.
2. Halophyllum A. Juss.
3. Dictamnus L.
Simaroubaceae
Alianthus Desf. [7]
Poligonaceae
Polygala L.
Sapindales
Anacardiaceae
Cotinus Mill.
Hippocastanaceae
Aesculus L. [7]
Balsaminaceae
Impatiens L.
Aquifoliaceae
Ilex L.
Celastrales
Celastracceae
Eonimus L.
Staphyleaceae
Staphylea L.
Buxaceae
Buxus L.
Rhamnales
Rhamnaceae
1. Paliurus Mill.
2. Ziziphus Mill.
3. Rhamnus L.
4. Frangula Mill.
Malvales
Tiliaceae
1. Tilia L., Tei
Malvaceae
1. Malva L.
2. Lavatera L.
3. Althaea L.
4. Abution Mill.
5. Gossypium L., Bumbac [7]
6. Hibiscus L. [7]
7. Abelmoschus Moench
Thymelaeales
Thymelaeaceae
1. Daphne L.
2. Thymelaea Mill.
Elaeagnaceae
1. Hippophae L.
2. Elaeagnus L.
Gutiferales
Hypericaceae (Guttiferae)
Hypericum L.
Violales
Violaceae
Viola L.
Cistaceae
1. Helianthemum Mill.
2. Fumana (Dunal) Spach
Tamaricaceae
1. Tamarix L.
2. Myricaria Desv.
Frankeniaceae
Frankenia L.
Elatinaceae
Elatine L., Piperul apelor
Cucurbitales
Cucurbitaceae
1. Thladiantha Bunge
2. Ecbalium A. Rich.
3. Brionia L.
4. Citrullus Schrad.
5. Cucumis L.
6. Cucurbita L., Bostan, Dvleac
7. Lagenaria Ser.
8. Echinocystis Torr. et A. Gary
9. Sicyos L.
Myrtales
Lythraceae
1. Lythrum L.
2. Peplis L.
3. Ammannia L.
Trapaceae
Trapa L.
Onagraceae
1. Circaea L.
2. Oenothera L. [7]
3. Ludwigia L.
4. Epilobium L.
Haloragaceae
Myriophyllum L.
Hippuridaceae
Hippuris L.
Umbelliflorae
Cornaceae
Cornus L.
Araliacceae
Hedera L.
Umbelliferae
(Apiaceae)
1. Sanicula L.
2. Astrantia L.
3. Eringium L.
4. Echinophora L.
5. Mirrhoides Heistre ex Fabr.
(Physocaulis (DC.)Tausch)
6. Chaerophyllum L.
7. Anthriscus Pers.
8. Scandix L.
9. Coriandrum L.
10. Bifora Hoffm.
11. Smyrnium L.
12. Pimpinella L.
13. Aegopodium L.
14. Sium L.
15. Berula Koch
16. Crithmum L.
17. Seseli L.
18. Oenanthe L.
19. Aethusa L.
20. Athamanta L.
21. Foeniculum Mill.
22. Anethum L.
23. Silaum Mill.
24. Physospermum Cusson
25. Conium L.
26. Pleurospermum Hoffm.
27. Cachrys L.
28. Prangos L.
29. Bupleurum L.
30. Trinia Hofm.
31. Apium L.
32. Petroselinum Hill
33. Sison L.
34. Cicuta L.
35. Falcaria Fabr.
36. Carum L.
37. Cnidium Guss.
38. Selinium L.
39. Ligusticum L.
40. Conioselinum Hoffm.
41. 1Angelica L.
42. Levisticum Hill.
43. Palimbia Bess.
44. Ferula L.
45. Ferulgo Koch
46. Opopanax Koch
47. Peucedanum L.
48. Pastinaca L.
49. Heracleum L.
50. Malabaila Hoffm.
51. Tordylium L.
52. Laser Borch.
53. Laserpitium L.
54. Torilis Adans
55. Astrodaucus Drude
56. Caucalis L.
57. Turgenia Hoffm.
58. Orlaya Hoffm.
59. Daucus L.
Orders 26-33
Order
Family
Subfamily
Genus
Ericales
Pyrolaceae
-
1. Chimaphila Pursh
-
2. Moneses Salisb.
-
3. Orthilia Rafin
-
4. Pyrola L.
-
5. Monotropha L.
Ericaceae
-
1. Rhododendron L.
-
2. Loiseleuria Desv.
-
3. Andromeda L.
-
4. Arctostaphyllos Adans.
-
5. Vaccinium L.
-
6. Calluna Salisb.
-
7. Bruckenthalia Rehb.
Empetraceae
-
1. Empetrum L.
Primulales
Primulaceae
-
1. Primula L.
-
2. Androsace L.
-
3. Cortusa L.
-
4. Soldanella L.
-
5. Cyclamen L.
-
6. Hottonia L.
-
7. Samolus L.
-
8. Lisimachia L.
-
9. Trientalis L.
-
10. Glaux L.
-
11. Anagallis L.
-
12. Centunculus L.
Plumbaginella
Plumbaginaceae
-
1. Plumbago L.
-
2. Limonium Mill.
-
3. Gonioliom Boiss.
-
4. AAarmeria (L.) Wllld.
Ligustrales
Oleaceae
-
1. Fraxinus L.
-
2. Jasminum L.
-
3. Ligustrum L.
-
4. Syringa L.
-
5. Forsythia Vahl
Gentianales (Contortae)
Gentianaceae
-
1. Menyanthes L.
-
2. Nymphoides Hill
-
3. Blackstonia Huds.
-
4. Centaurium Hill
-
5. Swertia L.
-
6. Lomatogonium A. Br.
-
7. Gentiana L.
Apoeynaceae
-
1. Vinca L., Saschiu
Asclepiadacceae
-
1. Periploca L.
-
2. Cynanchum L.
Rubiaceae
-
1. Sherardia L.
-
2. Asperula L.
-
3. Crucianella L.
-
4. Cruciata Scop.
-
5. Galium L.
-
6. Rubia L.
Tubiflorales (Lamiales)
Polemoniaceae
-
1. Polemonium L.
Convolvulaceae
-
1. Convolvulus L.
-
2. Calystegia R. Br.
Cuscutaceae
-
1. Cuscuta L., Torţel
Boraginaceae
-
1. Argusia Boehmer
-
2. Heliotropium L.
-
3. Onosoma L., Otrăţel
-
4. Cerinthe L., Pidosnic
-
5. Echium L.
-
6. Rochelia Rchb.
-
7. Lithosphermum L.
-
8. Myosotis L.
-
9. Asperugo L.
-
10. Lappula Fabric.
-
11. Eritrichium Schrad.
-
12. Rindera Pall.
-
13. Omphalodes Mill.
-
14. Cynoglossum L.
-
15. Pulmonaria L.
-
16. Nonea Medick.
-
17. Alkanna Tausch
-
18. Anchusa L.
-
19. Lycopsis L.
-
20. Symphytum L.
-
21. Borago L.
Verbenaceae
-
1. Verbena L.
Callitrichaceae
-
1. Callitriche L.
Labiatae
-
1. Ajuga L.
-
2. Teucrium L.
-
3. Scutellaria L.
-
4. Marriubrium L.
-
5. Sideritis L.
-
6. Nepeta L.
-
7. Glechoma L.
-
8. Dracocephalum L.
-
9. Prunella L.
-
10. Melittis L.
-
11. Phlomis L.
-
12. Galeopsis L.
-
13. Lamium L.
-
14. Ballota L.
-
15. Leonurus L.
-
16. Betonica L.
-
17. Stachys L.
-
18. Salvia L.
-
19. Ziziphora L.
-
20. Mellisa L.
-
21. Satureja L.
-
22. Calamintha Adans.
-
23. Micromeria Benth.
-
24. Origanum L.
-
25. Thymus L.
-
26. Lycopus L.
-
27. Mentha L., Izmă
-
28. Elsholtzia Wild.
Solanaceae
-
1. Nicandra Adans.
-
2. Lycium L.
-
3. Atropa L.
-
4. Scopolia Jacq.
-
5. Hyoscyamus L.
-
6. Physalis L.
-
7. Solanum L.
-
8. Lycopersicon Mill.
-
10. Capsicum L.
-
11. Nicotina L.
Scrophulariaceae
-
1. Verbascum L.
-
2. Kickxia Dum.
-
3. Cymbalaria Hill.
-
4. Chaenorrhinum Lange
-
5. Linaria Mill.
-
7. Misopates Rafin.
-
8. Scrophularia L.
-
9. Mimulus L. [7]
-
10. Gratiola L.
-
11. Limosella L.
-
12. Lindernia All.
-
13. Veronica L.
-
14. Digitalis L.
-
15. Melamphyum L.
-
16. Tozzia L.
-
17. Euphrasia L.
-
18. Odontites Zinn.
-
19. Rhinanthus L., Clocotici
-
20. Bartsia L.
-
21. Pedicularis L.
-
22. Lathraea L.
Globulariaceae
-
Globularia L.
Bignoniaceae
-
Catalpa Scop. [7]
Acanthaceae
-
Acanthus L.
Orobanchaceae
-
Orobanche L.
Lentibulariaceae
-
1. Pinguicula L., Foaie grasă
-
2. Utricularia L., Otrăţel de apă
Plantaginaceae
-
1. Plantago L.
-
2. Littorella Bergius
Dipsacales
Caprifoliaceae
-
1. Sambucus L.
-
2. Viburnum L.
-
3. Symphoricarpos Duhamel [7]
-
4. Linnaea Gron.
-
5. Lonicera L.
Adoxaceae
-
Adoxa L.
Valerianaceae
-
1. Valerianella Moench
-
2. Valeriana L.
Dipsacaceae
-
1. Dipsacus L.
-
2. Cephalaria Schrad.
-
3. Knautia L.
-
4. Succisa L.
-
5. Succisella Beck
-
6. Scabiosa L.
Asterales Synandrae
Campanulaceae
-
1. Campanula L.
2. Symphyandra A. Dc.
3. Adenophora Fisch.
4. Leegousia Dur.
5. Asyneuma Gris. et. Sch.
6. Phyteuma L.
7. Edraianthus A. Dc.
8. Jasione L.
Compositae (Asteraceae)
Tubuliflorales
1. Eupatorium L.
2. Adenostyles Cass.
3. Solidago L.
4. Bellis L.
5. Aster L.
6. Erigeron L.
7. Micropus L.
8. Filago L.
9. Antennaria Gaertn.
10. Leontopodium (Pers) R. Br.
11. Ganphalium L.
12. Helichrysum Mill.
13. Inula L.
14. Teelchia Baumg
15. Pulicaria Gaertn.
16. Carpesium L.
17. Ambrosia L.
18. Iva L.
19. Sigesbechia L.
20. Xanthium L.
21. Rudbeckia L. [7]
22. Helianthus L. [7]
23. Bidens L.
24. Galinsoga Ruiz et Pavon
25. Anthemis L.
26. Achillea L.
27. Matricaria L.
28. Tripleurospermum Schultz-Bip.
29. Tanacetum L.
30. Chrysanthemum L.
31. Artemisia L., Pelin
32. Tussilago L.
33. Petasites L.
34. Homogyne Cass.
35. Erechtites Raf.
36. Arnica L.
37. Doronicum L.
38. Senecio L.
39. Ligularia Cass.
40. Calendula L., Filimică
41. Echinops L.
42. Xeranthemum L.
43. Carlina L.
44. Arctium L., Btustur
45. Saussurea DC.
46. Jurinea L.
47. Carduus L.
48. Cirsium Mill.
49. Onopordum L.
50. Crupina Cass.
51. Serratula L.
52. Centaurea L.
53. Leuzea DC.
54. Carthamus L.
Liguliflorae 55. Scolymus L.
56. Cichorium L.
57. Lapsana L.
58. Aposeris Neck.
59. Hypochoeris L.
60. Leontodon L.
61. Picris L.
62. Tragopogon L.
63. Scorzonera L.
64. Podospermum DC.
65. Lagoseris Bieb.
66. Chondrilla L.
67. Taraxacum L. - Păpădie
68. Cicerbita Wallr.
69. Sonchus L. - Susai
70. Mycelis Cass.
71. Lactuca L.
72. Crepis L.
73. Prenanthes L.
74. Hieracium L.
Class Monocotyledonatae
Order
Family
Subfamily
Genus
Helebiales
Alismataceae
-1. Alisma L.
2. Caldesia Parl
3. Sagittaria L.
Butomaceae
-
Butomus L.
Hydroecharitaceae
-
1. Vallisneria L.
-
2. Elodea L. C. Rich. [7]
-
3. Stratiotes L.
-
4. Hydrocharis L.
Juncaginaceae
-
Triglochin L.
Scheuchzeria
-
Scheuchzeria L.
Potamogetonaceae
-
1. Potamogeton L. - Broscariţă
2. Groenlandia J. Gay
3. Ruppia L.
Zosteraceae
-
Zostera L.
Zannichelliaceae
-
Zannichellia L.
Najadaceae
-
Najas L.
Pandanales
Typhaceae
-
Typha L. - Papură
Spargniaceae
-
Sparganium L.
Liliiflorales
Liliaceae
-
1. Tofieldia Huds.
2. Bulbocodium L.
3. Colchicum L.
4. Merendera Ramound
5. Veratrum L.
6. Asphodeline Rchb.
7. Anthericum L.
8. Gagea Salisb. (including Lloydia)
9. Hemerocallis L. - Crin galben
10. Allium L.
11. Nectaroscordum Lindl.
12. Lilium L. - Crin
13. Hyacinthella Schur
14. Bellevalia Lapeyr.
15. Fritillaria L. - Bibilică
16. Tulipa L. - Lalea
17. Erythronium L.
18. Scilla L.
19. Ornithogalum L.
20. Muscari Mill.
21. Asparagus L.
22. Ruscus L.
23. Maianthemum Web.
24. Polygonatum Adans. - Coada cocoşului
25. Streptopus L. C. Rich.
26. Concallaria L.
27. Paris L.
Amaryllidaceae
-
1. Galanthus L. - Ghioccel
2. Leucojum L.
3. Sternbergia W. et K.
4. Narcissus L.
Dioscoreaceae
-
Tamus L.
Iridaceae
-
1. Crocus L.
2. Sisyrinchium L.
3. Iris L.
4. Gladiolus L.
Juncaceae
-
1. Juncus L.
2. Luzula DC.
Cyperales
Cyperaceae
-
1. Cyperus L.
2. Fimbristylis Vahl
3. Eriophorum L. - Bumbăcariţă
4. Eleocharis (Heleocharis) R. Br. - Pipiriguţ
5. Schoenoplectus (Rehb.) Palla
6. Isolepis R. Br.
7. Holoschoenus Link
8. Bolboschoenus (Aschers) Palla
9. Scirpus L.
10. Blysmus Panzer
11. Schoenus L.
12. Cladium P. Browne
13. Rhynchospora Vahl
14. Kobresia Willd
15. Elyna Schrad.
16. Carex L. - Rogoz
Graminales
Graminaceae(Poaceae)
-
1. Zea L.
2. Botriochloa O. Ktze.
3. Chrysopogon Trin.
4. Sorghum Moench
5. Erianthus L. C. Rich.
6. Tragus Hall.
7. Panicum L.
8. Echinochloa P. Beauv.
9. Digitaria Fabr.
10. Setaria P. Beauv
11. Leersia Sw.
12. Oryza L.
13. Phalaris L.
14. Typhoides Moench
15. Anthoxanthum L.
16. Hierochloe R. Br. - Iarba Sfintei Mării
17. Stipa L.
18. Aristella Bertol.
19. Acnatherum P. Beauv.
20. Milium L.
21. Oryzopsis L. C. Rich.
22. Phleum L.
23. Alopecurus L.
24. Crypsis W. Ait.
25. Heleochloa Host
26. Polypogon Desf.
27. Gastridium P. Beauv.
28. Sporobolus R. Br.
29. Agrostis L.
30. Apera Adans.
31. Calamagrostis Adans.
32. Ammophila Host
33. Holcus L.
34. Aira L.
35. Corynephorus P. Beauv.
36. Deschampsia P. Beauv.
37. Trisetum Pers.
38. Ventenata Koel.
39. Arrhenatherum P. Beauv.
40. Helictotrichon Bess. (Avenastrum Jessen p.p., Avenochloa Holub)
41. Avena L.
42. Danthonia DC.
43. Sieglingia Bernh.
44. Sesleria Scop.
45. Oreochloa Link
46. Phragmites Adans.
47. Molinia Schrank
48. Cleistogenes Kegn
49. Eragrostis P. Beauv.
50. Koeleria Pers.
51. Catabrosa P. Beauv.
52. Melica L.
53. Briza L.
54. Dactylis L.
55. Aeluropus Trin.
56. Cynosurus L.
57. Sclerochloa P. Beauv.
58. Poa L.
59. Glyceria R. Br.
60. Puccinella Parl
61. Festuca L.
62. Vulpia K. C. Gmel.
63. Bromus L.
64. Brachypodium P. Beauv. - Obsigă
65. Cynodon L. C. Rich.
66. Beckmannia Host
67. Nardus L.
68. Lolium L.
69. Pholiurus Trin.
70. Psilurus Trin.
71. Agropyron Gaertn.
73. Triticum L.
74. Dasypyrum (Coss. et Dur.) Borb. (Haynaldia Schur non Schulze)
75. Secale L. - Secară
76. Hordeum L.
77. Hordelymus (Jessen) Harz (încl. Taeniatherum Nevski)
78. Elymus L.
Gynandrales
Orchidaceae
-
1. Cypripedium L.
2. Cephalanthera L. C. Rich.
3. Epipactis Zinn. - Mşăştiniţă
4. Limodorum Rich.
5. Listera R. Br.
6. Neottia Sw.
7. Spiranthes L. C. Rich
8. Goodyera R. Br.
9. Epipogium R. Br.
10. Platanthera L. C. Rich.
11. Coeloglossum Hartm.
12. Gymnadenia R. Br. - Ură
13. Leucorchis E. Mayer
14. Nigritella L. C. Rich. - Sângele Voinicului
15. Chamorchis L. C. Rich.
16. Herminium R. Br.
17. Ophrys L.
18. Anacamptis L. C. Rich
19. Traunsteinera Rchb. f.
20. Orchis L. - Poroinis
21. Dactylorhiza Necker ex Nevski
3
22. Himantoglossum Sperg.
3
23. Malaxis Soland.
3
24. Hammarbya O. Kitze.
3
25. Liparis L. C. Rich.
3
26. Corallorhiza Chatelain
3
Spathiflorales
Araceae
-
1. Acorus L.
2. Calla L.
3. Arum L. - Rodul pământului
Lemnaceae
-
1. Lemna L. - Lintiţă
2. Spirodela Schleiden
3. Wolffia Horkel

See also

Notes

  1. 1 2 Danela Murariu; Silvia Strajeru; Constantin Milica; Steluta Radu (2004). "Status of the Romanian medicinal and aromatic plant collection". In Dea Baričevič (ed.). Report of a Working Group on Medicinal and Aromatic Plants: First Meeting, 12–14 September 2002, Gozd Martuljek, Slovenia. Bioversity International. pp. 109–113. ISBN   978-92-9043-633-1.
  2. 1 2 Valeriu Enescu. "Forest Genetic Resources Conservation in Romania". Forest Genetic Resources N.24. Organizația Națiunilor Unite pentru Agricultură și Alimentație . Retrieved 6 April 2009.
  3. 1 2 3 "Danube Delta". UNESCO's World Heritage Centre. Retrieved 2008-01-10.
  4. Ellen Wohl (2010). A World of Rivers: Environmental Change on Ten of the World's Great Rivers. University of Chicago Press. p. 130. ISBN   978-0-226-90478-8.
  5. John Akeroyd; Nat Page (2007). "The Saxon Villages of Southern Transylvania: Conserving Biodiversity in a Historic Landscape". In Dan Gafta; John Akeroyd (eds.). Nature Conservation: Concepts and Practice. Springer. p. 205. ISBN   978-3-540-47228-5.
  6. Al. Beldie (1977). Flora României Determinator Ilustrat al Plantelor Vasculare (in Romanian). I. Editura Academiei R.S.R.
  7. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 Introduced, not native

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References