1076

Last updated

Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries:
Decades:
Years:
1076 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar 1076
MLXXVI
Ab urbe condita 1829
Armenian calendar 525
ԹՎ ՇԻԵ
Assyrian calendar 5826
Balinese saka calendar 997–998
Bengali calendar 483
Berber calendar 2026
English Regnal year 10  Will. 1   11  Will. 1
Buddhist calendar 1620
Burmese calendar 438
Byzantine calendar 6584–6585
Chinese calendar 乙卯(Wood  Rabbit)
3772 or 3712
     to 
丙辰年 (Fire  Dragon)
3773 or 3713
Coptic calendar 792–793
Discordian calendar 2242
Ethiopian calendar 1068–1069
Hebrew calendar 4836–4837
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 1132–1133
 - Shaka Samvat 997–998
 - Kali Yuga 4176–4177
Holocene calendar 11076
Igbo calendar 76–77
Iranian calendar 454–455
Islamic calendar 468–469
Japanese calendar Jōhō 3
(承保3年)
Javanese calendar 980–981
Julian calendar 1076
MLXXVI
Korean calendar 3409
Minguo calendar 836 before ROC
民前836年
Nanakshahi calendar −392
Seleucid era 1387/1388 AG
Thai solar calendar 1618–1619
Tibetan calendar 阴木兔年
(female Wood-Rabbit)
1202 or 821 or 49
     to 
阳火龙年
(male Fire-Dragon)
1203 or 822 or 50
King Boleslaw II (the Generous) Boleslaw II Smialy by Aleksander Lesser.PNG
King Bolesław II (the Generous)

Year 1076 ( MLXXVI ) was a leap year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

Roman numerals Numbers in the Roman numeral system

The numeric system represented by Roman numerals originated in ancient Rome and remained the usual way of writing numbers throughout Europe well into the Late Middle Ages. Numbers in this system are represented by combinations of letters from the Latin alphabet. Roman numerals, as used today, employ seven symbols, each with a fixed integer value, as follows:

A leap year starting on Friday is any year with 366 days that begins on Friday 1 January and ends on Saturday 31 December. Its dominical letters hence are CB, such as the years 1808, 1836, 1864, 1892, 1904, 1932, 1960, 1988, 2016, 2044, 2072, and 2112 in the Gregorian calendar or, likewise, 2000 and 2028 in the obsolete Julian calendar. Any leap year that starts on Tuesday, Friday or Saturday has only one Friday the 13th; The only Friday the 13th in this leap year occurs in May. Common years starting on Saturday share this characteristic.

The Julian calendar, proposed by Julius Caesar in 46 BC, was a reform of the Roman calendar. It took effect on 1 January 45 BC, by edict. It was the predominant calendar in the Roman world, most of Europe, and in European settlements in the Americas and elsewhere, until it was refined and gradually replaced by the Gregorian calendar, promulgated in 1582 by Pope Gregory XIII.

Contents

Events

By place

Europe

January 24 is the 24th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 341 days remaining until the end of the year.

Synod of Worms

The Synod of Worms was an ecclesiastical synod and Imperial diet (Hoftag) convened by the German king and emperor-elect Henry IV on 24 January 1076, at Worms. It was intended to agree a condemnation of Pope Gregory VII, and Henry's success in achieving this outcome marked the beginning of the Investiture Controversy.

Henry IV, Holy Roman Emperor Holy Roman Emperor

Henry IV became King of the Germans in 1056. From 1084 until his forced abdication in 1105, he was also referred to as the King of the Romans and Holy Roman Emperor. He was the third emperor of the Salian dynasty and one of the most powerful and important figures of the 11th century. His reign was marked by the Investiture Controversy with the Papacy, and he was excommunicated five times by three different popes. Civil wars over his throne took place in both Italy and Germany. He died of illness, soon after defeating his son's army near Visé, in Lorraine, France.

England

May 31 is the 151st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 214 days remaining until the end of the year.

Waltheof, 1st Earl of Northumbria was the last of the Anglo-Saxon earls and the only English aristocrat to be executed during the reign of William I.

William I, usually known as William the Conqueror and sometimes William the Bastard, was the first Norman King of England, reigning from 1066 until his death in 1087. A descendant of Rollo, he was Duke of Normandy from 1035 onward. After a long struggle to establish his power, by 1060 his hold on Normandy was secure, and he launched the Norman conquest of England six years later. The rest of his life was marked by struggles to consolidate his hold over England and his continental lands and by difficulties with his eldest son.

Africa

Koumbi Saleh Site of medieval town in Mauritania

Koumbi Saleh, sometimes Kumbi Saleh is the site of a ruined medieval town in south east Mauritania that may have been the capital of the Ghana Empire.

Ghana Empire former country

The Ghana Empire, properly known as Wagadou, was a West African empire located in the area of present-day southeastern Mauritania and western Mali. Complex societies based on trans-Saharan trade with salt and gold had existed in the region since ancient times, but the introduction of the camel to the western Sahara in the 3rd century CE opened the way to great changes in the area that became the Ghana Empire. By the time of the Muslim conquest of North Africa in the 7th century the camel had changed the ancient, more irregular trade routes into a trade network running from Morocco to the Niger river. The Ghana Empire grew rich from this increased trans-Saharan trade in gold and salt, allowing for larger urban centres to develop. The traffic furthermore encouraged territorial expansion to gain control over the different trade routes.

Mauritania Islamic republic in Northwest Africa

Mauritania is a country in Northwest Africa. It is the eleventh largest sovereign state in Africa and is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean to the west, Western Sahara to the north and northwest, Algeria to the northeast, Mali to the east and southeast, and Senegal to the southwest.

Asia

Vikramaditya VI Western Chalukya King

Vikramaditya VI became the Western Chalukya King after deposing his elder brother Someshvara II, a political move he made by gaining the support of Chalukya vassals during the Chola invasion of Chalukya territory. Vikramaditya's reign is marked with the abolishment of the Saka era and the start of the Chalukya-Vikrama era. He was the greatest of the Western Chalukya kings and had the longest reign in the dynasty. He earned the title Permadideva and Tribhuvanamalla. He had several queens who ably assisted him in administration. One of his queens, Chandala Devi, a princess from the Shilahara ruling family of Karad was called Abhinava Saraswati for her skills as an artist. Queen Kethala Devi administered the Siruguppa region and Savala Devi was in charge of an Agrahara in Naregal. According to the historian Kamath, Vikramaditya VI was a "great king who ruled over South India" and he finds a "pride of place in Karnataka history". More inscriptions in Kannada are attributed to Vikramaditya VI than any other king prior to the Vijayanagara era.

Someshvara II 11th century Indian king from the Western Chalukya dynasty

Someshvara II who was administering the area around Gadag succeeded his father Someshvara I (Ahavamalla) as the Western Chalukya king. He was the eldest son of Someshvara I. During his reign Someshvara II was constantly under threat from his more ambitious younger brother Vikramaditya VI. Eventually Someshvara was deposed by Vikramaditya VI.

Western Chalukya Empire empire which ruled most of the western Deccan, South India, between the 10th and 12th centuries

The Western Chalukya Empire ruled most of the western Deccan, South India, between the 10th and 12th centuries. This Kannadiga dynasty is sometimes called the Kalyani Chalukya after its regal capital at Kalyani, today's Basavakalyan in the modern Bidar District of Karnataka state, and alternatively the Later Chalukya from its theoretical relationship to the 6th-century Chalukya dynasty of Badami. The dynasty is called Western Chalukyas to differentiate from the contemporaneous Eastern Chalukyas of Vengi, a separate dynasty. Prior to the rise of these Chalukyas, the Rashtrakuta empire of Manyakheta controlled most of Deccan and Central India for over two centuries. In 973, seeing confusion in the Rashtrakuta empire after a successful invasion of their capital by the ruler of the Paramara dynasty of Malwa, Tailapa II, a feudatory of the Rashtrakuta Dynasty ruling from Bijapur region defeated his overlords and made Manyakheta his capital. The dynasty quickly rose to power and grew into an empire under Someshvara I who moved the capital to Kalyani.

By topic

Literature

Anselm of Canterbury 11th and 12th-century Archbishop of Canterbury, theologian, and saint

Anselm of Canterbury, also called Anselm of Aosta after his birthplace and Anselm of Bec after his monastery, was an Italian Benedictine monk, abbot, philosopher and theologian of the Catholic Church, who held the office of archbishop of Canterbury from 1093 to 1109. After his death, he was canonized as a saint; his feast day is 21 April.

Benedictines Roman Catholic monastic order

The Benedictines, officially the Order of Saint Benedict, are a monastic Catholic religious order of monks and nuns that follow the Rule of Saint Benedict. They are also sometimes called the Black Monks, in reference to the colour of the members' religious habits.

Religion

  • Demetrius Zvonimir donates the Benedictine monastery of St. Gregory in Vrana to Gregory VII.

Births

Deaths

Related Research Articles

The 1070s was a decade of the Julian Calendar which began on January 1, 1070, and ended on December 31, 1079.

1003 Year

Year 1003 (MIII) was a common year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar.

The 1080s was a decade of the Julian Calendar which began on January 1, 1080, and ended on December 31, 1089.

1058 Year

Year 1058 (MLVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar.

1018 Year

Year 1018 (MXVIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar.

Pope Gregory VII Pope from 1073 to 1085

Pope Gregory VII, born Hildebrand of Sovana, was pope from 22 April 1073 to his death in 1085.

1075 Year

Year 1075 (MLXXV) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar.

1077 Year

Year 1077 (MLXXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar.

Year 1081 (MLXXXI) was a common year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar.

Road to Canossa

The Road to Canossa, sometimes called the Walk to Canossa or Humiliation of Canossa, refers to Holy Roman Emperor Henry IV's trek to Canossa Castle, Italy, where Pope Gregory VII was staying as the guest of Margravine Matilda of Tuscany, at the height of the investiture controversy in January 1077 to seek absolution of his excommunication.

Antipope Clement III Antipope

Guibert or Wibert of Ravenna was an Italian prelate, archbishop of Ravenna, who was elected pope in 1080 in opposition to Pope Gregory VII. Gregory was the leader of the movement in the church which opposed the traditional claim of European monarchs to control ecclesiastical appointments, and this was opposed by supporters of monarchical rights led by the Holy Roman Emperor. This led to the conflict known as the Investiture Controversy. Gregory was felt by many to have gone too far when he excommunicated the Holy Roman Emperor Henry IV and supported a rival claimant as emperor, and in 1080 the pro-imperial Synod of Brixen pronounced that Gregory was deposed and replaced as pope by Guibert.

Demetrius Zvonimir of Croatia King of Croatia from 8 October 1076 until his death

Demetrius Zvonimir was King of Croatia and Dalmatia from 1075 until his death in 1089. He was crowned as king in Solin on 8 October 1076. Zvonimir also ruled as Ban of Slavonia (1064–1074), and was named Duke of Croatia in around 1075. His native name was Zvonimir; he adopted the forename Demetrius at his coronation.

William I was bishop of Utrecht between 1054 and 1076. He was a typical representative of the German imperial system in which bishops were the main officials of the empire. He was a loyal follower of king Henry IV of Germany. William was appointed when a war was going on against West Frisia, which was resisting imperial authority. The imperial army conquered large parts of West Frisia in 1061, when Dirk V became count. King Henry gave the whole county to the bishopric of Utrecht in 1064. The whole of West Frisia was conquered in 1076 with the help of duke Godfrey III.

Adalbero of Würzburg Bishop of Würzburg

Adalbero of Würzburg was Bishop of Würzburg and Count of Lambach-Wels.

Burchard of Basle, also known as Burkart of Fenis, Burchard of Hasenburg or Burchard of Asuel, was a Bishop of Basel in the eleventh century and a supporter of Holy Roman Emperor Henry IV (1056–1106).

Bertha of Savoy Empress consort of the Holy Roman Empire

Bertha of Savoy, also called Bertha of Turin, a member of the Burgundian House of Savoy, was Queen consort of Germany from 1066 and Empress consort of the Holy Roman Empire from 1084 until 1087 as the first wife of the Salian emperor Henry IV.

Bolesław II the Generous King of Poland

Bolesław II the Generous, also known as the Bold and the Cruel, was Duke of Poland from 1058 to 1076 and third King of Poland from 1058 to 1079. He was the eldest son of Duke Casimir I the Restorer and Maria Dobroniega of Kiev.

References

  1. Stratton, J.M. (1969). Agricultural Records. John Baker. ISBN   0-212-97022-4.