Tier 2 network

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A Tier 2 network is an Internet service provider which engages in the practice of peering with other networks, but which also purchases IP transit to reach some portion of the Internet. [1]

Contents

Tier 2 providers are the most common Internet service providers, as it is much easier to purchase transit from a Tier 1 network than to peer with them and attempt to become a Tier 1 carrier.

The term Tier 3 is sometimes also used to describe networks who solely purchase IP transit from other networks to reach the Internet.

List of large or important Tier 2 networks

Name AS Number August 2021 degree [2] [3] Reason
Hurricane Electric 69399243IPv4: Purchases transit from Arelion/AS1299. [4]
IPv6: Does not provide IPv6 routing/connectivity to Cogent/AS174. [5]
Telkom Indonesia International 7713551Purchases transit from Level3/AS3356, Cogent/AS174, Arelion/AS1299, NTT America/AS2914, Telecom Italia Sparkle/AS6762, Tata Communications/AS6453, Singtel/AS7473.
RETN 90021446Purchases transit from Level 3/AS3356.
next layer 1764987Purchases transit from Level 3/AS3356, Cogent/AS174, Arelion/AS1299, NTT America/AS2914, GTT/AS3257.
meerfarbig 34549688Purchases transit from Arelion/AS1299, Global Telecom & Technology (GTT)
Korea Telecom 4766578Purchases transit from Level3/AS3356, Arelion/AS1299, Cogent/AS174, Telecom Italia Sparkle/AS6762.
HGC Global 9304637Purchases transit from Cogent/AS174, NTT America/AS2914, Telecom Italia Sparkle/AS6762, Tata Communications/AS6453.
Fibrenoire 22652127Purchases transit from Arelion/AS1299, Cogent/AS174, Tata Communications/AS6453, GTT/AS3257.
SK broadband 9318537Purchases transit from Arelion/AS1299, Cogent/AS174, NTT America/AS2914, Tata Communications/AS6453, PCCW Global/AS3491, Verizon/AS701.
TDC 3292191Purchases transit from Level3/AS3356, Arelion/AS1299.
Internet Initiative Japan 2497329Purchases transit from Level3/AS3356, Cogent/AS174, Verizon/AS701, NTT America/AS2914.
Vodafone (formerly Cable and Wireless)1273303Purchases transit from Arelion/AS1299.
KDDI 2516308Purchases transit from Level3/AS3356, Arelion/AS1299, Verizon/AS701, Global Telecom & Technology (GTT)/AS3257.
PT Mora Telematika Indonesia 23947243Purchases transit from Cogent/AS174, Global Telecom & Technology (GTT)/AS3257, Hurricane Electric/AS6939.
China Telecom 4134/4809318Purchases transit from Cogent/AS174, Verizon/AS701, Level3/AS3356.
China Unicom 4837310Purchases transit from Cogent/AS174, Verizon/AS701,Sprint/AS1239, Level3/AS3356, Orange S.A./AS5511.
Chunghwa Telecom 3462364Purchases transit from Tata Communications/AS6453.
British Telecom 5400151Purchases transit from Level3/AS3356, Arelion/AS1299, NTT America/AS2914.
Comcast 7922192Purchases transit from Tata Communications/AS6453, NTT America/AS2914.
Tele2 (formerly SWIPNet)1257167Purchases transit from Sprint/AS1239, Cogent/AS174.
KCOM Group 1239069Purchases transit from KPN/AS286, Level 3/AS3356, Cogent/AS174, NTT America/AS2914.
Spirit Communications 271182Purchases transit from Level3/AS3356, Cogent/AS174, Arelion/AS1299, NTT America/AS2914.
Stealth Communications 800247Purchases transit from Cogent/AS174, NTT America/AS2914.
Internap 1474433Purchases transit from Cogent/AS174, NTT America/AS2914, Verizon/AS701.
FiberRing 3893035Purchases transit from NTT America/AS2914, Arelion/AS1299, Tata Communications/AS6453, Cogent/AS174.
Core-Backbone GmbH 338911311Purchases transit from Level3/AS3356, Arelion/AS1299.
Fiber Telecom 413272145Purchases transit from Level3/AS3356, GTT/AS3257, Telecom Italia Sparkle/AS6762, Arelion/AS1299.
Singtel 7473359Purchases transit from Arelion/AS1299, Zayo/AS6461, Tata Communications/AS6453 and PCCW Global/AS3491.
SG.GS 24482417Purchases IP transit from NTT America/AS2914, Cogent/AS174 and Tata Communications/AS6453.
Turk Telekom International
(d/b/a Euroweb.ro)
9121/6663250Purchases IP transit from Level3/AS3356, Arelion/AS1299, NTT America/AS2914, Deutsche Telekom Global Carrier/AS3320, China Telecom/AS4134&AS4809.

See also

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References

  1. Norton, William B. "What is a Tier 2 ISP?". DrPeering. Retrieved 15 September 2023.
  2. "AS Rank: A ranking of the largest Autonomous Systems (AS) in the Internet". asrank.caida.org.
  3. Visualizing Internet Topology at a Macroscopic Scale April 2005
  4. "CAIDA AS Rank". 2016-01-25. Retrieved 2015-07-29.
  5. "Cogent - Google - HE Fun". 2016-03-09.