British International Motor Show

Last updated

British International Motor Show
StatusNo longer in existence.
Genre Motor show
Venue The Crystal Palace (1903)
Olympia (1905–1936)
Earls Court Exhibition Centre (1937–1976)
National Exhibition Centre (1978–2004)
ExCeL London (2006–2008)
CountryEngland
Inaugurated1903
Most recent2008
Organised by Society of Motor Manufacturers and Traders /

The British International Motor Show was an annual motor show held by the Society of Motor Manufacturers and Traders between 1903 and 2008 in England. Initially held in London at The Crystal Palace, Olympia and then the Earls Court Exhibition Centre, it moved to the National Exhibition Centre in Birmingham in 1978, where it stayed until 2004. It was held at ExCeL London in 2006 and 2008.

Contents

The 2010 and 2012 events were cancelled due to the global financial crisis.

Between 2016 and 2019 there were annual motor shows held under the London Motor Show banner,

History

Britain's first motor show [1] —for horseless carriages—was held in South Kensington in 1896 at the Imperial Institute under the auspices of Lawson's Motor Car Club. [2]

The first British Motor Show organised by the Society of Motor Manufacturers and Traders (SMMT) was held at The Crystal Palace, London in 1903, the same year that the speed limit was raised from 14 miles per hour (23 km/h) to 20 miles per hour (32 km/h) by the Motor Car Act 1903 and two years before the formation of The Automobile Association.

In 1905, it moved to Olympia, London, where it was held for the next 32 years before moving to the Earls Court Exhibition Centre from 1937 until 1976, except for the period of World War II during which time there were no shows. From 1978 until 2004, it was held every second year at the National Exhibition Centre (NEC), Birmingham, with the 2004 event being held in May, rather than the traditional October, to avoid a clash with the Paris Motor Show. [3] The 1980 event was attended by both the actor Lewis Collins and the stand-up comedian Stewart Lee.

The July 2006 and July 2008 shows were held at ExCeL London. [4] The 2010 and 2012 shows were cancelled due to the global financial crisis. [5] [6]

Between 2016 and 2019 there were annual motor shows held under the London Motor Show banner,

Locations

Earls Court

The cars listed are those announced in the late summer lead up to the show or during it. Manufacturers did announce other cars at times to suit them and as that practice grew the public lost interest and the motor show finished its long run in the middle of the 1970s.

YearShowNew cars announced for this showPhoto
194827 October – 6 November
Earls Court, London

Attendance 562,954
highest previous attendance 315,000

Jaguar XK120 open two seater - October 1948 Jaguar XK120 Roadster (1951) (21536272268).jpg
Jaguar XK120 open two seater – October 1948
Morris Minor - September 1948 Morris Minor MM (low-lights) 1950 moving.JPG
Morris Minor – September 1948
194928 September to 8 October
34th International Motor Show,
Earls Court [7]
Rover 75 - September 1949 1951 Rover 75 (P4) sedan (2015-07-16) 01.jpg
Rover 75 – September 1949
195018 October 1950 – 28 October
  • Earls Court, London.
  • 35th International Motor Exhibition.
  • The world's largest display of Cars, Boats, Caravans; carriage work, marine engines, components and accessories, tyres, transport service equipment and car trailers.
  • Open daily 10 till 9 [8]
Jaguar Mark VII - October 1950 Jaguar Mark VII reg 1954 3442 cc.JPG
Jaguar Mark VII – October 1950
Austin A70 Hereford - October 1950 Austin A70 Hereford.JPG
Austin A70 Hereford – October 1950
Ford Zephyr Six - October 1950 Ford Zephyr Six - Flickr - foshie (1).jpg
Ford Zephyr Six – October 1950
195117 October 1951 – 27 October
Earls Court, London.
attendance was down sharply (375,000 from 480,000) because there were few new models and polling day for the General Election fell in the middle of the Show period. The choice models were export-only.
Vauxhall Velox - August 1951 1954 Vauxhall Velox EIPV (20971595898).jpg
Vauxhall Velox – August 1951
Austin A30 - October 1951 Austin A30 1954.jpg
Austin A30 – October 1951
195222 October – 1 November
Earls Court, London
37th International Motor Exhibition

Attendance 462,538, plus about 4,000 from overseas who entered free of charge

Healey Hundred - October 1952 Austin Healey 100 4 BN1.jpg
Healey Hundred – October 1952
Triumph TR2 - October 1952 Triumph TS2 (3812051310).jpg
Triumph TR2 – October 1952
195321 to 31 October
Earls Court, London
38th International Motor Exhibition

For the first time since 1938, foreign exhibitors were present, including Mercedes-Benz and Volkswagen

Attendance 612,953

MG Magnette - October 1953 Mg ZA magnette n.jpg
MG Magnette – October 1953
Riley Pathfinder - October 1953 1955 Riley Pathfinder Saloon 8420232091.jpg
Riley Pathfinder – October 1953
195420 to 30 October
Earls Court, London
39th International Motor Exhibition

Jowett and Lea-Francis do not appear

New exhibitors Skoda and DKW

New models introduced during the year by Standard, Morris, Singer, Austin, Rootes, Vauxhall, Bentley, and Rolls-Royce

Attendance 523,586

Austin A90 Six Westminster - October 1954 Austin Westminster A90 1954-56.jpg
Austin A90 Six Westminster – October 1954
Bentley S Continental coupe by Park Ward - September 1954 1956 Bentley S1 Continental PW 6069446660.jpg
Bentley S Continental coupé by Park Ward – September 1954
195519 to 29 October
Earls Court, London
40th International Motor Exhibition

Exhibitors:

UK 30
USA & Canada 17
France 6
Germany 6
Italy 3
Czechoslovakia 1

Attendance 516,811, including overseas visitors 13,750

Jaguar 2.4 - September 1955 1957 Jaguar - Flickr - 111 Emergency.jpg
Jaguar 2.4 – September 1955
MGA - October 1955 MG DE-77-45 p2.jpg
MGA – October 1955
Citroen DS19 --October 1955 075 DS Jubile 2005 2005-10-07 14-17-39 (cropped & lightened).jpg
Citroën DS19 —October 1955
195617 October 1956 – 27 October
Earls Court, London
41st International Motor Exhibition

Exhibitors:

UK 31
USA & Canada 16
France 6
Germany 6
Italy 3
Czechoslovakia 1
Sweden 1

Orders taken at the Motor Show enabled Austin to return to a five-day working week

Attendance numbers were not reported

Austin-Healey 100-Six - September 1956 Austin Healey 100-6 BN6.jpg
Austin-Healey 100-Six – September 1956
MGA fixed head coupe - October 1956 MGA - Flickr - exfordy (3).jpg
MGA fixed head coupé – October 1956
Austin Princess IV - October 1956 Vanden Plas Princess (17794650055).jpg
Austin Princess IV – October 1956
195716 October 1957 – 26 October
Earls Court, London
42nd International Motor Exhibition
Jaguar 3.4 export only
id is by spat opening for knock-off hub Jaguar 3.4 automatic.jpg
Jaguar 3.4 export only
id is by spat opening for knock-off hub
Lotus Elite - October 1957 Lotus-Elite-'60.jpg
Lotus Elite – October 1957
Vauxhall Cresta - October 1957 Vauxhall Cresta PA Series - Flickr - exfordy.jpg
Vauxhall Cresta – October 1957
195822 October – 1 November
Earls Court, London
43rd International Motor Exhibition

Neither Allard nor Lagonda book stands at the show

Exhibitors:

UK 33
USA & Canada 14
France 7
Germany 7
Italy 4
Czechoslovakia 1
Sweden 1
Holland 1

Attendance 534,422

Austin-Healey Sprite - May 1958 Austin Healey Sprite (3338322656).jpg
Austin-Healey Sprite – May 1958
Rover three-litre - September 1958 1959 Rover 3-Litre saloon (9776348482) crop.jpg
Rover three-litre – September 1958
Austin A40 - October 1958 Austin A40 (3437360147).jpg
Austin A40 – October 1958
195921 – 31 October
Earls Court, London.

Opened by Prime Minister Harold Macmillan.

Visitors to the Motor Show are asked by Scotland Yard to leave their cars at home

Attendance:

paid 560,310
overseas visitors another 19,707
Triumph Herald - April 1959 Triumph Herald (7895818804).jpg
Triumph Herald – April 1959
Morris Mini-Minor - August 1959 Morris Mini-Minor 1959 (621 AOK).jpg
Morris Mini-Minor – August 1959
Ford Anglia - September 1959 Ford Anglia 105E Schaffen-Diest 2015.JPG
Ford Anglia – September 1959
Jaguar Mark 2 - October 1959 Jaguar.3point4.750pix.jpg
Jaguar Mark 2 – October 1959
196019 to 29 October
Earls Court, London

Attendance: 428,000 reported 12 months later

Humber Super Snipe - October 1960 Humber Super Snipe Series III at Battlesbridge.JPG
Humber Super Snipe – October 1960
Morris Mini-Minor Traveller - October 1960 Morris Mini Minor Traveller 1966.jpg
Morris Mini-Minor Traveller – October 1960
Vanguard Luxury Six - October 1960 Standard Vanguard Six ca 1962 Schaffen-Diest 2012.jpg
Vanguard Luxury Six – October 1960
196118 to 28 October
Earls Court, London
46th International Motor Show

The Zagato coachwork stand exhibits a Mini-Minor named Gatto beside a Bristol and an Aston Martin

Attendance: 578,034 and a further 20,000+ overseas visitors

Daimler V-8 limousine - September 1961 Zabrze muzeum AS Daimler Majestic Major 2.jpg
Daimler V-8 limousine – September 1961
Triumph TR4 - September 1961 Triumph tr4.JPG
Triumph TR4 – September 1961
Vauxhall Victor - September 1961 Vauxhall Victor 1.jpg
Vauxhall Victor – September 1961
YearShowNew cars announced for this showPhoto
196217 to 27 October
Earls Court, London
47th International Motor Show

Attendance: 474,086 and 21,199 more from overseas. It was noted the paid attendance was 103,948 less than last year

Morris 1100 - August 1962 Morris 1100 (7924253202).jpg
Morris 1100 – August 1962
Ford Cortina - September 1962 Ford Cortina Mark I reg Aug 1963 pre first facelift.JPG
Ford Cortina – September 1962
MGB - September 1962 1963 MG B (932885902).jpg
MGB – September 1962
Triumph Spitfire - October 1962 1963 Triumph Spitfire (7765607280) (cropped).jpg
Triumph Spitfire – October 1962
Lotus Elan - October 1962 1964 Lotus Elan.jpg
Lotus Elan – October 1962
196316 to 26 October
48th International Motor Show
Earls Court, London

Paid attendance believed to be in excess of 550,000 people.[ citation needed ]

Hillman Imp - May 1963 Hillman Imp registered July 1971 875cc.JPG
Hillman Imp – May 1963
Vauxhall Viva - September 1963 Vauxhall Viva HA ca 1965 photo 2008.JPG
Vauxhall Viva – September 1963
Jaguar S - September 1963 1965 Jaguar Mk I S Type 3.8 Saloon (16162271870) (cropped).jpg
Jaguar S – September 1963
Triumph 2000 - October 1963 Triumph 2000 Mk1 (15082325476).jpg
Triumph 2000 – October 1963
Rover 2000 - October 1963 Rover 2000 TC 1973.jpg
Rover 2000 – October 1963
1964October 1964
Earls Court, London
_ October 1964
Vauxhall Victor Vauxhall Victor FC aka 101 reg August 1967 1595cc.jpg
Vauxhall Victor
196520 – 30 October
Earls Court, London
MGB GT 1967 MG MGB GT rear.jpg
MGB GT
Rolls-Royce Silver Shadow Rolls royce rr.jpg
Rolls-Royce Silver Shadow
196619 – 29 October
Earls Court, London
Ford Zodiac Mark IV 1967 Ford Zodiac MK4.jpg
Ford Zodiac Mark IV
Hillman Hunter Hunter...rrr... (15274669754).jpg
Hillman Hunter
Vauxhall Viva HB Vauxhall Viva HB cropped.jpg
Vauxhall Viva HB
196718 – 28 October
Earls Court, London
Triumph Herald 13/60 Triumph Herald 1360 Estate 1970.jpg
Triumph Herald 13/60
196816 October 1968 – 26 October 1968
Earls Court, London
The opening ceremony was performed by Princess Alexandra. [19]
Jaguar XJ6 P070 Jaguar XJ.jpg
Jaguar XJ6
196915 to 25 October
Earls Court, London

In September, Earls Court Exhibition workers threatened to strike. The day the show opened, two UK major manufacturers had assembly lines at a standstill.

Austin Maxi - April 1969 Austin Maxi early version.jpg
Austin Maxi – April 1969
Renault 12 - July 1969 R12TL.JPG
Renault 12 – July 1969
Daimler Sovereign - October 1969 Daimler42.jpg
Daimler Sovereign – October 1969
Triumph 2000 Mark 2 - October 1969 Triumph 2500 PI Mk2 in Morges 2013 - Front left.jpg
Triumph 2000 Mark 2 – October 1969
197014 to 24 October
Earls Court, London
55th International Motor Show

British makes on display: 28
Foreign makes on display: 46 including a sales team from Russia

Four hundred manufacturers of cars, components and accessories

There are girls dressed as rabbits, sailors, and as Nell Gwynn, and girls in "extremely inadequate"[ citation needed ] chain mail

It was agreed[ who? ] that Earls Court was no longer an adequate venue[ citation needed ]

Hillman Avenger - February 1970 Hillman Avenger GL 1970.jpg
Hillman Avenger – February 1970
Triumph Stag - June 1970 Triumph Stag 1970-1970 frontright 2009-04-18 U.jpg
Triumph Stag – June 1970
Ford Cortina - October 1970 1972 Ford Cortina TC XL 2000 Saloon (13140702714) (cropped).jpg
Ford Cortina – October 1970
1971October 1971
Earls Court, London
Lea-Francis Lynx Lea Francis Lynx N.E.C.jpg
Lea-Francis Lynx
197218 – 28 October
Earls Court, London
The Aston Martin V8 at the 1972 Motor Show Aston Martin DBS V8 1973 model, Earls Court 1972.jpg
The Aston Martin V8 at the 1972 Motor Show
1973October 1973
Earls Court, London

Seventieth show

Austin Allegro - May 1973 Austin Allegro Registration ca 1975.jpg
Austin Allegro – May 1973
197416 – 26 October
Earls Court, London
Lotus Elite Lotus Elite (14236743922).jpg
Lotus Elite
1975October 1975
Earls Court, London
Lotus Esprit Lotus Esprit S1 1977 Fed.jpg
Lotus Esprit
1976October 1976
Earls Court, London

Widely publicised as the last at Earls Court

67 makes from 16 countries

More diesel cars displayed than ever before

Rover 3500 - June 1976 Rover 3500 SD1 (7877395990).jpg
Rover 3500 – June 1976

Birmingham

YearShowNew cars announced for this showPhoto
1978The International Motor Show made its first appearance at the National Exhibition Centre in Birmingham, and attracted record crowds of 908,194. [23]
1980The International Motor Show returned to the National Exhibition Centre in 1980 with an additional exhibition hall. [24] The Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher was driven to the show in the new Austin Metro.

Austin Mini Metro World premiere
Fiat Panda
Honda Quintet
Mazda 323
Talbot Tagora
TVR Tasmin
Concept Cars
Citroën Karin
Daihatsu Charade electric
Toyota FCX-80

1982The International Motor Show again appeared at the National Exhibition Centre in Birmingham during October of this year. [25] The two most notable new launches were the Audi 100 and Ford Sierra. Other new cars included the Austin Ambassador and MG Metro. [26] [27]
198420 October 1984 – 28 October 1984 NEC, Birmingham. 17–19 October were reserved for professional visitors. The show saw a total of 696,183 visitors this year. [28] Austin Montego Estate – the Design Council award-winning family estate from Austin Rover [29]
Reliant Scimitar SS1
Dutton Rico [30]
Austin Montego Estate Austin Montego Countryman.jpg
Austin Montego Estate
198618 October −26 October 1986 NEC, Birmingham. Jaguar XJ (XJ40)
Renault GTA in RHD, British debut [31]
Jaguar XJ Jaguar XJ6 -- 06-09-2011.jpg
Jaguar XJ
198822 October 1988 – 30 October 1988 NEC, Birmingham. Jaguar XJ220 – debut of Jaguar's 220 mph (350 km/h) all wheel drive (AWD) super car concept vehicle
MG Maestro Turbo [32]
Middlebridge Scimitar [33]
Audi Coupé (B3) [34]
Jaguar XJ220 JaguarXJ220.jpg
Jaguar XJ220
1996The 1996 show was held art the NEC, Birmingham. The show had 623,000 visitors. [35]
199822 October to 1 November 1998 at the NEC, Birmingham. Saw the launch of two critical saloons from British car manufacturers. Bernd Pischetsrieder, then in charge at BMW, made an impromptu speech about the future of Rover's Longbridge plant. The show had a large attendance of 709,000 visitors. [35] Rover 75 – debut of the first (and last) Rover with the help of BMW
Jaguar S-Type – all new executive car from Jaguar, retro in design like the Rover.
Rover 75 Rover 75 facelift front.png
Rover 75
2000The International Motor Show remained in the Birmingham NEC during October. Honda made news in claiming it would have fuel cell cars on sale by 2003. [36] Attendance dropped from 1998 to 543,000. [35]
2002The 2002 show at the NEC, Birmingham had over 450,000 visitors, a further drop over the two previous shows. [37] Bentley Continental GT
Invicta S1
MG SV
TVR T350 [38]
MG SV AMI SV-R.jpg
MG SV
2004In 2004, the show, branded The Sunday Times Motorshow Live, was held from 27 May – 6 June, instead of the usual October. Attendance increased slightly from the previous year to 461,000, but the organisers had hoped for 600,000. [35] Farboud GTS
Land Rover Discovery (International debut) [39]
Noble M400
Peugeot 407 (United Kingdom Introduction) [40]
Peugeot 407 SW (United Kingdom Introduction)
Renault Modus
Rover 25/MG ZR facelift
Rover 75 Long wheelbase (international debut)
Vauxhall Tigra

ExCeL

YearShowNew cars announced for this showPhoto
2006The 2006 British Motor Show was held in July at the ExCeL Exhibition Centre in London's Docklands. It featured a nightly post-show rock music festival called Dock Rock with concerts by:

Alfa Romeo Spider (United Kingdom Introduction)
Aston Martin Rapide (United Kingdom Introduction)
Bentley Continental Flying Spur Mulliner Driving Specification
BMW M6 Convertible
Chevrolet Captiva (United Kingdom Introduction)
Chrysler Sebring sedan (Europe Introduction)
Dodge Nitro (Europe Introduction)
Ford Focus coupe convertible (United Kingdom Introduction)
Honda Civic 3-door hatchback
Jaguar XJR Portfolio
Jaguar XKR
Kia C segment model (codename ED)
Land Rover Freelander2/LR2 (World Introduction)
Lexus GS 300 Limited Edition
Lotus Europa S (United Kingdom Introduction)
Lotus Exige S (United Kingdom Introduction)
Mazda BT-50 (Europe Introduction)
Mazda3 MPS (United Kingdom Introduction)
Mazda MX-5 Roadster Coupe
MINI GP (United Kingdom Introduction)
Mitsubishi i (Europe Introduction)
Rolls-Royce 101EX (United Kingdom Introduction)
Saab 9-3 Convertible BioPower
SEAT León Cupra and FR
SEAT Altea FR
Smart Fortwo EV
Toyota RAV4 (United Kingdom Introduction)
Toyota Yaris (United Kingdom Introduction)
Vauxhall Corsa 3 door and 5 door (World Introduction)
Volvo S60
Volvo S80 (United Kingdom Introduction)
Volvo XC90 (United Kingdom Introduction)

Rolls-Royce 101EX Rolls-Royce 101EX.jpg
Rolls-Royce 101EX
2008The 2008 British International Motor Show was held at the ExCeL Exhibition Centre in the Docklands from 23 July – 3 August, and was the last regular British International Motor Show.

The SMMT promoted an all new showcase of the latest electric vehicle models. "The Electric Vehicle Village" brought together one of the largest collections of zero emissions vehicles ever seen in the United Kingdom, with a display of more than twenty battery powered vehicles. [41]

The motor show displayed a number of high priced, high performance electric cars, such as the Lightning GT and Tesla Roadster (2008).

Alfa Romeo Mito (World/United Kingdom Introduction)
Ford Focus RS
Lotus Evora (World premiere)
Mastretta MXT [42] (first Mexican sports car)
Nissan Qashqai+2
Ford Fiesta ECOnetic
Vauxhall Insignia
SsangYong Rexton R-Line
Tesla Roadster

Concept cars:
Cadillac CTS Coupe
Chevrolet Camaro Convertible
Citroen C-Cactus
Honda OSM
Kia Excee'd Convertible
Kia Kee
Land Rover LRX
Lexus LFA
Lotus Elise Eco
Saab 9-X Biohybrid
Smart electric drive

Land Rover LRX Land Rover LRX - Flickr - The Car Spy.jpg
Land Rover LRX

See also

References and notes

  1. The Times, Tuesday, 14 November 1905; pg. 7; Issue 37864
  2. Horseless Carriages. The Times, Monday, 17 February 1896; pg. 7; Issue 34815
  3. Jorn Madslien (24 May 2004). "Struggling motorshow in spring debut". BBC News .
  4. "The Motor Show is now in London and it's more fun than ever, says Sean O'Grady". The Independent. 18 July 2008.
  5. Julian Rendell (27 January 2009). "British motor show in crisis". Autocar.
  6. Tim Pollard (14 October 2010). "British motor show axed for good?". Car.
  7. Display advertisement, page 5, Gloucestershire Echo, 24 September 1949
  8. Display advertisement: Motor Show. The Times, Tuesday, 3 October 1950; pg. 4; Issue 51812
  9. The Triumph Roadster. The Times, Saturday, 14 October 1950; pg. 3; Issue 51822
  10. New Models at Motor Show. The Times, Wednesday, 18 October 1950; pg. 6; Issue 51825
  11. New Austin Seven. The Times, Monday, 8 October 1951; pg. 4; Issue 52126
  12. https://www.autoevolution.com/news/morgan-plus-4-plus-up-for-grabs-looks-like-supervillain-two-face-110548.html
  13. 1 2 "Cars of Today" by Stuart Marshall. The Times, Tuesday, 19 October 1965 (issue 56456), p.4.
  14. 1 2 3 4 "Visitors' Guide: Hours and Charges; Opening Day; How to Get There (i.e. concerning the London Motor Show)". Autocar . Vol. 127 (nbr 3739). 12 October 1967. p. 59.
  15. 1 2 Basil Cardew (Ed.). Daily Express Review of the 1966 Motor Show. Beaverbrook Newspapers Ltd, London.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)
  16. Keith Anderson. Jensen. Haynes Publishing Group. ISBN   0-85429-682-4.
  17. "The cars : Mini development history". AR Online. 5 August 2011. Retrieved 22 August 2014.
  18. "About the FD Victor, Ventora and VX4/90". Vauxhall VX4/90 Drivers' Club. Retrieved 30 November 2013.
  19. 1 2 3 "Earls Court '68: Hours and Charges". Autocar . Vol. 129 (nbr 3791). 10 October 1968. p. 52.
  20. Braunschweig, Robert; et al., eds. (12 March 1970). "Automobil Revue '70" (in German and French). 65. Berne, Switzerland: Hallwag AG: 370.Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  21. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 The Times, Thursday, 12 October 1972; pg. 29; Issue 58603.
  22. Autocar Motor Show Supplement 19 October 1974
  23. Car Magazine 19 March 2009
  24. "Show Report: Undamped enthusiasm". Autocar. 153 (4376): 12–19. 25 October 1980.
  25. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 25 September 2015. Retrieved 25 August 2017.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  26. 1982 in motoring#United Kingdom
  27. "Près de 700.000 visiteurs à Birmingham" [Nearly 700,000 visitors to Birmingham]. Transporama (in French). Edegem, Belgium. 4 (31): 11. December 1985 – January 1985.
  28. "Story of the Montego". Maestro & Montego Owners Club.
  29. Mastrostefano, Raffaele, ed. (1985). Quattroruote: Tutte le Auto del Mondo 1985 (in Italian). Milano: Editoriale Domus S.p.A. p. 264. ISBN   88-7212-012-8.
  30. Liszewski, Nicolas. "Alpine V6 Turbo Mille Miles". Le site des amateurs et passionnés des Alpine Renault GTA (in French). Retrieved 8 September 2014.
  31. Büschi, Hans-Ulrich, ed. (9 March 1989). Automobil Revue 1989 (in German and French). 84. Berne, Switzerland: Hallwag AG. p. 400. ISBN   3-444-00482-6.
  32. Automobil Revue 1989 , p. 401
  33. Automobil Revue 1989 , p. 168
  34. 1 2 3 4 "Dismay at show attendance". Auto Express (813): 20. 30 June 2004.
  35. The Guardian 12 November 2000
  36. Yarrow, Richard (28 May 2003). "Stop Press: NEC goes live". Auto Express (757): 14.
  37. What Car? 22 October 2002 Archived 18 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine
  38. "The NEC stars you can't afford to miss". Auto Express (808): 45. 25 May 2004.
  39. "Peugeot At The Sunday Times Motor Show Live 2004". 12 May 2004. Retrieved 4 August 2016.
  40. British Motor Show "Plugs In" To Demand For Electric Vehicles Archived 7 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine
  41. Automóvil Panamericano, No. 163 (15 July 2008), p.20

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The Great Horseless Carriage Company

The Great Horseless Carriage Company Limited was formed in May 1896 with a capital of £750,000 in shares of £10 each "of which £250,0000 was for working capital". The company was formed to carry on the horseless carriage industry in England and works with railway and canal adjoining were secured at Coventry. The rights that were purchased had little lasting value and after a number of financial reconstructions beginning in 1898 all activities were terminated by 1910.

The Austin 20-hp is a mid-sized car premium quality that was made by British manufacturer Austin and first displayed as a chassis in Paris in December 1912, advertised in March 1913 and shown to the public as a complete car at the Olympia Motor Show in November 1913. At that time both the 20 and the 30 were regarded as new models.

Nobel (automobile) Motor vehicle

The Nobel was a microcar built under licence from Elektromaschinenbau Fulda GmbH by York Noble Industries Ltd, between 1958 and 1962.