João Neves da Fontoura was a Brazilian lawyer, diplomat and politician. He was born in Cachoeira on November 16, 1887, and died in Rio de Janeiro on March 31, 1963.
He was the son of Colonel Isidoro Neves da Fontoura and Adalgisa Godoy da Fontoura. He studied at the NS da Conceição Gymnasium in S. Leopoldo, RS. He earned a bachelor's degree from the Faculty of Law of Porto Alegre. He then served as Public Prosecutor of Porto Alegre for one year; as mayor of Cachoeira, from 1925 to 1928; as state deputy, from 1921 to 1928; and as vice president of the State of Rio Grande do Sul, elected in 1927. He was federal deputy for the same state, from 1928 to 1930 and from 1935 to 1937. He dedicated himself for some time to journalism, as editor of O Debate of Porto Alegre and Rio Grande of Cachoeira. In 1907 he founded the magazine Pantum in Porto Alegre.
As leader of the Rio Grande do Sul representation in 1929, he signed the Minas-Rio Grande pact with Francisco Campos, which resulted in the Liberal Alliance. A noted speaker, he was parliamentary leader of the Liberal Alliance in the Chamber of Deputies and one of the leaders of the Revolution of the 30s. His speeches of this phase have been published in two volumes, under the title The Liberal Journey.
After 1930, refusing any political office, he became a legal advisor to Banco do Brasil. In 1940, he was part of the Brazilian delegation to the Havana Conference of 1940. In 1942, he received approval from the Government of France to occupy the post of ambassador of Brazil in that country, but the appointment remained unanswered as a result of the occupation of the free zone by German troops.
He was Ambassador of Brazil to Lisbon from 1943 to 1945. As Minister of State for Foreign Affairs, in 1946, he headed the Delegation of Brazil to the Paris Peace Conference. In 1948, he was the head of the Delegation of Brazil to the IX Inter-American Conference meeting in Bogotá. He delivered the inaugural speech at this conference.
João Neves da Fontoura was appointed Minister of Foreign Affairs for the second time in January 1951, and exercised this portfolio until July 1953. In 1951, he was delegated from Brazil to the IV Meeting of Consultation of Ministers Foreign Affairs of the American Republics meeting in Washington, in which the problems of political, military and economic cooperation between the said Republics were discussed. Also in 1951, he was the head of the Delegation of Brazil to the Congress of the Latin Union, meeting in Rio de Janeiro, with the chairmanship of the event. In 1952, he headed the delegation of Brazil to the VII United Nations General Assembly, in New York.
Retiring from political life, he returned to journalism, published two volumes of memoirs, Borges de Medeiros e seu tempo and A Aliança Liberal e a Revolução de 30.
He received the title of Doctor Honoris Causa from Columbia University. He was a member of Academia Rio-grandense de Letras, corresponding partner of the Academy of Sciences in Lisbon, the Academy of Letters of Uruguay and the Academy of La Lengua of Colombia.
He was the second occupant of Chair 2 at the Brazilian Academy of Letters, to which he was elected on March 19, 1936, in succession to Coelho Neto, and he was received by Academic Fernando Magalhães on June 12, 1937. He received Academics Aníbal Freire da Fonseca and Álvaro Lins.
The politics of Brazil take place in a framework of a federal presidential representative democratic republic, whereby the President is both head of state and head of government, and of a multi-party system. The political and administrative organization of Brazil comprises the federal government, the 26 states and a federal district, and the municipalities.
Porto Alegre is the capital and largest city of the Brazilian state of Rio Grande do Sul. Its population of 1,488,252 inhabitants (2020) makes it the twelfth most populous city in the country and the centre of Brazil's fifth largest metropolitan area, with 4,405,760 inhabitants (2010). The city is the southernmost capital city of a Brazilian state.
Salgado Filho International Airport is the airport serving Porto Alegre, Brazil. It is named after the Senator and first Minister of the Brazilian Air Force Joaquim Pedro Salgado Filho (1888–1950).
The Ragamuffin War was a Republican uprising that began in southern Brazil, in the province of Rio Grande do Sul in 1835. The rebels, led by generals Bento Gonçalves da Silva and Antônio de Sousa Neto with the support of the Italian fighter Giuseppe Garibaldi, surrendered to imperial forces in 1845.
The Riograndense Republic, often called the Piratini Republic, was a de facto state that seceded from the Empire of Brazil roughly coinciding with the present state of Rio Grande do Sul. It was proclaimed on 11 September 1836, by General Antônio de Sousa Neto, as a direct consequence of the victory obtained by Gaúcho oligarchic forces at the Battle of Seival (1836), during the Farroupilha Revolution (1835–1845). It had a constitution adopted in 1843 and was recognised only by Britain, France, and Uruguay.
Augusto Pestana was a Brazilian engineer and politician. Born in Rio de Janeiro, Pestana moved in the late 1880s to Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil's southernmost state, where he would become a specialist in railroad engineering and public administration, as well as one of the main leaders of the Republican Party of Rio Grande do Sul (PRR).
The government of Porto Alegre, bound to the Porto Alegre City Charter, is a mayor-council form of government, which is mandated by the Brazilian Constitution of 1988. The government of Porto Alegre is responsible for primary education, healthcare, libraries, parks and open spaces, sanitation, water supply, and youth correctional services.
Jardim Botânico, Portuguese for botanical garden, may refer to:
Marcos Christino Fioravanti (1775–1862) was an Italian surgeon who served in the Royal British Navy and co-founded the town of Santo Antônio da Patrulha in Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil.
The Archdiocese of Porto Alegre is a Latin Rite Metropolitan Archbishopric of the Roman Catholic Church in Rio Grande do Sul state, southernmost Brazil.
The Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Santa Maria is an archdiocese located in the city of Santa Maria. Before being elevated to an archdiocese itself in 2011 it was part of the Ecclesiastical province of Porto Alegre in Brazil.
Manuel Marques de Sousa, Count of Porto Alegre, nicknamed "the Gloved Centaur", was an army officer, politician, abolitionist and monarchist of the Empire of Brazil. Born into a wealthy family of military background, Manuel Marques de Sousa joined the Portuguese Army in Brazil in 1817 when he was little more than a child. His military initiation occurred in the conquest of the Banda Oriental, which was annexed and became the southernmost Brazilian province of Cisplatina in 1821. For most of the 1820s, he was embroiled in the Brazilian effort to keep Cisplatina as part of its territory: first during the struggle for Brazilian independence and then in the Cisplatine War. It would ultimately prove a futile attempt, as Cisplatina successfully separated from Brazil to become the independent nation of Uruguay in 1828.
Antônio Vicente da Fontoura was a Brazilian statesman. He was one of the main leaders of the Riograndense Republic during the Ragamuffin War (1835–45) and the chief-negotiator of the Peace Agreement with the Empire of Brazil.
Vicentino Prestes de Almeida, was a Brazilian paleontologist. He died on October 28, 1954, in São Pedro do Sul.
Cyro Pestana was a Brazilian jurist and magistrate.
Francisco de Paula Brochado da Rocha, was a Brazilian counsel, professor and politician.
Aldyr Garcia Schlee was a Brazilian writer, journalist, translator, illustrator and professor.
The following is a timeline of the history of the city of Porto Alegre, in the state of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil.