Watertown (town), New York

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Watertown, New York
Town
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Watertown (town)
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Watertown (town)
Coordinates: 43°56′10″N75°55′29″W / 43.93611°N 75.92472°W / 43.93611; -75.92472 Coordinates: 43°56′10″N75°55′29″W / 43.93611°N 75.92472°W / 43.93611; -75.92472
Country United States
State New York
County Jefferson
Government
  Type Town Council
   Town Supervisor Joel R. Bartlett (D)
   Town Council
Area
  Total36.0 sq mi (93.3 km2)
  Land35.9 sq mi (93.0 km2)
  Water0.1 sq mi (0.3 km2)
Elevation538 ft (164 m)
Population (2010)
  Total4,470
  Density124/sq mi (48.0/km2)
Time zone UTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
  Summer (DST) UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP codes 13601-13603
Area code(s) 315
FIPS code 36-78619 [1]
GNIS feature ID0979605 [2]
Website townofwatertownny.org

Watertown is a town in Jefferson County, New York, United States. The population was 4,470 at the 2010 census. [3] The town is located in the central part of the county and borders the city of Watertown to the south, east, and west. As the city has a population of 27,023, or six times the town's population, references to "Watertown, New York", usually apply to the city rather than the town.

Jefferson County, New York County in the United States

Jefferson County is a county in the U.S. state of New York. As of the 2010 census, the population was 116,229. Its county seat is Watertown. The county is named after Thomas Jefferson, third President of the United States of America. It is adjacent to Lake Ontario, southeast from the Canada–US border of Ontario.

New York (state) State of the United States of America

New York is a state in the Northeastern United States. New York was one of the original thirteen colonies that formed the United States. With an estimated 19.54 million residents in 2018, it is the fourth most populous state. In order to distinguish the state from the city with the same name, it is sometimes referred to as New York State.

2010 United States Census 23rd national census of the United States, taken in 2010

The 2010 United States Census is the twenty-third and most recent United States national census. National Census Day, the reference day used for the census, was April 1, 2010. The census was taken via mail-in citizen self-reporting, with enumerators serving to spot-check randomly selected neighborhoods and communities. As part of a drive to increase the count's accuracy, 635,000 temporary enumerators were hired. The population of the United States was counted as 308,745,538, a 9.7% increase from the 2000 Census. This was the first census in which all states recorded a population of over half a million, as well as the first in which all 100 largest cities recorded populations of over 200,000.

Contents

History

Numerous sites of aboriginal habitation were found by early surveyors of this region. The region was later part of Macomb's Purchase.

Macomb's Purchase is a large historical area of northern New York in the United States purchased from the state in 1791 by Alexander Macomb, a merchant who had become rich during the American Revolutionary War. He acted as a land speculator, selling off portions of this land.

Watertown was established as a town in 1800 before the formation of Jefferson County, while still in Oneida County. The towns of Rutland (1802) and Hounsfield (1806) were soon formed from parts of Watertown.

Oneida County, New York County in the United States

Oneida County is a county located in the state of New York, in the United States. As of the 2010 census, the population was 234,878. The county seat is Utica. The name is in honor of the Oneida, one of the Five Nations of the Iroquois League or Haudenosaunee, which had long occupied this territory at the time of European encounter and colonization. The federally recognized Oneida Indian Nation has had a reservation in the region since the late 18th century, after the American Revolutionary War.

Rutland, New York Town in New York, United States

Rutland is a town in Jefferson County, New York, United States. The population was 3,060 at the 2010 census.

Hounsfield, New York Town in New York, United States

Hounsfield is a town in Jefferson County, New York, United States. The population was 3,466 at the 2010 census. The name of the town is from Ezra Hounsfield, a land agent and land owner.

The town was first settled in 1800 around the time of the first permanent US military presence in the region, which was established at nearby Sackets Harbor to guard the international border and to fight smuggling in the St. Lawrence region.

Sackets Harbor, New York Village in New York, United States

Sackets Harbor is a village in Jefferson County, New York, United States, on Lake Ontario. The population was 1,450 at the 2010 census. The village was named after land developer and owner Augustus Sackett, who founded it in the early middle 1700’s.

Smuggling illegal movement of goods or people

Smuggling is the illegal transportation of objects, substances, information or people, such as out of a house or buildings, into a prison, or across an international border, in violation of applicable laws or other regulations.

In 1816, the community of Watertown set itself off from the town by incorporating as a village. It became a city in 1869.

The John Losee House was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 2014. [4]

John Losee House

John Losee House is a historic home located at Watertown, Jefferson County, New York. The house was built about 1828, and is a two-story, five bay, Federal style limestone dwelling. It has a two-story rear frame ell. It features an elliptical fanlight over the front door.

National Register of Historic Places federal list of historic sites in the United States

The National Register of Historic Places (NRHP) is the United States federal government's official list of districts, sites, buildings, structures, and objects deemed worthy of preservation for their historical significance. A property listed in the National Register, or located within a National Register Historic District, may qualify for tax incentives derived from the total value of expenses incurred preserving the property.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 36.0 square miles (93.3 km2), of which 35.9 square miles (93.0 km2) are land and 0.1 square miles (0.3 km2), or 0.28%, are water. [3] The town is bordered to the north by the city of Watertown and by the Black River.

United States Census Bureau Bureau of the United States responsible for the census and related statistics

The United States Census Bureau is a principal agency of the U.S. Federal Statistical System, responsible for producing data about the American people and economy. The Census Bureau is part of the U.S. Department of Commerce and its director is appointed by the President of the United States.

Black River (New York) river in New York state, United States

The Black River is a 125-mile-long (201 km) blackwater river that empties into the eastern end of Lake Ontario on the shore of Jefferson County, New York in the United States. The origin of the name is not clear, but it may stem from the natural tannic acid that darkens the water in places. The river flows in a generally northwest direction, with its valley dividing the Adirondack Mountains on the east from the Tug Hill region to the west.

The town of Watertown is in central Jefferson County, and is bordered to the north by the city of Watertown and the towns of Brownville, Pamelia and Le Ray, to the east by the town of Rutland, to the south by the towns of Adams and Rodman, and to the west by the town of Hounsfield.

Interstate 81 passes through the west part of the town. U.S. Route 11 is a north-south highway running parallel to I-81 through the town. New York State Route 3, New York State Route 12, New York State Route 12F, New York State Route 126, and New York State Route 232 are east-west highways through Watertown. Many of these highways converge in the city of Watertown.

The area is served by Watertown International Airport to the west in the town of Hounsfield.

Three full-power television stations, WPBS, WWNY (CBS) and WWTI (ABC), currently serve the Watertown area.

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1820 2,766
1830 4,76872.4%
1840 5,0275.4%
1850 7,20143.2%
1860 7,5675.1%
1870 1,373−81.9%
1880 1,264−7.9%
1890 1,215−3.9%
1900 1,159−4.6%
1910 1,097−5.3%
1920 1,1161.7%
1930 1,27013.8%
1940 1,39910.2%
1950 1,75225.2%
1960 2,49242.2%
1970 3,02621.4%
1980 3,0982.4%
1990 4,34140.1%
2000 4,4823.2%
2010 4,470−0.3%
Est. 20144,601 [5] 2.9%
U.S. Decennial Census [6]

As of the census [1] of 2000, there were 4,482 people, 1,407 households, and 1,018 families residing in the town. The population density was 124.6 people per square mile (48.1/km²). There were 1,502 housing units at an average density of 41.7 per square mile (16.1/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 83.94% White, 11.24% Black, 0.33% Native American, 0.60% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 3.39% from other races, and 0.47% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 6.85% of the population.

There were 1,407 households out of which 34.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.2% were married couples living together, 7.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.6% were non-families. 22.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.57 and the average family size was 3.02.

In the town, the population was spread out with 21.3% under the age of 18, 6.8% from 18 to 24, 37.6% from 25 to 44, 24.4% from 45 to 64, and 9.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females, there were 143.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 158.0 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $41,961, and the median income for a family was $46,563. Males had a median income of $35,475 versus $21,638 for females. The per capita income for the town was $21,786. About 3.8% of families and 4.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.6% of those under age 18 and 1.7% of those age 65 or over.

Communities and locations in the town

Related Research Articles

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Cape Vincent, New York Town in New York, United States

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Ellisburg, New York Town in New York, United States

Ellisburg is a town in Jefferson County, New York, United States. The population was 3,474 at the 2010 census. The town is in the southwestern corner of the county and is south of Watertown. Ellisburg is named after early European-American landowners. The town contains a village also called Ellisburg.

References

  1. 1 2 "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  2. "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  3. 1 2 "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Census Summary File 1 (G001): Watertown town, Jefferson County, New York". American Factfinder. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved September 4, 2018.
  4. "National Register of Historic Places Listings". Weekly List of Actions Taken on Properties: 2/10/14 through 2/14/14. National Park Service. 2014-02-21.
  5. "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014" . Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  6. "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.