|Presiding Officer of the Scottish Parliament|
The Right Honourable
|Member of||Scottish Parliamentary Corporate Body|
|Term length||Elected by the Scottish Parliament at the start of each session, and upon a vacancy|
|Inaugural holder||David Steel|
|Deputy||Deputy Presiding Officers|
|This article is part of a series on the|
politics and government of
The Presiding Officer of the Scottish Parliament (Scottish Gaelic : Oifigear-Riaghlaidh, Scots : Preses o the Scots Pairlament) is the speaker of the Scottish Parliament. They are Member of the Scottish Parliament elected by the Scottish Parliament by means of an exhaustive ballot, and is ex officio the head of the Scottish Parliamentary Corporate Body. He is considered a figurehead of the Scottish Parliament and holds an office in Queensberry House.
The office of the Presiding Officer was established by an act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom, the Scotland Act 1998. The current Presiding Officer is Ken Macintosh, who was elected on 12 May 2016, following the 2016 Scottish Parliament election.
The Presiding Officer presides over the Parliament's debates, determining which members may speak, and maintains order during debate.The Presiding Officer is expected to be strictly non-partisan, with some similarities in this respect to the tradition of the Speaker of the House of Commons. For this reason, they renounce all affiliation with their former political party for the duration of their term. They do not take part in debate, or vote except to break ties. Even then, the convention is that when the Presiding Officer uses their tie-breaking vote, they do so in favour of advancing debate, but on final ballots, retaining the status quo. The Presiding Officer is also assisted in their duties by 2 deputies. They have the same powers as the Presiding Officer but they keep their party affiliation but remain impartial when presiding.
In 2006 the St Andrews Fund for Scots Heraldry commemorated the hosting of the Heraldic & Genealogical Congress in Scotland by commissioning a ceremonial robe for the Presiding Officer to wear, however as of May 2017, it appears no Presiding Officer has worn the robe.
The Scottish National Party proposes that in the event of independence, the Presiding Officer's post be replaced with that of Chancellor of Scotland. In addition to presiding over the Scottish Parliament, the Chancellor would possess additional constitutional powers during the absence of the Monarch from Scotland; chiefly, the Chancellor should act in a role similar to a Governor-General in the other Commonwealth realms.
|Name||Entered office||Left office||Former party||Constituency / Region|
|1.||Sir David Steel||12 May 1999||7 May 2003||Liberal Democrats||Lothians|
|2.||George Reid||7 May 2003||14 May 2007||Scottish National Party||Ochil|
|3.||Alex Fergusson||14 May 2007||11 May 2011||Conservative||Galloway and Upper Nithsdale|
|4.||Tricia Marwick||11 May 2011||12 May 2016||Scottish National Party||Mid Fife and Glenrothes|
|5.||Ken Macintosh||12 May 2016||Incumbent||Labour||West Scotland|
|Name||Party||Constituency / Region||Name||Party||Constituency / Region|
|Patricia Ferguson 12 May 1999 – 27 November 2001||Labour||Glasgow Maryhill|| George Reid |
12 May 1999 – 7 May 2003
|SNP||Mid Scotland and Fife|
|Murray Tosh 29 November 2001 – 2 April 2007||Conservative|| South of Scotland (1999–2003)|
West of Scotland (2003–2007)
| Trish Godman |
7 May 2003 – 22 March 2011
|Alasdair Morgan 10 May 2007 – 22 March 2011||SNP||South of Scotland|
|John Scott 11 May 2011 – 12 May 2016||Conservative||Ayr||Elaine Smith 11 May 2011 – 12 May 2016||Coatbridge and Chryston|
|Linda Fabiani 12 May 2016 –||SNP||East Kilbride||Christine Grahame 12 May 2016 –||SNP||Midlothian South, Tweeddale and Lauderdale|
|Lewis Macdonald (Acting) 1 April 2020 –||Labour||North East Scotland|
The House of Lords, also known as the House of Peers and domestically usually referred to simply as the Lords, is the upper house of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. Membership is granted by appointment or else by heredity or official function. Like the House of Commons, it meets in the Palace of Westminster.
The House of Commons, officially the Honourable the Commons of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland in Parliament assembled, is the lower house and primary chamber of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. Like the upper house, the House of Lords, it meets in the Palace of Westminster. Owing to shortage of space, its office accommodation extends into Portcullis House.
The Scottish Parliament is the devolved, unicameral legislature of Scotland. Located in the Holyrood area of the capital city, Edinburgh, it is frequently referred to by the metonym Holyrood.
The Lord Chancellor, formally the Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain, is the highest ranking among the Great Officers of State who are appointed regularly in the United Kingdom, nominally outranking the Prime Minister. The Lord Chancellor is outranked only by the Lord High Steward, another Great Officer of State, who is appointed only for the day of coronations. The Lord Chancellor is appointed by the Sovereign on the advice of the Prime Minister. Prior to their Union into the Kingdom of Great Britain, there were separate lord chancellors for the Kingdom of England (including the Principality of Wales and the Kingdom of Scotland ; there were Lord Chancellors of Ireland until 1922.
The Speaker of the House of Commons is the chief officer and highest authority of the House of Commons, the lower house and primary chamber of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. The current Speaker, Sir Lindsay Hoyle, was elected Speaker on 4 November 2019, following the resignation of John Bercow. Hoyle began his first full parliamentary term in the role on 17 December 2019, having unanimously been re-elected after the election.
The speaker of a deliberative assembly, especially a legislative body, is its presiding officer, or the chair. The title was first used in 1377 in England.
The speaker of the House of Commons is the presiding officer of the lower house of the Parliament of Canada and is elected at the beginning of each new parliament by fellow members of Parliament (MPs). The speaker's role in presiding over Canada's House of Commons is similar to that of speakers elsewhere in other countries that use the Westminster system.
Sir George Reid is a Scottish politician. From February 1974 to May 1979 he served as a Scottish National Party Member of Parliament for Clackmannan and East Stirlingshire. He was elected in 1999 as a Member of the newly established Scottish Parliament as a regional MSP for Mid Scotland and Fife. From 2003 to 2007 he served as member for the Ochil constituency and was appointed as the Scottish Parliament's second Presiding Officer. He oversaw the completion of the new Parliament building at Holyrood and the move from The Mound to Holyrood in 2004.
The Scottish Parliament Building is the home of the Scottish Parliament at Holyrood, within the UNESCO World Heritage Site in central Edinburgh. Construction of the building commenced in June 1999 and the Members of the Scottish Parliament (MSPs) held their first debate in the new building on 7 September 2004. The formal opening by Queen Elizabeth II took place on 9 October 2004. Enric Miralles, the Spanish architect who designed the building, died before its completion.
A casting vote is a vote that someone may exercise to resolve a deadlock. A casting vote is typically by the presiding officer of a council, legislative body, committee, etc., and may only be exercised to break a deadlock.
The Lord Speaker is the presiding officer of the House of Lords in the Parliament of the United Kingdom. The office is analogous to the Speaker of the House of Commons: the Lord Speaker is elected by the members of the House of Lords and is expected to be politically impartial.
The Speaker of the Northern Ireland Assembly is the presiding officer of the Northern Ireland Assembly, elected on a cross-community vote by the Members of the Northern Ireland Assembly. A Principal Deputy Speaker and two Deputy Speakers are elected to help fulfil the role. The office of Speaker is currently held by Sinn Féin MLA Alex Maskey.
The 2007 Scottish Parliament election was held on Thursday 3 May 2007 to elect members to the Scottish Parliament. It was the third general election to the devolved Scottish Parliament since it was created in 1999. Local elections in Scotland fell on the same day.
The Speaker of the New South Wales Legislative Assembly is the presiding officer of the Legislative Assembly, New South Wales's lower chamber of Parliament. The current Speaker is Jonathan O'Dea, who was elected on 7 May 2019. Traditionally a partisan office, filled by the governing party of the time, O'Dea replaced the previous Liberal Speaker Shelley Hancock, following the 2019 state election.
The Speaker of the Parliament of the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka is the presiding officer of the chamber. The current Speaker of the Parliament is Karu Jayasuriya, in office since 1 September 2015. The Speaker fulfills a number of important functions in relation to the operation the House, which is based upon the British Westminster Parliamentary system.
Deliberative assemblies – bodies that use parliamentary procedure to arrive at decisions – use several methods of voting on motions. The regular methods of voting in such bodies are a voice vote, a rising vote, and a show of hands. Additional forms of voting include a recorded vote and balloting.
The President of the New South Wales Legislative Council is the presiding officer of the upper house of the Parliament of New South Wales, the Legislative Council. The presiding officer of the lower house is the speaker of the Legislative Assembly. The role of President has generally been a partisan office, filled by the governing party of the time. As of May 2017 the president is John Ajaka.
The Scotland Act 2012 is an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. It sets out amendments to the Scotland Act 1998, with the aim of devolving further powers to Scotland in accordance with the recommendations of the Calman Commission. It received Royal Assent in 2012.
The 2016 Scottish parliament election was held on Thursday, 5 May 2016 to elect 129 members to the Scottish Parliament. It was the fifth election held since the devolved parliament was established in 1999. It was the first parliamentary election in Scotland in which 16 and 17 year olds were eligible to vote, under the provisions of the Scottish Elections Act. It was also the first time the three largest parties were led by women.
Events from the year 2014 in Scotland.