House of Blois

Last updated
House of Blois
House of Champagne
Old Arms of Blois.svg
Arms of the House of Blois
CountryRoyal Standard of the King of France.svg  France
Bandera de Reino de Navarra.svg Navarre
Flag of England.svg  England
Founded906
Founder Theobald the Old, Viscount of Blois
Final ruler Joan I of Navarre
Titles
Estate(s)Blois, Champagne, Navarre, England, Sancerre, Boulogne, Aumale
Dissolution1305
Cadet branches
  • House of Champagne
  • House of Sancerre

The House of Blois (French:  [blwa] ) is a lineage derived from the Frankish nobility, whose principal members were often named Theobald (Thibaud, Thibault, Thibaut in French).

Contents

History

Heirs of the viscounts of Blois, the House of Blois accumulated the counties of Blois, Chartres, Châteaudun, Troyes, Meaux — as successors of Herbertians — etc., then the county of Champagne, and finally the kingdom of Navarre. The family was founded by Theobald the Old in the year 906.

When Louis VII of France was greatly threatened by the vast collection of territories in the person of Henry II of England, he chose a wife from the House of Champagne (Adela of Champagne) as a counterpoise to Angevin power.

The senior line of the House of Blois became extinct with the death of Joan I of Navarre, wife of Philip IV of France, in 1305. Champagne and Navarre passed to the Capetian dynasty.

King Stephen I of England, 1135–1154, was both a member of the House of Blois and the last Anglo-Norman King, being the grandson of William the Conqueror through his daughter Adela of Normandy. [1]

A branch of the family was established in Sancerre by Stephen I of Sancerre, a younger son of Theobald II, Count of Champagne. This branch became extinct at the death of Margaret of Sancerre in 1418 or 1419.

Rulers

RulerBornReignDeathRuling partConsortNotes
Theobald I the Trickster 913928-975975 Blois Luitgarde of Vermandois
four children
Founder of the Blois ruling dynasty. Until 1041, the counts of Blois were also the Counts of Tours.
Odo I Eudes I of Blois.jpg 950975-99612 March 996 Blois Bertha of Burgundy
983
six children
Theobald II Theobald II of Blois.png c.985996-100411 July 1004 Blois UnmarriedLeft no heirs, he was succeeded by his brother Odo.
Odo II/I Elias I of Maine - Odo II Count of Blois.jpg 9831004-103715 November 1037 Blois Maud of Normandy
1003/4
no children

Ermengarde of Auvergne
c.1005
three/four children
Seized Champagne for himself, without royal approval, but kept these territories.
1022-1037 Troyes & Meaux (Champagne)
Stephen II ?1037-10471047 Troyes & Meaux (Champagne) Adele
one child
Odo II 10401047-10661115 Champagne Adelaide of Normandy
c.1060
one child
1069-1115 Aumale
Theobald III 10121037-10891089 Blois Gersende of Maine
one child

Adele of Valois
four children
1066-1089 Champagne
Odo III 10621089-10931093 Champagne UnmarriedLeft no children, and he was succeeded by his brother Hugh.
Stephen Henry StepanBlois 1089.jpg c.10451089-110219 May 1102 Blois Adela of Normandy
c.1080
Chartres
eleven children
Hugh Hugo I.jpg 10741093-11251125 Champagne Constance of France
1094
one child

Isabelle of Burgundy
1110
one child?
In 1125, after his death, his domains joined Blois.
Theobald IV/II the Great Theobald.jpg 10901102-115210 January 1152 Blois Matilda of Carinthia
1123
ten children
He was also Count of Champagne from 1125.
1125-1152 Champagne
Stephen c.10701115-11271127 Aumale Hawise de Mortimer
c.1100
four children
His father-in-law supported him in his claimancy for the throne of England.
William the Fat ?1127-117920 August 1179 Aumale Cicely FitzDuncan, Lady of Skipton
c.1130
eleven children
He was also made Earl of York. Left his domains in Aumale to his only daughter, Hawise.
Henry I the Liberal Henry I of Champagne.jpg December 11271152-118116 March 1181 Champagne Marie of France
1159
four children
First son of Theobald II/IV, inherited Champagne.
Theobald V the Good 11301152-119120 January 1191 Blois Sybil of Chateaurenault
no children

Alix of France
1164
seven children
Second son of Theobald II/IV, inherited Blois.
Hawise ?1179-119411 March 1214 Aumale William de Mandeville, 3rd Earl of Essex
c.1180
no children

William de Forz
c.1190
one child

Baldwin of Bethune
1196
one child
Ruled together with her husbands. In 1194, Philip II of France took Aumale to royal domain.
Aumale was annexed to the Kingdom of France
Henry II Henry 2 of Champagne.jpg 29 July 11661181-119010 September 1197 Champagne Isabella I of Jerusalem
6 May 1192
two children
Left Champagne in Crusade and established there as king consort of Jerusalem. Left the regency to his mother.
Marie of France (regent) Marie France.jpg 11451190-119711 March 1198 Champagne Henry I, Count of Champagne
1159
four children
Established the patched lands of Champagne as an unified territory. With the death of Henry II in Jerusalem, she passed the county to her youngest son, Theobald.
Louis I Louis de Blois.jpg 11721191-120514 April 1205 Blois Catherine, Countess of Clermont-en-Beauvaisis
1184
three children
Theobald III Henry 2 of Champagne.jpg 13 May 11791197-120124 May 1201 Champagne Blanche of Navarre
1 July 1199
Chartres
one child
Blanche of Navarre (regent) BlancheTroyes.jpg 11771201-122213 March 1229 Champagne Theobald III, Count of Champagne
1 July 1199
Chartres
one child
Regent for her son. Protected him in the War of the Succession of Champagne, and also through her, he would inherit the Kingdom of Navarre.
Theobald IV/I the Troubadour Theobald I.jpg 30 May 12011222-1234

1234-1253
8 July 1253 Champagne

Champagne & Navarre
Gertrude of Dagsburg
1220
(annulled 1222)
no children

Agnes of Beaujeu
1222
one child

Margaret of Bourbon
12 September 1232
six children
Posthumous son of Theobald III, inherited Navarre from his uncle in 1234.
Theobald VI ThibautVI.jpg 11901205-121816/22 April 1218 Blois Mathilde of Alençon
c.1210
no children

Clemence de Roches
no children
Left no heirs. He left the county to his paternal aunt, Margaret. He also left a small county around Chartres to another of his aunts, Isabelle.
Margaret Marguerite comt Blois Avesne Guise 1218 AN.JPG 11701218-123012 July 1230 Blois Hugh of Oisy
no children

Otto I, Count of Burgundy
1192
two children

Walter II of Avesnes
two children
Left the county to his daughter from Walter of Avesnes, Marie.
Margaret of Bourbon (regent) Margaret of Bourbon (1211-1256).jpg 12171253-125612 April 1256 Champagne Theobald I of Navarre
12 September 1232
six children
Regent for her son.
Theobald V/II Teobaldo II de Navarra.jpg 12381256-12704 December 1270 Champagne & Navarre Isabella of France
6 April 1255
no children
Left no children. He was succeeded by his brother.
Henry III/I Henry 01 Navarre.jpg 12441270-127422 July 1274 Champagne & Navarre Blanche of Artois
February 1269
Melun
two children
Blanche of Artois (regent) Blanche of Artois1.jpg 12481274-12842 May 1302 Champagne & Navarre Henry I of Navarre
February 1269
Melun
two children

Edmund Crouchback
3 February 1276
Paris
three children
Regent for her daughter, Joan.
Joan I Joanna I of Navarre.jpg 14 January 12731284-130531 March/2 April 1305 Champagne & Navarre Philip IV of France
16 August 1284
seven children

Genealogy

Arms

Arms of the House of Blois
Old Arms of Blois.svg
Count of Blois
Arms of the French Region of Champagne-Ardenne.svg
Count of Champagne
Royal Coat of Arms of Navarre (1234 1259-1284).svg
King of Navarre
Count of Champagne
Blason Maison de Sancerre.svg
Count of Sancerre

See also

Related Research Articles

Stephen, Count of Blois

Stephen Henry, Count of Blois and Count of Chartres, was the son of Theobald III, count of Blois, and Gersent of Le Mans.

Theobald II, Count of Champagne

Theobald the Great (1090–1152) was count of Blois and of Chartres as Theobald IV from 1102 and was count of Champagne and of Brie as Theobald II from 1125. Theobald held Auxerre, Maligny, Ervy, Troyes, and Châteauvillain as fiefs from Duke Odo II of Burgundy.

Count of Champagne

The count of Champagne was the ruler of the County of Champagne from 950 to 1316. Champagne evolved from the County of Troyes in the late eleventh century and Hugh I was the first to officially use the title count of Champagne.

Henry I, Count of Champagne

Henry I, known as the Liberal, was count of Champagne from 1152 to 1181. He was the eldest son of Count Theobald II of Champagne, who was also count of Blois, and his wife, Matilda of Carinthia.

Counts of Blois

The County of Blois was originally centred on Blois, south of Paris, France. One of the chief cities, along with Blois itself, was Chartres.

Adela of Champagne Queen consort of France

Adela of Champagne, also known as Adelaide, Alix and Adela of Blois, was Queen of France as the third wife of Louis VII. She was regent of France from 1190 to 1191 while her son Philip II participated in the Third Crusade.

Theobald is a Germanic dithematic name, composed from the elements theod- "people" and bald "bold". The name arrived in England with the Normans.

Hugh, Count of Champagne

Hugh was the Count of Champagne from 1093 until his death.

Theobald III of Blois (1012–1089) was count of Blois, Meaux and Troyes. He was son of Odo II, Count of Blois and Ermengarde of Auvergne.

Odo II was the count of Blois, Chartres, Châteaudun, Beauvais and Tours from 1004 and count of Troyes and Meaux from 1022. He twice tried to make himself a king: first in Italy after 1024 and then in Burgundy after 1032.

Herbert II, Count of Vermandois 10th-century French nobleman

Herbert II, Count of Vermandois, Count of Meaux, and Count of Soissons. He was the first to exercise power over the territory that became the province of Champagne.

Odo was Count of Troyes and of Meaux from 1047 to 1066, then Count of Aumale from 1069 to 1115. He was later also known as the count of Champagne and as Eudes II of Troyes.

Duke of Chartres

Originally, the Duchy of Chartres was the comté de Chartres, a County. The title of comte de Chartres thus became duc de Chartres. This duchy–peerage was given by Louis XIV of France to his nephew, Philippe II d'Orléans, at his birth in 1674. Philippe II was the younger son and heir of the king's brother, Philippe de France, Duke of Orléans.

Matilda of Carinthia

Matilda of Carinthia was a daughter of Engelbert, Duke of Carinthia and his wife Uta of Passau. She married Theobald II, Count of Champagne in 1123.

The War of the Succession of Champagne was a war from 1216 to 1222 between the nobles of the Champagne region of France, occurring within that region and also spilling over into neighboring duchies. The war lasted two years and de facto ended in 1218, but did not officially end until Theobald IV reached the age of majority in 1222, at which point his rivals abandoned their claims.

House of Châtillon

The House of Châtillon was a notable French family, with origins in the 9th century and surviving until 1762. The name comes from that of Châtillon-sur-Marne in Champagne, where members of the family were tenants in a castle belonging to the Counts of Champagne. Gaucher V of Châtillon was lord of Châtillon from 1290 until 1303, when he became count of Porcien; the title was sold to Louis of Valois, Duke of Orléans in 1400. Other branches of the family were in Saint-Pol-sur-Ternoise, in Blois, and in Penthièvre.

William, Count of Sully

William the Simple was Count of Blois and Count of Chartres from 1102 to 1107, and jure uxoris Count of Sully. William was the eldest son of Stephen-Henry, Count of Blois and Adela of Normandy, daughter of William the Conqueror. He was the older brother of Theobald II, Count of Champagne, King Stephen of England and Henry, Bishop of Winchester.

Hugh was a French knight and Benedictine monk, abbot of monasteries in England and France.

This article is about the list of counts who reigned over the county of Meaux.

References

  1. David Crouch. The Reign of King Stephen, 1135-1154, Pearson Education, Harlow, England, 2000.
House of Blois
Preceded by
House of Normandy
Ruling house of England
11351154
Succeeded by
House of Plantagenet