Park City, Utah

Last updated

Park City
Park City overview.jpg
Overlooking Park City in November 2013
Summit County Utah incorporated and unincorporated areas Park City highlighted.svg
Location in Summit County and the state of Utah
Coordinates: 40°39′01″N111°30′05″W / 40.65028°N 111.50139°W / 40.65028; -111.50139
CountryUnited States
State Utah
County Summit
Wasatch
Founded1869 [1]
Named for Parley's Park
Area
[2]
  Total19.99 sq mi (51.77 km2)
  Land19.99 sq mi (51.76 km2)
  Water0.00 sq mi (0.01 km2)
Elevation
[3]
6,936 ft (2,114 m)
Population
 (2020)
  Total8,396
  Density420.1/sq mi (162.21/km2)
Time zone UTC−7 (Mountain)
  Summer (DST) UTC−6 (Mountain)
ZIP Codes
84060, 84068, 84098
Area code 435
FIPS code 49-58070 [4]
GNIS feature ID2411372 [3]
Website www.parkcity.org

Park City is a city in Utah, United States. The vast majority is in Summit County with some portions extending into Wasatch County. [5] It is considered to be part of the Wasatch Back. The city is 32 miles (51 km) southeast of downtown Salt Lake City and 20 miles (32 km) from Salt Lake City's east edge of Sugar House along Interstate 80. The population was 8,396 at the 2020 census. On average, the tourist population greatly exceeds the number of permanent residents.

Contents

After a population decline following the shutdown of the area's mining industry, the city rebounded during the 1980s and 1990s through an expansion of its tourism business. As of 2021 the city brings in a yearly average of $529.8 million to the Utah Economy as a tourist hot spot, $80 million of which is attributed to the Sundance Film Festival. [6] The city has two major ski resorts: Deer Valley Resort and Park City Mountain Resort (combined with Canyons Village at Park City) and one minor resort: Woodward Park City (an action sports training and fun center). Both Deer Valley and Park City Mountain Resorts were the major locations for ski and snowboarding events at the 2002 Winter Olympics. Although they receive less snow and have a shorter ski season than do their counterparts in Salt Lake County, such as Snowbird resort, they are much easier to access.

In 2015, Park City Ski Resort and Canyons resorts merged, creating the largest ski area in the U.S. In all, the resort boasts 17 slopes, 14 bowls, 300 trails and 22 miles (35 km) of lifts.

The city is the main location of the United States' largest independent film festival, the Sundance Film Festival; home of the United States Ski Team; training center for members of the Australian Freestyle Ski Team; the largest collection of factory outlet stores in northern Utah; the 2002 Olympic bobsled/skeleton/luge track at the Utah Olympic Park; and golf courses. Some scenes from the 1994 film Dumb and Dumber were shot in the city. Outdoor-oriented businesses such as backcountry.com, Rossignol USA, and Skullcandy have their headquarters in Park City. The city has many retailers, clubs, bars, and restaurants, and has nearby reservoirs, hot springs, forests, and hiking and biking trails.

In the summertime, many valley residents of the Wasatch Front visit the town to escape high temperatures. Park City is usually cooler than Salt Lake City as it lies mostly higher than 7,000 feet (2,100 m) above sea level, while Salt Lake City is situated at an elevation of about 4,300 feet (1,300 m).

In 2011, the town was awarded a Gold-level Ride Center designation from the International Mountain Bicycling Association for its mountain bike trails, amenities and community. [7] Park City Municipal, along with Basin Recreation manage bike trails in Park City.

Park City is served by The Park Record (the oldest continually published non-daily paper in Utah, and one of the oldest in the U.S.), TownLift (online news), and KPCW (a local NPR news/radio affiliate). [8]

History

Daly West and Quincy Mines in Park City (1911) Park City, Utah (1911).jpg
Daly West and Quincy Mines in Park City (1911)

The area was traveled by the early Mormon pioneers on their journey to where they settled and built Salt Lake City. One of their leaders, Parley P. Pratt, explored the canyon in 1848. He was given a charter the following year to build a toll road through it, which was finished in 1849. [9] The basin at the top of the canyon was an ideal place to graze, and a few families settled. Early on, the area was deeded to Samuel Snyder, Heber C. Kimball and Jedediah Grant. The settlers named it "Parley's Park City", which was shortened to "Park City" upon the town's incorporation in 1884. The first known discovery of ore in this area was by men serving under Colonel Patrick E. Connor, who invited his men to prospect in the area after having been relocated from Gold Rush-era California. [10] The finding of silver, gold and lead sparked the first silver mines in Park City in the 1860s. Park City's large mining boom brought large crowds of prospectors setting up camps around the mountain terrain, marking the first mining settlements. Although it was not the first find, the Ontario silver mine, discovered by Herman Buden in 1872 and quickly purchased by George Hearst through his business partner R. C. Chambers, was the first major producer.

The Silver King Coalition mine was once the world's richest. Photo by Jack Boucher (1971). SilverKing.jpg
The Silver King Coalition mine was once the world's richest. Photo by Jack Boucher (1971).

Another prominent mining family was that of William Montague Ferry Jr. Ferry Moved to Utah from West Michigan already a very wealthy man. He had previously been a Colonel in the Union Army, mayor of Grand Haven, and was son of wealthy businessman William Montague Ferry. Ferry was followed by a group of other wealthy Michiganders (including his brother Edward Payson Ferry) who came to be the social elites of the town. The Ferry family owned numerous mines including the Marsac Silver mining Company and the Silver King Coalition Mines. [11] [12] Col Ferry also donated the land for Westminster College and unsuccessfully ran for governor of Utah. [13] Edward Ferry's son W. Mont Ferry was mayor of Salt Lake City. [14]

In 1880, a spur line was established to the Echo station of the First transcontinental railroad. [15] By 1892 the Silver King Mine and its owners Thomas Kearns and David Keith took the spotlight as one of the most famous silver mines in the world. [10] [16] While silver mines were doing well in Utah, other mines around the world were not doing as well, which drew many of these miners to Park City. The town flourished with crowds of miners and wealth, but by the 1950s, the town nearly became a ghost town. This was due in part to a drop in the price of silver.

Historical wood cabin in Park City Park City Utah Historical Wood Cabin photo D Ramey Logan.jpg
Historical wood cabin in Park City
Historic Miners Hospital in Park City Miners Hospital Park City Utah photo D Ramey Logan.jpg
Historic Miners Hospital in Park City
Main Street Main Street in Park City (Sundance Film Festival 2011).jpg
Main Street

The town was nearly destroyed by fire in 1898. Another accident occurred in 1902 when 34 miners were killed in an explosion in the Daly West Mine.

The transformation of Park City into a ski destination town is primarily attributed to declining silver and metal prices during and following World War I, the Great Depression, and World War II. [10] [16] The mining community never fully recovered and so the town turned to skiing. The silver industry was suffering when 'Parkite' miners presented to Utahns Inc. a proposal for a ski resort called Treasure Mountain. United Park City Mines, who owned the land the resort would be built on, received a land-redevelopment grant from the John F. Kennedy Administration. Treasure Mountains (now Park City Mountain Resort) opened in 1963 on 10,000 acres (40 km2) of land the miners owned with mineral rights. This is said to be when tourists first largely began to visit Park City. This marks the beginning of the ski industry largely promoted by the Utah State Legislation as a destination resort. [16]

Since the rise of the skiing and tourist economy, Park City houses more tourists than residents. It has become a place of fame through the 2002 Winter Olympic Games and provides more attractions than ever before. In the 1950s, Utah began to use Park City as a mountain getaway, and not until D. James Canon promoted winter sports in Utah, with the promotional scheme of "Ski Utah" and "The Greatest Snow on Earth" [16] did many drive to see the city. Utah drew in over 648,000 tourists in 1970 and now a yearly average of 4 million tourists. In a town with a population of 8,000, the average number of tourists in Park City is 600,000 per year. This significant increase in visitors could be credited to promotional material that is distributed by the Utah Publicity and Tourist Council. Growth has accelerated in the last few decades, and Park City is now one of the most affluent resort towns in the United States.

According to the Bureau of Economic and Business Research, in 2012 travel, tourism and recreation generated $7.4 billion in spending and $960.6 million in state and local tax revenue for the State of Utah. [17] That same year Utah's total gross domestic product was $128 billion, making tourism 5.8% of GDP for the Utah economy as a whole. [18] Park City draws in 3,006,071 average annual visitors; in the winter 1,603,775, and in the summer 1,402,296.[ citation needed ] Park City benefits from the average nightly visitor spending $100 to $350. Currently, Park City primarily relies on its tourist industry from skiing to restaurants to hiking and biking. The makeover of Park City has stimulated a culture of expenditure, adventure, wealth, and this is included in their promotional material.

To this day, there are still more than 1,000 miles (1,600 km) of old silver-mine workings and tunnels beneath the slopes at Park City Mountain Resort and neighboring Deer Valley. On Main Street, 64 Victorian buildings are listed in the National Register of Historic Places. There are many remaining mine buildings, mine shafts (most blocked off from outsiders with large steel doors), and hoists, including the weathered remains of the California-Comstock and Silver King Mines and the water towers once used to hydrate one of the biggest mines, the Silver King, provide some history of this mining town transformed into a skiing resort.

Geography

Aerial view of Park City, Utah on a winter evening (15 seconds, 17.46 MB

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 17.567 square miles (45.50 km2), all land.

Park City is located at the south end of Snyderville Basin and climbs steep mountains to the southeast, south, and west. It is accessed by State Route 224 from Interstate 80 to the north and State Route 248 (Kearns Boulevard), which heads east to U.S. Route 40 and on to Kamas.

From Park City north through the Snyderville Basin [19] there is a low topographic divide with McLeod Creek on the western side and Silver Creek on the eastern side. [20]

Climate

Summers in Park City are warm with cool nights, while winters are cold and snowy. The city has a humid continental climate (Köppen: Dfb), though higher elevations within city limits may experience a subalpine (Dfc) or alpine (ET) climate.

Climate data for Park City, Utah, 1991–2020 normals, extremes 1896–present
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °F (°C)64
(18)
62
(17)
71
(22)
86
(30)
91
(33)
101
(38)
100
(38)
95
(35)
91
(33)
82
(28)
71
(22)
62
(17)
101
(38)
Mean maximum °F (°C)48.1
(8.9)
50.3
(10.2)
59.5
(15.3)
69.1
(20.6)
77.8
(25.4)
85.4
(29.7)
90.3
(32.4)
87.7
(30.9)
82.9
(28.3)
72.6
(22.6)
60.4
(15.8)
49.3
(9.6)
90.5
(32.5)
Mean daily maximum °F (°C)32.7
(0.4)
34.9
(1.6)
43.0
(6.1)
51.0
(10.6)
61.1
(16.2)
72.4
(22.4)
80.4
(26.9)
78.4
(25.8)
68.8
(20.4)
56.0
(13.3)
42.2
(5.7)
33.1
(0.6)
54.5
(12.5)
Daily mean °F (°C)24.1
(−4.4)
25.9
(−3.4)
34.2
(1.2)
41.0
(5.0)
49.5
(9.7)
59.1
(15.1)
66.6
(19.2)
65.1
(18.4)
55.8
(13.2)
44.7
(7.1)
32.8
(0.4)
24.6
(−4.1)
43.6
(6.5)
Mean daily minimum °F (°C)15.6
(−9.1)
16.9
(−8.4)
25.4
(−3.7)
31.1
(−0.5)
37.9
(3.3)
45.7
(7.6)
52.9
(11.6)
51.8
(11.0)
42.8
(6.0)
33.3
(0.7)
23.3
(−4.8)
16.1
(−8.8)
32.7
(0.4)
Mean minimum °F (°C)−4.7
(−20.4)
−3.1
(−19.5)
6.0
(−14.4)
15.6
(−9.1)
23.8
(−4.6)
31.2
(−0.4)
39.9
(4.4)
38.4
(3.6)
26.7
(−2.9)
16.8
(−8.4)
2.5
(−16.4)
−2.7
(−19.3)
−8.5
(−22.5)
Record low °F (°C)−28
(−33)
−28
(−33)
−23
(−31)
−4
(−20)
12
(−11)
11
(−12)
21
(−6)
20
(−7)
8
(−13)
6
(−14)
−11
(−24)
−30
(−34)
−30
(−34)
Average precipitation inches (mm)2.25
(57)
1.82
(46)
1.83
(46)
2.17
(55)
2.22
(56)
1.38
(35)
1.02
(26)
1.44
(37)
1.81
(46)
2.35
(60)
2.05
(52)
2.05
(52)
22.39
(568)
Average snowfall inches (cm)26.6
(68)
22.2
(56)
15.5
(39)
10.0
(25)
2.3
(5.8)
0.2
(0.51)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.5
(1.3)
3.2
(8.1)
17.4
(44)
23.3
(59)
121.2
(306.71)
Average extreme snow depth inches (cm)21.6
(55)
22.9
(58)
16.4
(42)
3.7
(9.4)
0.3
(0.76)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.4
(1.0)
1.8
(4.6)
6.6
(17)
14.3
(36)
27.4
(70)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in)9.18.78.09.27.35.45.38.66.18.78.59.894.7
Average snowy days (≥ 0.1 in)9.57.25.74.31.40.20.00.00.31.75.77.743.7
Source: NOAA [21] [22] [23]

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.Note
1870 164
1880 1,542840.2%
1890 2,85084.8%
1900 3,75931.9%
1910 3,439−8.5%
1920 3,393−1.3%
1930 4,28126.2%
1940 3,739−12.7%
1950 2,254−39.7%
1960 1,366−39.4%
1970 1,193−12.7%
1980 2,823136.6%
1990 4,46858.3%
2000 7,34164.3%
2010 7,5583.0%
2020 8,39611.1%
source: [24] [25]

According to estimates from the U.S. Census Bureau, [26] as of 2016, there were 8,299 full-time residents in Park City. The racial makeup of the county was 78.8% non-Hispanic White, 1.1% Black, 0.1% Native American, 2.2% Asian, and 1.0% from two or more races. 16.8% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

2010 census

As of the census [27] of 2010, there were 7,558 people, 2,885 households, and 1,742 families residing in the city. The population density was 430.2 inhabitants per square mile (166.1/km2). There were 9,471 housing units at an average density of 539.1 per square mile (208.1/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 81.0% White, 0.6% African American, 0.30% Native American, 2.1% Asian, 0.3% Pacific Islander, 13.5% from other races, and 2.3% from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 24.1% of the population.

There were 2,885 households, out of which 26.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.4% were married couples living together, 7.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 2.6% had a male householder with no wife present, and 39.6% were non-families. Of all households 25.8% were made up of individuals, and 5.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.6 and the average family size was 3.03.

The age distribution was 23.0% under the age of 20, 7.2% from 20 to 24, 30.7% from 25 to 44, 30.4% from 45 to 64, and 8.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37.4 years. For every 100 females, there were 112.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 114.7 males.

2000 census

As of the census [4] of 2000, the median income for a household in the city was $65,800, and the median income for a family was $77,137. Males had a median income of $40,032 versus $26,341 for females. The per capita income for the city was $45,164. About 5.3% of families and 10.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.6% of those under age 18 and 6.6% of those age 65 or over.

Arts and culture

City Hall City Hall Park City Utah photo D Ramey Logan.jpg
City Hall

Attractions

Park City is home to Park City Mountain Resort, Canyons Village at Park City, Deer Valley Resort, Woodward Park City, the Utah Olympic Park (including the Alf Engen Ski Museum and Eccles Salt Lake 2002 Olympic Winter Games Museum), the Park City Museum, the Eccles Center Theater, an outlet mall, [28] Main Street shopping and dining, and hundreds of miles of hiking and biking trails. The four resorts and Olympic Park offer activities and attractions in both the summer and winter.

Events

Park City hosts the Sundance Film Festival. The festivities are centered on Main Street, while film screenings are held in several venues both within and outside of Park City. Park City hosts an art festival each year, the Kimball Arts Festival, which typically attracts around 50,000 visitors. [29] Park City hosts two parades each year, one on July Fourth that attracts visitors from all over Utah, and one on Labor Day (locally called Miners' Day) that is more local-oriented. Park City co-hosted the 2002 Winter Olympics with Salt Lake City. Park City usually serves as the finish for the final leg of the Tour of Utah road bike race.

Education

Park City High School Park City High School, photographed from Kearns Blvd., Park City, UT, USA..jpg
Park City High School

Park City School District is the local school district of the portion of Park City in Summit County (almost all of Park City). [30]

Park City High School is located at 1752 Kearns Blvd, Park City, Utah. Park City School District's size is in the middle of the other Utah school districts, with more than 4,500 students. It is also close to the state average ethnic minority composition. Of its students 17% are ethnic minorities—mostly of Hispanic heritage. The school provides its students with a series of film and TV production classes, and hosts "The Miner Film Festival" each year for students to enter their films and show them at the Eccles Center.[ citation needed ]

The portion of the city that is in Wasatch County is served by the Wasatch School District. [5]

Public transit

Park City includes access to Park City Resort with Town Lift Town Lift, Park City 2017.jpg
Park City includes access to Park City Resort with Town Lift

Main Articles: High Valley Transit, Park City Transit

Park City operates its own free intra-city transit system (with additional service to limited areas of Summit and Wasatch County northeast of town provided by High Valley Transit). Routes include service to the Canyons Village, Deer Valley Resort, Empire Pass, Jeremy Ranch Park & Ride lot, Kimball Junction, Park City Resort, Park Meadows, Pinebrook, Prospector Square, Silver Lake Village, Silver Springs, Silver Summit/Highland Estates, and Thaynes Canyon. [31] Bus service is offered between Park City and Salt Lake City via High Valley Transit's route 107. [32] [33]

Notable people

Sister cities

See also

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<span class="mw-page-title-main">Shannon Bahrke</span> American freestyle skier

Shannon Bahrke is an American Olympic freestyle skier and entrepreneur. Bahrke was the silver medalist in Moguls at the 2002 Winter Olympics held in Salt Lake City and went on to become the 2003 World Cup Champion. She also won the bronze medal at the 2010 Winter Olympics in Vancouver. With her bronze medal in 2010, she became the first US women's freestyle skier to win multiple Olympic medals. Bahrke was also the 2009 US National Champion in dual moguls. She has reached the podium twice at the FIS Freestyle World Ski Championships, winning bronze in 2003 and silver in 2007, both in dual moguls.

The economy of Utah is a diversified economy covering industries such as tourism, mining, agriculture, manufacturing, information technology, finance, and petroleum production. The majority of Utah's gross state product is produced along the Wasatch Front, containing the state capital Salt Lake City.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Little Cottonwood Creek (Salt Lake County, Utah)</span> River in Utah, United States

Little Cottonwood Creek is one of the principal streams entering Salt Lake Valley from the east. The creek rises near the summit of the Wasatch Mountains, a short distance south of the ski resort town of Alta, and flows in a westerly direction through Little Cottonwood Canyon until it emerges into Salt Lake Valley about eleven miles from its source. Thence its course is north westerly through Sandy, Midvale and Murray, Utah until it empties into the Jordan River, about six miles south of Salt Lake City. Its whole length is nearly 27 miles (43 km). The headwaters of Little Cottonwood Creek are in Little Cottonwood Canyon, a glaciated canyon in Uinta-Wasatch-Cache National Forest and the Wasatch and Uinta Mountains eco-region. One of the main tributaries of the creek rises in Cecret Lake, a small sheet of water situated near Alta. The entire Little Cottonwood Creek drainage basin encompasses 46 square miles (120 km2), ranging in elevation from about 4,490 to 11,500 feet.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Venues of the 2002 Winter Olympics</span>

The 2002 Winter Olympic Games were held in and around Salt Lake City, United States from February 8 to 24, 2002, and the Paralympics from March 7 to 16, 2002. The sporting events were held in ten competitive venues, while non-competitive events, such as the opening ceremony, were held in six other venues. Three venues were also created for training purposes. All Olympic venues were scattered throughout Northern Utah and the Wasatch Front.

Skiing in Utah is a thriving industry which contributes greatly to the state’s economy. Skiing started off in the state as a recreational activity enjoyed by only a few, but since the 1930s, it has increasingly developed into a substantial industry, which creates thousands of jobs and brings in millions of dollars in revenue.

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Further reading