Shrine Auditorium

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Shrine Auditorium
The Shrine Auditorium - Al Malaikah Temple.JPG
The Shrine Auditorium
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Shrine Auditorium
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Shrine Auditorium
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Shrine Auditorium
Location665 W. Jefferson Blvd
Los Angeles, California
Public transit LAMetroLogo.svg   LACMTA Circle Expo Line.svg   Jefferson/USC
OwnerAl Malaikah Auditorium Company
TypeIndoor theater
Capacity 6,300
Construction
Built1925
Opened1926
Renovated2002
Construction cost$2.7 million
Website
shrineauditorium.com
Al Malaikah Temple
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Coordinates 34°01′23.55″N118°16′53.55″W / 34.0232083°N 118.2815417°W / 34.0232083; -118.2815417 Coordinates: 34°01′23.55″N118°16′53.55″W / 34.0232083°N 118.2815417°W / 34.0232083; -118.2815417
Architect John C. Austin
Architectural style Moorish Revival
NRHP reference # 87000577
LAHCM #139
Significant dates
Added to NRHPApril 2, 1987
Designated LAHCMMarch 5, 1975
The old Shrine Auditorium, 1910. OldShrineAuditorium-1910.jpg
The old Shrine Auditorium, 1910.

The Shrine Auditorium is a landmark large-event venue in Los Angeles, California. It is also the headquarters of the Al Malaikah Temple, a division of the Shriners. It was designated a Los Angeles Historic-Cultural Monument (No. 139) in 1975.

Los Angeles City in California

Los Angeles, officially the City of Los Angeles and often known colloquially by its initials L.A., is the most populous city in California and the second most populous city in the United States, after New York. With an estimated population of four million, Los Angeles is the cultural, financial, and commercial center of Southern California. Nicknamed the "City of Angels" partly because of its name's Spanish meaning, Los Angeles is known for its Mediterranean climate, ethnic diversity, Hollywood, and the entertainment industry, and sprawling metropolis.

California State of the United States of America

California is a state in the Pacific Region of the United States. With 39.6 million residents, California is the most populous U.S. state and the third-largest by area. The state capital is Sacramento. The Greater Los Angeles Area and the San Francisco Bay Area are the nation's second- and fifth-most populous urban regions, with 18.7 million and 8.8 million residents respectively. Los Angeles is California's most populous city, and the country's second-most populous, after New York City. California also has the nation's most populous county, Los Angeles County, and its largest county by area, San Bernardino County. The City and County of San Francisco is both the country's second-most densely populated major city after New York City and the fifth-most densely populated county, behind only four of the five New York City boroughs.

Shriners organization

Shriners International, also commonly known as TheShriners or formerly known as the Ancient Arabic Order of the Nobles of the Mystic Shrine, is a society established in 1870 and is headquartered in Tampa, Florida.

Contents

History

Opened in 1926, the current Shrine Auditorium replaced an earlier 1906 Al Malaikah Temple which had been destroyed by a fire on January 11, 1920. [1] The fire gutted the structure in just 30 minutes, and nearly killed six firefighters in the process. [2] The new auditorium was designed in the Moorish Revival style by San Francisco-based theater architect G. Albert Lansburgh, with local architects John C. Austin and A. M. Edelman associated. When built, the auditorium could hold 1,200 people on stage and seat an audience of 6,442. An engineer who consulted on the project said that the steel truss supporting the balcony was the largest ever constructed. [3]

Moorish Revival architecture

Moorish Revival or Neo-Moorish is one of the exotic revival architectural styles that were adopted by architects of Europe and the Americas in the wake of the Romanticist fascination with all things oriental. It reached the height of its popularity after the mid-19th century, part of a widening vocabulary of articulated decorative ornament drawn from historical sources beyond familiar classical and Gothic modes.

G. Albert Lansburgh American architect

Gustave Albert Lansburgh was an American architect largely known for his work on luxury cinemas and theaters. He was the principal architect of theaters on the West Coast from 1900 to 1930.

John C. Austin American architect

John Corneby Wilson Austin was an architect and civic leader who participated in the design of several landmark buildings in Southern California, including the Griffith Observatory, Los Angeles City Hall, and the Shrine Auditorium.

The Shrine Auditorium in 1990, before the 2002 renovations. Shrine Auditorium (254834418).jpg
The Shrine Auditorium in 1990, before the 2002 renovations.

In 2002, the auditorium underwent a $15 million renovation that upgraded the stage with state-of-the-art lighting and rigging systems, and included new roofing and air conditioning for both the Auditorium and Expo Center, modernized concession stands, additional restrooms, repainting of the Expo Center, and a new performance plaza and parking garage. The entire complex follows a Moroccan architectural motif.

The Shrine Auditorium seats approximately 6,300 people (reduced during the 2002 renovation from the original 6,700 capacity) and has a stage 194 feet (59 m) wide and 69 feet (21 m) deep.

The Auditorium features two boxes above the orchestra level holding 40 people each and seven loges on the balcony holding between 36 and 47 seats each (total capacity of the loges: 274). Of the remaining seats, 2,964 are on the orchestra level and 2,982 on the balcony level.

Box (theatre) seating area in a theater

In theater, a box is a small, separated seating area in the auditorium or audience for a limited number of people for private viewing of a performance or event.

Notable events

The Shrine Auditorium has hosted a number of events, mainly for entertainment. The Academy Awards ceremony was held at the Shrine from 1947 to 1948 and eight times between 1988 and 2001 until it permanently moved to the Dolby Theatre in Hollywood. The Shrine hosted the Grammy Awards ceremony fifteen times until 2000 when the Grammys moved to the nearby Staples Center. The Primetime Emmy Awards were also held at the venue for a decade beginning in 1998. However, the Primetime ceremony moved to the nearby Microsoft Theater (adjacent to the Staples Center).

Academy Awards American awards given annually for excellence in cinematic achievements

The Academy Awards, also known as the Oscars, are a set of awards for artistic and technical merit in the film industry, given annually by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS), to recognize excellence in cinematic achievements as assessed by the Academy's voting membership. The various category winners are awarded a copy of a golden statuette, officially called the "Academy Award of Merit", although more commonly referred to by its nickname "Oscar". The award was originally sculpted by George Stanley from a design sketch by Cedric Gibbons. AMPAS first presented it in 1929 at a private dinner hosted by Douglas Fairbanks in the Hollywood Roosevelt Hotel.

Dolby Theatre live entertainment theatre in Los Angeles in the United States

The Dolby Theatre is a live-performance auditorium in the Hollywood and Highland Center shopping mall and entertainment complex, on Hollywood Boulevard and Highland Avenue, in the Hollywood district of Los Angeles. Since the theater's opening on November 9, 2001, the theater has annually hosted the Academy Awards ceremony. It is adjacent to the Grauman's Chinese Theatre and the El Capitan Theatre on nearby Hollywood Boulevard.

Hollywood Neighborhood of Los Angeles in California, United States

Hollywood is a neighborhood in the central region of Los Angeles, California, notable as the home of the U.S. film industry including several of its historic studios. Its name has come to be a shorthand reference for the industry and the people associated with it.

Other entertainment events the Shrine has hosted include the Grammy Awards, the American Music Awards, the BET Awards, the NAACP Image Awards, the People's Choice Awards, the Soul Train Music Awards, My VH1 Music Awards in 2000 and 2001, and the Screen Actors Guild Awards.

Grammy Award accolade by the National Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences of the United States

A Grammy Award, or Grammy, is an award presented by The Recording Academy to recognize achievements in the music industry. The annual presentation ceremony features performances by prominent artists, and the presentation of those awards that have a more popular interest. The Grammys are the second of the Big Three major music awards held annually.

American Music Awards annual American music awards show

The American Music Awards (AMAs) is an annual American music awards show, generally held in the Fall, created by Dick Clark in 1973 for ABC when the network's contract to air the Grammy Awards expired. It is the first of the Big Three music award shows held annually. Unlike the Grammys, which are awarded on the basis of votes by members of the Recording Academy, the AMAs are determined by a poll of the public and fans, who can vote through the AMAs website. The award statuette is manufactured by New York firm Society Awards.

The BET Awards were established in 2001 by the Black Entertainment Television network to celebrate African Americans and other American minorities in music, acting, sports, and other fields of entertainment over the past year. The awards are presented annually, and are broadcast live on BET. The annual presentation ceremony features performances by artists, and some of the awards of more popular interest are presented in a televised ceremony.

For 33 years, the Shrine Auditorium was home to the University of Southern California Trojans basketball team. The Trojans' home court was on the Shrine's stage. The Los Angeles Lakers also briefly played some playoff games in the theatre, when the nearby Los Angeles Sports Arena was unavailable. The Shrine Circus, concerts, stage shows and other events are also held here. The Shrine Auditorium was also the venue for the 55th Miss Universe beauty pageant.

University of Southern California private research university in Los Angeles, California, United States

The University of Southern California is an American private research university in Los Angeles, California. Founded in 1880, it is the oldest private research university in California. USC has historically educated a large number of the nation's business leaders and professionals. The university has also used its location in Los Angeles to establish relationships with research and cultural institutions throughout Asia and the Pacific Rim. An engine for economic activity, USC contributes US$8 billion annually to the economy of the Los Angeles metropolitan area and California.

Los Angeles Lakers American professional basketball team

The Los Angeles Lakers are an American professional basketball team based in Los Angeles. The Lakers compete in the National Basketball Association (NBA), as a member of the league's Western Conference in the Pacific Division. The Lakers play their home games at Staples Center, an arena shared with the NBA's Los Angeles Clippers, the Los Angeles Sparks of the Women's National Basketball Association, and the Los Angeles Kings of the National Hockey League. The Lakers are one of the most successful teams in the history of the NBA, and have won 16 NBA championships, the second-most behind the Boston Celtics.

Miss Universe 2006 55th Miss Universe pageant

Miss Universe 2006, the 55th Miss Universe pageant, was held on 23 July 2006 at the Shrine Auditorium in Los Angeles, California, United States. Zuleyka Rivera of Puerto Rico was crowned by Natalie Glebova of Canada at the end of the event. 86 contestants competed for the crown.

The 1933 movie King Kong filmed the audience in the Shrine Auditorium for the scenes where Kong was displayed manacled on stage.

In 1953, segments of Judy Garland's movie classic A Star Is Born were filmed at the Shrine.

In 1955, The Great Shrine Auditorium Concert took place, which is considered a major event in the histories of both American gospel and secular music. [4] The event featured several gospel acts including Dorothy Love Coates & The Original Gospel Harmonettes, Brother Joe May, The Caravans, and James Cleveland who would go on to become a gospel superstar. The event also featured a young Sam Cooke who was at the time performing with the famous gospel group The Soul Stirrers. Cooke would eventually become a legendary pop music star in his own right and would have a career that included over 30 Top 40 hits and an induction, posthumously, into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame as part of their inaugural class. [5]

On June 8, 1956, Elvis Presley held his first Los Angeles concert at the Shrine.

Ray Charles recorded his landmark Live in Concert album at the Shrine in 1964.

In the late 1960s, the Shrine was referred to as "The Pinnacle" by the audiences of rock concerts. On August 24, 1968, The Grateful Dead performed there and recorded their show, which was later released as a live album entitled Two from the Vault .

On January 24, 1975, Genesis, then led by singer Peter Gabriel, gave a live performance of the conceptual progressive rock show, "The Lamb Lies Down on Broadway" at the Shrine. This concert was considered one of the major rock music events in Los Angeles that year, and an audio recording of it was released in 1998 as part of a box set by the band's label.

1976 The Tubes played 3 nights, 2 shows a night.

On January 27, 1984, Michael Jackson was filming a Pepsi commercial in the auditorium, when the pyrotechnics accidentally set his hair on fire. He suffered second-degree burns on his scalp as a result of the incident. [6]

On November 8–9, 1995, Fugazi performed two sold-out concerts at the venue.

The auditorium has hosted KIIS-FM's Jingle Ball three times, on December 16, 2000, December 19, 2001 and December 6, 2005.

The Shrine is featured in the video game Midnight Club: Los Angeles, part of its "South Central Map Expansion". [7]

The 55th Miss Universe pageant was held there on July 23, 2006.

In 1998, the Shrine held the KROQ Almost Acoustic Christmas concert, which eventually found a home at the Gibson Amphitheatre. With the announcement in 2013 that the Gibson Amphitheater was being torn down in order to construct a new Harry Potter attraction at Universal Studios, the concert returned to the Shrine. [8]

On August 10, 2014, it hosted the 2014 Teen Choice Awards.

During even-numbered years, the Shrine hosts the annual MTV Movie Awards, with different Los Angeles-area venues hosting in odd-numbered years. During the late 1980s and 1990s, it hosted the MTV Video Music Awards. The Shrine has been used as the venue for Electronic Arts' pre-E3 press conferences since 2012.

On December 9 2017, it hosted the world premiere of Star Wars: The Last Jedi .

For the 2018 remake of the film A Star Is Born, the final scene was filmed at the Shrine as an homage to the earlier 1954 film starring Judy Garland.

Shrine Exposition Hall

Adjacent to the Shrine Auditorium is the Shrine Exposition Hall.

See also

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References

  1. "The Shrine Auditorium Fire". Los Angeles Fire Department Historical Archive. L.A. Fire. 1999. Retrieved 25 July 2013.
  2. LAFD Blog: 88 Years Ago: The Shrine Auditorium Fire [ dead link ]
  3. Moore, William D. (August 15, 2006). Masonic temples: Freemasonry, Ritual Architecture, and Masculine Archetypes. University of Tennessee Press. p. 107. ISBN   978-1-57233-496-0. (Subscription required (help)).
  4. Ed Gordon, Jack Marchbanks (July 22, 2005). "Marking a Great Gospel Concert's 50th Anniversary". News & Notes . NPR . Retrieved September 17, 2017.
  5. "Inductee Explorer". Rock and Roll Hall of Fame. Retrieved September 17, 2017.
  6. Kaufman, Gil (2009-07-16). "Pepsi Questions Why Michael Jackson Accident Video Was Shared". MTV . Retrieved 2014-06-14.
  7. "Midnight Club: Los Angeles South Central". Rockstar Games. Retrieved 2009-05-30.
  8. "KROQ's Almost Acoustic Christmas At Shrine". thescenestar.com. Retrieved 2013-11-06.
Preceded by
Impact Arena
Miss Universe Venue
2006
Succeeded by
National Auditorium