Climate of Romania

Last updated

Geography of Romania
Topography

Carpathians (peaks)
Plains & Delta
Islands

Hydrography

Rivers (Danube)
Lakes
Black Sea

Climate

The climate of Romania is temperate continental transitioning into an oceanic climate on the eastern coast, influenced by Scandinavian-Baltic weather, the Mediterranean and the Black Sea. Thus, in the south, there are some influences of a mediterranean climate, characterized by mild winters and stronger rainfalls in the cooler months (especially in autumn). In the south-east, the Black Sea induces rare heavy strong rains. In eastern regions the continental character is less pronounced. In the north of the country (Maramureș and Bukovina), the effect of the Scandinavian-Baltic climate is felt, effecting a wetter and colder climate with cold winters. The west of the country has a more pronounced influence of low pressure systems generated over the Atlantic, causing moderate temperatures and stronger precipitation. Climate nuances are demonstrated on the steps of the altitude, the mountain ranges of the Carpathian arc have a cool mountain climate with high humidity throughout the year. [1]

Contents

The average annual temperature is 11 °C (51.8 °F) in the south and middle-south and 8 °C (46.4 °F) in northeast. In Bucharest, the temperature ranges from an average low of −5 °C (23 °F) in January to an average high of 29 °C (84.2 °F) in July and August, with average temperatures of −3 °C (26.6 °F) in January and 23 °C (73.4 °F) in July and August. Rainfall, although adequate throughout the country, decreases from west to east and from mountains to plains. Some mountainous areas receive more than 1,010 mm (39.8 in) of precipitation each year. Annual precipitation averages about 635 mm (25 in) in central Transylvania, 521 mm (20.5 in) at Iaşi in Moldavia, and only 381 mm (15 in) at Constanţa on the Black Sea.

Romania map of Koppen climate classification, according to Clima Romaniei from the Administratia Nationala de Meteorologie, Bucharest 2008 Romania map of Koppen climate classification.png
Romania map of Köppen climate classification, according to Clima României from the Administrația Națională de Meteorologie, Bucharest 2008
Average temperature and precipitations in Bucharest Klimadiagramm-deutsch-Bucuresti (Bukarest)-Rumanien.png
Average temperature and precipitations in Bucharest

Owing to its distance from the open ocean, Romania has a continental climate. Summers are generally very warm to hot, with average highs in Bucharest being around 29 °C (84.2 °F), with temperatures over 35 °C (95 °F) not unknown in the lower-lying areas of the country. Night time lows in Bucharest and other lower-lying areas are around 18 °C (64.4 °F), but at higher altitudes both maxima and minima decline considerably.

Satellite image of Romania in December, showing most of its territory under snow Satellite image of Romania in December 2001.jpg
Satellite image of Romania in December, showing most of its territory under snow

In the coldest months of winter (December and January) temperatures average between 3˚C and -15˚C. During winter, the skies are often cloudy and snowfall is quite common. In the plains of Romania there are about thirty days with snowfall per year.Winters are quite cold, with average highs even in lower-lying areas being no more than 3 °C (37.4 °F) and below −15 °C (5 °F) in the highest mountains.

Precipitation is generally modest, averaging over 750 mm (29.5 in) only on the highest west-facing mountain slopes – much of it falling as snow which allows for an extensive skiing industry. In the Danube delta, rainfall is very low, averaging only around 370 mm (14.6 in) per year, whilst further west along the southern plains around Bucharest it amounts to around 530 mm (20.9 in).

Records

The absolute minimum temperature was −38.5 °C (−37.3 °F), registered near Brașov in 1942. The absolute maximum temperature was 44.5 °C (112.1 °F), recorded at Ion Sion, Brăila County in 1951. [2]

Climate data for Romania
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °C (°F)22.2
(72.0)
26.0
(78.8)
32.8
(91.0)
35.5
(95.9)
40.8
(105.4)
42.0
(107.6)
44.3
(111.7)
44.5
(112.1)
43.5
(110.3)
39.0
(102.2)
30.5
(86.9)
23.4
(74.1)
44.5
(112.1)
Record low °C (°F)−38.5
(−37.3)
−38.0
(−36.4)
−31.4
(−24.5)
−26
(−15)
−16
(3)
−12
(10)
−8.0
(17.6)
−7.0
(19.4)
−15
(5)
−21.3
(−6.3)
−30.8
(−23.4)
−34.5
(−30.1)
−38.5
(−37.3)
Source: National Meteorological Administration [2]

White Christmas in Romania

[ citation needed ]

LocationPercentage
Bucharest 75%
Iași 80%
Timișoara 70%
Cluj-Napoca 85%
Constanța 65%
Miercurea Ciuc 90%
Craiova 75%
Brașov 85%
Satu Mare 75%

Averages and records by city

See also

Related Research Articles

Climate of Missouri

Missouri generally has a variety of seasonal humid subtropical climate, with cool winters and long, hot summers. In the southern part of the state, particularly in the Bootheel, the climate borders on a more mild-type humid subtropical climate, and in the northern third, the state transitions into a humid continental climate. Because of its location in the interior United States, Missouri often experiences extremes in temperatures. Lacking either large mountains or oceans nearby to moderate its temperature, its climate is alternately influenced by air from the cold Arctic and the hot and humid Gulf of Mexico.

Piura Place in Peru

Piura is a city in northwestern Peru located in the Sechura Desert on the Piura River. It is the capital of the Piura Region and the Piura Province. Its population was 484,475 as of 2017.

Kitale Municipality in Trans-Nzoia County, Kenya

Kitale is an agricultural town in northern Rift Valley Kenya situated between Mount Elgon and the Cherangany Hills at an elevation of around 1,900 metres (6,200 ft). Its population is 106,187 as of 2009. Kitale is the headquarter town of Trans-Nzoia County. Kitale is reachable by air through Kitale Airport. The postal code for Kitale is 30200.

Annette Island

Annette Island or Taak'w Aan (Tlingit) is an island in the Gravina Islands of the Alexander Archipelago of the Pacific Ocean on the southeastern coast of the U.S. state of Alaska. It is at 55°08′06″N131°27′21″W. It is about 18 km (11 mi) long and about 18 km (11 mi) wide. The land area is 332.573 km2 (128.407 sq mi). Annette Island is located west across the Revillagigedo Channel from the Alaska mainland and south of Revillagigedo Island. The Island was named in 1879 by William Healey Dall, an American naturalist and explorer in Alaska, in honor of his wife Annette Whitney Dall.

Assab City in Southern Red Sea, Eritrea

Assab or Aseb is a port city in the Southern Red Sea Region of Eritrea. It is situated on the west coast of the Red Sea. Languages spoken in Assab are predominantly Afar, Tigrinya, and Arabic. Assab is known for its large market, beaches and nightlife.

Toamasina Place in Atsinanana, Madagascar

Toamasina, meaning "like salt" or "salty", unofficially and in French Tamatave, is the capital of the Atsinanana region on the east coast of Madagascar on the Indian Ocean. The city is the chief seaport of the country, situated 215 km (134 mi) northeast of its capital and biggest city Antananarivo. According to the 2014 official estimate, Toamasina had a population of 300,813. The city is served by Toamasina Airport.

Mango, Togo Place in Savanes Region, Togo

Mango, formerly Sansanné-Mango , is a city in northern Togo. It is situated on the Oti River in the Savanes Region. The town is located near Kéran National Park and 26 kilometres (16 mi) from the border with Ghana. The population is about 41,464 people (2007).

Adrar, Algeria City in Adrar Province, Algeria

Adrar is the administrative capital of Adrar Province, the second largest province in Algeria. The commune is sited around an oasis in the Touat region of the Sahara Desert. According to a 2008 census it has a population of 64,781, up from 43,903 in 1998, with an annual growth rate of 4.0%.

General Pico City in La Pampa, Argentina

General Pico is a city located in the northeast of La Pampa Province, Argentina. It has a surface area of 2,555 km2 (986 sq mi). It is located at 143 m (469 ft) above sea level and inside the region of the Pampa Húmeda Llana. Its lands are fertile and usually apt for cattle raising and agriculture.

Midelt Place in Drâa-Tafilalet, Morocco

Midelt is a town in the Drâa-Tafilalet region of Morocco, in the high plains between the Middle Atlas and High Atlas mountain ranges. With a population of 55,304 recorded in the 2014 Moroccan census, Midelt serves as the commercial center of a large agricultural hinterland. It is also one of Morocco's principal cities for the mining of several minerals.

Chunggang County County in Chagang Province, North Korea

Chunggang County is a kun, or county, in northern Chagang province, North Korea. It was originally part of Huchang county in Ryanggang, and for that reason older sources still identify it as being part of Huchang. The county seat was originally known as Chunggangjin (중강진), but is now known as Chunggang ŭp. Chunggang looks across the Yalu River at China, and borders Ryanggang province to the south.

Climate of California Overview of the climate of the U.S. state of California

California's climate varies widely from hot desert to alpine tundra, depending on latitude, elevation, and proximity to the coast. California's coastal regions, the Sierra Nevada foothills, and much of the Central Valley have a Mediterranean climate, with warmer, drier weather in summer and cooler, wetter weather in winter. The influence of the ocean generally moderates temperature extremes, creating warmer winters and substantially cooler summers in coastal areas.

Rivadavia, Salta Place

Rivadavia is a town in eastern Salta Province, Argentina in the Department of Rivadavia, 87 kilometres (54 mi) from the city of Salta. It is in a low-lying region of the province.

Climate of New York (state) Overview of the climate of the U.S. state of New York

The climate of New York state is generally humid continental, while the extreme southeastern portion of the state lies in the warmer humid subtropical climate zone. Winter temperatures average below freezing during January and February in much of New York state, but several degrees above freezing along the Atlantic coastline, including New York City.

The climate of Gibraltar is Mediterranean/Subtropical with mild winters and warm summers. Gibraltar has two main prevailing winds, an easterly one known as the Levante coming from the Sahara in Africa which brings humid weather and warmer sea currents and the other as Poniente which is westerly and brings fresher air and colder sea. Its terrain consists of the 430-metre (1,411 ft) high Rock of Gibraltar and the narrow coastal lowland surrounding it. Rain occurs mainly in winter; the summers are generally dry.

Climate of Los Angeles Overview of the climate of Los Angeles

The climate of Los Angeles is a year-round mild-to-hot and mostly dry climate for the LA metropolitan area in California. The climate is classified as a Mediterranean climate, which is a type of dry subtropical climate. It is characterized by seasonal changes in rainfall—with a dry summer and a winter rainy season. Under the modified Köppen climate classification, the coastal areas are classified as Csb, and the inland areas as Csa.

Climatic regions of Argentina

Due to its vast size and range of altitudes, Argentina possesses a wide variety of climatic regions, ranging from the hot subtropical region in the north to the cold subantarctic in the far south. Lying between those is the Pampas region, featuring a mild and humid climate. Many regions have different, often contrasting, microclimates. In general, Argentina has four main climate types: warm, moderate, arid, and cold in which the relief features, and the latitudinal extent of the country, determine the different varieties within the main climate types.

Climate of Buenos Aires

Buenos Aires, the capital of Argentina, has a temperate climate, which is classified as a humid subtropical climate (Cfa) under the Köppen climate classification with four distinct seasons. Summers are hot and humid with frequent thunderstorms while winters are cool and drier with frosts that occurs on average twice per year. Spring and fall are transition seasons characterized by changeable weather. At the central observatory, the highest recorded temperature is 43.3 °C (109.9 °F) while the lowest recorded temperature is −5.4 °C (22.3 °F).

References

  1. "Meteo Romania – Clima Romaniei". www.meteoromania.ro.
  2. 1 2 "Climatic Records in Romania". Administratia Nationala de Meteorologie. Archived from the original on 6 September 2009. Retrieved 15 December 2016.
  3. "The Climate of Bucharest 1981–2010 (Average Temperatures,Humidity)" (in Russian). Weather and Climate (Погода и климат). Retrieved 23 November 2016.
  4. "București Băneasa Climate Normals 1961–1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration . Retrieved 21 March 2015.
  5. "Cluj Climate Normals 1961–1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration . Retrieved 21 March 2015.
  6. "Klimatafel von Klausenburg (Cluj-Napoca), Siebenbürgen / Rumänien" (PDF). Baseline climate means (1961–1990) from stations all over the world (in German). Deutscher Wetterdienst. Retrieved 23 November 2016.
  7. "Timișoara Climate Normals 1961–1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration . Retrieved 21 March 2015.
  8. "Klimatafel von Temeschburg (Temesvar, Timișoara), Banat / Rumänien" (PDF). Baseline climate means (1961–1990) from stations all over the world (in German). Deutscher Wetterdienst. Retrieved 23 November 2016.
  9. "Iași Climate Normals 1961–1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration . Retrieved March 21, 2015.
  10. "Klimatafel von Iasi (Jassy), Moldau (Bessarabien) / Rumänien" (PDF). Baseline climate means (1961–1990) from stations all over the world (in German). Deutscher Wetterdienst. Retrieved November 23, 2016.
  11. "Constanța Climate Normals 1961–1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration . Retrieved March 21, 2015.
  12. "Klimatafel von Constanta (Konstanza), Dobrudscha / Rumänien" (PDF). Baseline climate means (1961–1990) from stations all over the world (in German). Deutscher Wetterdienst. Retrieved November 23, 2016.
  13. "Medii lunare multianuale 19611990" (in Romanian). Administrația Natională de Meteorologie (Romanian National Administration of Meteorology). August 2011. Retrieved 2010-07-15.