|Demographics and culture of Hong Kong|
|Other Hong Kong topics|
Hong Kong literature is 20th-century and subsequent writings from or about Hong Kong or by writers from Hong Kong, primarily in the poetry, performance, and fiction media. Hong Kong literature reflects the area's unique history during the 20th century as a fusion of British colonial, Cantonese, and sea-trading culture. It has mainly been written in Vernacular Chinese (which is based on Mandarin Chinese) and, to a lesser extent, English.
Hong Kong fiction and performance (including Cantonese opera, television, plays, and film) are many and varied, though only a few film and theatrical works were widely known internationally until the late 20th and early 21st century. Hong Kong's wuxia (Jyutping :mou5 hap6) martial arts fiction is one of Hong Kong's most famous exports, and provided many internationally recognised films and televisions programmes during the latter half of the 20th century, almost single-handedly bringing Hong Kong literature out of relative obscurity towards a global audience.
Many modern vernacular Chinese publications in Hong Kong have their origins in Chinese writers who fled from Communist and Nationalist fighting during the Chinese Civil War. A significant number of Chinese intellectuals and artists moved to Hong Kong between 1927 and 1937. Many of these people viewed themselves as outsiders in the Hong Kong community, and often wrote of the "barbaric" and "strange" practices of the southern Chinese people (a view evident even in the Tang dynasty).A second wave of writers came to Hong Kong in 1949 after the Communist Party of China's victory in the Chinese Civil War. While some in this second wave expressed the intention to "Northernise" Hong Kong, many of them began to recognise the valuable traditions that existed in local Hong Kong culture, and their efforts to preserve these traditions helped shape Hong Kong's literary landscape.
Because Hong Kong was a British colony for nearly all of the 20th century, it was spared the harsh censorship that the People's Republic of China and Taiwan endured at the hands of their political leaders. [ dubious ] Hong Kong's literature and arts developed quite freely throughout the 20th century. After 1950, two general literary trends took form: the first, dubbed the "Greenback Culture" (Chinese :綠背文化) sought to make itself appealing to contemporary American culture and consumers; the second, called the "Left Wing" (Chinese :左翼), opposed the "Greenback" style. Hong Kong literature flourished domestically under these two different styles.
Until 1950, modern literature in Hong Kong was dominated by writers who had fled fighting in northern China, and vestiges of their influence were still present in Hong Kong literature until around 1970. These writers fell into three main categories:
In addition to Vernacular Chinese writing, there is also a smaller body of literature in English. Notable Hong Kong English language writers include Xu Xi (writer), Stewart Sloan, Nury Vittachi, Colin McAdam (novelist), Rebecca Bradley, Larry Feign and Alan Jefferies.
Professors and teachers
The Last Breakthrough is a 2004 Hong Kong television medical drama produced by TVB. The drama revolves around a group of doctors who provide volunteer medical relief to the less fortunate in world countries. Medical relief scenes were filmed in Kenya, Africa.
Split Second is a 2004 Hong Kong crime thriller television drama produced by TVB and Thailand's TV3, with Marco Law serving as the executive producer. It ran from October 4, 2004 to November 12, 2004, with the total of 30 episodes.
The Emissary (獵鷹) is a 1982 Hong Kong crime drama television series produced by TVB and starring Andy Lau in his first television leading role, shooting him to instant fame. Since then, Lau's acting career began to take on a broad road. The series' theme song, titled Being at a High Game (胸懷大志), was composed and arranged by Joseph Koo, with lyrics written by Wong Jim, and was sung by Willie Fung.
The Condor Heroes Return is a Hong Kong television series loosely based on the stories of two characters in Louis Cha's novel The Legend of the Condor Heroes. The series was released overseas in October 1993 before broadcasting on TVB Jade in Hong Kong in March 1994.
New Heavenly Sword and Dragon Sabre is a Hong Kong television series adapted from Louis Cha's novel The Heaven Sword and Dragon Saber. The series was first broadcast on TVB Jade in Hong Kong in 1986.
Gods of Honour is a Hong Kong television series adapted from the 16th-century novel Fengshen Bang, a Chinese vernacular classic written by Xu Zhonglin and Lu Xixing. The series was first aired on TVB Jade in Hong Kong in 2001. It starred Benny Chan, Chin Kar-lok, Irene Wan, Michelle Ye, Dickson Lee, Yuen Wah, Kingdom Yuen and Winnie Yeung in the lead roles.
Battlefield Network is a 2000 Hong Kong television drama produced by ATV and starring Sunny Chan, Wayne Lai, Astrid Chan and Berg Ng. It was aired on ATV Home from 18 December 2000 to 16 March 2001 with one part airing from 18 December 2000 to 9 February 2001 from 8:30PM to 9:30PM and the rest from 12 February to 16 March 2001 from 10PM to 11PM.
Wars of Bribery is a 1996 Hong Kong crime television series produced by TVB that aired on its channel TVB Jade from 10 June to 5 July 1996. This drama is also that final series that stars Aaron Kwok and Athena Chu filmed for the television station.
All That Is Bitter Is Sweet is a 2014 Hong Kong period, medical, romance drama produced by TVB, starring Linda Chung, Ruco Chan, Raymond Wong Ho-yin and Natalie Tong as the main leads, with Pierre Ngo, Sammy Sum, Shirley Yeung, Jazz Lam and Elliot Ngok in main supporting roles. Filming took place from November 2013 to February 2014. The drama began broadcasting on September 8, 2014 on TVB Jade channel during its 8:30 - 9:30 p.m. timeslot, and will finish airing on October 17, 2014 with 30 episodes total.
ICAC Investigators 1996 is a 1996 Hong Kong crime television miniseries co-produced by Television Broadcasts Limited and the Independent Commission Against Corruption of Hong Kong, and the eighth installment of the ICAC Investigators series.
Wudang Rules is a 2015 Hong Kong martial arts, action themed television drama created and produced by TVB, starring Chin Siu-ho, Tavia Yeung, Yuen Qiu, Timmy Hung, Derek Kok and Toby Leung as the main cast. Filming took place from August till October 2014. The drama began airing on Hong Kong's Jade and HD Jade channels from May 25 till June 19, 2015 every Monday through Friday during its 8:30-9:30 pm timeslot with a total of 20 episodes.
Man from Guangdong is a 1991 Hong Kong martial arts television series produced by TVB and tells the story of Leung Kan, portrayed by Aaron Kwok, the fictitious son of famed martial artist Leung Foon, whom was a favored disciple of folk hero Wong Fei-hung, portrayed by Shih Kien. Shih, who portrayed Wong in the series, was known for portraying antagonists in a series of Wong Fei-hung-related films during the 1940s to 1970s, while the series also features Sai Gwa-Pau reprising his role as "Buckteeth So" from the aforementioned series of films.
Tsui Ka Ho, more known by his pen name Lam Yat-hei or Roy Tsui, is a Hong Kong lyricist, who has written over 80 pieces of lyrics since 2007. He is also a writer and the founder of Blackpaper Limited. Blackpaper Limited is a local publisher which engages in multimedia creation and advertising campaigns. Multiple business and media channels owned by Tsui under Blackpaper Limited including Whitepaper Publishing, periodical magazine Blackpaper, satirical weekly magazine 100 Most and multimedia platform TV most.
Come Home Love: Dinner at 8 is a 2016 daily half-hour Hong Kong sitcom created by TVB and produced by Law Chun-ngok who also produced the two previous Come Home Love. Filming began in March 2016 and will be filmed as it airs. The series premiered on April 4, 2016, airing every Monday to Friday on Hong Kong's TVB Jade, Malaysia's Astro Wah Lai Toi and Australia's TVBJ channels during its 8:00-8:30 pm timeslot, with an expected 120 episodes. As at August 17, 2016, it is announced that the episodes to be increased to 200.
Come with Me is a 2016 Hong Kong comedy web drama produced by Jazz Boon for TVB, starring Eddie Cheung, Sharon Chan, Elena Kong, Louis Yuen, Benz Hui, May Chan, Sammy Sum and Grace Wong as the main cast. It premiered on Hong Kong's TVB web streaming site "myTV SUPER" on June 4, 2016, with five episodes released each Saturday at 12:00 am. The series concluded on June 25, 2016 with a total of 20 episodes.(Will repeat in Malaysia from 29 May on Astro CH326 at 9.30pm. every night)
Between Love & Desire is a 2016 Hong Kong television romance legal drama produced by Au Yiu-hing for TVB, starring Moses Chan, Maggie Shiu and Ben Wong as the main cast. It premiered on Hong Kong's TVB Jade and Malaysia's Astro On Demand on July 4, 2016, airing every Monday to Friday on Hong Kong's TVB Jade and Malaysia's Astro On Demand channels during its 8:30-9:30 pm timeslot, concluding July 29, 2016 with a total of 20 episodes.
How to Pick Girls Up! is a 1988 Hong Kong film directed by Wong Jing.