Immigration to Romania is less common than immigration to most other EU countries, with Romania having 2.1% of the population foreign born as of 2017 (Eurostat estimates).Of these, 0.9% were born in other EU member states, and 1.2% were born outside the EU. Romania has recently experienced a growing wave of immigration, mostly from the Republic of Moldova, Turkey, Italy, Spain, Southeast Asia, and East Asia and to a lesser extent other parts of the world. In 2013, there were 198,839 immigrants living in Romania, of which 13,000 were refugees.
According to DIICOT, Romania has evolved since 1990 from a country of transit for illegal migrants to a country of destination.Within the European Union, the country has the second highest rate of immigration from non-EU countries (86%), just behind Slovenia (90%).
Most immigrants in Romania are from Europe
Over half of the country's foreign-born residents originate from Republic of Moldova. Owing to the former period of union between most of Moldova and Romania, many Moldovans are eligible for Romanian citizenship on the basis of descent. The culture of Moldova is influenced primarily by the Romanian origins of its majority population, being strongly related to classical Romanian culture, and, as such, it is easy for people from neighbouring Moldova to integrate within the contemporary Romanian culture. Many immigrants from the Republic of Moldova prefer to settle in the Romanian counties from the region of Moldavia, because there the culture is more similar to their home country.
Immigrants from Italy and Spain often have close relations with Romanians, including intermarriage (see also Romanians in Italy and Romanians in Spain).
In recent years, considerable numbers of Chinese and Vietnamese citizens work in Romania, due to the emigration of a large part of the Romanian workforce.There are also workers from Nepal, the Philippines, Thailand, Indonesia, India, Bangladesh, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Ukraine, Serbia, Lebanon, Turkey. Many Chinese live in the Ilfov County (the county surrounding Bucharest).
Arabs in Romania come primarily from Syria (including refugees of the Syrian Civil War), Lebanon, Iraq and Tunisia. In 2018, most asylum applicants were from Iraq, Syria and Iran.
Africans come primarily to study in Romania, most of them from the Democratic Republic of Congo, Nigeria and the Republic of Congo.[ citation needed ][ citation needed ]
Estimate immigrants to Romania (as of mid-2017, including refugees):
Moldova - 151,000;
Italy - 51,000;
Spain - 39,000;
Ukraine - 16,000;
Bulgaria - 14,000;
France - 9,000;
Germany - 9,000;
Hungary - 8,000;
Serbia (including Kosovo ) - 8,000;
Turkey - 8,000;
Russia - 7,000;
United Kingdom - 7,000;
Greece - 6,000;
China - 5,000;
United States - 4,000;
Syria - 3,000
Iran - 2,000;
Iraq - 2,000;
Israel - 2,000;
Vietnam - 2,000;
Albania - 1,000;
Austria - 1,000;
Belgium - 1,000;
Ireland - 1,000;
Portugal - 1,000;
Tunisia - 1,000;
Egypt - 900;
Lebanon - 900;
Morocco - 800;
Philippines - 800;
India - 700;
Jordan - 600;
Afghanistan - 500;
Nigeria - 500;
Pakistan - 500;
South Korea - 500;
The unification of Romania and Moldova is a popular concept in the two countries beginning with the late 1980s, during the collapse of communism. The Romanian Revolution in 1989 and the independence of Moldova in 1991 further contributed to the development of a movement for the unification of the two Romanian-speaking countries. The question of reunification is recurrent in the public sphere of the two countries, often as a speculation, both as a goal and a danger. The idea, while widespread in Romania, is only supported by a minority in Moldova.
The Romanian diaspora is the ethnically Romanian population outside Romania and Moldova. The concept does not usually include the ethnic Romanians who live as natives in nearby states, chiefly those Romanians who live in Ukraine and Serbia. Therefore, the number of all Romanians abroad is estimated at about 4–12 million people, depending on one's definition of the term "Romanian" as well as the inclusion/exclusion of ethnic Romanians living in nearby countries where they are indigenous. The definition of "who is a Romanian?" may range from rigorous conservative estimates based on self-identification and official statistics to estimates that include people of Romanian ancestry born in their respective countries as well as people born to ethnic-minorities from Romania.
Dan Negru is a Romanian TV presenter and host of the Romanian version of Star Factory.
Romania has an agricultural capacity of approximately 14.7 million hectares, of which only 10 million are used as arable land. In November 2008, an evaluation revealed that 6.8 million hectares are not used. In 2018 Romania was the third biggest agricultural producer of the EU and produced the largest amount of maize.
The A7 motorway, also known as the Ploiești–Siret Motorway or the Moldavia Motorway, is a partially built motorway in Romania, that upon completion will link Ploiești to the north-eastern part of the country, partly along the Pan-European Corridor IX. It is planned to run along the route: Buzău, Focșani, Bacău, Roman, Pașcani and Suceava, ending at the Ukrainian border near Siret.
Moldova–Russia relations are the bilateral relations between the Republic of Moldova and the Russian Federation.
Cristian Ionuț Bud is a Romanian professional footballer who plays as a striker for Dunărea Călărași.
Vladimir Plahotniuc is a Moldovan politician, businessman and philanthropist. He was the chairman of the Democratic Party of Moldova and previously was member of the Parliament of Moldova in three terms, and served as First Deputy Speaker of the Parliament of Moldova. Until leaving the territory of the Republic of Moldova in 2019, he was considered to be the powerhouse of Moldovan politics in matters of influence, controlling Moldova's government and parliamentary majority. Plahotniuc currently resides in Turkey after having fled Moldova in June 2019.
Ion Jinga is a Romanian diplomat working in the Romanian Ministry of Foreign Affairs since 1992. Between 9 April 2003 and 7 March 2008 he served as the Romanian Ambassador to the Kingdom of Belgium and between 7 March 2008 and 4 August 2015 he held the position of Ambassador of Romania to the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. On 4 August 2015, he started his term as Ambassador extraordinary and plenipotentiary, Permanent Representative of Romania to the United Nations in New York. He and his wife Daniela have one daughter, Daria.
Arabs in Romania are people from Arab countries who live in Romania. Some of them came to Romania during the Ceaușescu era, when many Arab students were granted scholarships to study in Romanian universities. Most of them were Lebanese, Syrians, Palestinians, Iraqis, Sudanese, Egyptians, and Jordanians. Most of these students returned to their countries of origin, but some remained in Romania starting families here. It is estimated that almost half a million Middle Eastern Arabs studied in Romania during the 1980s. A new wave of Arab immigration started after the Romanian Revolution. Many of the newly arrived Arabs came to Romania in the 1990s in order to develop businesses. In addition, Romania has people from Arab countries who have the status of refugees or illegal immigrants, primarily from North Africa, trying to immigrate to Western Europe. In particular, the European migrant crisis lead to Syrian people coming to Romania, although many Syrians were already living in Romania at the time of the crisis.
Celebrity MasterChef is a Romanian competitive cooking game show. It is spin-off of MasterChef România, itself an adaptation of the British show MasterChef, and features celebrity contestants. It began production in early 8 October 2013, and was broadcast on PRO TV on 22 October 2013.
The evolution of motorways construction in European countries by total number of kilometers existing in that year. This is a list of the total number of Motorways by country in Europe. It includes motorways, classified as such by the Eurostat and includes countries that are not members of the European Union but geographically are situated in Europe.
The evolution of motorways construction in European Union member states by total number of kilometres existing in that year. This is a list of the total number of Motorways by country, member of the European Union. It includes motorways, classified as such by the Eurostat.
Untold Festival is the largest electronic music festival held in Romania, taking place in Cluj-Napoca at the Cluj Arena. It's held annually and has been designated Best Major Festival within European Festival Awards 2015. Guests include a vast range of European countries, as well as Asia and North America.
Afro-Romanians are black people and people of African descent, who have migrated to and settled in Romania. Afro-Romanian populations are mostly concentrated in major cities of Romania.
Moldovans in Romania include the people born in the Republic of Moldova living in Romania and their descendants. The largest group of immigrants in Romania are from Moldova. Owing to the former period of union between most of Moldova and Romania, many Moldovans are eligible for Romanian citizenship on the basis of Romanian descent. The culture of Moldova is influenced primarily by the Romanian ethnicity of the majority of its population, being strongly related to typical Romanian culture, and, as such, it is easy for people from neighbouring Moldova to integrate within the contemporary Romanian culture. Many immigrants from the Republic of Moldova prefer to settle in the Romanian counties from the region of Moldavia as the culture there is more similar to that of their home country. There are also significant Moldovan communities in the largest cities of Romania, such as Bucharest (Wallachia), Cluj-Napoca and Timișoara.
On 1 March 2021 two people were stabbed to death after a hostage-taking incident in an apartment building in Onești, Bacău County, Romania. The police were notified that a man had detained, against their will, in a building in the locality, two men, who were carrying out repair works on a building that belonged to the person in question in the past.