Athletics at the 2012 Summer Olympics – Men's 100 metres

Last updated
Men's 100 metres
at the Games of the XXX Olympiad
Mens 100m Final - Prowling before the start - 2012 Olympics.jpg
The finalists awaiting starters orders
Venue Olympic Stadium
Date4–5 August 2012
Competitors74 from 61 nations
Winning time9.63 s OR
Medalists
Gold medal icon.svg Usain Bolt Flag of Jamaica.svg  Jamaica
Silver medal icon.svg Yohan Blake Flag of Jamaica.svg  Jamaica
Bronze medal icon.svg Justin Gatlin Flag of the United States.svg  United States
  2008
2016  
Official video TV-icon-2.svg
Official video

The men's 100 metres competition at the 2012 Summer Olympics in London, United Kingdom was held at the Olympic Stadium on 4–5 August 2012. [1] Seventy-four athletes from 61 nations competed. [2] Each nation was limited to 3 athletes per rules in force since the 1930 Olympic Congress. The competition comprised four rounds: a preliminary round for entrants without the minimum qualifying standard, a heats round, followed by three semi-finals of eight athletes each, which then reduced to eight athletes for the final. [3]

Contents

Summary

Leading up to this Olympics, defending champion Usain Bolt was the star of the sport having set world records in winning the 100 metres and 200 metres in the previous Olympics, [4] [5] and 2 more world records in winning the 100m and 200m at the 2009 world championships. [6] In the 2011 world championships, the 100 metres was won by Yohan Blake after a false start by Bolt. Later in the season, Blake ran a new 200 metres personal best only .07 behind Bolt's world record. [7] At the 2012 Jamaican Olympic Trials, Blake beat Bolt in both events. [8]

The seven round one heats were won by three Jamaican and three American favorites and Dwain Chambers of Britiain. Ryan Bailey was the fastest qualifier with a personal best 9.88.

In the first semi-final, Justin Gatlin ran the fastest semi-final in history 9.82, ahead of Churandy Martina 9.91and former world record holder Asafa Powell in 9.94. Suwaibou Sanneh improved his national record for Gambia at 10.18, set the day before. In the second semi-final, defending champion Usain Bolt ran a relaxed race, finishing in 9.87. Ryan Bailey was second in 9.96. In the third semi-final, Yohan Blake ran 9.85, with Tyson Gay in second at 9.90. The final qualifier was defending silver medalist Richard Thompson with 10.02. [9] [10]

In the final, Bolt, started slow out of the blocks and was behind Blake and Gatlin, but accelerated with 50 meters to go, to win the gold medal and was around five feet (1.5 meters) ahead of the competition at the finish line. Bolt set a new Olympic record (beating his own record set at the 2008 Olympic Games) of 9.64 seconds, later rounded down to 9.63 seconds. Blake edged past Gatlin, who in turn held off a closing Gay at the finish line. [11] [12]

Usain Bolt was the second athlete after Carl Lewis (1984, 1988) to retain the men's 100m championship. His winning time was the second fastest time ever behind his own world record. Yohan Blake finished second in 9.75 seconds. Blake's time was the fastest ever not to win a gold medal. 2004 Olympic champion Justin Gatlin won the bronze medal in 9.79 seconds. The race set a number of records, including: the first time that the top 3 finished under 9.80 seconds; the first time that the top 5 finished in under 9.90 seconds; the first time that the five fastest men in 100m history (Bolt, Gay, Blake, Powell and Gatlin) all competed; and 7 of the 8 men ran in under 10 seconds, with only Asafa Powell finished in (11.99) after an injury 60 meters into the race. Apart from Powell, each runner's time was the fastest-ever for his respective placing. Blake, Gatlin, Gay, and Bailey all ran times that would have won at least silver in any previous Olympic final. It is considered one of the most outstanding finishes of the men's 100 metres in Olympic history. [13] [14]

Background

This was the twenty-seventh time the event was held, having appeared at every Olympics since the first in 1896. The field was star-studded: 2008 finalists returning were defending gold medalist Usain Bolt of Jamaica, silver medalist Richard Thompson of Trinidad and Tobago, fourth-place finisher Churandy Martina of the Netherlands (Netherlands Antilles in 2008), and fifth-place finisher Asafa Powell of Jamaica (who had now finished fifth twice in a row). The 2004 gold medalist, Justin Gatlin of the United States, returned, along with Tyson Gay and Ryan Bailey. Yohan Blake, the reigning world champion who had beat Bolt at the Jamaican Olympic trials, joined Bolt and Powell for Jamaica. [2]

For the first time ever, no nation made its debut in the event. Lithuania returned for the first time since 1928. The United States made its 26th appearance in the event, most of any country, having missed only the boycotted 1980 Games.

Qualification

A National Olympic Committee (NOC) could enter up to 3 qualified athletes in the men's 100 metres event if all athletes met the A standard, or 1 athlete if they met the B standard. The qualifying time standards could be obtained in various meets during the qualifying period that had the approval of the IAAF. For the sprints and short hurdles, including the 100 metres, only outdoor meets were eligible. The A standard for the 2012 men's 100 metres was 10.18 seconds; the B standard was 10.24 seconds. The qualifying period for was from 1 May 2011 to 8 July 2012. NOCs could also have an athlete enter the 100 metres through a universality place. NOCs could enter one male athlete in an athletics event, regardless of time, if they had no male athletes meeting the qualifying A or B standards in any men's athletic event. [15] [16] [17]

Competition format

The event saw its first significant format change since the introduction of the "fastest loser" system in 1968: the basic four round format introduced in 1920 was changed to a three-round format with preliminaries. The fastest entrants would now have to run only three times, not four. The preliminaries were reserved for the entrants using universality places (that is, not meeting the qualification standards). The changes also expanded the number of semifinals from 2 to 3 (and thus the number of semifinalists from 16 to 24), including using the "fastest loser" system in the semifinals for the first time.

The preliminary round consisted of 4 heats, each with 7 or 8 athletes. The top two runners in each heat advanced, along with the next two fastest runners overall. They joined the faster entrants in the first round of heats, which consisted of 7 heats of 8 athletes each. The top three runners in each heat, along with the next three fastest runners overall, moved on to the semifinals. The 24 semifinalists competed in three heats of 8, with the top two in each semifinal and the next two overall advancing to the eight-man final. [2]

Records

Prior to the competition, the existing World and Olympic records were as follows.

World record Flag of Jamaica.svg  Usain Bolt  (JAM)9.58 s Berlin, Germany 16 August 2009
Olympic record9.69 s Beijing, China 16 August 2008
2012 World leadingFlag of Jamaica.svg  Yohan Blake  (JAM)9.75 s Kingston, Jamaica 30 June 2012

The following new Olympic record was set during this competition:

DateEventAthleteTimeNotes
5 AugustFinalFlag of Jamaica.svg  Usain Bolt  (JAM)9.63 s OR

The following new National records were set during this competition

Maldives national record Flag of Maldives.svg  Azneem Ahmed  (MDV)10.79 s
Ivory Coast national record Flag of Cote d'Ivoire.svg  Ben Youssef Meïté  (CIV)10.06 s
Gambia national record Flag of The Gambia.svg  Suwaibou Sanneh  (GAM)10.18 s
Netherlands national record Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Churandy Martina  (NED)9.91 s

Schedule

All times are British Summer Time (UTC+1).

DateTime
Saturday, 4 August 201210:00
12:30
Preliminaries
Round 1
Sunday, 5 August 201219:45
21:50
Semifinals
Finals

Results

Official Video of Preliminary Round TV-icon-2.svg
Official Video of Preliminary Round

Preliminaries

Qualification rule: The first two finishers in each heat (Q) plus the two fastest times of those who finished third or lower in their heat (q) qualified. [18]

Preliminary heat 1

Heat 1 Athletics at the 2012 Summer Olympics - Men's 100 metres, Preliminaries heat 1 (6).JPG
Heat 1
RankLaneAthleteNationReactionTimeNotes
13 Artur Bruno Rojas Flag of Bolivia.svg  Bolivia 0.16210.62 Q
27 Devilert Arsene Kimbembe Flag of the Republic of the Congo.svg  Republic of the Congo 0.14310.68 Q, SB
34 Holder da Silva Flag of Guinea-Bissau.svg  Guinea-Bissau 0.16810.69 q, SB
48 Joseph Andy Lui Flag of Tonga.svg  Tonga 0.18411.17
56 Mohan Khan Flag of Bangladesh.svg  Bangladesh 0.14911.25 PB
65 Kilakone Siphonexay Flag of Laos.svg  Laos 0.17411.30
72 Christopher Lima da Costa Flag of Sao Tome and Principe.svg  São Tomé and Príncipe 0.19511.56 PB
Wind: +0.9 m/s

Preliminary heat 2

Heat 2 Athletics at the 2012 Summer Olympics - Men's 100 metres, Preliminaries heat 2.jpg
Heat 2
RankLaneAthleteNationReactionTimeNotes
15 Jurgen Themen Flag of Suriname.svg  Suriname 0.15810.55 Q
24 Fernando Lumain Flag of Indonesia.svg  Indonesia 0.15510.80 Q, SB
32 Wilfried Bingangoye Flag of Gabon.svg  Gabon 0.23910.89
48 Liaquat Ali Flag of Pakistan.svg  Pakistan 0.16910.90
56 Rodman Teltull Flag of Palau.svg  Palau 0.17111.06 PB
67 Tavevele Noa Flag of Tuvalu.svg  Tuvalu 0.18011.55
73 Timi Garstang Flag of the Marshall Islands.svg  Marshall Islands 0.16212.81
Wind: +0.9 m/s

Preliminary heat 3

RankLaneAthleteNationReactionTimeNotes
16 Béranger Aymard Bosse Flag of the Central African Republic.svg  Central African Republic 0.16210.55 Q
28 Yeo Foo Ee Gary Flag of Singapore.svg  Singapore 0.15910.57 Q, PB
34 Azneem Ahmed Flag of Maldives.svg  Maldives 0.15310.79 q, NR
43 J'maal Alexander Flag of the British Virgin Islands.svg  British Virgin Islands 0.16310.92
55 John Howard Flag of the Federated States of Micronesia.svg  Federated States of Micronesia 0.20311.05
62 Chris Walasi Flag of the Solomon Islands.svg  Solomon Islands 0.16411.42
77 Elama Fa’atonu Flag of American Samoa.svg  American Samoa 0.17011.48 PB
Wind: +1.7 m/s

Preliminary heat 4

Heat 4 Athletics at the 2012 Summer Olympics - Men's 100 metres, Preliminaries heat 4.JPG
Heat 4
RankLaneAthleteNationReactionTimeNotes
13 Gérard Kobéané Flag of Burkina Faso.svg  Burkina Faso 0.19410.42 Q, SB
28 Fabrice Coiffic Flag of Mauritius.svg  Mauritius 0.14910.62 Q
36 Courtney Carl Williams Flag of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines.svg  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 0.16410.80 PB
42 Rachid Chouhal Flag of Malta.svg  Malta 0.16010.83 SB
55 Tilak Ram Tharu Flag of Nepal.svg  Nepal 0.15610.85 PB
69 Masoud Azizi Flag of Afghanistan.svg  Afghanistan 0.16711.19
77 Nooa Takooa Flag of Kiribati.svg  Kiribati 0.15511.53 PB
84 Patrick Tuara Flag of the Cook Islands.svg  Cook Islands 0.16511.72
Wind: +0.5 m/s
Official Video of the Quarterfinal Round TV-icon-2.svg
Official Video of the Quarterfinal Round

Round 1

Qualification rule: The first three finishers in each heat (Q) plus the three fastest times of those who finished fourth or lower in their heat (q) qualified. [19]

Heat 1

RankLaneAthleteNationReactionTimeNotes
16 Tyson Gay Flag of the United States.svg  United States 0.14710.08 Q
25 Richard Thompson Flag of Trinidad and Tobago.svg  Trinidad and Tobago 0.15110.14 Q
37 Gerald Phiri Flag of Zambia.svg  Zambia 0.14710.16 Q, SB
43 Jaysuma Saidy Ndure Flag of Norway.svg  Norway 0.16610.28
54 Ángel David Rodríguez Flag of Spain.svg  Spain 0.16810.34
62 Jurgen Themen Flag of Suriname.svg  Suriname 0.16910.53
75 Isidro Montoya Flag of Colombia.svg  Colombia 0.16510.54
81 Yeo Foo Ee Gary Flag of Singapore.svg  Singapore 0.14410.69
Wind: −1.4 m/s

Heat 2

RankLaneAthleteNationReactionTimeNotes
14 Justin Gatlin Flag of the United States.svg  United States 0.2009.97 Q
26 Derrick Atkins Flag of the Bahamas.svg  Bahamas 0.17910.22 Q
35 Rondel Sorrillo Flag of Trinidad and Tobago.svg  Trinidad and Tobago 0.14810.23 Q
48 Dariusz Kuć Flag of Poland.svg  Poland 0.16310.24
59 Nilson André Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil 0.17210.26 SB
67 Masashi Eriguchi Flag of Japan.svg  Japan 0.14410.30
73 Barakat Al-Harthi Flag of Oman.svg  Oman 0.15210.41
82 Fernando Lumain Flag of Indonesia.svg  Indonesia 0.16210.90
Wind: +0.7 m/s

Heat 3

RankLaneAthleteNationReactionTimeNotes
17 Ryan Bailey Flag of the United States.svg  United States 0.1779.88 Q, =PB
28 Ben Youssef Meïté Flag of Cote d'Ivoire.svg  Ivory Coast 0.17410.06 Q, NR
36 Justyn Warner Flag of Canada.svg  Canada 0.14910.09 Q, PB
44 Kemar Hyman Flag of the Cayman Islands.svg  Cayman Islands 0.15010.16 q
59 Suwaibou Sanneh Flag of The Gambia.svg  The Gambia 0.17610.21 q, NR
65 Rytis Sakalauskas Flag of Lithuania.svg  Lithuania 0.17810.29
73 Béranger Aymard Bosse Flag of the Central African Republic.svg  Central African Republic 0.17010.53
82 Artur Bruno Rojas Flag of Bolivia.svg  Bolivia 0.15410.65
Wind: +1.5 m/s

Heat 4

Qualification heat 4 Athletics at the 2012 Summer Olympics - Men's 100 metres, qualification heat 4.jpg
Qualification heat 4
RankLaneAthleteNationReactionTimeNotes
17 Usain Bolt Flag of Jamaica.svg  Jamaica 0.17810.09 Q
25 Daniel Bailey Flag of Antigua and Barbuda.svg  Antigua and Barbuda 0.16210.12 Q
36 James Dasaolu Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain 0.17410.13 Q
43 Amr Ibrahim Mostafa Seoud Flag of Egypt.svg  Egypt 0.16410.22
54 Jason Rogers Flag of Saint Kitts and Nevis.svg  Saint Kitts and Nevis 0.17710.30
68 Ogho-Oghene Egwero Flag of Nigeria.svg  Nigeria 0.17410.38
72 Holder da Silva Flag of Guinea-Bissau.svg  Guinea-Bissau 0.18210.71
9 Idrissa Adam Flag of Cameroon.svg  Cameroon 0.206 DNF
Wind: +0.4 m/s

Heat 5

RankLaneAthleteNationReactionTimeNotes
17 Asafa Powell Flag of Jamaica.svg  Jamaica 0.16610.04 Q
24 Adam Gemili Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain 0.15610.11 Q
36 Churandy Martina Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands 0.16810.20 Q
49 Reza Ghasemi Flag of Iran.svg  Iran 0.14810.31
55 Obinna Metu Flag of Nigeria.svg  Nigeria 0.15310.35
68 Ramon Gittens Flag of Barbados.svg  Barbados 0.16210.35
72 Paul Williams Flag of Grenada.svg  Grenada 0.16810.65
83 Devilert Arsene Kimbembe Flag of the Republic of the Congo.svg  Republic of the Congo 0.15710.94
Wind: 0.0 m/s

Heat 6

RankLaneAthleteNationReactionTimeNotes
15 Yohan Blake Flag of Jamaica.svg  Jamaica 0.17510.00 Q
27 Ryota Yamagata Flag of Japan.svg  Japan 0.14910.07 Q, PB
33 Su Bingtian Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China 0.16210.19 Q, SB
46 Antoine Adams Flag of Saint Kitts and Nevis.svg  Saint Kitts and Nevis 0.15410.22 q
59 Peter Emelieze Flag of Nigeria.svg  Nigeria 0.15310.22 SB
68 Jeremy Bascom Flag of Guyana.svg  Guyana 0.13510.31
74 Marek Niit Flag of Estonia.svg  Estonia 0.15810.40
82 Azneem Ahmed Flag of Maldives.svg  Maldives 0.15710.84
Wind: +1.3 m/s

Heat 7

RankLaneAthleteNationReactionTimeNotes
19 Dwain Chambers Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain 0.15710.02 Q, SB
26 Jimmy Vicaut Flag of France.svg  France 0.19610.11 Q, SB
35 Keston Bledman Flag of Trinidad and Tobago.svg  Trinidad and Tobago 0.19510.13 Q
47 Warren Fraser Flag of the Bahamas.svg  Bahamas 0.17110.27
58 Miguel López Flag of Puerto Rico.svg  Puerto Rico 0.14510.31
62 Gérard Kobéané Flag of Burkina Faso.svg  Burkina Faso 0.18610.48
73 Fabrice Coiffic Flag of Mauritius.svg  Mauritius 0.16510.59
4 Kim Collins Flag of Saint Kitts and Nevis.svg  Saint Kitts and Nevis N/A DNS
Wind: +2.0 m/s
Official Video of the Semifinal Round TV-icon-2.svg
Official Video of the Semifinal Round

Semifinals

Qualification rule: The first two finishers in each heat (Q) plus the two fastest times of those who finished third or lower in their heat (q) qualified. [20]

Semifinal 1

RankLaneAthleteNationReactionTimeNotes
17 Justin Gatlin Flag of the United States.svg  United States 0.1879.82 Q
22 Churandy Martina Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands 0.1489.91 Q, NR
34 Asafa Powell Flag of Jamaica.svg  Jamaica 0.1559.94 q
48 Keston Bledman Flag of Trinidad and Tobago.svg  Trinidad and Tobago 0.17510.04
56 Ben Youssef Meïté Flag of Cote d'Ivoire.svg  Ivory Coast 0.16310.13
65 Jimmy Vicaut Flag of France.svg  France 0.20310.16
79 James Dasaolu Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain 0.17410.18
83 Suwaibou Sanneh Flag of The Gambia.svg  The Gambia 0.17510.18 NR
Wind: +0.7 m/s

Semifinal 2

RankLaneAthleteNationReactionTimeNotes
14 Usain Bolt Flag of Jamaica.svg  Jamaica 0.1809.87 Q
27 Ryan Bailey Flag of the United States.svg  United States 0.1559.96 Q
38 Richard Thompson Flag of Trinidad and Tobago.svg  Trinidad and Tobago 0.15810.02 q
45 Dwain Chambers Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain 0.15410.05
59 Gerald Phiri Flag of Zambia.svg  Zambia 0.16510.11 SB
66 Daniel Bailey Flag of Antigua and Barbuda.svg  Antigua and Barbuda 0.14210.16
72 Antoine Adams Flag of Saint Kitts and Nevis.svg  Saint Kitts and Nevis 0.15910.27
83 Su Bingtian Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China 0.15710.28
Wind: +1.0 m/s

Semifinal 3

RankLaneAthleteNationReactionTimeNotes
16 Yohan Blake Flag of Jamaica.svg  Jamaica 0.1769.85 Q
24 Tyson Gay Flag of the United States.svg  United States 0.1519.90 Q
37 Adam Gemili Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain 0.15810.06
48 Derrick Atkins Flag of the Bahamas.svg  Bahamas 0.16410.08 SB
59 Justyn Warner Flag of Canada.svg  Canada 0.13510.09=PB
65 Ryota Yamagata Flag of Japan.svg  Japan 0.15810.10
73 Rondel Sorrillo Flag of Trinidad and Tobago.svg  Trinidad and Tobago 0.14010.31
2 Kemar Hyman Flag of the Cayman Islands.svg  Cayman Islands N/A DNS
Wind: +1.7 m/s

Final

Start of the final; lane 9 is closest. London 2012 Olympic 100m final start.jpg
Start of the final; lane 9 is closest.
RankLaneAthleteNationReactionTimeNotes
Gold medal icon.svg7 Usain Bolt Flag of Jamaica.svg  Jamaica 0.1659.63 OR
Silver medal icon.svg5 Yohan Blake Flag of Jamaica.svg  Jamaica 0.1799.75=PB
Bronze medal icon.svg6 Justin Gatlin Flag of the United States.svg  United States 0.1789.79 PB
48 Ryan Bailey Flag of the United States.svg  United States 0.1769.88=PB
59 Churandy Martina Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands 0.1399.94
62 Richard Thompson Flag of Trinidad and Tobago.svg  Trinidad and Tobago 0.1609.98
73 Asafa Powell Flag of Jamaica.svg  Jamaica 0.15511.99
4 Tyson Gay Flag of the United States.svg  United States 0.1459.80 DQ
Wind: +1.5 m/s

Incident

Just before the start of the final, a spectator threw a plastic beer bottle at the competitors in the starting blocks. Though the race was unaffected, he was arrested. [21] The man, later identified as Ashley Gill-Webb, happened to be sitting next to Dutch judoka and bronze medalist Edith Bosch, who promptly struck him with her hand on the back of his head after the toss. [22] LOCOG Chairman Sebastian Coe later stated: "I'm not suggesting vigilantism but it was actually poetic justice that they happened to be sitting next to a judo player". [22] Gill-Webb later pleaded not guilty to a charge of using threatening words or behaviour with intent to cause harassment, alarm or distress at Stratford Magistrates' Court. [23] He was later found guilty. [24]

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