Immigration to Romania

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The Republic of Moldova is the most common country of origin of foreign-born residents in Romania. Moldova map.gif
The Republic of Moldova is the most common country of origin of foreign-born residents in Romania.

Immigration to Romania is less common than immigration to most other EU countries, with Romania having 2.1% of the population foreign born as of 2017 (Eurostat estimates). [1] Of these, 0.9% were born in other EU member states, and 1.2% were born outside the EU. [2] Romania has recently experienced a growing wave of immigration, mostly from the Republic of Moldova, Turkey, Italy, Spain, Southeast Asia, and East Asia [3] and to a lesser extent other parts of the world. In 2013, there were 198,839 immigrants living in Romania, of which 13,000 were refugees. [4] [5]

Contents

According to DIICOT, Romania has evolved since 1990 from a country of transit for illegal migrants to a country of destination. [6] Within the European Union, the country has the second highest rate of immigration from non-EU countries (86%), just behind Slovenia (90%). [7]

Most immigrants in Romania are from Europe

Republic of Moldova

Over half of the country's foreign-born residents originate from Republic of Moldova. Owing to the former period of union between most of Moldova and Romania, many Moldovans are eligible for Romanian citizenship on the basis of descent. The culture of Moldova is influenced primarily by the Romanian origins of its majority population, being strongly related to classical Romanian culture, and, as such, it is easy for people from neighbouring Moldova to integrate within the contemporary Romanian culture. Many immigrants from the Republic of Moldova prefer to settle in the Romanian counties from the region of Moldavia, because there the culture is more similar to their home country. [8]

EU countries

Immigrants from Italy and Spain often have close relations with Romanians, including intermarriage (see also Romanians in Italy and Romanians in Spain).

Asian and Eastern European workers

In recent years, considerable numbers of Chinese and Vietnamese citizens work in Romania, due to the emigration of a large part of the Romanian workforce. [9] There are also workers from Nepal, the Philippines, Thailand, Indonesia, India, Bangladesh, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Ukraine, Serbia, Lebanon, Turkey. [10] [11] [12] [13] [14] Many Chinese live in the Ilfov County (the county surrounding Bucharest).

Arabs

Arabs in Romania come primarily from Syria (including refugees of the Syrian Civil War), Lebanon, Iraq and Tunisia. In 2018, most asylum applicants were from Iraq, Syria and Iran. [15]

Africans

Africans come primarily to study in Romania, most of them from the Democratic Republic of Congo, Nigeria and the Republic of Congo.[ citation needed ][ citation needed ]

Statistics

Estimate immigrants to Romania (as of mid-2017, including refugees): [16]

Flag of Moldova.svg  Moldova - 151,000;
Flag of Italy.svg  Italy - 51,000;
Flag of Spain.svg  Spain - 39,000;
Flag of Ukraine.svg  Ukraine - 16,000;
Flag of Bulgaria.svg  Bulgaria - 14,000;
Flag of France.svg  France - 9,000;
Flag of Germany.svg  Germany - 9,000;
Flag of Hungary.svg  Hungary - 8,000;
Flag of Serbia.svg  Serbia (including Flag of Kosovo.svg  Kosovo ) - 8,000;
Flag of Turkey.svg  Turkey - 8,000;
Flag of Russia.svg  Russia - 7,000;
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom - 7,000;
Flag of Greece.svg  Greece - 6,000;
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China - 5,000;
Flag of the United States.svg  United States - 4,000;
Flag of Syria.svg  Syria - 3,000
Flag of Iran.svg  Iran - 2,000;
Flag of Iraq.svg  Iraq - 2,000;
Flag of Israel.svg  Israel - 2,000;
Flag of Vietnam.svg  Vietnam - 2,000;
Flag of Albania.svg  Albania - 1,000;
Flag of Austria.svg  Austria - 1,000;
Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Belgium - 1,000;
Flag of Ireland.svg  Ireland - 1,000;
Flag of Portugal.svg  Portugal - 1,000;
Flag of Tunisia.svg  Tunisia - 1,000;
Flag of Egypt.svg  Egypt - 900;
Flag of Lebanon.svg  Lebanon - 900;
Flag of Morocco.svg  Morocco - 800;
Flag of the Philippines.svg  Philippines - 800;
Flag of India.svg  India - 700;
Flag of Jordan.svg  Jordan - 600;
Flag of Afghanistan.svg  Afghanistan - 500;
Flag of Nigeria.svg  Nigeria - 500;
Flag of Pakistan.svg  Pakistan - 500;
Flag of South Korea.svg  South Korea - 500;

See also

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References

  1. https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/statistics-explained/index.php?title=File:Foreign-born_population_by_country_of_birth,_1_January_2017_.png
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  5. "Le Monde: Romania, noua destinatie a imigrantilor". Ziare.com. 2009-07-13. Retrieved 2013-10-08.
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  7. "Income Magazine (Former Financiarul.com)" (in Romanian). Financiarul.com. Archived from the original on 2015-11-25. Retrieved 2014-05-09.
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  9. https://adevarul.ro/news/societate/analizA-vin-cei-mai-imigranti-fac-romania-1_5bf516f1df52022f75a9438f/index.html
  10. http://dejulmeu.ro/index.php/2018/08/03/vom-importa-mai-multi-muncitori-din-nepal-filipine-vietnam-si-thailanda/
  11. https://www.profit.ro/insider/macro/fenomenul-atragerii-personal-tari-exotice-fondul-lipsei-fortei-munca-locala-ia-amploare-romania-aduce-muncitori-filipine-nepal-vietnam-india-indonezia-thailanda-50-ani-importul-fortei-munca-18294111
  12. https://www.pressalert.ro/2018/03/sarbi-angajati-romania-ce-metoda-au-gasit-companiile-din-banat-pentru-aducerea-cetatenilor-din-tara-vecina/
  13. http://www.romania-actualitati.ro/muncitori_de_import_din_asia_de_sud_est_vietnam_si_sri_lanka-123937
  14. https://www.crainou.ro/2018/10/17/muncitori-din-ucraina-vor-termina-lucrarile-la-monumentul-ecvestru-al-lui-stefan-cel-mare/
  15. https://www.profit.ro/perspective/numarul-persoanelor-care-au-depus-cereri-de-azil-in-romania-in-scadere-19117919
  16. https://www.migrationpolicy.org/programs/data-hub/charts/immigrant-and-emigrant-populations-country-origin-and-destination