Petrochemical industry in Romania

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Petroleum field at Moreni, Romania (1920) Petroleum field at Moreni.jpg
Petroleum field at Moreni, Romania (1920)

Romania was the largest European producer of oil in World War II. The oil extracted from Romania was essential for Axis military operations. [1] [2] The petrochemical industry near Ploieşti was bombed heavily by American bombers (see Operation Tidal Wave). After the war, a heavy reconstruction and expansion was done under the communist regime. Since then, most of the industry has been privatized.

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Possessing substantial oil refining capacities, Romania is particularly interested in the Central Asia-Europe pipelines and seeks to strengthen its relations with some Arab States of the Persian Gulf. With 10 refineries and an overall refining capacity of approximately 504,000 bbl/d (80,100 m3/d), Romania has the largest refining industry in the region. Romania's refining capacity far exceeds domestic demand for refined petroleum products, allowing the country to export a wide range of oil products and petrochemicals — such as lubricants, bitumen, and fertilizers — throughout the region. [3]

Refineries

"Petromidia" refinery in Navodari Mamaia - rafineriia.jpg
"Petromidia" refinery in Năvodari

This is an incomplete list of oil refineries in Romania:

See also

1857 - First drilling of oil wells at Bend, northeast of Bucharest, on the Romanian side of the Carpathians; this year is registered as a beginning of Romania’s oil production. It was happened 11 years after the drilling of the first oil well in Baku (in Bibi-Heybat settlement) in 1846.

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Ploiești City in Prahova, Romania

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Rompetrol is of KMG International of Romanian origin, initially as a company representative of the Romanian oil and gas industry on international level, becoming later an international oil group with operations in 12 countries, known as The Rompetrol Group N.V.

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The National Oil Corporation is the national oil company of Libya. It dominates Libya's oil industry, along with a number of smaller subsidiaries, which combined account for around 70% the country's oil output. Of NOC's subsidiaries, the largest oil producer is the Waha Oil Company (WOC), followed by the Arabian Gulf Oil Company (Agoco), Zueitina Oil Company (ZOC), and Sirte Oil Company (SOC).

Petromidia Refinery

Petromidia Refinery is the largest Romanian oil refinery and one of the largest in Eastern Europe, located in Năvodari, Constanţa County. It has an annual processing capacity of 4.8 million tonnes/year or 100,000 bbl/d (16,000 m3/d). The refinery is supplied with oil through an oil terminal located in the Port of Midia that can accommodate ships up to 24,000 DWT or by a pipeline of 40 km (25 mi) which has a terminus in the Port of Constanţa.

Arpechim Refinery was one of the largest Romanian refineries and one of the largest in Europe, located in Piteşti, Argeș County, and had both refining and petrochemical capacities. The refinery has two processing modules with a nominal capacity of 6.5 million tonnes/year. Now only one of the two modules is operating with a capacity of 3.5 million tonnes/year or 70,000 bbl/d (11,000 m3/d). The facility is connected by pipeline to the oil fields in the Oltenia Region and to the Port of Constanţa. The refinery produces around 60% of all the bitumen used in Romania.

Petrobrazi Refinery is one of the largest Romanian refineries and one of the largest in Eastern Europe, located in Ploieşti, Prahova County having as a main activity the processing of Romanian oil but also has a separate unit specialised in processing chemical products. The refinery had two processing modules with a nominal capacity of 3.5 million tonnes/year each and a total capacity of 7 million tonnes/year. Now only one of the two modules is operational and has a capacity of 4.1 million tonnes/year or 90,000 bbl/d (14,000 m3/d), 1 million tonnes larger due to an investment program from 1999 - 2000. The facility is connected by pipeline to virtually all of the oil fields in Romania by an extensive pipe network and to the Port of Constanţa by a pipeline with a capacity of 10,000 tonnes/day.

Petrotel Lukoil Refinery

Petrotel Lukoil Refinery is one of the largest Romanian oil refineries and one of the largest in Eastern Europe, located in Ploieşti, Prahova County. Its main activity is the processing of Romanian and Russian oil, but a separate unit is specialised in biodiesel production and another unit specialises in energy production. Russian oil is transported by oil tankers from the Novorossiysk Commercial Sea Port, unloaded at an oil terminal located in the Port of Constanţa, and transported to the refinery by rail or by a 250 kilometres (155 mi) underground pipeline that links the refinery to the port. In 2004, the refinery underwent a major modernization that reduced the production capacity of 3.5 million tonnes/year to 2.4 million tonnes/year but made the refinery more efficient, with a higher percentage of use. The refinery also has a biodiesel producing capacity of 100,000 tonnes and the energy division has a gas-fired turbine with a nominal capacity of 30MW.

IPIP SA

S.C. IPIP S.A. the Engineering and Design Institute for Oil Refineries and Petrochemical Plants is a Romanian company which was established in 1950, at Ploiești, as a milestone in the development of the petroleum, hydrocarbon processing and petrochemical industries as well as of their related fields, in Romania.

KMG International N.V. is an international oil company with operations in 15 countries throughout Europe, Central Asia and North Africa. The group is active primarily in refining, marketing and trading, with additional operations in exploration and production, and other oil industry services such as drilling, EPCM, and transportation.

References

  1. "VIDEO Înregistrare senzaţională cu Hitler: "Fără petrolul din România nu aş fi atacat niciodată URSS-ul"".
  2. "A Zero Job! Shoveling Out Refuse from the Hot Pools of Oil That Comes up from a Spouting Well". World Digital Library . 1923. Retrieved 2013-05-30.
  3. http://www.gasandoil.com/goc/news/nte30277.htm Archived 2010-12-15 at the Wayback Machine Romania has the largest power sector in south-eastern Europe