Thomas Hawkins (died 1690) was a pirate briefly active off New England. He was known for sailing with Thomas Pound.
Thomas Pound collected a group of sailors in August 1689 and hired Thomas Hawkins to transport them to Nantasket.En route Pound asked Hawkins to divert his fishing vessel to pick up a few more sailors. Once aboard they brandished arms and Pound announced that he intended to take up piracy, ostensibly to sail against the French in the West Indies. Hawkins willingly joined them.
They soon captured the ketch Mary, transferring to it and releasing their prisoners aboard Hawkins’ smaller ship. A ship crewed by militia members from Salem and Marblehead searched for Hawkins and Pound but missed them.Near Casco Bay, Maine they took aboard soldiers from nearby Fort Loyal, who deserted to join the pirates. They stole arms and a cannon when they slipped out in the night. Off Cape Cod they captured the sloop Good Speed, again transferring to the larger ship and releasing their prisoners.
Again a militia sloop was sent to search for them, again without success. Hawkins and Pound looted the brigantine Merrimack near Martha’s Vineyard before a storm forced the Good Speed as far south as Virginia.Sailing back to Tarpaulin Cove, Hawkins went ashore and fled the pirates. In a letter he wrote, “by God thay kant hang me for what has bin don for no blood has bin shed.” He tried to secure passage back to Boston aboard a whaling ship but was recognized; the ship’s captain, James Loper, agreed to take Hawkins but instead turned him in to the authorities immediately after arriving in Boston.
Pound meanwhile looted several more ships before he was attacked by Captain Samuel Pease aboard the Mary (the same ketch Pound and Hawkins had captured and released) in early October 1689.Pease’s men exchanged small arms fire with Pound and his pirates for a time until Pound was hit and badly wounded and most of his crew were injured or killed. Pease himself was hit and later died, the only casualty of Pound and Hawkins’ piracy.
Hawkins and Pound were tried together in January 1690; both were found guilty and sentenced to hang. Fellow pirate William Coward was tried at the same time, though his crimes were unrelated. The presiding judge was Samuel Sewall,later famed for presiding over the Salem witch trials; in jail Hawkins was imprisoned alongside “Mary Glover the Irish Catholic witch,” and Cotton Mather prayed with the condemned. Hawkins had influential friends and relatives who arranged a reprieve for him, and there was evidence that Pound may have forced Hawkins to remain with them. They were both sent back to England aboard the frigate HMS Rose. On the way they were attacked by a French privateer. Hawkins and Pound fought bravely to defend the Rose against the French. Hawkins was killed during the battle, while Pound survived and was pardoned for his piracies, eventually rising to command a Royal Navy ship of his own.
Captain Samuel Bellamy, later known as "Black Sam" Bellamy, was an English sailor, turned pirate, who operated in the early 18th century. He is best known as the wealthiest pirate in recorded history, and one of the faces of the Golden Age of Piracy. Though his known career as a pirate captain lasted little more than a year, he and his crew captured at least 53 ships. Called "Black Sam" in Cape Cod folklore because he eschewed the fashionable powdered wig in favor of tying back his long black hair with a simple band, Bellamy became known for his mercy and generosity toward those he captured on his raids. This reputation earned him another nickname, the "Prince of Pirates". He likened himself to Robin Hood, with his crew calling themselves "Robin Hood's Men".
John Rackham, commonly known as Calico Jack, was an English pirate captain operating in the Bahamas and in Cuba during the early 18th century. His nickname was derived from the calico clothing that he wore, while Jack is a nickname for "John".
Robert Culliford was a pirate from Cornwall who is best remembered for repeatedly checking the designs of Captain William Kidd.
Stede Bonnet was an early 18th-century Barbadian pirate, sometimes called "The Gentleman Pirate" because he was a moderately wealthy land-owner before turning to a life of crime. Bonnet was born into a wealthy English family on the island of Barbados, and inherited the family estate after his father's death in 1694. On November 21, 1709, twenty-one-year-old Stede Bonnet married sixteen-year-old Mary Allamby.
This timeline of the history of piracy in the 1680s is a chronological list of key events involving pirates between 1680 and 1689.
The Golden Age of Piracy is a common designation for the period between the 1650s and the 1730s, when maritime piracy was a significant factor in the histories of the Caribbean, the United Kingdom, the Indian Ocean, North America, and West Africa.
Charles Vane was an English pirate who operated in the Bahamas during the end of the Golden Age of Piracy.
Jeremiah Cocklyn, better known by the name Thomas Cocklyn, was an English pirate known primarily for his association with Howell Davis, Olivier Levasseur, Richard Taylor, and William Moody.
Edward Coates was a colonial American privateer in English service during King William's War and later a pirate operating in the Red Sea and Indian Ocean.
Thomas Pound was an English Royal Navy officer who turned pirate and was briefly active in the coastal waters of New England during 1689. Caught and convicted of piracy, his crimes were forgiven and he later rejoined the Royal Navy.
Louis Guittar was a French pirate active in the Caribbean, the West Indies, and New England during the late 1690s and 1700s.
The Capture of the sloop William refers to a small single ship action fought between John "Calico Jack" Rackham and English privateer Jonathan Barnet. The battle was fought in the vicinity of Negril, Jamaica and ended with the capture of Rackham and his crew.
John Auger was a pirate active in the Bahamas around 1718. He is primarily remembered for being captured by pirate turned pirate-hunter Benjamin Hornigold.
Captain Grinnaway was a pirate from Bermuda, best known for being briefly and indirectly involved with Edward Teach.
Robert Deal was a pirate active in the Caribbean. He is best known for his association with Charles Vane.
Phineas Bunce was a pirate active in the Caribbean. He was pardoned for piracy but reverted to it immediately afterwards and was killed by a Spanish pirate hunter.
William Coward was a minor pirate active off the coast of Massachusetts. He is known for a single incident involving the seizure of one small vessel, largely thanks to events surrounding his trial.
Duncan Mackintosh was a pirate who cruised the East Indies, the Indian Ocean, and the coast of Africa.
The Proclamation for Suppressing of Pirates was issued by George I of Great Britain on 5 September 1717. It promised a royal pardon for acts of piracy committed before the following 5 January to those pirates who surrendered themselves to the correct authority before a deadline. Originally, the surrender had to occur on or before 5 September 1718; this was later extended by a second proclamation to 1 July 1719.