The Shrine Auditorium
|Location||665 W. Jefferson Blvd|
Los Angeles, California
|Owner||Al Malaikah Auditorium Company|
|Construction cost||$2.7 million|
Al Malaikah Temple
|Architect||John C. Austin|
|Architectural style||Moorish Revival|
|NRHP reference #||87000577|
|Added to NRHP||April 2, 1987|
|Designated LAHCM||March 5, 1975|
The Shrine Auditorium is a landmark large-event venue in Los Angeles, California. It is also the headquarters of the Al Malaikah Temple, a division of the Shriners. It was designated a Los Angeles Historic-Cultural Monument (No. 139) in 1975.
Los Angeles, officially the City of Los Angeles and often known by its initials L.A., is the most populous city in California, the second most populous city in the United States, after New York City, and the third most populous city in North America. With an estimated population of nearly four million, Los Angeles is the cultural, financial, and commercial center of Southern California. The city is known for its Mediterranean climate, ethnic diversity, Hollywood and the entertainment industry, and its sprawling metropolis. Los Angeles is the largest city on the West Coast of North America.
California is a state in the Pacific Region of the United States. With 39.6 million residents, California is the most populous U.S. state and the third-largest by area. The state capital is Sacramento. The Greater Los Angeles Area and the San Francisco Bay Area are the nation's second- and fifth-most populous urban regions, with 18.7 million and 9.7 million residents respectively. Los Angeles is California's most populous city, and the country's second-most populous, after New York City. California also has the nation's most populous county, Los Angeles County, and its largest county by area, San Bernardino County. The City and County of San Francisco is both the country's second-most densely populated major city after New York City and the fifth-most densely populated county, behind only four of the five New York City boroughs.
Shriners International, also commonly known as TheShriners or formerly known as the Ancient Arabic Order of the Nobles of the Mystic Shrine, is a society established in 1870 and is headquartered in Tampa, Florida.
Opened in 1926, the current Shrine Auditorium replaced an earlier 1906 Al Malaikah Temple which had been destroyed by a fire on January 11, 1920.The fire gutted the structure in just 30 minutes, and nearly killed six firefighters in the process.
In the late 1960s, the Shrine was referred to as "The Pinnacle" by the audiences of rock concerts.
In 2002, the auditorium underwent a $15 million renovation that upgraded the stage with state-of-the-art lighting and rigging systems, and included new roofing and air conditioning for both the Auditorium and Expo Center, modernized concession stands, additional restrooms, repainting of the Expo Center, and a new performance plaza and parking garage. The entire complex follows a Moroccan architectural motif.
The new auditorium was designed in the Moorish Revival style by San Francisco-based theater architect G. Albert Lansburgh, with local architects John C. Austin and A. M. Edelman associated. When built, the auditorium could hold 1,200 people on stage and seat an audience of 6,442. An engineer who consulted on the project said that the steel truss supporting the balcony was the largest ever constructed.
Moorish Revival or Neo-Moorish is one of the exotic revival architectural styles that were adopted by architects of Europe and the Americas in the wake of the Romanticist fascination with all things oriental. It reached the height of its popularity after the mid-19th century, part of a widening vocabulary of articulated decorative ornament drawn from historical sources beyond familiar classical and Gothic modes.
Gustave Albert Lansburgh was an American architect largely known for his work on luxury cinemas and theaters. He was the principal architect of theaters on the West Coast from 1900 to 1930.
John Corneby Wilson Austin was an architect and civic leader who participated in the design of several landmark buildings in Southern California, including the Griffith Observatory, Los Angeles City Hall, and the Shrine Auditorium.
The Shrine Auditorium seats approximately 6,300 people (reduced during the 2002 renovation from the original 6,700 capacity) and has a stage 194 feet (59 m) wide and 69 feet (21 m) deep.
The Auditorium features two boxes above the orchestra level holding 40 people each and seven loges on the balcony holding between 36 and 47 seats each (total capacity of the loges: 274). Of the remaining seats, 2,964 are on the orchestra level and 2,982 on the balcony level.
In theater, a box is a small, separated seating area in the auditorium or audience for a limited number of people for private viewing of a performance or event.
Adjacent to the Shrine Auditorium is the Shrine Exposition Hall.
The Shrine Exposition Hall is a multi-purpose event facility located in Los Angeles, California, adjacent to the Shrine Auditorium. It features 54,000 square feet (5,000 m2) of exhibit and meeting space—34,000 in the main level and 20,000 in an open mezzanine. The Exposition Hall has a capacity of 5,000 patrons. Trade shows, banquets, conventions and electronic music festivals, among other events, have been held there.
The Shrine Auditorium has hosted a number of events, mainly for entertainment:
|From 1947 to 1948|
From 1998 to 2001
|Academy Awards ceremony|
|Until 2000||Grammy ceremony|
|Even-numbered years||MTV Movie Awards|
|1980s, 1990s||MTV Video Music Awards|
|From 1998 to 2008||Primetime Emmy Awards|
|American Music Awards|
|NAACP Image Awards|
|People's Choice Awards|
|Soul Train Music Awards|
|From 2000 to 2001||My VH1 Music Awards|
|Screen Actors Guild Awards|
|2006||55th Miss Universe beauty pageant|
|10 August 2014||2014 Teen Choice Awards|
|4 December 1953||Annual Los Angeles Examiner Christmas Show.|
|For 33 years||Home court for the USC's Trojans basketball team|
|Briefly||Some playoff games of the Los Angeles Lakers|
|1933||King Kong||Scenes where Kong was displayed manacled on stage.|
|1953||A Star Is Born||Some scenes.|
|9 December 2017||Star Wars: The Last Jedi||World premiere.|
|2018||A Star Is Born||The final scene was filmed at the Shrine as an homage to the earlier 1954 film.|
|27 January 1984||Pepsi commercial||Michael Jackson's hair was accidentally set on fire by the pyrotechnics. He suffered second-degree burns on his scalp as a result.|
|Date||Artist or event||Description|
|May 1949||Art Tatum||Solo piano performance was released by Columbia Records in 1952 as Gene Norman Presents an Art Tatum Concert|
|1955||The Great Shrine Auditorium Concert||Considered a major event in the histories of both American gospel and secular music. The event featured Dorothy Love Coates & The Original Gospel Harmonettes, Brother Joe May, The Caravans, James Cleveland, a young Sam Cooke performing with The Soul Stirrers.|
|8 June 1956||Elvis Presley||First Elvis Presley's concert at the Shrine.|
|3 August 1958||The Fourteenth Cavalcade of Jazz||Produced by Leon Hefflin, Sr. , featuring Ray Charles with The Cookies, Ann Fisher, Sam Cooke, William Everett Preston, Little Willie John, Bo Rhambo, and The Clark Kids. Sammy Davis Jr. crowned the Queen, Miss Jackie Joyce Simpson. Charles Trammel, Huggy Boy, Jim Randolph, and Hunter Hancock were the MCs for the starred event.|
|1964||Ray Charles||Recorded Live in Concert at the Shrine.|
|24 August 1968||The Grateful Dead||Recorded the live album Two from the Vault at the Shrine.|
|24 January 1975||Genesis||Live performance of The Lamb Lies Down on Broadway released in 1998.|
|1976||The Tubes||3-night concert|
|8/9 November 1995||Fugazi||Concert|
|16 December 2000|
19 December 2001
6 December 2005
|KIIS-FM Jingle Ball|
|KROQ Almost Acoustic Christmas concert|
|Midnight Club: Los Angeles||Part of the South Central Map Expansion.|
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