Shrine Auditorium

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Shrine Auditorium
The Shrine Auditorium - Al Malaikah Temple.JPG
The Shrine Auditorium
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Shrine Auditorium
Location within the Los Angeles metropolitan area
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Shrine Auditorium
Shrine Auditorium (California)
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Shrine Auditorium
Shrine Auditorium (the United States)
Location665 W. Jefferson Blvd
Los Angeles, California
Public transit LAMetroLogo.svg   LACMTA Circle Expo Line.svg   Jefferson/USC
OwnerAl Malaikah Auditorium Company
TypeIndoor theater
Capacity 6,300
Construction
Built1925
Opened1926
Renovated2002
Construction cost$2.7 million
Website
shrineauditorium.com
Al Malaikah Temple
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USA California location map.svg
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Coordinates 34°01′23.55″N118°16′53.55″W / 34.0232083°N 118.2815417°W / 34.0232083; -118.2815417 Coordinates: 34°01′23.55″N118°16′53.55″W / 34.0232083°N 118.2815417°W / 34.0232083; -118.2815417
Architect John C. Austin
Architectural style Moorish Revival
NRHP reference # 87000577
LAHCM #139
Significant dates
Added to NRHPApril 2, 1987
Designated LAHCMMarch 5, 1975

The Shrine Auditorium is a landmark large-event venue in Los Angeles, California. It is also the headquarters of the Al Malaikah Temple, a division of the Shriners. It was designated a Los Angeles Historic-Cultural Monument (No. 139) in 1975.

Los Angeles City in California

Los Angeles, officially the City of Los Angeles and often known by its initials L.A., is the most populous city in California, the second most populous city in the United States, after New York City, and the third most populous city in North America. With an estimated population of nearly four million, Los Angeles is the cultural, financial, and commercial center of Southern California. The city is known for its Mediterranean climate, ethnic diversity, Hollywood and the entertainment industry, and its sprawling metropolis. Los Angeles is the largest city on the West Coast of North America.

California State of the United States of America

California is a state in the Pacific Region of the United States. With 39.6 million residents, California is the most populous U.S. state and the third-largest by area. The state capital is Sacramento. The Greater Los Angeles Area and the San Francisco Bay Area are the nation's second- and fifth-most populous urban regions, with 18.7 million and 9.7 million residents respectively. Los Angeles is California's most populous city, and the country's second-most populous, after New York City. California also has the nation's most populous county, Los Angeles County, and its largest county by area, San Bernardino County. The City and County of San Francisco is both the country's second-most densely populated major city after New York City and the fifth-most densely populated county, behind only four of the five New York City boroughs.

Shriners Nonprofit organization

Shriners International, also commonly known as TheShriners or formerly known as the Ancient Arabic Order of the Nobles of the Mystic Shrine, is a society established in 1870 and is headquartered in Tampa, Florida.

Contents

History

Opened in 1926, the current Shrine Auditorium replaced an earlier 1906 Al Malaikah Temple which had been destroyed by a fire on January 11, 1920. [1] The fire gutted the structure in just 30 minutes, and nearly killed six firefighters in the process. [2]

In the late 1960s, the Shrine was referred to as "The Pinnacle" by the audiences of rock concerts.

In 2002, the auditorium underwent a $15 million renovation that upgraded the stage with state-of-the-art lighting and rigging systems, and included new roofing and air conditioning for both the Auditorium and Expo Center, modernized concession stands, additional restrooms, repainting of the Expo Center, and a new performance plaza and parking garage. The entire complex follows a Moroccan architectural motif.

Building

The new auditorium was designed in the Moorish Revival style by San Francisco-based theater architect G. Albert Lansburgh, with local architects John C. Austin and A. M. Edelman associated. When built, the auditorium could hold 1,200 people on stage and seat an audience of 6,442. An engineer who consulted on the project said that the steel truss supporting the balcony was the largest ever constructed. [3]

Moorish Revival architecture

Moorish Revival or Neo-Moorish is one of the exotic revival architectural styles that were adopted by architects of Europe and the Americas in the wake of the Romanticist fascination with all things oriental. It reached the height of its popularity after the mid-19th century, part of a widening vocabulary of articulated decorative ornament drawn from historical sources beyond familiar classical and Gothic modes.

G. Albert Lansburgh American architect

Gustave Albert Lansburgh was an American architect largely known for his work on luxury cinemas and theaters. He was the principal architect of theaters on the West Coast from 1900 to 1930.

John C. Austin American architect

John Corneby Wilson Austin was an architect and civic leader who participated in the design of several landmark buildings in Southern California, including the Griffith Observatory, Los Angeles City Hall, and the Shrine Auditorium.

The Shrine Auditorium seats approximately 6,300 people (reduced during the 2002 renovation from the original 6,700 capacity) and has a stage 194 feet (59 m) wide and 69 feet (21 m) deep.

The Auditorium features two boxes above the orchestra level holding 40 people each and seven loges on the balcony holding between 36 and 47 seats each (total capacity of the loges: 274). Of the remaining seats, 2,964 are on the orchestra level and 2,982 on the balcony level.

Box (theatre) seating area in a theater

In theater, a box is a small, separated seating area in the auditorium or audience for a limited number of people for private viewing of a performance or event.

Adjacent to the Shrine Auditorium is the Shrine Exposition Hall.

The Shrine Exposition Hall is a multi-purpose event facility located in Los Angeles, California, adjacent to the Shrine Auditorium. It features 54,000 square feet (5,000 m2) of exhibit and meeting space—34,000 in the main level and 20,000 in an open mezzanine. The Exposition Hall has a capacity of 5,000 patrons. Trade shows, banquets, conventions and electronic music festivals, among other events, have been held there.

Notable events

The Shrine Auditorium has hosted a number of events, mainly for entertainment:

Awards ceremony events
DateEvent
From 1947 to 1948
From 1998 to 2001
Academy Awards ceremony
Until 2000 Grammy ceremony
Even-numbered years MTV Movie Awards
1980s, 1990s MTV Video Music Awards
From 1998 to 2008 Primetime Emmy Awards
Grammy Awards
American Music Awards
BET Awards
NAACP Image Awards
People's Choice Awards
Soul Train Music Awards
From 2000 to 2001 My VH1 Music Awards
Screen Actors Guild Awards
2006 55th Miss Universe beauty pageant
10 August 2014 2014 Teen Choice Awards
Other media events
DateDescription
4 December 1953Annual Los Angeles Examiner Christmas Show.
Sports events
DateEvent
For 33 yearsHome court for the USC's Trojans basketball team
BrieflySome playoff games of the Los Angeles Lakers
Movie shootings and premieres
DateMovieDescription
1933 King Kong Scenes where Kong was displayed manacled on stage.
1953 A Star Is Born Some scenes.
9 December 2017 Star Wars: The Last Jedi World premiere.
2018 A Star Is Born The final scene was filmed at the Shrine as an homage to the earlier 1954 film.
Other shootings
DateFilmDescription
27 January 1984 Pepsi commercial Michael Jackson's hair was accidentally set on fire by the pyrotechnics. He suffered second-degree burns on his scalp as a result. [4]
Music events and recordings
DateArtist or eventDescription
May 1949 Art Tatum Solo piano performance was released by Columbia Records in 1952 as Gene Norman Presents an Art Tatum Concert [5] [6]
1955The Great Shrine Auditorium ConcertConsidered a major event in the histories of both American gospel and secular music. [7] The event featured Dorothy Love Coates & The Original Gospel Harmonettes, Brother Joe May, The Caravans, James Cleveland, a young Sam Cooke performing with The Soul Stirrers. [8]
8 June 1956 Elvis Presley First Elvis Presley's concert at the Shrine.
3 August 1958The Fourteenth Cavalcade of JazzProduced by Leon Hefflin, Sr. [9] , featuring Ray Charles with The Cookies, Ann Fisher, Sam Cooke, [10] William Everett Preston, Little Willie John, Bo Rhambo, and The Clark Kids. Sammy Davis Jr. crowned the Queen, Miss Jackie Joyce Simpson. [11] Charles Trammel, Huggy Boy, Jim Randolph, and Hunter Hancock were the MCs for the starred event. [10]
1964 Ray Charles Recorded Live in Concert at the Shrine.
24 August 1968The Grateful Dead Recorded the live album Two from the Vault at the Shrine.
24 January 1975 Genesis Live performance of The Lamb Lies Down on Broadway released in 1998.
1976 The Tubes 3-night concert
8/9 November 1995 Fugazi Concert
16 December 2000
19 December 2001
6 December 2005
KIIS-FM Jingle Ball
1998
Since 2013
KROQ Almost Acoustic Christmas concert [12]
Video games
DateGameDescription
Midnight Club: Los Angeles Part of the South Central Map Expansion. [13]

See also

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References

  1. "The Shrine Auditorium Fire". Los Angeles Fire Department Historical Archive. L.A. Fire. 1999. Retrieved 25 July 2013.
  2. LAFD Blog: 88 Years Ago: The Shrine Auditorium Fire [ dead link ]
  3. Moore, William D. (August 15, 2006). Masonic temples: Freemasonry, Ritual Architecture, and Masculine Archetypes . University of Tennessee Press. p. 107. ISBN   978-1-57233-496-0.
  4. Kaufman, Gil (2009-07-16). "Pepsi Questions Why Michael Jackson Accident Video Was Shared". MTV . Retrieved 2014-06-14.
  5. "Tatum and Goodman". St. Louis Post-Dispatch . May 29, 1952. p. 36.
  6. England, Jim (May 25, 1952). "Toscanini Sings on Wax". The Salt Lake Tribune . p. 128.
  7. Ed Gordon, Jack Marchbanks (July 22, 2005). "Marking a Great Gospel Concert's 50th Anniversary". News & Notes . NPR . Retrieved September 17, 2017.
  8. "Inductee Explorer". Rock and Roll Hall of Fame. Retrieved September 17, 2017.
  9. “Fourteenth Year Jazz Cavalcade At Shrine Next” Article The California Eagle July 3, 1958.
  10. 1 2 Guralnick, Peter. (2005). Dream boogie : the triumph of Sam Cooke (1st ed.). New York: Little, Brown. ISBN   0316377945. OCLC   57393650.
  11. Reed, Tom. ([©1992]). The Black music history of Los Angeles, its roots : 50 years in Black music : a classical pictorial history of Los Angeles Black music of the 20's, 30's, 40's, 50's and 60's : photographic essays that define the people, the artistry and their contributions to the wonderful world of entertainment (1st, limited ed.). Los Angeles: Black Accent on L.A. Press. ISBN   096329086X. OCLC   28801394.Check date values in: |date= (help)
  12. "KROQ's Almost Acoustic Christmas At Shrine". thescenestar.com. Retrieved 2013-11-06.
  13. "Midnight Club: Los Angeles South Central". Rockstar Games. Retrieved 2009-05-30.
Preceded by
Impact Arena
Miss Universe Venue
2006
Succeeded by
National Auditorium